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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 4. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten who receive weekly care from a relative, by type of relative and child and family characteristics: 2005
Characteristic Number of children
Relative who provides care
Grandparent Aunt or uncle All other relatives
  Total 4,313761913
Childís age
Less than 1 year 700811413
1-2 years 1,671781812
3-5 years 1,942722014
Childís sex
Male 2,136781612
Female 2,177742114
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 2,239831212
Black, non-Hispanic 774663115
Hispanic 859652517
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 105672616
Other race, non-Hispanic133584158
Family type
Two parents 2,851791611
One parent 1,371702415
Nonparent guardian(s) 91711540
Parentsí language spoken most at home2
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 3,918781713
One of two parents speaks English 62781813!
No parent speaks English 332583114
Motherís level of education3
Less than a high school 314632814
High school/GED 1,297702419
Vocational/technical or some college 1,349751811
Bachelorís degree 72683138
Graduate or professional education
  or degree
Motherís school enrollment status3
Enrolled 718741619
Not enrolled 3,466761912
Motherís employment status3
35 or more hours per week 2,185761716
Less than 35 hours per week 1,25582169
Looking for work 271564714
Not in the labor force 472731613
Motherís work shift3, 4
Regular shift 2,941781612
Variable shift 500812017
Neighborhood conditions5
Concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
No concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
Household income
$25,000 or less 1,295682913
$25,001 to $50,000 1,171741617
$50,001 to $75,000 824801512
$75,001 to $100,000 46286139
$100,001 or more 561861010
Poverty status6
At or above poverty threshold 3,294801513
Below poverty threshold 1,018652914
!Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 50 percent or more.

1"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

2Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

3Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

4Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

5Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

6Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates include children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, with at least one weekly relative care arrangement. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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