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 Pub Number  Title  Date
REL 2018289 Trends in Algebra II completion and failure rates for students entering Texas public high schools
The purpose of this study was to examine Algebra II completion and failure rates in Texas for high school students in the grade 9 cohorts of 2007/08 through 2014/15. This period spans (1) the point at which Texas began implementing the 4x4 curriculum that required four courses each in English, math (including Algebra II), science, and social studies and (2) when the state moved to the new Foundation High School Program—which eliminates Algebra II as a math requirement—with the 2014/15 cohort. Using longitudinal student- and district-level administrative data from the Texas Education Agency and district-level responses to a statewide online survey administered during spring 2015, the research team examined Algebra II completion and failure rates, and determined how districts were communicating with parents about the new graduation requirements and whether they would be offering the new Algebra II replacement courses during the first year of implementation. Results indicate that approximately 37 percent of districts reported requiring students to complete Algebra II to graduate from high school. Fewer than half of districts reported that they planned to offer the alternative math courses in the first year of implementing the new graduation requirements. Overall, Algebra II completion and failure rates for the 2014/15 cohort followed the same trend as seen for the seven cohorts graduating under the previous graduation requirements. This study suggests that the third high school math course students took was not immediately influenced by the new graduation requirements. Future research could continue to track additional cohorts of students to determine if student change their course-taking in response to additional changes districts may make in implementing the new graduation requirements or if the increased flexibility in course selection is related to other student outcomes such as dropout rates.
2/6/2018
NCES 2018088 High School Students' Views on Who Influences Their Thinking about Education and Careers
This Statistics in Brief report uses data from the 2012 follow-up of the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 to examine who public high school students view as their main influence when considering education after high school and careers.
1/23/2018
REL 2018282 Understanding the role of noncognitive skills and school environments in students' transitions to high school
The purpose of this study was to: examine differences in students' perceptions of their noncognitive skills and school environments by race/ethnicity, and explore whether students’ perceptions of their noncognitive skills and school environments were related to three outcomes that have been identified in the research as mattering most for a success transition to high school—grade 9 GPA, grade 9 absences, and grade 9 course failures. The study used administrative and survey data from students in 14 high schools in New Mexico. Regression analyses were used to investigate differences in students' responses on scales measuring their perceptions of their noncognitive skills and school environments. Structural equation modeling was used to assess relationships between students' perceptions of their noncognitive skills and school environments and their grade 9 outcomes. The results of this study revealed significant differences in students' perceptions of their noncognitive skills and school environment by race/ethnicity. The results also suggest that students' perceptions of their noncognitive factors and school environments are associated with the grade 9 outcomes. Although no casual relationships can be derived from this study, the results can help schools or districts to determine where they might want to focus some of their efforts with regard to helping students to make successful transitions to high school. Given that Hispanic and Native American students have lower graduation rates, improving the noncognitive skills or school environment factors that are strongly related to grade 9 performance for these groups may well provide a substantial return on investment in dropout prevention.
12/19/2017
NCES 2017013 College Applications by 2009 High School Freshmen: Differences by Race/Ethnicity
This report uses data from the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09) 2013 Update collection to look at college applications by high school freshmen four years later.
8/31/2017
NCES 2017073 Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results From the 2015-16 Private School Universe Survey
This First Look Report provides selected findings from the 2015-16 Private School Universe Survey (PSS) regarding private schools that were in operation during the 2015-16 school year. The data include information on school size, school level, religious orientation, association membership, geographic region, community type, and program emphasis. The PSS collects nonfiscal data biennially from the universe of private schools in the United States with grades kindergarten through twelve.
8/15/2017
NCES 2017437 Early Millennials: The Sophomore Class of 2002 a Decade Later
This Statistical Analysis Report examines the early adulthood milestones of 2002 high school sophomores as of 2012. It reports on key outcomes, including high school completion, enrollment in postsecondary education, progress toward or completion of a college degree, family formation (marriage and having children), and employment status and earnings. The analysis of key postsecondary education and employment milestones control for demographic and high school academic characteristics that are associated with such outcomes. The analysis uses nationally representative data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002).
6/29/2017
NCES 2017066 Private School Universe Survey (PSS):Public-Use Data File User's Manual for School Year 2013-14
This Manual contains information on the frame creation, data collection, data preparation, and user notes and cautions for the 2013-14 PSS. The 2013-14 PSS questionnaire, public-use record layout and codebook are also included.
6/22/2017
NCES 2017086 Financial Literacy of 15-Year-Olds: Results From PISA 2015
This Data Point presents results on the PISA 2015 financial literacy assessment of 15-year-old students in the United States and the 14 other education systems that participated. The Data Point discusses how U.S. 15-year-olds performed, on average, on the PISA financial literacy assessment compared to their peers in the other education systems as well as how this compares to the 2012 assessment; and the percentage of top and low performers in the United States and the other education systems. Readers interested in more detailed data should visit the NCES PISA website for additional data tables and figures. Please visit https://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/pisa2015/index.asp to learn more.
5/24/2017
NCES 2017111 Public High School Students' Use of Graduation, Career, or Education Plans
This Data Point looks at public high school students’ use of graduation, career, or education plans as of 2012. The data used in this report were drawn from a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of students who were in the ninth grade in 2009—the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009.
5/10/2017
NCES 2017005 The Education and Work Plans of Public High School Students
This Data Point looks at public high school students’ education and work plans as of 2012.
5/10/2017
REL 2017268 Using high school data to understand college readiness in the Northern Mariana Islands
This report examines the college readiness of public high school graduates in the Northern Mariana Islands as measured by whether the graduates were placed in developmental college courses or credit bearing college courses at Northern Marianas College. The study examined the high school records of recent graduates of the public school system in the Northern Mariana Islands who entered Northern Marianas College from fall semester 2010 through spring semester 2014. Demographic information was available about students' gender, ethnicity, primary language spoken at home, and economic need (based on whether or not students received Pell grants). The study found that 19.6 percent of students placed into credit-bearing English courses. Nearly 23 percent of female students, compared to about 16 percent of male students, placed into credit-bearing English courses. In math, 7.8 percent of students placed into credit-bearing courses. Students who did not receive Pell grants were more likely to place into credit-bearing math courses.
4/26/2017
NCEE 20174020 National Longitudinal Transition Study 2012 Restricted Use File: Sampling and 2012-2013 Survey Data
The National Longitudinal Transition Study 2012 (NLTS 2012) Restricted Use File (RUF) contains sampling and 2012-2013 survey data and documentation. NLTS 2012 includes a nationally representative set of nearly 13,000 youth with and without an IEP who were ages 13-21 when selected for the study. Among youth with an IEP are students who represent each of the disability categories recognized by IDEA 2004, and among youth without an IEP are students with a plan developed under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Both youth and their parent/guardian were surveyed in 2012-2013. The RUF can be accessed through a restricted use license agreement with the National Center for Education Statistics.
3/28/2017
REL 2017216 Earning college credits in high school: Options, participation, and outcomes for Oregon students
To increase students' postsecondary attainment, many states are promoting accelerated college credit (ACC) options in high school such as Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate, and dual-credit courses. This study describes the various ACC options available to Oregon students and the characteristics of the students who enroll in them. Using information from college websites and dual-credit coordinators--along with data from state agency and community college databases in Oregon--the study explores which students participate in ACC and examines participation by gender, racial/ethnic group, and eligibility for free or reduced-price lunch. Findings show that Oregon has a variety of ACC options available at public institutions, but cost, eligibility requirements, and geographic coverage of these options vary greatly across institutions. In addition, Oregon has higher rates of community college dual-credit participation than the national average and Oregon students taking dual-credit courses through a community college typically enroll and earn credit in multiple courses. While most students earn credit after enrolling in a community college dual-credit course, students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch pass those courses at lower rates than students who are not eligible. Also, community college dual-credit participants are more likely to be White, female, high achievers, and not eligible for free or reduced-price lunch. Males of all racial and ethnic groups participate in community college dual credit at lower rates than females; in each racial or ethnic group, the gender gap in participation is similar. Oregon stakeholders can use the study findings to better understand ACC options in the state and gaps in access that currently exist. Nationally, this study provides an example for other states of potentially useful data collection and analyses that could inform improvements to ACC programs.
3/9/2017
REL 2017229 College and career readiness profiles of high school graduates in American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Stakeholders in American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands have identified the college and career readiness of high school graduates as a key concern; however, it has been unclear what data were available to determine student readiness for college and careers. This report examines the availability of college and career readiness indicators; how many of the Data Quality Campaign's 10 Essential Elements of high quality data systems were in place; and the college and career readiness of a graduating class within each jurisdiction. In American Samoa, the study found that data were available to construct five college and career readiness indicators and that six of the Data Quality Campaign's 10 Essential Elements were in place. In addition, the study found that, among the 843 high school completers in the American Samoa sample, students’ mean grade point average was 2.84, fewer than 50 percent took a math class beyond Algebra II, and most students scored at the below basic proficiency level on the SAT-10 reading and math exams. In the Northern Mariana Islands, data were available to construct six college and career readiness indicators, and three of the Data Quality Campaign's 10 Essential Elements were in place. Among the 587 high school completers in the Northern Mariana Islands sample, students' mean grade point average was 2.81, few students completed pre-calculus or calculus, and most students scored at the average proficiency level on the SAT-10 reading and math exams.
2/28/2017
REL 2017250 How well does high school grade point average predict college performance by student urbanicity and timing of college entry?
This report examines how well high school GPA and college entrance exams predict college grades for particular subgroups of students who enrolled directly in college math and English in the University of Alaska system over a four-year period. The report builds on a previous Regional Educational Laboratory Northwest study and examines whether high school GPA is less predictive for certain groups of students, such as students who come from different parts of the state or recent high school graduates versus older students. This study used regression analysis to assess the extent to which high school GPA and test scores predict college grades. Regressions were estimated separately for English and math course grades and within each subject area for students who took the SAT, students who took the ACT, and students who took ACCUPLACER. Overall, high school GPA surpassed test scores in explaining variance in college course grades regardless of where students were from in Alaska. High school GPA explained 9-18 percentage of variance in course grades for urban students, while test scores explained 1-5 percentage of variance. Similarly, high school GPA explained 7-21 percentage of variance in course grades for rural students, while test scores explain 0-3 percentage of variance in course grades. High school GPA was also more predictive of college course performance for students who directly entered college from high school compared to those who delayed entry. These findings provide evidence of the predictive power of high school GPA in explaining the readiness of college students for college English and math across different groups of students. Secondary and postsecondary stakeholders can use these findings to engage in conversations regarding whether and how to use high school grade point average as part of the placement process.
2/28/2017
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