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Figure 15-3.  Percentage of fourth-grade students who expressed confidence in reading, based on the Students Confident in Reading Index, by sex and country: 2011

Percentage of fourth-grade students who expressed confidence in reading, based on the Students Confident in Reading Index, by sex and country: 2011

* p < .05. Percentage is significantly different from the percentage of students of the same sex in the United States.
NOTE: The difference between female and male students is statistically significant in all countries except Australia, France, and the United Kingdom (England). The Students Confident in Reading Index is based on fourth-grade students' reports of the extent of their agreement with the following statements about reading: (1) I usually do well in reading; (2) Reading is easy for me; (3) Reading is harder for me than for many of my classmates; (4) If a book is interesting, I don't care how hard it is to read; (5) I have trouble reading stories with difficult words; (6) My teacher tells me I am a good reader; and (7) Reading is harder for me than any other subject. This indicator presents data only for students in the highest category: confident. The other categories (not shown) are somewhat confident and not confident.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2011.