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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 16. Percentage of children from age 3 through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten whose parents reported participation in home activities with child in the past week, by type of involvement and child and family characteristics: 2005
Characteristic Number of
Home activities with child in past week
Read to
Told a
words, or
songs or
Worked on arts and crafts
  Total 9,0669886958379
Childís sex
Male 4,7079786948177
Female 4,3599886968482
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 5,17710087948286
Black, non-Hispanic 1,2339882968478
Hispanic 1,8229284948261
Asian or Pacific Islander,
Other race, non-Hispanic155210089958985
Family type
Two parents 7,0079886958380
One parent 1,8709784948175
Nonparent guardian(s) 1899687927890
Parentsí language spoken most at home2
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 7,7929987958385
One of two parents speaks English 2199181968469
No parent speaks English 1,0558978927644
Motherís level of education3
Less than a high school 8869275917153
High school/GED 2,6879784958376
Vocational/technical or some college 2,4619988958685
Bachelorís degree 1,8329988968487
Graduate or professional education
  or degree
Motherís school enrollment status3
Enrolled 1,0789885958482
Not enrolled 7,7859886958379
Motherís employment status3
35 or more hours per week 3,2509885958376
Less than 35 hours per week 2,0279888958185
Looking for work 5439887958480
Not in the labor force 3,0439786958380
Motherís work shift3, 4
Regular shift 4,4969885948379
Variable shift 78010089977983
Neighborhood conditions5
Concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
No concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
Household income
$25,000 or less 2,4639783958273
$25,001 to $50,000 2,4249787948376
$50,001 to $75,000 1,8499987958586
$75,001 to $100,000 1,0999984957783
$100,001 or more 1,2319990968287
Poverty status6
At or above poverty threshold 7,0959886958282
Below poverty threshold 1,9719784958372
1"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

2Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

3Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

4Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

5Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

6Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates include all children 3 through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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