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Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives: 2008

NCES 2008-084
September 2008


Indicator 2.1: Elementary and Secondary School Enrollment
Indicator 2.2: Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) Schools
Indicator 2.3: Special Education

This section examines the enrollment of American Indians/Alaska Natives in public and private elementary and secondary schools, including those funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE).1 These data form key indicators of access to educational opportunities. Elementary and secondary education provides knowledge, skills, and habits that prepare students for further learning. Differences in enrollment rates among racial/ethnic groups can provide information on patterns of access and participation, issues that are of national concern.

This section also examines the minority composition of schools that American Indians/Alaska Natives attend. In addition, data on the racial/ethnic composition of children served by Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) allow for comparisons of the rates at which children with special needs are identified and served by public schools.

1 In 2006, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for the Department of the Interior established the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE). This organization is responsible for prekindergarten, elementary, secondary, and postsecondary schools and educational activities of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Prior to 2006, these schools were referred to as BIA schools.