Approximately $520.6 billion was collected in revenues for public elementary and secondary education in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in fiscal year 2006 (FY 06). The greatest percentage of revenues came from state and local governments, which together provided $473.1 billion, or 90.9 percent of all revenues; the federal government’s contribution was $47.6 billion, or 9.1 percent of all revenues (table 1 and figure 1).
Current expenditures include expenditures for the day-to-day operation of schools and school districts (salaries, benefits, supplies, and purchased services) for public elementary and secondary education. They exclude expenditures for construction, equipment, property, debt services, and programs outside of public elementary and secondary education such as adult education and community services. Current expenditures totaled $449.6 billion in FY 06. Current expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education were $9,154. Adjusting for inflation,1 current expenditures per pupil have grown 25.1 percent since FY 95 ($7,315) and 51.0 percent since FY 85 ($6,062) (tables 2 and 3 and figure 2).
In FY 06, $274.2 billion was spent on instruction. This includes spending on salaries and benefits for teachers and teacher aides, classroom supplies and services, and extracurricular and cocurricular activities (table 2).
Looking at per pupil current expenditures for public elementary and secondary education in FY 06, instruction expenditures ranged from $10,109 in New York to $3,453 in Utah (table 3).
Instruction accounted for 61.0 percent of all current expenditures for public elementary and secondary education in FY 06. Total support services accounted for 34.9 percent, food services accounted for 3.8 percent, and enterprise operations made up 0.2 percent of total current expenditures (table 4).
When expenditures for instruction are combined with instruction-related services such as libraries, media centers, and instructional staff development, they totaled $296.1 billion, or $6,029 per student (tables 5 and 6). This included $199.9 billion for salaries and $62.9 billion in employee benefits (table 7).
Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education and other related programs were $528.7 billion in FY 06, including $449.6 billion in current expenditures, $51.2 billion in facilities acquisition and construction, $6.2 billion in replacement equipment, $7.4 billion in other programs (such as community services and adult education, which are not part of public elementary and secondary education), and $14.3 billion in interest on debt (table 8).