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Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994 - 2000

How much progress have public schools made in connecting to the Internet?

What is the ratio of students to instructional computers in public schools?

How are public schools connected to the Internet?

To what extent are public schools making the Internet available to students outside of regular school hours in 2000?

How are public schools preventing students from accessing inappropriate material on the Internet in 2000?

List of Tables and Figures

Full Report (PDF)
line How are public schools connected to the Internet?

Over the years, changes have occurred in the type of network connections used by public schools and the speed at which they are connected to the Internet. In 1996, dial-up Internet connections were used by almost three-fourths (74 percent) of public schools having Internet access (Heaviside, Riggins, and Farris 1997). By 2000, schools tended to use faster dedicated-line Internet connections, such as 56Kb, T1/DS1, fractionalized T1, T3/DS3, and fractionalized T3 lines (table 4). Seventy-seven percent of the nation's public schools that were connected to the Internet used dedicated lines, 11 percent used dial-up (not continuous) connections, and 24 percent of schools used other (continuous) connection types, including ISDN, wireless connections, and cable modems5. There were differences by instructional level; secondary schools (86 percent) were more likely to use dedicated lines than elementary schools (74 percent).

5.Percentages add to more than 100 because schools may use more than one type of connection.

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