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|NCES 2018017||Reading Achievement of U.S. Fourth-Grade Students in an International Context
The Progress In International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2016 is the fourth administration of this international comparison since the initial administration in 2001. PIRLS is used to compare over time the reading skills of 4th-grade students and is designed to align broadly with reading curricula in the participating countries. The results, therefore, suggest the degree to which students have learned the reading concepts and skills likely to have been taught in school. In 2016, there were 58 education systems (including countries and other education systems) that participated at grade 4.
The focus of the report is on the performance of U.S. students relative to their peers in other education systems in 2016, and on changes in reading achievement since 2001. For a number of participating education systems, changes in achievement can be documented over the last 15 years, from 2001 to 2016.
In addition to framing the reading literacy of U.S. students within an international context, the report shows how the reading literacy of U.S. 4th-graders varies by student background characteristics and contextual factors that may be associated with reading proficiency. Following the presentation of results, a technical appendix describes the study design, data collection, and analysis procedures that guided the administration of PIRLS 2016 in the United States and in the other participating education systems.
Also included are results from ePIRLS an innovative, computer-based assessment of online reading. This was the first administration of ePIRLS.
|NCES 2017437||Early Millennials: The Sophomore Class of 2002 a Decade Later
This Statistical Analysis Report examines the early adulthood milestones of 2002 high school sophomores as of 2012. It reports on key outcomes, including high school completion, enrollment in postsecondary education, progress toward or completion of a college degree, family formation (marriage and having children), and employment status and earnings. The analysis of key postsecondary education and employment milestones control for demographic and high school academic characteristics that are associated with such outcomes. The analysis uses nationally representative data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002).
|NCES 2017087||The Nation’s Report Card: 2016 Arts Assessment at Grade 8
This online report presents the national results of eighth-grade students who participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2016 arts assessment. Results are presented separately for music and visual arts; an overall "arts" scale score is not reported. Although students were evaluated in two arts processes—responding and creating—average scores are presented on a 0–300 scale based on responding questions only. Visual arts results include an average creating task score reported as the average percentage maximum possible score from 0 to 100. Music and visual arts results are also presented as average responding scale scores for students performing at five selected percentiles (10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th). Along with overall scores, results are reported by race/ethnicity, gender, type of school, and other demographic groups.
In 2016, average responding scores for eighth-graders in both music and visual arts were not significantly different compared to 2008. In music, the average responding score in 2106 was higher for Hispanic students in comparison to 2008, while the average responding score for male students declined. Results for other reported student demographic groups in 2016 showed that the average responding score in music did not change significantly compared to 2008. In visual arts, the average responding score in 2016 did not change significantly for most reported student demographic groups compared to 2008, but it was higher for students eligible for the National School Lunch Program (NSLP).
In both music and visual arts, score gaps between White and Hispanic students in 2016 narrowed in comparison to 2008, and female students scored higher on average than their male peers in both areas. In visual arts, the score gap between students who were eligible for NSLP and students who were not eligible narrowed compared to 2008. In 2016, students from the Northeast scored higher on average than their peers from the South, Midwest, and West in visual arts, and students from the Northeast scored higher on average than their peers from the West in music.
|NCES 2016096REV||Homeschooling in the United States: 2012
This Statistics in Brief provides estimates of the number and percentage of homeschooled students in the United States in 2012 and compares these estimates with 1999, 2003, and 2007. It describes the demographic characteristics of homeschoolers and reasons parents choose to homeschool their children. It presents parent reports on curriculum sources, online learning, and math and science subjects the child has been taught since beginning homeschooling. The April 2017 report replaces the version released November 2016 and corrects errors found with two tables and one figure.
In April 2017, NCES released an errata for the NHES Homeschooling in the United States: 2012 (NCES 2016-096) report released on November 1, 2016, describing errors found with two tables (Table 2 and Table A-12) and one figure (Figure 4).The error in Table 2 was due to revisions made with the analytic weights after the table was created and the estimates were mistakenly not updated. Figure 4 was found to contain copyediting errors with one estimate and three estimate warnings. Finally, Table A-12 was found to contain copyediting errors as well. Those errors have been corrected in the revised report (NCES 2016-096 REV). For more details, see the errata posted here
|NCES 2017161||The National Indian Education Study: 2015
The National Indian Education Study (NIES) is designed to describe the condition of education for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) students in the United States. NIES is conducted under the direction of the National Center for Education Statistics on behalf of the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Indian Education.
The results presented in this report focus primarily on the educational experiences of AI/AN students at grades 4 and 8 based on their responses and the responses of their teachers and school administrators to selected NIES 2015 survey questions. Approximately 8,500 fourth-graders and 8,200 eighth-graders participated in the NIES 2015 student survey. Teachers and school administrators also completed surveys. The survey results displayed are reported as percentages of AI/AN students attending schools that varied in the proportion of AI/AN students within their student population—low AI/AN density public schools (less than 25 percent of students were AI/AN), high AI/AN density public schools (25 percent or more of students were AI/AN), and Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools.
Also included in this report are performance results for AI/AN students in the 14 states with samples large enough to report separate results for AI/AN students in 2015. State-level average scores in NAEP reading and mathematics for AI/AN fourth- and eighth- graders from earlier NAEP assessments in 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 are compared to their average reading and mathematics scores in 2015.
|NCES 2017002||Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2015 is the sixth administration of this international comparative study since 1995 when first administered. TIMSS is used to compare over time the mathematics and science knowledge and skills of fourth- and eighth-graders. TIMSS is designed to align broadly with mathematics and science curricula in the participating countries. The results, therefore, suggest the degree to which students have learned mathematics and science concepts and skills likely to have been taught in school. In 2015, TIMSS was administered in 49 IEA member countries and 6 other education systems at grade 4, and in 38 IEA member countries and 6 other education systems at grade 8.
TIMSS Advanced assesses the advanced mathematics and physics knowledge and skills of students at the end of high school who have taken courses in advanced mathematics and physics. TIMSS Advanced 2015 represents only the second administration in which the United States has participated since the first administration in 1995, and is designed to align broadly with the advanced mathematics and physics curricula in the participating countries. The results, therefore, suggest the degree to which students have learned the advanced mathematics and physics concepts and skills likely to have been taught in school. Nine countries participated in TIMSS Advanced 2015.
The focus of the report is on the performance of U.S. students relative to their peers in other countries on TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015, and, for TIMSS results, on changes in achievement since 2011 and 1995. For a number of participating countries and education systems, changes in achievement can be documented over the last 20 years, from 1995 to 2015. This report also describes the characteristics of students who participated in the advanced mathematics and physics assessments at the end of high school, and describes the performance of males and females in these subjects. In addition, it includes achievement in Florida, a U.S. state that participated in TIMSS both as part of the U.S. national sample of public and private schools as well as individually with state-level samples of public schools.
In addition to numerical scale results, TIMSS also includes international benchmarks. The TIMSS international benchmarks provide a way to interpret the scale scores by describing the types of knowledge and skills students demonstrate at different levels along the TIMSS scale.
Additional tables with TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced results will be available on the NCES website at http://nces.ed.gov/timss/timss15.asp.
|NCES 2016040||Highlights from the U.S. PIAAC Survey of Incarcerated Adults: Their Skills, Work Experience, Education, and Training
The U.S. PIAAC Survey of Incarcerated Adults was designed to provide policymakers, administrators, educators, and researchers with information to improve educational and training opportunities for incarcerated adults and foster skills they need in order to return to, and work successfully in, society upon release from prison. This report highlights data from the survey’s extensive background questionnaire and direct assessments of cognitive skills. It examines the skills of incarcerated adults in relationship to their work experiences and to their education and training in prison. Results for incarcerated adults on the literacy and numeracy domains are presented in two ways: (1) as scale scores (estimated on a 0-500 scale), and (2) as percentages of adults reaching the proficiency levels established for each of these domains. The report includes results for groups of incarcerated adults by various characteristics, including employment prior to incarceration, experiences with prison jobs, skills certifications, educational attainment in prison, and participation in academic programs and training classes.
|NCES 2016162||The Nation’s Report Card: 2015 Science at Grades 4, 8 and 12
This report presents results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2015 science assessment. The report includes national and state results on the performance of fourth-, eighth-, and twelfth-grade students. Results are presented in terms of average scores and as percentages of students performing at or above the three NAEP achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. In addition to overall scores, results are reported by race/ethnicity, gender, type of school, and other demographic groups. The 2015 trend in national average science scores showed increases at grades 4 and 8 since 2009 and at grade 8 since 2011. There was no significant change in the average science score for twelfth-grade students. Compared to 2009, scores in 2015 were higher at grades 4 and 8 in all three science content areas (physical science, life science, and Earth and space sciences), while there were no significant changes in content area scores at grade 12. Scores for most student groups at grades 4 and 8 were higher compared to 2009, but were not significantly different at grade 12. At grades 4 and 8, Black and Hispanic students made greater gains than White students, causing the achievement gap to narrow in comparison to 2009. In 2015, the gender score gap remained at grades 8 and 12, and there was no difference between male and female student scores at grade 4. Results for states/jurisdictions in 2015 showed that 18 states/jurisdictions scored higher at grade 4 and 24 states/jurisdictions scored higher at grade 8 compared to 2009; compared to 2011, twelve states/jurisdictions scored higher at grade 8.
|NCES 2016876||Sources of Newly Hired Teachers in the United States:
Results from the Schools and Staffing Survey, 1987–88 to 2011–12
This Statistical Analysis Report examines changes in the sources of newly hired teachers at public and private schools between 1987-88 and 2011-12. The study is based on data from four administrations of the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), a sample survey of elementary and secondary schools in the United States.
|NCES 2016405||Remedial Coursetaking at U.S. Public 2- and 4-Year Institutions: Scope, Experiences, and Outcomes
This Statistical Analysis Report provides a descriptive analysis of beginning postsecondary students’ coursetaking spanning the 6 year period between 2003 and 2009, documenting the scope, intensity, timing, and completion of remedial coursetaking and its association with various postsecondary outcomes among students who began at public 2 and 4 year institutions. The analysis uses nationally representative data from the 2004/09 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:04/09) and its associated 2009 Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS:09).
|NCES 2016070||Primary Early Care and Education Arrangements and Achievement at Kindergarten Entry
The report explores the relationship between children’s primary early care and education (ECE) arrangements the year before kindergarten and their academic skills and learning behaviors at kindergarten entry, after accounting for child and family background characteristics.
|NCES 2016119||The Nation’s Report Card: Technology and Engineering Literacy
This online report presents results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2014 technology and engineering literacy (TEL) assessment. The report includes national results on the performance of eighth-grade students. Results are presented in terms of average scale scores and as percentages of students performing at or above the three NAEP achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. In addition to overall scores, results are reported by racial/ethnic groups, gender, type of school, and other demographic groups. Results are also reported based on students’ responses to a survey questionnaire about their technology and engineering learning inside and outside of school. In addition, thorough descriptions of four released scenario-based tasks help to illustrate the types of skills measured as part of this first-ever NAEP TEL assessment. Overall findings indicate that female students scored higher than male students in TEL overall.
|NCES 2016108||The Nation’s Report Card: 2015 Mathematics and Reading at Grade 12
This online report presents national results from the NAEP 2015 mathematics and reading assessments at grade 12. Results are presented in terms of average scale scores and as percentages of students performing at the three NAEP achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. In addition to overall scores, results are reported by racial/ethnic groups, by gender, and by type of school. The national average mathematics score in 2015 for grade 12 was lower compared to the last assessment in 2013.The average reading score for twelfth-grade students in 2015 was not significantly different in comparison to 2013. In 2015, the average mathematics score was higher compared to the initial grade 12 assessment in 2005, whereas the average reading score in 2015 was lower compared to the initial grade 12 assessment in 1992.
|NCES 2015119||Performance of Fourth-Grade Students in the 2012 NAEP Computer-Based Writing Pilot Assessment
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) conducted a computer-based pilot writing assessment at grade 4 in 2012, based on the 2011 NAEP writing framework. A key question that this pilot assessment was designed to answer was whether or not fourth-graders could fully demonstrate their writing ability on a computer.
To address this question, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) conducted the present study. Approximately 10,400 fourth-graders from about 510 schools (420 public and 90 private) composed responses to writing tasks reflecting three purposes of writing: to persuade or change the reader’s point of view, to explain or broaden the reader’s understanding of a topic, and to convey an experience—real or imaginary. Fulfillment of these purposes of writing required students to bring forth target skills related to language facility, development of ideas, and organization of ideas. The schools and students participating in this pilot assessment were selected to be representative of all schools nationally.
In addition to the 2012 NAEP grade 4 pilot writing assessment data, this report also refers to the findings of a small-scale usability study conducted in 2011, as well as the 2010 NAEP grade 4 paper-based pilot writing assessment and the 2011 NAEP grade 8 and 12 computer-based writing assessments.
|NCES 2015136||The Nation’s Report Card: 2015 Mathematics and Reading Assessments
This online report presents results from the NAEP 2015 mathematics and reading assessments. The report includes national, state and Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) results on the performance of fourth- and eighth-grade students. The TUDAs are 21 large urban school districts that obtain NAEP results at the district level. Results are presented in terms of average scale scores and as percentages of students performing at the three NAEP achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. In addition to overall scores, results are reported by racial/ethnic groups, by gender, and by type of school. The 2015 trend in national average mathematics scores show a decline at both grades since the last assessment in 2013. Average scores for reading in 2015 declined at grade 8; there was no significant change in the reading score for fourth-grade students. Over the long term, however, scores were higher in 2015 in both subject and grades compared to the initial assessments in the early 1990s.