Selected Findings: Fiscal Year 2013
- The 50 states and the District and Columbia reported $603.7 billion in revenues collected for public elementary and secondary education in FY 13 (table 1). State and local governments provided $547.8 billion, or 90.7 percent of all revenues; and the federal government contributed $55.9 billion or 9.3 percent of all revenues (derived from table 1). Total revenues decreased by 0.7 percent (from $607.8 to $603.7 billion) for FY 13 compared to FY 12, local revenues increased by 0.9 percent (from $272.4 to $274.7 billion), state revenues decreased by 0.2 percent (from $273.5 to $273.1 billion), and federal revenues decreased by 9.8 percent (from $61.9 to $55.9 billion) (derived from table 1 and table C-1, after adjusting for inflation).1
- Total revenues per pupil decreased by 1.2 percent on a national basis and decreased by 1 percent or more in 26 states from FY 12 to FY 13. The decrease in revenues per pupil is less than the 4.0 percent decrease between FY 11 and FY 12 (table 2, after adjusting for inflation).
- Current expenditures for public elementary and secondary education across the nation remained relatively unchanged for FY 13, with a decrease of 0.1 percent (from $536.0 to $535.7 billion) for FY 13 compared to FY 12 (derived from table 3 and table C-2, after adjusting for inflation).
- Current expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education were $10,763 on a national level in FY 13 (table 4). Current expenditures per pupil ranged from $6,432 in Utah to $20,530 in the District of Columbia. Expenditures per pupil were next highest in New York ($19,529); New Jersey ($18,523); Alaska ($18,217); Connecticut ($17,321); Vermont ($17,286); Wyoming ($15,815); and Massachusetts ($15,321) (table 4 and figure 1).
- Current expenditures per pupil decreased by 0.6 percent on a national basis and decreased by 1 percent or more in 20 states between FY 12 and FY 13. (table 5, after adjusting for inflation).
- Total expenditures decreased 0.9 percent (from $612.0 to $606.5 billion) for FY 13 compared to FY 12 (derived from table 6 and table C-5, after adjusting FY 12 data for inflation). Total expenditures for FY 13 include $535.7 billion in current expenditures, $33.5 billion in construction, $3.1 billion in land and existing structures, $8.9 billion in equipment, $8.1 billion for other programs, and $17.2 billion in interest on debt (table 6).
1 Whenever comparisons were made between FY 12 and FY 13 data, the FY 12 data were adjusted to FY 13 dollars. Inflation adjustments utilize the direct multiplier in the Consumer Price Index published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. For comparability to fiscal education data, NCES adjusts the multiplier from a calendar year to a school fiscal year basis (July through June). See Digest of Education Statistics, Selected 2013 Tables, Table 106.70, http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d13/tables/dt13_106.70.asp downloaded March 11, 2015. For example, FY 12 federal revenues were adjusted by multiplying 60,921,461,589 by 1.01664139916068=61,935,279,949.