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The following reports and surveys from the National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education (except where noted otherwise) were used as sources for this document.

Table 1: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 3), Common Core of Data (CCD),"State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education," 1985–86 through 2008–09; Projections of Education Statistics to 2019.

Table 2: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 3), Private Schools in American Education; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989–90 through 2007–08; Projections of Education Statistics to 2019.

Table 3: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 3), Projectionsof Education Statistics to 2019.

Table 4: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 52), U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 1980 through October 2009.

Table 5: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 7), U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 1970 through October 2009.

Table 6: Digest of Education Statistics, 2002 (table 42), U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, 1986 State Summaries of Elementary and Secondary School Civil Rights Survey. Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 43), Common Core of Data (CCD),"State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1998–99 and 2008–09.

Table 7: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 45), Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary School Systems, 1977–78 and 1980–81; Common Core of Data (CCD),"State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/ Secondary Education," 1990–91 through 2008–09; and Projections of Education Statistics to 2019. U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, selected years, 1977 through 1996; and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved on September 13, 2010, from http://www.ideadata.org/partBdata.asp.

Table 8: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (tables 201 and 204), 1990, 2000, and 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90), and Spring 2001 and Spring 2010.

Table 9: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 204), 1990, 2000, and 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90), and Spring 2001 and Spring 2010.

Table 10: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 7), U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 1985 through October 2009.

Table 11: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 199), 1990, 2000, and 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90), Spring 2001 and Spring 2010; and Projections of Education Statistics to 2019. U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 1990, 2000, and 2009.

Table 12: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 235), Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" survey, 1990, 2000, 2005, and 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90), Spring 2001 and Spring 2010.

Table 13: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 213), Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1970 through 1985; 1990 through 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90–99), and Spring 2001 through Spring 2010.

Table 14: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 214), Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1970 through 1985; 1990 through 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90–99), and Spring 2001 through Spring 2010.

Table 15: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 68), Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1980–81; Common Core of Data (CCD),"State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1990–91 through 2008–09; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989–90 through 2007–08; and Projections of Education Statistics to 2019.

Table 16: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 82), National Education Association, Estimates of School Statistics, 1970–71 through 2009–10; and unpublished tabulations.

Table 17: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 72), Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS),"Public Teacher Questionnaire," 2007–08.

Table 18: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 72), Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS),"Private Teacher Questionnaire," 2007–08.

Table 19: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 255), 2009 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Winter 2009–10.

Tables 20 and 21: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 267), Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS),"Faculty Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits" surveys, 1970–71 through 1985–86; and 1990–91 through 2009–10 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Instructional Faculty Survey" (IPEDS-SA:90–99), and Winter 2001–02 through Winter 2009–10.

Table 22: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (tables 125 and 126), National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 2002, and 2009 Reading Assessments, retrieved May 19, 2010, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/ naepdata/).

Table 23: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 146), National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1990, 2000, and 2009 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved November 18, 2009, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/ naepdata/).

Table 24: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 148), National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP),1996, 2000, and 2005 Science Assessments, retrieved November 2006, from the NAEP Data Explorer (http:// nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/nde/).

Table 25: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 161), High School and Beyond Longitudinal Study of 1980 Sophomores (HS&B-So:80/82),"High School Transcript Study"; and 1998 and 2005 High School Transcript Study (HSTS).

Table 26: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 110), Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary School Systems, 1976–77 and 1979–80; Statistics of Nonpublic Elementary and Secondary Schools, 1976 through 1980; Common Core of Data (CCD),"State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education," 1984–85 through 2008–09; Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1989 through 2007; and Projections of Education Statistics to 2019.

Table 27: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 115), U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 1975 through October 2009.

Tables 28 and 29: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 279), Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS),"Degrees and other Formal Awards Conferred" surveys, 1969–70 through 1985–86; and 1986–87 through 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Completions Survey" (IPEDS-C:87–99), and Fall 2000 through Fall 2009.

Table 30: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 8), U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-20, various years; and Current Population Survey (CPS), March 1970 through March 2010.

Table 31: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (tables 28 and 29), Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1980–81 and 1985–86; Common Core of Data (CCD),"National Public Education Financial Survey," 1990–91 through 2007–08; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education, 1980–81 and 1985–86; 1990–91 through 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Finance Survey" (IPEDS-F:FY91–99), and Spring 2002 through Spring 2010. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, retrieved September 17, 2010, from http://www.bea.gov/ national/nipaweb/SelectTable.asp?Selected=N.

Table 32: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 180), Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970–71 through 1985–86; Common Core of Data (CCD),"National Public Education Financial Survey," 1986–87 through 2007–08.

Table 33: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 190), Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1970–71 through 1985–86; Common Core of Data (CCD),"National Public Education Financial Survey," 1986–87 through 2007–08.

Table 34: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 362), 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2009 and Spring 2010.

Table 35: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 366), 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2009 and Spring 2010.

Table 36: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 368), 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2009 and Spring 2010.

Table 37: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 373), 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2009 and Spring 2010.

Table 38: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 375), 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2009 and Spring 2010.

Table 39: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 377), 2008–09 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2009 and Spring 2010.

Table 40: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 345), Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS),"Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities" survey, 1988–89; "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education" survey, 1989; and 1999– 2000 and 2009–10 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),"Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:99),"Institutional Characteristics Survey" (IPEDS-IC:99), Spring 2009, and Fall 2009. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index.

Table 41: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (tables 354, 358, and 360), 2007–08 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:08).

Table 42: Digest of Education Statistics, 2010 (table 380), U.S. Department of Education, Budget Service, unpublished tabulations. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, unpublished tabulations. U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Appendix, fiscal years 1967 through 2011. National Science Foundation, FederalFunds for Research and Development, fiscal years 1967 through 2009.

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