Skip Navigation
Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP 2000)
Home By 2-digit series Full-text search Crosswalk MOVED DELETED NEW

CIP 2000: List By Program Area (2-Digit CIP)
Select a Program Area
Clear Page

 
HEALTH PROFESSIONS AND RELATED CLINICAL SCIENCES. Instructional programs that prepare individuals to practice as licensed professionals and assistants in the health care professions and focus on the study of related clinical sciences.

 
51. HEALTH PROFESSIONS AND RELATED CLINICAL SCIENCES.   Instructional programs that prepare individuals to practice as licensed professionals and assistants in the health care professions and focus on the study of related clinical sciences.

----- AGRICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS AND RELATED SCIENCES.   (Report under 01. Series)

----- BIOLOGICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES.   (Report under 26. Series)

----- INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES.   (Report under 30. Series)

51.00 Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, General.   (NEW) Instructional content is defined in code 51.0000.

51.0000 Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, General.   (NEW) A general, introductory, undifferentiated, or joint program in health services occupations that prepares individuals for either entry into specialized training programs or for a variety of concentrations in the allied health area. Includes instruction in the basic sciences, research and clinical procedures, and aspects of the subject matter related to various health occupations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.01 Chiropractic (DC).   Instructional content defined in code 51.0101

51.0101 Chiropractic (DC).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of chiropractic, a health care and healing system based on the application of non-invasive treatments and spinal adjustments to alleviate health problems caused by vertebral misalignments affecting bodily function as derived from the philosophy of Daniel Palmer. Includes instruction in the basic medical sciences, chiropractic theory and science, postural and spinal analysis, diagnostic radiology and ultrasound, adjustment technique, patient counseling, professional standards and ethics, and practice management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.02 Communication Disorders Sciences and Services.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.0201- 51.0299.

51.0201 Communication Disorders, General.   A program that focuses on the general study of the application of biomedical, psychological, and physical principles to the study of the genesis, development, and treatment of speech, language, hearing, and cognitive communication problems caused by disease, injury, or disability. Includes instruction in language science, hearing science, speech and voice science, biology of communication, behavioral linguistics, psychology, and applications to the development of diagnostic and rehabilitative strategies and technologies. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Education/Teaching of Individuals with Hearing Impairments Including Deafness.   (Report under 13.1003)

----- American Sign Language (ASL).   (Report under 16.1601)

----- Sign Language Interpretation and Translation.   (Report under 16.1603)

51.0202 Audiology/Audiologist and Hearing Sciences.   A program that focuses on the scientific study of hearing processes and hearing loss, and that prepares individuals to diagnose hearing loss and impairments and advise patients on means to use their remaining hearing and select and fit hearing aids and other devices. Includes instruction in acoustics, anatomy and physiology of hearing, hearing measurement, auditory pathology, middle and inner ear analysis, rehabilitation therapies and assistive technologies, and pediatric and other special applications. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0203 Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist.   A program that prepares individuals to evaluate the speaking, language interpretation, and related physiological and cognitive capabilities of children and/or adults and develop treatment and rehabilitative solutions in consultation with clinicians and educators. Includes instruction in the anatomy and physiology of speech and hearing; biomechanics of swallowing and vocal articulation; communications disorders; psychology of auditory function and cognitive communication; language assessment and diagnostic techniques; and rehabilitative and management therapies. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0204 Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist.   An integrated or coordinated program that prepares individuals as audiologists and speech-language pathologists. Includes instruction in a variety of communication disorder studies, audiology, speech pathology, language acquisition, and the design and implementation of comprehensive therapeutic and rehabilitative solutions to communications problems. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0205 Sign Language Interpretation/Interpreter.   (Moved, Report under 16.1603) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0299 Communication Disorders Sciences and Services, Other.   Any instructional program in communications disorders sciences and services not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.03 Community Health Services.   [Deleted]

51.0301 Community Health Liaison.   (Moved, Report under 51.1504) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.04 Dentistry (DDS, DMD).   Instructional content is defined in code 51.0401.

51.0401 Dentistry (DDS, DMD).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of dentistry/dental medicine, encompassing the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area, and adjacent structures and their impact on the human body and health. Includes instruction in the basic biomedical sciences; occlusion; dental health and prevention; oral pathology; cariology; operative dentistry; oral radiology; principles of the various dental specialties; pain management; oral medicine; clinic and health care management; patient counseling; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.05 Advanced/Graduate Dentistry and Oral Sciences (Cert.   , MS, PhD). Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.0501- 51.0599. Note ( Only graduate programs awarding academic credit and degrees or certificates should be reported in this series. Dental residencies should be reported under Series 60.01 in chapter II.

51.0501 Dental Clinical Sciences, General (MS, PhD).   An integrated or undifferentiated program that generally prepares dentists in one or more of the oral sciences and advanced/graduate dentistry specialties. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0502 Advanced General Dentistry (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the advanced study of dental clinical techniques and dental practice issues. Includes instruction in subjects such as the history of dentistry; advanced dental practice management; dental ethics and jurisprudence; social and behavioral science studies of dentistry; advanced restorative dentistry; oral medicine; oral radiology; advanced clinical procedures and technology; and others. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0503 Oral Biology and Oral Pathology (MS, PhD).   (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the growth, development, diseases, healing properties, and neurological components of the oral cavity, related tissues and organs, and associated craniofacial areas. Includes instruction in oral microbiology microanatomy, craniofacial pain, humoral aspects of disease, etiology and histology of caries, plaque ecology, wound healing, oral disease epidemiology, oral manifestations of systemic disease, lesions, normal and pathologic physiology, and related molecular and physical studies. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0504 Dental Public Health and Education (Cert.   , MS/MPH, PhD/DPH). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of dental disease prevention and control, community dental health promotion, and prepares dentists and public health professionals to function as dental health specialists. Includes instruction in preventive dentistry; the relationship of oral disease to health and quality of life; patient and practitioner behavior; dental epidemiology; nutrition and dental health; dental care policy and delivery; oral health program planning and administration; biostatistics; and research methods. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0505 Dental Materials (MS, PhD).   (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the biomaterials and inert and active compounds used in dental procedures; the development of dental materials; and their effects on the living tissues of the oral cavity and systemic bodily health. Includes instruction in materials science, dental bioengineering, biocompatibility of materials; physics and mechanics of dental materials; elastic and plastic deformation; surface bonding; and applications to fixed and removable prostheses and restorative procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0506 Endodontics/Endodontology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the advanced study of the morphology, physiology, and pathology of human dental pulp and periradicular tissues, and prepares dentists to diagnose and treat internal diseases and injuries of teeth. Includes instruction in theory and practice of endodontics; pulpal disease; relationship of endodontic conditions to other dental/oral health issues; endodontic operative technique; and patient care and management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0507 Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the advanced study of the diagnosis and intrusive and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial regions, including functional and aesthetic aspects. Includes instruction in pharmacology, analgesia, anesthesia, anxiety control, surgical procedures and techniques, surgical instrumentation, exodontia, oral diseases and malfunctions, soft and hard tissue pathology, dentoalveolar surgery, infection management, and prosthetic implantation. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0508 Orthodontics/Orthodontology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the advanced study of the guidance of growing dental structures and the correction of misalignments, disproportionate growth, and traumas caused by genetics, disease, injuries, and dysfunctional behaviors. Includes instruction in malocclusion, design and fabrication of orthodontic appliances, craniofacial alignment, physiological function and analysis, cephalometrics, model analysis, space analysis, surgical orthodontics, cleft lip and palate, and treatment planning and management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0509 Pediatric Dentistry/Pedodontics (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the advanced study of the therapeutic and preventive care of the oral health of children from birth through adolescence, and the care of adults with physical, mental, and emotional disabilities. Includes instruction in developmental oral biology, preventive medicine, diet therapy and counseling, patient management, pediatric restorative procedures, pulp therapy, trauma management, anesthesia, treatment planning, patient management, and the treatment of handicapped patients. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0510 Periodontics/Periodontology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the advanced study of the etiology and treatment of diseases of the gingivae (gum tissue) and supporting bone, nerve, andvascular structures. Includes instruction in periodontium pathology, diagnostic procedures and equipment, occulsion, nutritional aspects of periodontology, surgical treatments, and patient care and management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0511 Prosthodontics/Prosthodontology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW)A program that focuses on the advanced study of the restoration and maintenance of teeth, oral function, and aesthetic form through the use of single or compound materials, structures, and artificial devices. Includes instruction in implant dentistry, surgical procedures, denture design and fabrication, fixed and removable prosthodontics, restorative techniques, occlusion therapy and devices, geriatric dentistry, cosmetic dentistry, and tempromandibular joint dysfunction. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0599 Advanced/Graduate Dentistry and Oral Sciences, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in advanced/graduate dentistry and oral sciences not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.06 Dental Support Services and Allied Professions.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.0601- 51.0699.

51.0601 Dental Assisting/Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to provide patient care, take dental radiographs (x-ray photographs), prepare patients and equipment for dental procedures, and discharge office administrative functions under the supervision of dentists and dental hygienists. Includes instruction in medical record-keeping, general office duties, reception and patient intake, scheduling, equipment maintenance and sterilization, basic radiography, pre- and post-operative patient care and instruction, chairside assisting, taking tooth and mouth impressions, and supervised practice. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0602 Dental Hygiene/Hygienist.   A program that prepares individuals to clean teeth and apply preventive materials; provide oral health education and treatment counseling to patients; identify oral pathologies and injuries; and manage dental hygiene practices. Includes instruction in dental anatomy, microbiology, and pathology; dental hygiene theory and techniques; cleaning equipment operation and maintenance; dental materials; radiology; patient education and counseling; office management; supervised clinical training; and professional standards. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0603 Dental Laboratory Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of dentists, to design and construct dental prostheses such as caps, crowns, bridges, dentures, splints, and orthodontic appliances. Includes instruction in dental anatomy, dental materials, ceramics technology, impressions, complete dentures, partial dentures, orthodontics, crowns and bridges, sculpture, bonding and assembly techniques, and equipment operation. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0699 Dental Services and Allied Professions, Other.   Any instructional program in dental services and allied professions not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.07 Health and Medical Administrative Services.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.0701- 51.0799.

51.0701 Health/Health Care Administration/Management.   A program that prepares individuals to develop, plan, and manage health care operations and services within health care facilities and across health care systems. Includes instruction in planning, business management, financial management, public relations, human resources management, health care systems operation and management, health care resource allocation and policy making, health law and regulations, and applications to specific types of health care services. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0702 Hospital and Health Care Facilities Administration/Management.   A program that prepares individuals to apply managerial principles to the administration of hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and other health care facilities. Includes instruction in facilities planning, building and operations management, business management, financial management and insurance, fund-raising and marketing, public relations, human resources management and labor relations, health care facilities operations, principles of health care delivery, and applicable law and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0703 Health Unit Coordinator/Ward Clerk.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of nurses or ward supervisors, to perform routine administrative and reception duties in a patient care unit within a hospital or other health care facility. Includes instruction in receiving and directing visitors, transcribing medical and nursing orders, preparing requisition forms, scheduling patient appointments and procedures, monitoring patients and personnel, and interpersonal skills. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0704 Health Unit Manager/Ward Supervisor.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of nursing or medical service administrators, to supervise and coordinate the operations of one or more patient care units in hospitals or other health care facilities. Includes instruction in planning and initiating administrative procedures, personnel supervision, interpersonal skills, general and/or specialized health care operations and procedures, and consultation with other medical, nursing, and administrative team members. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0705 Medical Office Management/Administration.   A program that prepares individuals to manage the specialized business functions of a medical or clinical office. Includes instruction in business office operations, business and financial record-keeping, personnel supervision, medical and health care policy administration, conference planning, scheduling and coordination, public relations, and applicable law and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0706 Health Information/Medical Records Administration/Administrator.   A program that prepares individuals to plan, design, and manage systems, processes, and facilities used to collect, store, secure, retrieve, analyze, and transmit medical records and other health information used by clinical professionals and health care organizations. Includes instruction in the principles and basic content of the biomedical and clinical sciences; information technology and applications; data and database management; clinical research methodologies; health information resources and systems; office management; legal requirements; and professional standards. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0707 Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of health information administrators and other professionals, to construct medical records and clinical databases, perform manipulations on retrieved data, control the security and quality of records, and supervise data entry and technical maintenance personnel. Includes instruction in clinical and biomedical science data and information requirements; database management; data coding and validation; information security; quality control; health information content and structure; medical business procedures; and legal requirements. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0708 Medical Transcription/Transcriptionist.   A program that prepares individuals to execute verbatim medical conference minutes, medical reports, and medical orders. Includes instruction in dictation and simultaneous recording, analysis of notes and visual evidence, medical terminology, data processing applications and skills, formal medical report and correspondence formats, professional standards, and applicable law and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0709 Medical Office Computer Specialist/Assistant.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply computer programming, troubleshooting, and information technology skills to the installation, maintenance, and upgrade of standard, customized, or proprietary medical software and associated hardware. Includes instruction in computer programming, systems analysis, networking, telecommunications, medical records and informatics software applications, information technology, systems administration, computer security, and applicable regulations and certifications or licenses. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0710 Medical Office Assistant/Specialist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of office managers and other professionals, to perform routine administrative duties in a medical, clinical, or health care facility/system office environment. Includes instruction in general office skills, data processing, office equipment operation, principles of medical record-keeping and business regulations, medical/clinical office procedures, and communications skills. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0711 Medical/Health Management and Clinical Assistant/Specialist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians, nurses, or other health care professionals, to perform medical office or facilities management services and perform one or more clinical allied health specialties. Includes instruction in health care management; medical office administration; medical law and regulations; training in one or more diagnostic, treatment, therapy, or laboratory specialties at the assistant level or above; and applicable professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0712 Medical Reception/Receptionist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of office managers, nurses, or physicians, to provide customer service, visitor reception, and patient intake and discharge services. Includes instruction in medical office and health care facility procedures, medical terminology, interpersonal skills, record-keeping, customer service, telephone skills, data entry, interpersonal communications skills, and applicable policies and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0713 Medical Insurance Coding Specialist/Coder.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to perform specialized data entry, classification, and record-keeping procedures related to medical diagnostic, treatment, billing, and insurance documentation. Includes instruction in medical records and insurance software applications, basic anatomy and physiology, medical terminology, fundamentals of medical science and treatment procedures, data classification and coding, data entry skills, and regulations relating to Medicare and insurance documentation. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0714 Medical Insurance Specialist/Medical Biller.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to perform and manage the medical and health insurance operations in a medical office, health care facility, health maintenance organization, or insurance provider. Includes instruction in health and medical insurance processes; health insurance law, policy, and regulations; insurance records and paperwork administration; insurance office administration; health/medical insurance software applications; personnel supervision; business mathematics; billing and collection procedures; medical terminology; and communications skills. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0715 Health/Medical Claims Examiner.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to perform specialized investigatory, analytical, evaluative, and consultative functions related to health/medical insurance operations and their regulation. Includes instruction in health and medical insurance processes and procedures; health insurance law and regulations; health care industry law; record-keeping; analytic and investigatory techniques; evaluation methods; field operations methods; office procedures; related software applications; oral and written communications skills; interviewing techniques; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0716 Medical Administrative/Executive Assistant and Medical Secretary.   A program that prepares individuals to perform the duties of special assistants and personal secretaries for practicing physicians and nurses, health care facilities and services administrators, and other health care professionals. Includes instruction in business and medical communications, medical terminology, principles of health care operations, public relations and interpersonal communications, software applications, record-keeping and filing systems, scheduling and meeting planning, applicable policy and regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 52.0404) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0717 Medical Staff Services Technology/Technician.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to perform credentialing, privileging, personnel management, and accreditation compliance services for hospitals and other health care facilities and organizations. Includes instruction in medical staff organization and management, medical terminology, credentialing and re-credentialing, health care accreditation and regulatory standards, health care law, meeting and negotiation management, and office information systems management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0799 Health and Medical Administrative Services, Other.   Any instructional program in health and medical administrative services not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.08 Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.0801- 51.0899.

51.0801 Medical/Clinical Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians, to provide medical office administrative services and perform clinical duties including patient intake and care, routine diagnostic and recording procedures, pre-examination and examination assistance, and the administration of medications and first aid. Includes instruction in basic anatomy and physiology; medical terminology; medical law and ethics; patient psychology and communications; medical office procedures; and clinical diagnostic, examination, testing, and treatment procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0802 Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians or laboratory scientists or technologists, to perform waived testing procedures (Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988), phlebotomy, and other duties in support of laboratory teams. Includes instruction in clinical procedures, various laboratory tests, laboratory mathematics, computer technology, equipment operation and maintenance, sterilization and safety, communications skills, and interpersonal skills. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0803 Occupational Therapist Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of occupational therapists, to direct patient participation in skill-enhancing, learning, and motivational tasks; correct or diminish pathologies; and to provide direct health education and promotion services. Includes instruction in human life span development, occupational therapy principles and practice skills, treatment planning and implementation, record-keeping and documentation, patient education and intervention, activity and program direction, and assistive services management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0804 Ophthalmic Medical Assistant.   (Deleted, Report under 51.1803). (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0805 Pharmacy Technician/Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of pharmacists, to prepare medications, provide medications and related assistance to patients, and manage pharmacy clinical and business operations. Includes instruction in medical and pharmaceutical terminology; principles of pharmacology and pharmaceutics; drug identification; pharmacy laboratory procedures; prescription interpretation; patient communication and education; safety procedures; record-keeping; measurement and testing techniques; pharmacy business operations; prescription preparation; logistics and dispensing operations; and applicable standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0806 Physical Therapist Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of a physical therapist, to implement physical therapy treatment care plans, train patients, conduct treatment interventions, use equipment, and observe and record patient progress. Includes instruction in applied anatomy and physiology, applied kinesiology, principles and procedures of physical therapy, basic neurology and orthopedics, physical therapy modalities, documentation skills, psychosocial aspects of health care, wound and injury care, electrotherapy, working with orthotics and prostheses, and personal and professional ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0807 Physician Assistant.   (Moved, Report under 51.0912) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0808 Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of veterinarians, laboratory animal specialists, and zoological professionals, to provide patient management, care, and clinical procedures assistance as well as owner communication. Includes instruction in animal nursing care, animal health and nutrition, animal handling, clinical pathology, radiology, anesthesiology, dental prophylaxis, surgical assisting, clinical laboratory procedures, office administration skills, patient and owner management, and applicable standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0809 Anesthesiologist Assistant.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to assist anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists in developing and implementing patient anesthesia care plans, including preoperative, surgical theater, recovery room, and postoperative/intensive care procedures. Includes instruction in patient data collection, catheter insertion, airway management and drug administration, assisting the administration and monitoring of regional and peripheral nerve blockades, support therapy, adjusting anesthetic levels during surgery, interoperative monitoring, postoperative procedures, pain clinics and patient education, and administrative tasks. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0810 Emergency Care Attendant (EMT Ambulance).   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to assist licensed EMTs, under the supervision of a physician, to prepare and transport ill or injured patients, and to operate emergency vehicles and equipment such as life support units. Includes instruction in first aid and emergency medicine field techniques; patient stabilization and care; medical field communications; equipment operation and maintenance; emergency vehicle operation; and applicable standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0811 Pathology/Pathologist Assistant.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of pathologists, to assist in the performance of autopsies, obtaining and preparing surgical specimens, preparing autopsy reports, and interacting with other clinicians, officials, and individuals. Includes instruction in anatomy; physiology; medical terminology; general, systemic, forensic, and pediatric pathology; autopsy procedures; surgical technique; medical photography; tissue preparation; record keeping and laboratory administration; interpersonal skills; and applicable standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0812 Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to administer general respiratory care procedures under the supervision of respiratory therapists in a variety of clinical settings. Includes instruction in patient data collection and monitoring, airway management, installation of nebulizers and other respiratory assistance devices, application and monitoring of breathing gases, equipment operation and maintenance, safety and sanitation procedures, and applicable regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0813 Chiropractic Assistant/Technician.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of a chiropractor, to provide patient management, examination, and treatment services. Includes instruction in the principles and procedures of chiropractic; radiographic X-Ray procedures and techniques; X-Ray film analysis and media studies; orthopedic and neurological testing; clinical laboratory procedures; patient management and education; office administrative skills; and applicable law and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0899 Allied Health and Medical Assisting Services, Other.   Any instructional program in allied health and medical assisting services not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.09 Allied Health Diagnostic, Intervention, and Treatment Professions.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.0901 - 51.0999.

51.0901 Cardiovascular Technology/Technologist.   A program that prepares individuals to perform invasive, noninvasive, and peripheral examinations of the cardiovascular system at the request of physicians to aid in diagnoses and therapeutic treatments. Includes instruction in reviewing and recording patient histories and clinical data; patient care; investigative and examination procedures; diagnostic procedures; data analysis and documentation; physician consultation; equipment operation and monitoring; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0902 Electrocardiograph Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians and nurses, to administer EKG and ECG diagnostic examinations and report results to the treatment team. Includes instruction in basic anatomy and physiology, the cardiovascular system, medical terminology, cardiovascular medications and effects, patient care, EKG and ECG administration, equipment operation and maintenance, interpretation of cardiac rhythm, patient record management, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0903 Electroneurodiagnostic/Electroencephalographic Technology/Technologist.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of a physician, to study and record electrical activity in the brain and nervous system for purposes of patient monitoring and supporting diagnoses. Includes instruction in patient communication and care; taking and abstracting patient histories; application of recording electrodes; EEG, EP, and PSG equipment operation and procedural techniques; and data recording and documentation. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0904 Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic).   A program that prepares individuals, under the remote supervision of physicians, to recognize, assess, and manage medical emergencies in prehospital settings and to supervise Ambulance personnel. Includes instruction in basic, intermediate, and advanced EMT procedures; emergency surgical procedures; medical triage; rescue operations; crisis scene management and personnel supervision; equipment operation and maintenance; patient stabilization, monitoring, and care; drug administration; identification and preliminary diagnosis of diseases and injuries; communication and computer operations; basic anatomy, physiology, pathology, and toxicology; and professional standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Emergency Care Attendant (EMT Ambulance).   (Report under 51.0810)

51.0905 Nuclear Medical Technology/Technologist.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians, to employ radioactive and stable nuclides in diagnostic evaluations and therapeutic applications while monitoring for patient health and safety. Includes instruction in nuclear physics, health physics, instrumentation and statistics, biochemistry, immunology, radiopharmacology, radiation biology, clinical nuclear medicine, radionuclide therapy, computer applications, safety regulations, equipment operation, quality control, laboratory procedures, taking patient histories, patient evaluation and monitoring, emergency first aid, administration and record-keeping, and personnel supervision. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0906 Perfusion Technology/Perfusionist.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians and nurses, to operate extracorporeal circulation and autotransfusion equipment during medical procedures and surgeries where the support or temporary replacement of a patient's own respiratory or circulatory system is required. Includes instruction in equipment selection and operation; physician and medical team consultation; patient condition monitoring; procedural techniques; and principles of respiratory and circulatory physiology. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0907 Medical Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiation Therapist.   A program that prepares individuals to administer prescribed courses of radiation treatment, manage patients undergoing radiation therapy, and maintain pertinent records. Includes instruction in applied anatomy and physiology, oncologic pathology, radiation biology, radiation oncology procedures and techniques, radiation dosimetry, tumor localization, treatment planning, patient communication and management, data collection, record-keeping, and applicable standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0908 Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians, to assist in developing respiratory care plans, administer respiratory care procedures, supervise personnel and equipment operation, maintain records, and consult with other health care team members. Includes instruction in the applied basic biomedical sciences; anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the respiratory system; clinical medicine; therapeutic procedures; clinical expressions; data collection and record-keeping; patient communication; equipment operation and maintenance; personnel supervision; and procedures for special population groups. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Respiratory Therapy Technician/Assistant.   (Report under 51.0812)

51.0909 Surgical Technology/Technologist.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians and surgical nurses, to maintain, monitor, and enforce the sterile field and adherence to aseptic technique by preoperative, surgical team, and postoperative personnel. Includes instruction in instrument and equipment sterilization and handling; surgical supplies management; wound exposure and closure; surgical computer and robot operation and monitoring; maintenance of hemostasis; and patient and team scrubbing. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Anesthesiologist Assistant.   (Report under 51.0809)

51.0910 Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians, to utilize medical ultrasound techniques to gather sonographic data used to diagnose a variety of conditions and diseases. Includes instruction in obtaining, reviewing, and integrating patient histories and data; patient instruction and care; anatomic, physiologic and pathologic data recording; sonographic data processing; sonography equipment operation; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0911 Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians, to provide medical imaging services to patients and attending health care professionals. Includes instruction in applied anatomy and physiology, patient positioning, radiographic technique, radiation biology, safety and emergency procedures, equipment operation and maintenance, quality assurance, patient education, and medical imaging/radiologic services management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0912 Physician Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to practice medicine, including diagnoses and treatment therapies, under the supervision of a physician. Includes instruction in the basic medical and clinical sciences and specialized preparation in fields such as family medicine; pediatrics; obstetrics; gynecology; general surgery; psychiatry; behavioral medicine; the delivery of health care services to homebound patients, rural populations, underserved populations; and community health services. (Moved from 51.0807) (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Medical/Clinical Assistant.   (Report under 51.0801)

51.0913 Athletic Training/Trainer.   A program that prepares individuals to work in consultation with, and under the supervision of physicians to prevent and treat sports injuries and associated conditions. Includes instruction in the identification, evaluation, and treatment of athletic injuries and illnesses; first aid and emergency care; therapeutic exercise; anatomy and physiology; exercise physiology; kinesiology and biomechanics; nutrition; sports psychology; personal and community health; knowledge of various sports and their biomechanical and physiological demands; and applicable professional standards and regulations. (Moved from 31.0503) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0914 Gene/Genetic Therapy.   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of genetics to the therapeutic treatment of diseases and inherited abnormalities through the targeted modification of gene expression, and prepares individuals to administer genetic therapies. Includes instruction in medical genetics, genome analysis, pharmacology of gene transfer, viral vectors, nonviral therapeutic techniques, genetic screening, targeted gene delivery, vector production, safety and quality assurance, clinical trials management, and bioethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Genetic Counseling/Counselor.   (Report under 51.1509)

51.0915 Cardiopulmonary Technology/Technologist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians and nurses, to perform both cardiovascular and pulmonary diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Includes instruction in cardiopulmonary pharmacology; anatomy and physiology of the heart, peripheral vascular system, and lungs; pulmonary and cardiovascular disease and dysfunction; peripheral vascular Doppler procedures; invasive and non-invasive cardiology; pulmonary function tests; blood gas analysis; echocardiograph procedures; bronchoscopy; patient management; patient history taking and record-keeping; applications to clinical research; and emergency procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0916 Radiation Protection/Health Physics Technician.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of health physicists, occupational safety and health specialists, and public health officials, to monitor and control radiation exposure and implement preventive measures in health care, work, and natural environments. Includes instruction in radiation physics, environmental radioactivity, radiological instrumentation, electronics of radiation detection equipment, radioactive waste management and control, safety and handling procedures, decontamination procedures, radioactivity testing and analysis, and communications skills. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.0999 Allied Health Diagnostic, Intervention, and Treatment Professions, Other.   Any instructional program in allied health diagnostic, intervention, and treatment professions not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.10 Clinical/Medical Laboratory Science and Allied Professions.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.1001- 51.1099.

51.1001 Blood Bank Technology Specialist.   A program that prepares individuals to perform routine and specialized blood testing procedures, collect and process blood donations, and support physicians and other clinicians administering transfusion therapy. Includes instruction in basic cellular biology, immunohematology, blood bank procedures, blood typing, antigen and antibody identification tests, hemolytic and transfusion responses and diseases, donor selection, blood drawing and storage, blood separation, viral marker testing, laboratory and personnel supervision, safety and sterilization, and applicable laws and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1002 Cytotechnology/Cytotechnologist.   A program that prepares individuals to work with pathologists to detect changes in body cells that may indicate, and permit diagnosis of, the early development of cancers and other diseases. Includes instruction in biochemistry, microbiology, applied mathematics, microscopy, slide preparation, identification of cellular structures and abnormalities, and laboratory procedures and safety. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1003 Hematology Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of clinical laboratory scientists and health care professionals, to perform tests and analyses of blood samples. Includes instruction in clinical laboratory procedures; blood anatomy and physiology; cellular and molecular biology; blood pathology and disease indicators; quantitative, qualitative, and coagulation testing methodologies; equipment operation and maintenance; and record-keeping. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1004 Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists, to perform routine medical laboratory procedures and tests and to apply preset strategies to record and analyze data. Includes instruction in general laboratory procedures and skills; laboratory mathematics; medical computer applications; interpersonal and communications skills; and the basic principles of hematology; medical microbiology; immunohematology; immunology; clinical chemistry, and urinalysis. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Clinical/Medical Laboratory Assistant.   (Report under 51.0802)

51.1005 Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist.   A program that prepares individuals to conduct and supervise complex medical tests, clinical trials, and research experiments; manage clinical laboratories; and consult with physicians and clinical researchers on diagnoses, disease causation and spread, and research outcomes. Includes instruction in the theory and practice of hematology; clinical chemistry; microbiology; immunology; immunohematology; physiological relationships to test results; laboratory procedures and quality assurance controls; test and research design and implementation; analytic techniques; laboratory management and personnel supervision; data development and reporting; medical informatics; and professional standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1006 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technology/Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of ophthalmologists and optometrists, to cut, grind, edge, and finish corrective lenses and to fabricate eyewear. Includes instruction in optical theory, applied mathematics, lense surfacing and finishing, tinting and coating, impact resistance treatment and testing, frame construction and repair, prescription interpretation, equipment operation and maintenance, follow-up adjustment, record-keeping, and laboratory safety procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1007 Histologic Technology/Histotechnologist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, at the request of physicians, researchers, and laboratory scientists, to identify tissue structures and cell components and relate these findings to physiological functions and to the detection and diagnosis of diseases and other abnormalities. Includes instruction in medical chemistry; histochemistry; biochemistry; anatomy; physiology; medical informatics; applied mathematics; electron microscopy; instrumentation; quality control procedures; data recording and analysis; laboratory administration; medical terminology; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Pathology/Pathologist Assistant.   (Report under 51.0811)

51.1008 Histologic Technician.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of histotechnologists and other clinical laboratory scientists, to prepare and process tissue samples and perform routine histologic procedures and tests. Includes instruction in fixation, dehydration, embedding, sectioning, decalcification, microincineration, mounting, routine and special steaming, laboratory mathematics, laboratory procedures and safety, instrumentation and microscopy, computer applications, preparation of museum specimens, and recording and administrative procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1009 Phlebotomy/Phlebotomist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of physicians and other health care professionals, to draw blood samples from patients using a variety of intrusive procedures. Includes instruction in basic vascular anatomy and physiology, blood physiology, skin puncture techniques, venipuncture, venous specimen collection and handling, safety and sanitation procedures, and applicable standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1010 Cytogenetics/Genetics/Clinical Genetics Technology/Technologist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to perform analyses of the human genome and chromosomes for the research and diagnosis of genetic diseases and defects, in preparation for organ transplants, and in support of treatments for cancers and leukemias. Includes instruction in chromosome analysis, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), molecular genetic techniques, cytotechnology, and photomicrography. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1011 Renal/Dialysis Technologist/Technician.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to administer hemodialysis treatments to patients with renal failure under the supervision of a nurse or physician. Includes instruction in basic anatomy and physiology, dialysis prescription interpretation, dialysite preparation, extracorporeal circuit and dialyzer set-up and maintenance, equipment monitoring, patient preparation, taking vital signs, documentation and communication, venipuncture and local anesthesia administration, emergency intervention, safety and sanitation, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1099 Clinical/Medical Laboratory Science and Allied Professions, Other.   Any instructional program in clinical/medical laboratory science and allied professions not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.11 Health/Medical Preparatory Programs.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.1101 - 51.1199.

51.1101 Pre-Dentistry Studies.   A program that prepares individuals for admission to a first-professional program in dentistry. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1102 Pre-Medicine/Pre-Medical Studies.   A program that prepares individuals for admission to a first-professional program in medicine, osteopathic medicine, or podiatric medicine. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1103 Pre-Pharmacy Studies.   A program that prepares individuals for admission to a first-professional program in pharmacy. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1104 Pre-Veterinary Studies.   A program that prepares individuals for admission to a first-professional program in veterinary medicine. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1105 Pre-Nursing Studies.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals for admission to a professional program in Nursing. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1199 Health/Medical Preparatory Programs, Other.   Any instructional program in health and medical first-professional preparation not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.12 Medicine (MD).   Instructional content is defined in code 51.1201.

51.1201 Medicine (MD).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of medicine, involving the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of illnesses, injuries, and other disorders of the human body. Includes instruction in the basic medical sciences, clinical medicine, examination and diagnosis, patient communications, medical ethics and law, professional standards, and rotations in specialties such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, orthopedics, neurology, ophthalmology, radiology, clinical pathology, anesthesiology, family medicine, and psychiatry. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.13 Medical Basic Sciences.   (Deleted, Report under 26. Series). All of the instructional programs in this series have been integrated into programs in Series 26.)

51.1301 Medical Anatomy.   (Report under 26.0403) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1302 Medical Biochemistry.   (Report under 26.0202) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1303 Medical Biomathematics and Biometrics.   (Report under 26.1101) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1304 Medical Biophysics.   (Report under 26.0203) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1305 Medical Cell Biology.   (Report under 26.0401) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1306 Medical Genetics.   (Report under 26.0806) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1307 Medical Immunology.   (Report under 26.0507) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1308 Medical Microbiology.   (Report under 26.0503) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1309 Medical Molecular Biology.   (Report under 26.0204) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1310 Medical Neurobiology.   (Report under 26.0906) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1311 Medical Nutrition.   (Report under 30.1901) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1312 Medical Pathology.   (Report under 26.0910) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1313 Medical Physiology.   (Report under 26.09 Series) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1314 Medical Toxicology.   (Report under 26.1004) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1399 Medical Basic Sciences, Other.   (Report under 26.9999) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.14 Medical Clinical Sciences/Graduate Medical Studies.   Instructional content is defined in code 51.1401. Note ( Program completions in specific biomedical science fields should be reported under Series 26. Medical education residencies should be reported under Series 60.02 in chapter II.

51.1401 Medical Scientist (MS, PhD).   An undifferentiated clinical science program that prepares graduated physicians (MD or DO) as research scientists in various areas. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.15 Mental and Social Health Services and Allied Professions.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.1501 - 51.1599.

51.1501 Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling.   A program that prepares individuals to help prevent substance abuse, counsel individuals and families with drug and alcohol problems, and perform intervention and therapeutic services for persons suffering from addiction. Includes instruction in individual and group counseling skills, psychology of addiction, sociology, crisis intervention, substance abuse identification methodologies, substance abuse treatment modalities, substance abuse prevention and treatment resources, pharmacology and behavioral aspects of abused substances, treatment evaluation, patient observation and education, group dynamics, professional standards and ethics, and applicable law and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1502 Psychiatric/Mental Health Services Technician.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, and other mental health care professionals, to provide direct patient care services, assist in developing and implementing treatment plans, administer medications, and perform related administrative functions. Includes instruction in mental health theory, applied psychopathology, patient communication and management, crisis intervention, psychotropic medication, mental health treatment procedures, substance abuse, record-keeping, clinical administrative skills, and applicable standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1503 Clinical/Medical Social Work.   A program that prepares individuals for the specialized professional practice of social work, in collaboration with other health care professionals, in hospitals and other health care facilities and organizations. Includes instruction in social work, psychiatric case work, clinical interviewing techniques, therapeutic intervention strategies, patient testing and evaluation, patient and family counseling, social rehabilitation, patient care planning, record-keeping, and support services liaison. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Social Work.   (Report under 44.0701)

51.1504 Community Health Services/Liaison/Counseling.   A program that prepares individuals to serve as facilitators, advocates, and referral professionals linking health care and related social services with affected recipient communities. Includes instruction in public and community health, human and social services, health services administration, group counseling, health education, group advocacy, cross-cultural and multilingual communication, and applicable laws and policies. (Moved from 51.0301) (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Community Organization and Advocacy.   (Report under 44.0201)

51.1505 Marriage and Family Therapy/Counseling.   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of marriage and family therapy, involving the diagnosis of cognitive, affective, and behavioral domain disorders, both mental and emotional, within the context of marriage and family systems and the application of short- and long-term therapeutic strategies in family group contexts. Includes instruction in psychotherapy, family systems and studies, small group intervention and therapy, marital problems, depression, identification of psychopathologies and behavioral disorders, holistic health care, practice management, applicable regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 19.0703) (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Family Psychology.   (Report under 42.2501)

----- Family Systems.   (Report under 19.0704)

51.1506 Clinical Pastoral Counseling/Patient Counseling.   (NEW) A program that prepares ordained clergy and other counseling professionals to respond to the emotional and spiritual needs of patients and families in health care emergencies and other situations, and to consult with and counsel other health care professionals. Includes instruction in advanced interpersonal communication; individual and small group counseling; interdisciplinary teamwork; crisis management; extended care relationships; self-analysis; medical ethics; pastoral care art; spiritual dimensions of human growth and health; counseling psychology and therapy; and applications to grief, death, emotional collapse, injury, individual/family adjustment, and chronic illness situations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Pastoral Studies/Counseling.   (Report under 39.0701)

51.1507 Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy.   A program that prepares individuals to practice the provision of psychoanalytic counseling to individuals and groups based on the psychodynamic principles evolved from authorities such as Freud, Adler, and Jung. Includes instruction in self-analysis, personality theory, dream analysis, free association and transference theory and techniques, psychodynamic theory, developmental processes, applications to specific clinical conditions, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 51.2705) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1508 Mental Health Counseling/Counselor.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to provide evaluations, referrals, and short-term counseling services to help people prevent or remediate personal problems, conflicts, and emotional crises. Includes instruction in human development, psychopathology, individual and group counseling, personality theory, career assessment, patient screening and referral, observation and testing techniques, interviewing skills, professional standards and ethics, and applicable laws and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1509 Genetic Counseling/Counselor.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to counsel patients and families concerning inherited genetic disorders and diseases, children with birth defects; assess risk factors and planning options associated with potential and actual inherited conditions; and serve as patient advocates and provide referral services in relation to private and public support services. Includes instruction in clinical/medical genetics, methods of genetic testing, interviewing and counseling skills, genetic and support services delivery, principles of public health, medical ethics, law and regulations, patient advocacy, and professional standards. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1599 Mental and Social Health Services and Allied Professions, Other.   Any instructional program in mental and social health services and allied professions not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.16 Nursing.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.1601-51.1699.

51.1601 Nursing/Registered Nurse (RN, ASN, BSN, MSN).   A program that generally prepares individuals in the knowledge, techniques and procedures for promoting health, providing care for sick, disabled, informed, or other individuals or groups. Includes instruction in the administration of medication and treatments, assisting a physician during treatments and examinations, Referring patients to physicians and other health care specialists, and planning education for health maintenance. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1602 Nursing Administration (MSN, MS, PhD).   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to manage Nursing personnel and services in hospitals and other health care delivery agencies. Includes instruction in principles of health care administration, resource and financial management, health care law and policy, medical personnel management, and managed care operations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1603 Adult Health Nurse/Nursing.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to provide general care for adult patients. Includes instruction in adult primary care, adult pathophysiology, clinical management of medication and treatments, patient assessment and education, patient referral, and planning adult health maintenance programs. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1604 Nurse Anesthetist.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to administer anesthetics and provide care for patients before, during andafter anesthesia. Includes instruction in the biochemistry and physics of anesthesia; advanced anatomy and physiology; clinical pharmacology of anesthetics and adjunctive drugs; pain management; acute care and operating room practice; clinical technology and procedures; emergency intervention; patient assessment and education; and legal issues. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Anesthesiologist Assistant.   (Report under 51.0809)

51.1605 Family Practice Nurse/Nurse Practitioner.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to provide independent general care for family groups and individuals in the context of family living. Includes instruction in family theory and intervention, role synthesis, family primary care, nursing practice and health care policy, holistic practice, pediatric practice, gerontological practice, health assessment, clinical pharmacotherapeutics, clinical techniques, and pathopsychology. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1606 Maternal/Child Health and Neonatal Nurse/Nursing.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to provide prenatal care to pregnant women and to mothers and their newborn infants. Includes instruction in perinatal and newborn health assessment, stabilization, and care; pathophysiology of pregnancy, fetuses, and the newborn; clinical management of high-risk pregnancies and newborns; perinatal and neonatal technology and clinical procedures; and patient education. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1607 Nurse Midwife/Nursing Midwifery.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to independently deliver babies and treat mothers in the prenatal, delivery, and post-delivery periods. Includes instruction in pre-delivery screening, physician referral, and the care of infants during the delivery and immediate post-delivery phases. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1608 Nursing Science (MS, PhD).   A research program that focuses on the study of advanced clinical practices, research methodologies, the administration of complex nursing services, and that prepares nurses to further the progress of nursing research through experimentation and clinical applications. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1609 Pediatric Nurse/Nursing.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to provide care for children from infancy through adolescence. Includes instruction in the administration of medication and treatments, assisting physicians, patient examination and referral, and planning and delivering health maintenance and health education programs. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1610 Psychiatric/Mental Health Nurse/Nursing.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to promote mental health and provide nursing care to patients with mental, emotional or behavioral disorders, in mental institutions or other settings. Includes instruction in psychopathology, behavioral health, counseling and intervention strategies, psychoeducation, mental health assessment and dual diagnosis, stabilization and management of psychotic illness, psychiatric care and rehabilitation, substance abuse, and crisis intervention. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1611 Public Health/Community Nurse/Nursing.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to promote health and provide preventive and curative nursing services for groups or communities under the supervision of a public health agency. Includes instruction in community and rural health, family therapy and intervention, disease prevention, health education, and community health assessment. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1612 Perioperative/Operating Room and Surgical Nurse/Nursing.   A program that prepares registered nurses (RNs) to provide care to patients before and during surgery, and provide tableside assistance to surgeons. Includes instruction in operating room safety and preparation, aseptic technique, anesthesia, patient preparation, surgical instruments and procedures, sterilization and disinfecting, surgical drugs and solutions, hemostasis, emergency procedures, and patient/family education. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1613 Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training (LPN, LVN, Cert.   , Dipl, AAS). A program that prepares individuals to assist in providing general nursing care under the direction of a registered nurse, physician or dentist. Includes instruction in taking patient vital signs, applying sterile dressings, patient health education and assistance with examinations and treatment. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1614 Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to perform routine nursing-related services to patients in hospitals or long-term care facilities, under the training and supervision of a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1615 Home Health Aide.   (Moved, Report under 51.2602) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1616 Clinical Nurse Specialist.   (NEW) A program that prepares registered nurses to deliver direct patient and client care in clinical settings. Includes instruction in clinical pharmacotherapeutics, advanced clinical practice, holistic nursing, nursing practice and health care policy, administration and consultation services, health assessment, patient stabilization and care, and patient education. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1617 Critical Care Nursing.   (NEW) A program that prepares registered nurses to provide specialized care to patients with life-threatening problems, including those in intensive care facilities and on life support. Includes instruction in adult, neonatal, and pediatric critical care; technical skills; patient monitoring and assessment; normal and abnormal readings; and troubleshooting. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1618 Occupational and Environmental Health Nursing.   (NEW) A program that prepares registered nurses to deliver nursing health care services to workers and worker populations in clinical settings and at job sites. Includes instruction in public and community health; occupational safety and health; occupational health surveillance; case management; fitness for duty testing; medication; allergies and immunization; emergency and ambulatory care; and applicable laws and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1699 Nursing, Other.   Any instructional program in nursing not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.17 Optometry (OD).   Instructional content is defined in code 51.1701.

51.1701 Optometry (OD).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of optometry and that focuses on the principles and techniques for examining, diagnosing and treating conditions of the visual system. Includes instruction in prescribing glasses and contact lenses, other optical aids, corrective therapies, patient counseling, physician referral, practice management, and ethics and professional standards. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.18 Ophthalmic and Optometric Support Services and Allied Professions.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.1801- 51.1899.

51.1801 Opticianry/Ophthalmic Dispensing Optician.   A program that prepares individuals to adapt and fit corrective eyewear, including eyeglasses and contact lenses, as prescribed by ophthalmologists or optometrists; to assist patients in selecting appropriate frames; and to prepare work orders for ophthalmic laboratory technicians. Includes instruction in geometrical optics; ophthalmic optics; anatomy of the eye; optical instrumentation; use and maintenance of adjustment and cleaning tools; prescription interpretation; contact lens adaptation and fitting; prosthesis fitting; facial and eye measuring; pathology identification; record-keeping; and patient and business administrative tasks. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1802 Optometric Technician/Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to assist optometrists in providing patient care, administering examinations and treatments, and performing office administrative functions. Includes instruction in applied anatomy and physiology of the eye, visual testing, patient communication, patient preparation, medications and administration, dispensing and fitting of eyeglasses and contact lenses, record-keeping, and office management skills. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1803 Ophthalmic Technician/Technologist.   A program that prepares individuals to assist ophthalmologists and optometrists in examining and treating patients with vision problems, vision disorders, and eye diseases. Includes instruction in taking patient histories; administering directed treatments and topical medications; diagnostic test procedures and equipment operation; anatomical and functional ocular measurements; patient care and instruction; ophthalmic and surgical equipment maintenance; safety and sterilization procedures; and office administrative procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1804 Orthoptics/Orthoptist.   A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of ophthalmologists, to analyze, evaluate, and treat specific disorders of vision, eye movement, and eye alignment in children and adults. Includes instruction in eye anatomy, neuroanatomy, physiology, pharmacology, ophthalmic optics, diagnostic testing and measurement, orthoptic treatment therapy, systemic ocular diseases and disorders, principles of surgery, examination techniques, patient education, child psychology and development, learning disabilities, medical writing, and record-keeping. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.1899 Ophthalmic and Optometric Support Services and Allied Professions, Other.   Any instructional program in ophthalmic and optometric support services and allied professions not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.19 Osteopathic Medicine/Osteopathy (DO).   Instructional content is defined in code 51.1901.

51.1901 Osteopathic Medicine/Osteopathy (DO).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of osteopathic medicine, involving a combination of medical principles and procedures and osteopathic principles of holistic medicine and the relationship of the musculoskeletal system to general health. Includes instruction in the basic medical sciences, preventive medicine, family and community medicine, medical informatics, disease systems, organ and physiologic systems, osteopathic principles and practice, osteopathic manipulative treatment, musculoskeletal and skin systems, clinical specialty rotations, medical ethics, and professional standards and practice management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.20 Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Administration.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.2001 - 51.2099.

51.2001 Pharmacy (PharmD [USA], PharmD or BS/BPharm [Canada]).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent or employed practice of preparing and dispensing drugs and medications in consultation with prescribing physicians ad other health care professionals, and for managing pharmacy practices and counseling patients. Includes instruction in mathematics, physics, chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacognosy, pharmacy practice, pharmacy administration, applicable regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Pharmacy Technician/Assistant.   (Report under 51.0805)

51.2002 Pharmacy Administration and Pharmacy Policy and Regulatory Affairs (MS, PhD).   A program that prepares individuals to apply managerial, social, and economic sciences to the study and management of the distribution and use of pharmaceutical products and the provision of pharmacy services. Includes instruction in research design and methods, statistics, social and organizational behavior, pharmacoeconomics, management of pharmacy services, outcomes research, product planning and reimbursement, cost-benefit analysis, drug marketing, pharmacy and pharmaceutics law and regulation, risk assessment, and organization of the health care system. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2003 Pharmaceutics and Drug Design (MS, PhD).   A program that focuses on the scientific study of the formulation of medicinal substances into product vehicles capable of being stored, transported, and then introduced into the patient and behaving in ways optimal to therapeutic interaction. Includes instruction in statistics, biopharmaceutics, drug metabolism, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, physical pharmacy, pharmacological analysis, drug design and development, pharmacological biotechnology, chemical separations, spectroscopy, drug-host interactions, immunology, quantitative drug measurement, enzymatic transformations, and metabolic excretion. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2004 Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry (MS, PhD).   A program that focuses on the application of chemistry to the study of biologically and clinically active substances, biological and pharmacological interactions, and the development of associated research methods, techniques, and clinical trial procedures. Includes instruction in organic chemistry, biochemistry, molecular graphics, rational drug design, toxicology, molecular biology, pharmacology, enzyme mechanisms, receptor theory, neurochemistry, drug metabolism, drug synthesis, biological mechanisms of drug action, research tools and techniques, and laboratory safety. (Moved from 40.0505) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2005 Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy (MS, PhD).   (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of biologically active compounds found in naturally occurring sources such as plants, animals, and microbes and their use and/or modification as medicinal substances. Includes instruction in medicinal chemistry, organic medicinals, pharmacological therapeutics, pharmacokinetics, molecular biology, structural chemistry, enzymes, nucleic acids, economic botany, ethnobotany, bioprospecting, bioassay, compound identification and isolation, mass spectrometry, and analytical instrumentation and techniques. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2006 Clinical and Industrial Drug Development (MS, PhD).   (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific application of pharmacology, pharmaceutics, and industrial management to the development, production, marketing, and distribution of pharmaceutical products. Includes instruction in industrial microbiology, plasmids, expression vectors, protein chemistry, assay and evaluation, drug synthesis and purification, quality control, industrial management, production security, patent procedures, intellectual property regulations and issues, patent enforcement and defense, and research design and testing. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2007 Pharmacoeconomics/Pharmaceutical Economics (MS, PhD).   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of economics and policy analysis to the study of the relationship of pharmacy services and pharmaceutical processes and products to the health care system and their impact on health care organizations. Includes instruction in health economics, pharmacoeconimics, health care systems, health care organization and management, statistics and biostatistics, outcomes research, health care policy, pharmacy services, and pharmaceutical industry operations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2008 Clinical, Hospital, and Managed Care Pharmacy (MS, PhD).   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to deliver specialized pharmacy services and produce pharmaceutical products in clinical settings in conjunction with other health care professionals. Includes instruction in biostatistics; clinical pharmacokinetics; biopharmaceutics; neuropharmacology; pharmacodynamics; drug metabolism; clinical sampling and research design; drug delivery systems; chemotherapy; pharmacotherapy; clinical pharmacy management; medical and research ethics; and applications to nuclear, nutrition support, oncology, psychiatric, and therapeutic pharmacy. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2009 Industrial and Physical Pharmacy and Cosmetic Sciences (MS, PhD).   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of pharmaceutical sciences and pharmacy to the study of pharmaceuticals production and distribution, and prepares individuals to manage pharmaceutical industry operations. Includes instruction in pharmaceconomics, industrial management, operations management, preformulation evaluation, product formulation/reformulation, drug product development, stability testing, dosage design, pilot scale-up, drug marketing, quality control, drug information, and legal and regulatory affairs. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2099 Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Administration, Other.   Any instructional program in pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences, and administration not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.21 Podiatric Medicine/Podiatry (DPM).   Instructional content is defined in code 51.2101.

51.2101 Podiatric Medicine/Podiatry (DPM).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of podiatric medicine, involving the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and injuries to the foot and lower extremities. Includes instruction in the basic medical sciences; anatomy of the lower extremity; functional orthopedics; foot biomechanics; podiatric radiology; dermatology; podiatric surgery; podopediatrics; sports medicine; physical diagnosis; emergency medicine and traumatology; practice management; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.22 Public Health.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.2201 - 51.2299.

51.2201 Public Health, General (MPH, DPH).   A program that generally prepares individuals to plan, manage, and evaluate public health care services and to function as public health officers. Includes instruction in epidemiology, biostatistics, public health principles, preventive medicine, health policy and regulations, health care services and related administrative functions, public health law enforcement, health economics and budgeting, public communications, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Dental Public Health and Education.   (Report under 51.0504)

51.2202 Environmental Health.   A program that focuses on the application of environmental sciences, public health, the biomedical sciences, and environmental toxicology to the study of environmental factors affecting human health and related ecological issues, and prepares individuals to function as professional environmental health specialists. Includes instruction in epidemiology, biostatistics, toxicology, public policy analysis, public management, risk assessment, communications, environmental law and applications such as air quality, food protection, radiation protection, solid and hazardous waste management, water quality, noise abatement, housing quality, and environmental control of reacreational areas. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2203 Epidemiology.   (Moved, Report under 26.1309) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2204 Health and Medical Biostatistics.   (Deleted, Report under 26.1102) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2205 Health/Medical Physics.   A program that focuses on the application of physics, nuclear science, and engineering physics to diagnostic, treatment, and therapeutic processes and public health protection. Includes instruction in radiation biophysics, biophysics, health effects of natural and artificially induced radiation, hazard evaluation, environmental radioactivity, nuclear physics, engineering physics, radiobiology, medical radiology, calibration and dosage theory, computer applications and medical informatics, and specific research problems. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2206 Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene.   A program that prepares public health specialists to monitor and evaluate health and related safety standards in industrial, commercial, and government workplaces and facilities. Includes instruction in occupational health and safety standards and regulations; health-related aspects of various occupations and work environments; health hazard testing and evaluation; test equipment operation and maintenance; industrial toxicology; worker health and safety education; and the analysis and testing of job-related equipment, behavior practices, and protective devices and procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2207 Public Health Education and Promotion.   A program that focuses on the application of educational and communications principles and methods to the promotion of preventive health measures and the education of targeted populations on health issues, and prepares individuals to function as public health educators and health promotion specialists. Includes instruction in human development; health issues across the life span; population-specific health issues; principles and methods of public health education; administration of health education campaigns and programs; evaluation methods; public communications; and applications to specific public health subjects and issues. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2208 Community Health and Preventive Medicine.   (NEW) A program that prepares public health specialists to plan and manage health services in local community settings, including the coordination of related support services, government agencies, and private resources. Includes instruction in public health, community health services and delivery, health behavior and cultural factors, local government operations, human services, health communication and promotion, health services administration in local settings, environmental health, preventive and comparative medicine, epidemiology, biostatistcs, family and community health, and applicable law and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Public Health/Community Nurse/Nursing.   (Report under 51.1611)

51.2209 Maternal and Child Health.   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of public health specializations, public policy studies, and the social and behavioral sciences to issues of health affecting women, children, and families; and prepares individuals to function as maternal and child health specialists. Includes instruction in research design and testing, program evaluation, public policy analysis, public finance, economics of health care, community health, family development and dynamics, women's studies, social psychology, fetal and child development, biostatistics, health education and promotion, nutrition, neonatal development, psychology, and social services delivery. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2210 International Public Health/International Health.   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of public health specializations, the social and behavioral sciences, and policy and communications methods to the study of health problems in low- and middle-income countries and regions, and prepares individuals to function as professional international health specialists. Includes instruction in health education and promotion, research design and evaluation, infectious disease epidemiology, international health policy and management, public nutrition and food security, information systems, program evaluation, medical anthropology, international communication, behavioral sciences, maternal and child health, demography and population policy, and health care finance and economics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2211 Health Services Administration.   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of policy analysis, public administration, business management, and communications to the planning and management of health services delivery systems in the public and private sectors, and prepares individuals to function as health services administrators and managers. Includes instruction in health systems planning, public health organization and management, pubic health policy formulation and analysis, finance, business and operations management, economics of health care, organizational and health communications, marketing, human resources management, and public health law and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2299 Public Health, Other.   Any instructional program in public health not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.23 Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Professions.   Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.2301 - 51.2399.

----- Somatic Bodywork and Related Therapeutic Services.   (Report under 51.35 Series)

----- Movement and Mind-Body Therapies and Education.   (Report under 51.36 Series)

----- Energy and Biologically Based Therapies.   (Report under 51.37 Series)

51.2301 Art Therapy/Therapist.   A program that prepares individuals, in consultation with other rehabilitation team members or in private practice, to use drawing and other art media forms to assess, treat, and rehabilitate individuals with mental, emotional, developmental, or physical disorders. Includes instruction in art, history and theory of art therapy, art therapeutic techniques, psychopathology, patient assessment and diagnosis, cultural diversity issues, legal and ethical practice issues, and professional standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2302 Dance Therapy/Therapist.   A program that prepares individuals, in consultation with other rehabilitation team members or in private practice, to use the therapeutic application of creative dance movement to assist in promoting client rehabilitation and physical, emotional, and mental health. Includes instruction in neuroanatomy, personality development, movement and motor behavior, psychology, dance, creative expression modalities, improvisation, group psychology and leadership, client evaluation and supervision, dance therapy practice, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2303 Hypnotherapy.   (Moved, Report under 51.3603) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2304 Movement Therapy.   (Moved, Report under 51.3601) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2305 Music Therapy/Therapist.   A program that prepares individuals, in association with a rehabilitation team or in private practice, to use music in therapeutic relationships to address patients' physical, psychological, cognitive, emotional, and social needs. Includes instruction in music theory and performance, human growth and development, biomedical sciences, abnormal psychology, disabling conditions, patient assessment and diagnosis, treatment plan development and implementation, clinical evaluation, record-keeping, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2306 Occupational Therapy/Therapist.   A program that prepares individuals to assist patients limited by physical, cognitive, psychosocial, mental, developmental, and learning disabilities, as well as adverse environmental conditions, to maximize their independence and maintain optimum health through a planned mix of acquired skills, performance motivation, environmental adaptations, assistive technologies, and physical agents. Includes instruction in the basic medical sciences, psychology, sociology, patient assessment and evaluation, standardized and non-standardized tests and measurements, assistive and rehabilitative technologies, ergonomics, environmental health, special education, vocational counseling, health education and promotion, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Occupational Therapist Assistant.   (Report under to 51.0803)

51.2307 Orthotist/Prosthetist.   A program that prepares individuals, in consultation with physicians and other therapists, to design and fit orthoses for patients with disabling conditions of the limbs and/or spine, and prostheses for patients who have partial or total absence of a limb or significant superficial deformity. Includes instruction in biomechanics, gait analysis, pathomechanics, kinesiology, pathology, neuroanatomy, materials science, diagnostic imaging, patient analysis and measurement, impression taking, model rectification, assistive/restorative technology and engineering applications, product finishing, diagnostic and definitive fitting and alignment, power devices, postoperative management, and patient counseling and follow-up. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2308 Physical Therapy/Therapist.   A program that prepares individuals to alleviate physical and functional impairments and limitations caused by injury or disease through the design and implementation of therapeutic interventions to promote fitness and health. Includes instruction in functional anatomy and physiology, kinesiology, neuroscience, pathological physiology, analysis of dysfunction, movement dynamics, physical growth process, management of musculoskeletal disorders, clinical evaluation and measurement, client assessment and supervision, care plan development and documentation, physical therapy modalities, rehabilitation psychology, physical therapy administration, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Physical Therapist Assistant.   (Report under 51.0806)

51.2309 Therapeutic Recreation/Recreational Therapy.   A program that prepares individuals to plan, organize, and direct recreational activities designed to promote health and well-being for patients who are physically, mentally, or emotionally disabled. Includes instruction in the foundations of therapeutic recreation, leisure education and counseling, program planning, therapeutic recreational modalities, basic anatomy and physiology, psychology, medical terminology, human growth and development, patient observation and evaluation, special needs populations, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2310 Vocational Rehabilitation Counseling/Counselor.   A program that prepares individuals to counsel disabled individuals and recovering patients in psychological, personal, social, and vocational adjustment in order to have fulfilling and productive lives. Includes instruction in patient evaluation and testing, rehabilitation program planning, patient support services and referral, job analysis, adjustment psychology, rehabilitation services provision, patient counseling and education, applicable law and regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2311 Kinesiotherapy/Kinesiotherapist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the direction of physicians, to treat the effects of disease, injury, and congenital disorders through therapeutic exercise and education. Includes instruction in human anatomy, human physiology, kinesiology, biomechanics, therapeutic exercise and adapted physical education, human growth and development, motor learning and performance, testing and measurement, first aid and cardiopulmonary resucitation, psychology, rehabilitation procedures, patient assessment and management, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2312 Assistive/Augmentative Technology and Rehabiliation Engineering.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply the principles of psychology, engineering, and occupational therapy to the design and implementation of technological interventions and systems to promote patient rehabilitation and function. Includes instruction in ergonomics, seating and mobility design, universal and near environment systems design, rehabilitation research, rehabilitation biomechanics, access and communications design, microprocessor-based technologies, neurological trauma, standards and testing, and service delivery management. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2399 Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Professions, Other.   Any instructional program in rehabilitation and therapeutic professions not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.24 Veterinary Medicine (DVM).   Instructional content is defined in code 51.2401.

51.2401 Veterinary Medicine (DVM).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of veterinary medicine, involving the diagnosis, treatment, and health care management of animals and animal populations and the prevention and management of zoonosis. Includes instruction in the veterinary basic sciences, infectious and noninfectious disease, diagnostic procedures, veterinary clinical medicine, obstetrics, radiology, anesthesiology, surgery, toxicology, animal health and preventive medicine, clinical nutrition, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Veterinary/Animal Health Technology/Technician and Veterinary Assistant.   (Report under 51.0808)

51.25 Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (Cert.   , MS, PhD). Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.2501- 51.2599. Note ( Only graduate programs awarding academic credit and degrees or certificates should be reported in this series. Veterinary residencies should be reported under Series 60.03 in chapter II

51.2501 Veterinary Sciences/Veterinary Clinical Sciences, General (Cert.   , MS, PhD). An integrated program of study in one or more of the veterinary medical or clinical sciences or a program undifferentiated as to title. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2502 Veterinary Anatomy (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the structure of small and large animal cellular, organ, tissue, and body systems and their relation to physiologic function, disease, and therapeutic treatment. Includes instruction in histology, ultrastructure, molecular biology, biochemistry, developmental biology, neuroscience, electrophysiology, electron microscopy, computer imaging, and applications to specific species. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2503 Veterinary Physiology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the functional dynamics of animal biological systems and their relationship to the diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury. Includes instruction in mammalian and non-mammalian physiology, laboratory physiology, physiological responses to the environment, endocrinology, animal biotechnology, mechanisms of hormone action, organ systems, metabolism, and pathophysiology. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2504 Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the microbial causation and immunologic processes related to animal disease, prevention, and treatment. Includes instruction in bacteriology, mycology, virology, immune response mechanisms, humoral and cell function, cancer defenses, immune system dysfunction, immunologic diseases, parasitology, pathogenesis, and disease vectors. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2505 Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the development and process of disease in domestic and wild animals and applications to diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Includes instruction in pathogenesis, immunoparasitology, viral therapy, inherited metabolic diseases, environmental toxicology, anatomical and clinical pathology, necropsy and biopsy techniques, clinical laboratory analysis, pathological interpretation, and disease diagnosis. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2506 Veterinary Toxicology and Pharmacology (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of specific environmental and food hazards affecting domestic and wild animals and the development and action of chemical antidotes and treatments. Includes instruction in small and large animal toxicology and pharmacology, neurotoxicology, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, neuropharmacology, xenobiotics, drug resistance, pesticides, toxicological pathology, genetic and molecular toxicology, environmental toxicology, drug and toxicant analysis and evaluation, and environmental radiology. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2507 Large Animal/Food Animal and Equine Surgery and Medicine (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the internal medicine and invasive and noninvasive treatment of herd, work, sport, and food animals. Includes instruction in equine medicine, swine and dairy medicine, food animal medicine, pathophysiology, large animal diseases, large animal anesthesiology and surgical procedures, preoperative and postoperative care, and specific medical specialties such as dentistry, ophthalmology, oncology, obstetrics/theriogenology, and orthopedics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2508 Small/Companion Animal Surgery and Medicine (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of the internal medicine and invasive and noninvasive treatment of companion and household animals. Includes instruction in avian medicine, pet care, companion animal medicine, pathophysiology, small animal diseases, small animal anesthesiology and surgical procedures, preoperative and postoperative care, and specific medical specialties such as dentistry, ophthalmology, oncology, obstetrics/theriogenology, and othopedics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2509 Comparative and Laboratory Animal Medicine (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of animal models of human disease and related experimental procedures, and prepares veterinarians and animal health specialists to manage the laboratory use and care of experimental animals. Includes instruction in laboratory animal husbandry, laboratory animal disease, biohazard control, gnotobiology, breeding, comparative anatomy and physiology, comparative gene mapping, protein function, physical and mathematical modeling, computer modeling, stem cell technology, colony and genetic stock management, cryopreservation, applicable regulations, and bioethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2510 Veterinary Preventive Medicine Epidemiology, and Public Health (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the study of the prevention and control of communicable animal diseases, diseases affecting humans, and prepares veterinarians to function as public health specialists. Includes instruction in animal epidemiology, biostatistics, food safety and quality assurance, food toxicology, zoonotic and infectious diseases, disease vectors and transference, production medicine, animal health, veterinary public health practice, and inspection and evaluation methods. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2511 Veterinary Infectious Diseases (Cert.   , MS, PhD). (NEW) A program that focuses on the scientific study of zoonotic infectious diseases, disease mechanisms, and prevention and treatment strategies. Includes instruction in disease pathogenesis, vector biology, mycobacterial infection, blood parasites, retroviruses, food-borne diseases, new infectious agents, ecotoxicology, mechanisms of disease transfer, antibody resistance, comparative pathology, communicable diseases, and disease prevention and eradication. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2599 Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Other (Cert.   , MS. PhD). (NEW) Any instructional program in veterinary biomedical and clinical sciences not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.26 Health Aides/Attendants/Orderlies.   Instructional content for this group is defined in codes 51.2601- 51.2699.

51.2601 Health Aide.   A program that prepares individuals to provide routine care and assistance to patients under the direct supervision of other health care professionals, and/or to perform routine maintenance and general assistance in health care facilities and laboratories. (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Nurse/Nursing Assistant/Aide.   (Report under 51.1614)

51.2602 Home Health Aide/Home Attendant.   A program that prepares individuals to provide routine care and support services for homebound disabled, recovering, or elderly people. Includes instruction in basic nutrition, home sanitation, infection control, first aid, taking vital signs, personal hygiene, interpersonal communication skills, supervised home management, emergency recognition and referral, geriatric care, and legal and ethical responsibilities. (Moved from 51.1615) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2603 Medication Aide.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to administer prescribed medications; observe and report patient reactions and side effects; and perform related emergency and recording duties under the supervision of nurses and/or physicians. Includes instruction in basic anatomy and physiology, common medications and their effects, taking vital signs, oxygen administration, medication administration and application, record-keeping, and patient observation. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2699 Health Aides/Attendants/Orderlies, Other.   (NEW) Any other instructional program that prepares individuals to provide routine patient care and assistance. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.27 Medical Illustration and Informatics.   Instructional content is defined in codes 51.2703-51.2799.

51.2701 Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.   (Deleted, Report under 51.3301 or 51.3302) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2702 Medical Dietitian.   (Moved, Report under 51.3101) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2703 Medical Illustration/Medical Illustrator.   A program that prepares individuals to apply the principles and techniques of art and computer-assisted imaging, graphics, and animation to create visual materials to facilitate the recording and dissemination of biomedical knowledge for educational, research, and clinical purposes. Includes instruction in anatomy, physiology, pathology, histology, embryology, neuroanatomy, medical terminology, artistic media and techniques, illustration techniques, three-dimensional modeling, prosthetics, data display design, exhibit design and production, medical photography, multimedia, computer graphics and animation, digital imaging, business management, production technology, and instructional design. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2704 Naturopathic Medicine.   (Moved, Report under 51.3303) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2705 Psychoanalysis.   (Moved, Report under 51.1507) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2706 Medical Informatics.   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of computer science and software engineering to medical research and clinical information technology support, and the development of advanced imaging, database, and decision systems. Includes instruction in computer science, health information systems architecture, medical knowledge structures, medical language and image processing, quantitative medical decision modeling, imaging techniques, electronic medical records, medical research systems, clinical decision support, and informatics aspects of specific research and practice problems. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.2799 Medical Illustration and Informatics, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in medical illustration and informatics not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.31 Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Services.   (NEW) Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.3101- 51.3199.

----- Foods, Nutrition and Related Services.   (Report under 19.05 Series)

51.3101 Dietetics/Dietitian (RD).   A program that prepares individuals to integrate and apply the principles of the food and nutrition sciences, human behavior, and the biomedical sciences to design and manage effective nutrition programs in a variety of settings. Includes instruction in human nutrition; nutrient metabolism; the role of foods and nutrition in health promotion and disease prevention; planning and directing food service activities; diet and nutrition analysis and planning; supervision of food storage and preparation; client education; and professional standards and regulations. (Moved from 51.2702) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3102 Clinical Nutrition/Nutritionist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to apply the principles of dietetics and the biomedical and nutrition sciences to design and manage effective nutrition programs as part of clinical treatment and therapy programs, and to manage health care facility food services. Includes instruction in human nutrition, nutrient metabolism, the role of foods and nutrition in health promotion and disease prevention, nutrition as a treatment regime, planning and directing hospital food service programs, diet and nutrition analysis and planning, supervision of food storage and preparation, special diets, client education, and professional standards and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3103 Dietetic Technician (DTR).   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals, under the supervision of registered dietitians and nutritionists, to implement nutritional and dietetic plans and provide direct client and patient services. Includes instruction in human nutrition, client interviewing and record keeping, dietary planning, food preparation and safety, food worker supervision, food service establishment monitoring and inspection, and applicable procedures and regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3104 Dietitian Assistant.   A program that prepares individuals to assist registered dietitians in planning, preparing and serving meals to individuals with specific dietary needs. Includes instruction in equipment use, food preparation, diet regulations, food handling, safety and sanitary standards and administrative techniques and procedures. (Moved from 20.0404) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3199 Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Services, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in dietetics and clinical nutrition services not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.32 Bioethics/Medical Ethics.   (NEW) Instructional content is defined in code 51.3201.

----- Legal Professions and Studies.   (Report under to 22. Series)

----- Philosophy and Religious Studies.   (Report under 38. Series)

----- Theology and Religious Vocations.   (Report under 39. Series)

51.3201 Bioethics/Medical Ethics.   (NEW) A program that focuses on the application of ethics, religion, jurisprudence, and the social sciences to the analysis of health care issues, clinical decisionmaking, and research procedures. Includes instruction in philosophical ethics, moral value, medical sociology, theology, spirituality and health, policy analysis, decision theory, and applications to problems such as death and dying, therapeutic relationships, organ transplantation, human and animal subjects, reproduction and fertility, health care justice, cultural sensitivity, needs assessment, professionalism, conflict of interest, chaplaincy, and clinical or emergency procedures. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.33 Alternative and Complementary Medicine and Medical Systems.   (NEW) Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.3301- 51.3399.

51.3301 Acupuncture.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of acupuncture, a Chinese system of healing based on the use of pulse diagnosis, acupuncture point selection, and needle insertion to treat imbalances in the state of bodily health or Qi. Includes instruction in basic Western medical sciences, Chinese medical anatomy and physiology, diagnostic techniques, patient observation and communication, acupuncture points and point selection, auricular and scalp acupuncture, moxibustion, acupuncture technique, acupuncture of extremities, pain management, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3302 Traditional Chinese/Asian Medicine and Chinese Herbology.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of Chinese herbal medicine, a system based on the use of nutrition, natural products, and prescribed medical formulae to treat imbalances in the state of bodily health as defined in the Nei Ching Su Wen and other authorities. Includes instruction in the basic Western medical sciences, history and theory of Chinese medicine, Chinese medical anatomy and physiology, Chinese herbology, herbal prescription preparation, herbal patent medicine, herbal pharmacology, Chinese internal medicine and gynecology, febrile diseases, food therapy, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3303 Naturopathic Medicine/Naturopathy (ND).   A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of naturopathic medicine, an holistic therapeutic approach combining medical knowledge with noninvasive natural, homeopathic, and non-Western therapies and emphasizing disease prevention, wellness, and self-healing. Includes instruction in the basic medical sciences, epidemiology, neuroscience, biostatistics, public and community health, laboratory and clinical diagnosis, pharmacognosy, botanical medicine, homeopathy, principles of Oriental medicine and Ayurveda, manipulative therapy, naturopathic therapeutics, therapeutic nutrition, case analysis and management, philosophy of naturopathy, patient counseling, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 51.2704) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3304 Homeopathic Medicine/Homeopathy.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of homeopathic medicine, an holistic therapeutic system using naturally occurring substances in highly diluted forms to mimic symptoms of illness and trigger autoimmune responses, based on the law of similars and other principles derived from the work of Samuel Hahnemann and others. Includes instruction in anatomy, physiology, pathology, toxicology, philosophy and theory of homeopathy, casetaking and case analysis, repertory, materia medica, constitutional typing, proving, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3305 Ayurvedic Medicine/Ayurveda.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals for the independent professional practice of Ayurveda, a holistic health care system based on the use of dietary, lifestyle, spiritual, pharmacological and physical therapies to remove imbalances and restore health as defined in Vedic and other classical Sanskrit authorities in the Indian tradition. Includes instruction in Sanskrit; history, philosophy, and principles of Ayurveda; Ayurvedic pharmacology; anatomy and physiology; internal medicine; herbology; diagnostic techniques; patient examination and communication; therapeutic modalities; detoxification theory and practice; mind and body behavior modification; Yoga; clinical pediatrics and gynecology; diet therapies; treatment of specific diseases; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3399 Alternative and Complementary Medicine and Medical Systems, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in alternative and complementary medicine and medical systems not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.34 Alternative and Complementary Medical Support Services.   (NEW) Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.3401- 51.3499.

51.3401 Direct Entry Midwifery (LM, CPM).   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to provide pre-natal, natural birth, and immediate postpartum care to pregnant women in jurisdictions licensing direct (non-nursing) training for midwives. Includes instruction in basic obstetrics, women's health, fetal development, childbirth education, maternal nutrition and health, labor support, natural childbirth, postpartum support, prebirth counseling and risk screening, management of obstetric emergencies, patient referral, applicable regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3499 Alternative and Complementary Medical Support Services, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in alternative and complementary medical support services not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.35 Somatic Bodywork and Related Therapeutic Services.   (NEW) Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.3501 - 51.3599.

51.3501 Massage Therapy/Therapeutic Massage.   A program that prepares individuals to provide relief and improved health and well-being to clients through the application of manual techniques for manipulating skin, muscles, and connective tissues. Includes instruction in Western (Swedish) massage; sports massage; myotherapy/trigger point massage; myofascial release; deep tissue massage; cranio-sacral therapy; reflexology; massage safety and emergency management; client counseling; practice management; applicable regulations; and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 12.0405) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3502 Asian Bodywork Therapy.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to provide relief and improved health and well-being based on Chinese medical principles through one or more of the traditional bodywork therapies of Asia. Includes instruction in acupressure, AMMA(r) Therapy, Chi Nei Tsang, Five Element Shiatsu, Integrative Eclectic Shiatsu, Japanese Shiatsu, Jin Shin Do(r) Bodymind Acupressure(tm), Macrobiotic Shiatsu, Anma Therapy, Thai massage, Tui na, Zen Shiatsu, Qigong, Okazaki(r) Restorative Massage, principles of Western and Chinese medicine, patient counseling and observation, practice management, applicable regulations, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3503 Somatic Bodywork.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals topromote physical and emotional balance and well-being through the application of skilled touch principles and techniques. Includes instruction in therapeutic massage and other hands-on touch methods; anatomy and physiology; structural/functional integration and various holistic health systems (Rolfing/Structural Integration, colon hydrotherapy, Breema, Hellerwork, lymphatic drainage, Rosen Method, hydrotherapy, and others); client counseling, practice management, and applicable regulations and professional standards. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3599 Somatic Bodywork and Related Therapeutic Services, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in somatic bodywork and related therapeutic services not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.36 Movement and Mind-Body Therapies and Education.   (NEW) Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.3601 - 51.3699.

51.3601 Movement Therapy and Movement Education.   A program that prepares individuals to use functional and expressive integration strategies to help promote somatic awareness and optimal psychophysical functioning. Includes instruction in skilled touch techniques, kinesthetic awareness processes, movement observation, patterning, client assessment and guidance, verbal and nonverbal communication, practice management, professional standards and ethics, and specific therapeutic and educational modalities (Alexander Technique, Aston Patterning, Body-Mind Centering, Feldenkrais Method(r), Laban Movement Analysis, Trager Approach, and others). (Moved from 51.2304) (Occupational Crosswalk)

----- Dance Therapy/Therapist.   (Report under 51.2302)

51.3602 Yoga Teacher Training/Yoga Therapy.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to function as professional instructors in the spiritual and physical therapy of Yoga in private, institutional, and clinical settings, Includes instruction in the principles of Ayurveda, philosophy of Yoga, warm-up and progressive exercises, breathing exercises, meditation, Yamas and Niyamas, instructional techniques, posture adjustment, student/client counseling and assessment, advanced Yoga disciplines and styles, business practices, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3603 Hypnotherapy/Hypnotherapist.   A program that prepares individuals to employ the controlled inducement of altered states of consciousness, or trance, to reduce pain, resolve emotional conflicts, and enhance communications as part of diagnostic and treatment programs. Includes instruction in the principles of hypnosis and suggestion, induction and deepening, post-hypnotic suggestion, awakening techniques, regression, pacing and leading, resistance transformation, client testing and management, practice management and regulation, and professional standards and ethics. (Moved from 51.2303) (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3699 Movement and Mind-Body Therapies and Education, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in movement and mind-body therapies not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.37 Energy and Biologically Based Therapies.   (NEW) Instructional content for this group of programs is defined in codes 51.3701 - 51.3799.

51.3701 Aromatherapy.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to provide therapeutic care through the preparation and application of extracted essential oils from plants, including flowers (botanicals), roots, berries, and bark. Includes instruction in aromatherapy history and theory, basic physiology of absorption, aromachemistry, organic chemistry, botanical taxonomy, carrier oils, essential oils, extraction methods, blending techniques, application methods, safety, client consultation and treatment planning, business management, professional standards and ethics, and applicable regulations. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3702 Herbalism/Herbalist.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to utilize the materia medica and clinical practices of Western, Native American, African, Australasian, and other herbal medicine traditions to prevent and cure illness and temporary physical disorders. Includes instruction in basic anatomy, physiology, pathology, and toxicology; nutrition; terminology and materia medica; therapeutic herbalism; herbal pharmacy; botanicals and ethnobotany; wildcrafting and harvesting; labeling and dispensing phytotherapy; counterindications; practice management; consultation skills; and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3703 Polarity Therapy.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to promote health and well-being through application of the integrative therapeutic system based on the Human Energy Field theory developed by Randolph Stone. Includes instruction in polarity theory and principles, energy-based and orthodox anatomy and physiology, polarity processing, polarity bodywork, polarity yoga, energetic nutrition, energetic evaluation and assessment, client communication, practice management, and professional standards and ethics. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3704 Reiki.   (NEW) A program that prepares individuals to promote physical, emotional, and spiritual balance and healing through the manipulation of the body's energy field to increase healing energy. Includes instruction in the history and philosophy of Usui Reiki, attunement, empowerment, self-treatment, direct and distance healing techniques, healing symbols, aura clearing, Reiki meditation, practice management, and related Reiki systems such as Lightarian, Urevia, and Magnified Healing. (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.3799 Energy and Biologically Based Therapies, Other.   (NEW) Any instructional program in alternative, complementary, and somatic health and therapeutic services not listed above (bioenergetics, cranio-sacral therapy, Therapeutic Touch, Qi Gong, and others). (Occupational Crosswalk)

51.99 Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, Other.   Instructional content is defined in code 51.9999.

51.9999 Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences, Other.   Any instructional program in the health professions and related clinical sciences not listed above. (Occupational Crosswalk)