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Preschool: First Findings From the Third Follow-up of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)
NCES 2008-025
October 2007


Table 6.  Percentage distribution of children's knowledge of colors and children's average fine motor skills score, by child and family characteristics for children 48 through 57 months of age at time of assessment: 2005–06
 
Characteristic  Percentage distribution of children's knowledge of colors    Average fine motor skills scale score  
0   1 to 9   10      
Total  1.3 35.1 63.6 3.4
 
Child's sex 
Male  1.4 37.3 61.3 3.1
Female  1.2 32.7 66.1 3.7
 
Child's race/ethnicity1 
White, non-Hispanic  0.6 ! 28.5 71.0 3.5
Black, non-Hispanic  3.2 41.5 55.3 3.2
Hispanic  1.8 48.0 50.2 3.3
Asian, non-Hispanic  2.3 ! 27.0 70.7 4.5
American Indian and Alaska Native, non-Hispanic  3.7 ! 52.4 43.9 3.0
Other, non-Hispanic  1.5 ! 36.2 62.3 3.5
 
Plurality2 
Singleton  1.3 35.1 63.6 3.4
Twin  2.4 34.5 63.2 3.2
Higher order (e.g., triplet) 
 
Birth weight 
Normal birth weight (more than 5.5 pounds)  1.2 34.3 64.5 3.4
Moderately low birth weight (more than 3.3 to 5.5 pounds)  2.7 44.0 53.3 3.0
Very low birth weight (3.3 pounds or less)  3.0 47.3 49.7 2.5
 
Family type, preschool round3 
Two parent  0.9 32.8 66.3 3.5
Single parent  2.5 42.2 55.3 3.1
Other  2.7 ! 47.8 49.5 2.6
   
Socioeconomic status, preschool round4 
Lowest 20 percent  3.4 53.8 42.8 3.0
Middle 60 percent  1.0 35.5 63.5 3.4
Highest 20 percent  # 17.9 81.7 3.9
! Interpret with caution. Standard error is more than one third as large as estimate.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Black, non-Hispanic includes African American. Hispanic includes Latino. Other, non-Hispanic includes Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islanders and children of more than one race.
2 Plurality is divided into singletons (one baby), twins (two babies), and higher order births (three or more babies). Since higher order births comprise about 0.2 percent of the ECLS-B sample, estimates for higher order births are not presented in this table.
3 Two parent includes biological mother and biological father; biological mother and other father; biological father and other mother; and two adoptive parents. Single parent refers to biological mother only; biological father only; and single adoptive parent. Other refers to related and/or unrelated guardians.
4 Socioeconomic status (SES) is a measure of social standing. This SES variable reflects the socioeconomic status of the household at the time of the preschool parent interview, in 2005. The components used to create the measure of SES were as follows: father/male guardian’s education; mother/female guardian’s education; father/male guardian’s occupation; mother/female guardian’s occupation; and household income. In this report, SES was collapsed first into quintiles, then into a 20 percent/60 percent/20 percent distribution by collapsing the middle three quintiles.
NOTE: Estimates weighted by W3R0. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The color knowledge score has a potential range of 0 to 10, and the fine motor skills score has a potential range of 0 to 7. For children 48 through 57 months of age at the time of assessment, the color knowledge score ranges from 0 to 10 with a standard deviation of 2, and the fine motor skills score ranges from 0 to 7 with a standard deviation of 2.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), Longitudinal 9-Month-Preschool Restricted-Use Data File (NCES 2008-024).

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