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Table 23-1.  Public school teachers' average starting salaries in U.S. dollars expressed as a ratio of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in U.S. dollars, by education level and country: 2011

Country Average starting salary expressed
as a ratio of GDP per capita
GDP per capita
Primary Upper secondary
Argentina1 0.87 0.71 $19,098
Australia 0.82 0.83 41,974
Canada 0.88 0.88 40,420
France 0.73 0.82 35,247
Germany 1.2 1.45 39,456
Indonesia1 0.35 0.44 4,636
Italy 0.84 0.9 32,672
Japan 0.77 0.77 33,668
Mexico 0.91 16,588
Republic of Korea 0.92 0.92 29,834
Turkey 1.37 1.41 17,110
U.K. (England)2 0.85 0.85 35,598
U.K. (Scotland)2 0.84 0.84 35,598
United States 0.78 0.79 48,112
— Not available.
1 Data for average starting salary are for 2010 rather than 2011. For Argentina, data for GDP per capita are also from 2010.
2 Data on GDP per capita refer to the United Kingdom.
NOTE: "Average starting salaries" are the average scheduled annual salaries of full-time teachers with the minimum training necessary to be fully qualified at the beginning of their teaching careers. Education levels are defined according to the 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED97). Primary education refers to ISCED97 level 1. Upper secondary education refers to ISCED97 level 3. For more information on the ISCED97 levels, see appendix A in this report. Average salaries are gross salaries (i.e., before deductions for income taxes) for school year 2010–11 and are converted to U.S. dollars using 2011 national purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rate data. Also using PPP rates, GDP per capita (2011) is calculated in international dollars, which would buy in the cited education system an amount of goods and services comparable to what a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2013a). Education at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators, tables D3.1. Paris: Author; and The World Bank. World Databank 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013, from