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State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary
Education, 1996-97State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97
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Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Department of Education, 333 Market Street,
Harrisburg, PA 17126-0333|
Download, view and print Pennsylvania's report as a pdf file
Download, view and print Pennsylvania's report as a pdf file.
330KB
Superintendent of Education
Secretary Eugene W. Hickok, Jr., (717) 787-5820
National Cooperative Education Statistics Liaison
Roger G. Hummel, (717) 787-2644
Common Core of Data Survey Coordinator
Roger G. Hummel, (717) 787-2644

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1987 1996 Demographics
1,668,542 1,804,256 Students in public elementary and secondary schools
3,313 3,178 Public schools
103,307 106,432 Teachers in public elementary and secondary schools
45,333 45,333 Land area in square miles
36.8 39.8 Public school students per square mile
7.3 7.0 Public schools per 100 square miles


Figure 1
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools


1987 1996 Fiscal summary
11,811 12,040 State population (in thousands)
$2,011 $4,103 State revenue per capita
$1,806 $3,269 State expenditure per capita
$303 $449 State expenditure for elem. and secondary education per capita
$109,060 $155,140 Gross state product per school-age child

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AGENCY/SCHOOL INFORMATION
1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by type
100% 601 100% 614 Total public education agencies
83.4% 501 81.6% 501 Regular school districts
16.3% 98 16.3% 100 Regional service agencies
0.3% 2 2.1% 13 State-operated agencies
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Federally operated and other types


1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by number of schools
0.2% 1 0.2% 1 100 or more schools
0.2% 1 0.2% 1 25 to 99 schools
10.5% 63 9.3% 57 10 to 24 schools
35.6% 214 34.7% 213 5 to 9 schools
53.4% 321 51.1% 314 1 to 4 schools
0.2% 1 4.6% 28 No schools reported


Figure 2
Regular school districts by student membership size
Regular school districts by student membership size


1987 1996 Distribution of schools by type
100% 3,313 100% 3,178 Total public elementary and secondary schools reported
95.3% 3,158 96.7% 3,074 Regular schools
2.0% 67 0.3% 11 Special education schools
2.6% 86 2.6% 82 Vocational schools
0.1% 2 0.3% 11 Other and alternative schools


Figure 3
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97


Figure 4
Public schools by size of student membership
Public schools by size of student membership


1987 1996 Number of public schools by grade span category
56.2% 1,862 54.6% 1,735 PK, K, 1 to 3, 4, 5, 6
1.8% 58 1.9% 61 PK, K, 1 to 8
8.8% 291 12.4% 395 4, 5, 6, to 6, 7, 8
5.5% 181 3.5% 112 7 to 8, 9
6.3% 209 6.1% 194 7, 8 to 12
11.4% 378 12.7% 405 9, 10, 11 to 12
6.0% 200 6.1% 194 Other grades
1.3% 42 0.4% 14 Ungraded
2.8% 92 2.1% 68 Not reported

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STUDENT INFORMATION
1987 1996 Public school membership by grade
3,005 Prekindergarten
124,471 133,608 Kindergarten
136,411 147,895 First
123,262 139,897 Second
118,902 138,776 Third
114,588 136,710 Fourth
112,801 138,106 Fifth
110,500 136,933 Sixth
118,333 136,632 Seventh
118,544 136,746 Eighth
133,426 152,058 Ninth
133,449 136,714 Tenth
131,877 124,788 Eleventh
130,830 114,183 Twelfth
61,148 28,205 Ungraded


Figure 5
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category


1987 1996  
10.6% Students in special education with IEPs
. School membership eligible for free lunch
15.5% School-age children below poverty


1987 1995 High school completers and dropouts
100.0% 121,219  92.5% 105,981 Regular diploma
  Other diploma
7.5% 8,540 High school equivalency
  Other completers
    4.0% Dropouts
      57.7% Dropouts who were male
      42.5% Dropouts who were minority


Figure 6
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state () and nation () and the 25th () and 75th () percentiles
 
  did not participate in the NAEP 1996 State Assessment


Grade 4 Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science achievement levels
226.2 Average Mathematics scale score [scale 0 to 500]
31.6%   Students below basic level
68.4%   Students at or above basic level
20.5%   Students at or above proficient level
1.4%   Students at advanced level
Average Science scale score [scale 0 to 300]
    Students below basic level
    Students at or above basic level
    Students at or above proficient level
    Students at advanced level

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STAFF INFORMATION
1987 1996 Educational staff
100% 185,629 100% 201,134 Total education staff
        Instructional staff
55.7% 103,307 52.9% 106,432 Teachers
5.5% 10,187 8.0% 16,184 Instructional aides
        Support staff
1.7% 3,169 1.8% 3,707 Guidance counselors/directors
1.7% 3,151 2.1% 4,130 Librarians/library support
6.8% 12,671 7.6% 15,385 Administrative support
22.3% 41,477 24.0% 48,349 Other support services
        Administrators
2.1% 3,859 2.0% 4,063 School-based
4.2% 7,808 1.4% 2,884 School district officials/administrators


Figure 7
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level


1987 1996  
1.3 1.1 Teacher to all other staff ratio
8.9 15.3 Teacher to administrator ratio


Figure 8
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience


1987 1996  
$18,400 $29,426 Average beginning teacher salary
$29,177 $47,147 Average teacher salary


Figure 9
Distribution of public school teachers by age
Distribution of public school teachers by age


1987 1993 Preparation of teachers: highest degree earned
0.1% 0.5% Public school teachers with no degree
48.4% 46.7% Public school teachers with a Bachelor's or lower degree
43.5% 45.6% Public school teachers with a Master's degree
8.0% 7.2% Public school teachers with a degree beyond Master's

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FISCAL INFORMATION
FY88 FY97 Federal aid to education under selected programs
(in thousands of current dollars)
$98,411 $179,671 National school lunch
$7,600 $30,178 National school breakfast
$213,156 $309,399 Title I
$74,880 $110,172 Education for the handicapped
$46,983 $55,995 Vocational and adult education
$34,674 $55,344 School improvement
$3,940 $3,537 School assistance (federally affected areas)
$1,338 $1,585 Bilingual education
$125 Indian education


Figure 10
Revenues by source
Revenues by source


Figure 11
Current expenditures by function
Current expenditures by function


FY88 FY97 Revenues and expenditures (in current dollars)
$8,781,585 $14,441,126 Revenues (in thousands of dollars)
$5,263 $8,004 Revenue per pupil in membership
$7,679,986 $12,820,704 Current expenditures (in thousands of dollars)
$4,603 $7,106 Current expenditure per pupil in membership


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