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State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary
Education, 1996-97State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97
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Texas
Texas
Texas Education Agency, 1701 North Congress Avenue,
Austin, TX 78701-1494
Download, view and print Texas's report as a pdf file
Download, view and print Texas's report as a pdf file.
331KB
Superintendent of Education
Commissioner Michael A. Moses, (512) 463-8985
National Cooperative Education Statistics Liaison
Criss Cloudt, (512) 463-9701
Common Core of Data Survey Coordinator
José Johnson, Jr., (512) 475-3559

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1987 1996 Demographics
3,236,787 3,828,975 Students in public elementary and secondary schools
5,787 6,875 Public schools
187,159 247,650 Teachers in public elementary and secondary schools
267,338 267,338 Land area in square miles
12.1 14.3 Public school students per square mile
2.2 2.6 Public schools per 100 square miles


Figure 1
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools


1987 1996 Fiscal summary
16,622 19,091 State population (in thousands)
$1,600 $3,285 State revenue per capita
$1,367 $2,515 State expenditure per capita
$347 $551 State expenditure for elem. and secondary education per capita
$97,243 $142,248 Gross state product per school-age child

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AGENCY/SCHOOL INFORMATION
1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by type
100% 1,095 100% 1,059 Total public education agencies
97.1% 1,063 98.5% 1,043 Regular school districts
1.8% 20 0.0% 0 Regional service agencies
1.0% 11 0.0% 0 State-operated agencies
0.1% 1 1.5% 16 Federally operated and other types


1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by number of schools
0.4% 4 0.5% 5 100 or more schools
3.5% 38 4.6% 49 25 to 99 schools
4.7% 52 7.0% 74 10 to 24 schools
15.2% 166 20.5% 217 5 to 9 schools
74.3% 814 67.4% 714 1 to 4 schools
1.9% 21 0.0% 0 No schools reported


Figure 2
Regular school districts by student membership size
Regular school districts by student membership size


1987 1996 Distribution of schools by type
100% 5,787 100% 6,875 Total public elementary and secondary schools reported
95.9% 5,550 90.7% 6,238 Regular schools
3.2% 187 3.3% 224 Special education schools
0.1% 6 0.3% 24 Vocational schools
0.8% 44 5.7% 389 Other and alternative schools


Figure 3
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97


Figure 4
Public schools by size of student membership
Public schools by size of student membership


1987 1996 Number of public schools by grade span category
44.9% 2,599 43.2% 2,972 PK, K, 1 to 3, 4, 5, 6
2.7% 154 1.3% 92 PK, K, 1 to 8
13.5% 784 15.1% 1,039 4, 5, 6, to 6, 7, 8
5.0% 289 4.5% 312 7 to 8, 9
3.6% 207 3.5% 241 7, 8 to 12
14.5% 842 15.6% 1,073 9, 10, 11 to 12
15.8% 912 16.7% 1,146 Other grades
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Ungraded
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Not reported

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STUDENT INFORMATION
1987 1996 Public school membership by grade
70,739 133,303 Prekindergarten
258,953 285,002 Kindergarten
291,838 312,533 First
267,937 299,334 Second
255,260 295,300 Third
247,433 294,431 Fourth
242,202 294,703 Fifth
237,689 298,077 Sixth
244,307 296,668 Seventh
234,498 290,666 Eighth
264,328 343,867 Ninth
228,118 264,238 Tenth
210,751 225,778 Eleventh
182,734 195,075 Twelfth
— — Ungraded


Figure 5
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category


1987 1996  
— 11.8% Students in special education with IEPs
— 39.9% School membership eligible for free lunch
— 22.6% School-age children below poverty


1987 1995 High school completers and dropouts
100.0% 168,430  100.0% 171,844 Regular diploma
  —   — Other diploma
  —   — High school equivalency
  —   — Other completers
  —   — Dropouts
        Dropouts who were male
        Dropouts who were minority


Figure 6
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state () and nation () and the 25th () and 75th () percentiles
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state (symbol) and nation (symbol) and the 25th (symbol) and 75th (symbol) percentiles


Grade 4 Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science achievement levels
228.7 270.2 Average Mathematics scale score [scale 0 to 500]
30.6% 40.6% Students below basic level
69.4% 59.4% Students at or above basic level
25.3% 20.9% Students at or above proficient level
2.8% 2.7% Students at advanced level
— 145.1 Average Science scale score [scale 0 to 300]
  45.1% Students below basic level
  54.9% Students at or above basic level
  23.3% Students at or above proficient level
  1.5% Students at advanced level

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STAFF INFORMATION
1987 1996 Educational staff
100% 377,240 100% 477,896 Total education staff
        Instructional staff
49.6% 187,159 51.8% 247,650 Teachers
7.4% 27,945 8.9% 42,686 Instructional aides
        Support staff
1.4% 5,334 1.7% 8,359 Guidance counselors/directors
1.9% 7,334 2.1% 10,189 Librarians/library support
7.7% 28,941 3.6% 17,123 Administrative support
27.1% 102,228 28.6% 136,523 Other support services
        Administrators
3.3% 12,357 2.4% 11,591 School-based
1.6% 5,942 0.8% 3,775 School district officials/administrators


Figure 7
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level


1987 1996  
1.0 1.1 Teacher to all other staff ratio
10.2 16.1 Teacher to administrator ratio


Figure 8
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience


1987 1996  
$18,662 $24,079 Average beginning teacher salary
$25,558 $32,426 Average teacher salary


Figure 9
Distribution of public school teachers by age
Distribution of public school teachers by age


1987 1993 Preparation of teachers: highest degree earned
0.4% 0.6% Public school teachers with no degree
64.9% 69.9% Public school teachers with a Bachelor's or lower degree
29.8% 26.8% Public school teachers with a Master's degree
4.9% 2.7% Public school teachers with a degree beyond Master's

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FISCAL INFORMATION
FY88 FY97 Federal aid to education under selected programs
(in thousands of current dollars)
$256,782 $538,563 National school lunch
$66,791 $138,252 National school breakfast
$310,755 $609,608 Title I
$116,773 $235,251 Education for the handicapped
$65,074 $85,892 Vocational and adult education
$55,295 $107,458 School improvement
$26,784 $53,648 School assistance (federally affected areas)
$10,529 $10,154 Bilingual education
$84 $9 Indian education


Figure 10
Revenues by source
Revenues by source


Figure 11
Current expenditures by function
Current expenditures by function


FY88 FY97 Revenues and expenditures (in current dollars)
$12,612,869 $22,372,808 Revenues (in thousands of dollars)
$3,897 $5,843 Revenue per pupil in membership
$10,791,854 $20,167,238 Current expenditures (in thousands of dollars)
$3,334 $5,267 Current expenditure per pupil in membership


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