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In the fall of 2010, about 85.9 million people in the United States were either enrolled or employed in public and private schools and colleges (Digest of Education Statistics, 2010, table 1). Included in this total were 75.9 million students enrolled in American schools and colleges.1 About 4.6 million people were employed as elementary and secondary school teachers or as college faculty and teaching assistants, as measured in full-time equivalents (FTE). Other professional, administrative, and support staff of educational institutions totaled 5.4 million. In a nation with a population of about 310 million people in 2010, more than 1 out of every 4 participated in the education system (Digest of Education Statistics, 2010, table 20).

1 Tables in this report on elementary and secondary schools do not include data on homeschooled children. In 2007, there were 1.5 million home-schooled children (1.5 Million Homeschooled Students in the United States in 2007, NCES 2009-030).