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Initial Results From the 2005 NHES Early Childhood Program Participation Survey

NCES 2006-075
May 2006

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Table 15. Percentage of children from birth through age 5 and not yet in kindergarten whose parents rated factors used to select weekly care arrangement for children as "very important," by child and family characteristics: 2005
Characteristic Number of
Factor rated as "very important" when selecting care arrangement
Location Cost Reliability Learning activities Time with other children Availability of care provider Number of children in care group
  Total 12,32563408975657544
Arrangement Type1
Relative 3,39468489064398435
Nonrelative 2,29165379058538045
Center-based 6,64060368987826849
Childís age
Less than 1 year 1,46065449365448247
1-2 years 4,25568439070608145
3-5 years 6,61060378881736943
Childís sex
Male 6,39862408974657445
Female 5,92764399077657544
Childís race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 7,08255328972627039
Black, non-Hispanic 2,02982599487738854
Hispanic 2,09474488676697855
Asian or Pacific Islander,
Other race, non-Hispanic277262398875647842
Family type
Two parents 9,15660358973637142
One parent 2,95374539282698451
Nonparent guardian(s) 21680499083749149
Parentsí language spoken most at home3
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 11,07162399075647543
One of two parents speaks English 21080478386797463
No parent speaks English 1,04475508274707659
Motherís level of education4
Less than a high school 72369488081758056
High school/GED 3,10372489082727946
Vocational/technical or some college 3,50461469073657544
Bachelorís degree 2,84058328973616941
Graduate or professional education
  or degree
Motherís school enrollment status4
Enrolled 1,89467459079677945
Not enrolled 10,17663398975647444
Motherís employment status4
35 or more hours per week 6,06968429276628346
Less than 35 hours per week 2,97659378870597040
Looking for work 64775568686717846
Not in the labor force 2,37855338679775945
Motherís work shift4, 5
Regular shift 7,97666419174618045
Variable shift 1,06958399171627138
Neighborhood conditions6
Concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
No concern regarding neighborhood
  health and safety conditions
Household income
$25,000 or less 2,99974548879718149
$25,001 to $50,000 2,75864508977677745
$50,001 to $75,000 2,63559389072627243
$75,001 to $100,000 1,77554279177637440
$100,001 or more 2,15760208871596642
Poverty status7
At or above poverty threshold 10,00760379074637343
Below poverty threshold 2,31876538880728050
1Center-based arrangements include day care centers, Head Start programs, preschools, prekindergartens, and other early childhood programs.

2"Other race, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander.

3Complete descriptions of the categories for parentsí language are as follows: (1) "Both/only parent(s) learned English as child(ren) or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents learned English as a child or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English as a child and both/only parent(s) currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."

4Children without mothers living in the household are not included in estimates related to motherís education, enrollment, employment status, or work shift.

5Work shifts were collapsed into two categories: regular and variable work shifts. A regular work shift is one with set hours. A variable shift is one that changes from days to evenings or nights regardless of whether the hours are set by the employer or the employee.

6Parents or guardians respond "yes" or "no" to the question: "Are there any conditions in your neighborhood that make you worried about the health or safety of ((CHILD)/any of the children) in your household?"

7Children are considered poor if they were living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the householdís needs, given its size and composition.

NOTE: Estimates are reported for all children from birth through 5 years of age, and not yet in kindergarten, who are in at least one weekly nonparental care arrangement. If a child had multiple arrangements, the arrangement with the greatest average weekly hours was used. If two arrangements had the same number of weekly hours, one arrangement was randomly chosen by the computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) program. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005).

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