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State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary
Education, 1996-97State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97
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New Jersey 
New Jersey
New Jersey Department of Education, P.O. Box 500
Trenton, NJ 8625-0500
Download, view and print New Jersey's report as a pdf file
Download, view and print New Jersey's report as a pdf file.
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Superintendent of Education
Commissioner Leo F. Klagholz, (609) 292-4450
National Cooperative Education Statistics Liaison
Robert Krebs, (609) 633-9773
Common Core of Data Survey Coordinator
Carmela M. Joseph, (609) 292-5908

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1987 1996 Demographics
1,092,982 1,227,832 Students in public elementary and secondary schools
2,246 2,279 Public schools
78,335 87,642 Teachers in public elementary and secondary schools
7,836 7,836 Land area in square miles
139.5 156.7 Public school students per square mile
28.7 29.1 Public schools per 100 square miles


Figure 1
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools


1987 1996 Fiscal summary
7,671 8,002 State population (in thousands)
$2,717 $4,481 State revenue per capita
$2,457 $3,655 State expenditure per capita
$398 $578 State expenditure for elem. and secondary education per capita
$151,343 $196,184 Gross state product per school-age child


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AGENCY/SCHOOL INFORMATION
1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by type
100% 622 100% 620 Total public education agencies
97.1% 604 98.1% 608 Regular school districts
2.4% 15 1.9% 12 Regional service agencies
0.5% 3 0.0% 0 State-operated agencies
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Federally operated and other types


1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by number of schools
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 100 or more schools
0.6% 4 0.8% 5 25 to 99 schools
5.5% 34 5.3% 33 10 to 24 schools
19.1% 119 19.8% 123 5 to 9 schools
69.3% 431 69.5% 431 1 to 4 schools
5.5% 34 4.5% 28 No schools reported


Figure 2
Regular school districts by student membership size
Regular school districts by student membership size


1987 1996 Distribution of schools by type
100% 2,246 100% 2,279 Total public elementary and secondary schools reported
94.9% 2,132 94.6% 2,156 Regular schools
3.2% 71 3.5% 79 Special education schools
1.8 % 41 1.9% 44 Vocational schools
0.1 % 2 0.0% 0 Other and alternative schools


Figure 3
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97


Figure 4
Public schools by size of student membership
Public schools by size of student membership


1987 1996 Number of public schools by grade span category
43.3% 973 43.8% 999 PK, K, 1 to 3, 4, 5, 6
13.4% 302 11.5% 261 PK, K, 1 to 8
11.3% 254 13.4% 306 4, 5, 6, to 6, 7, 8
3.8% 85 3.1% 70 7 to 8, 9
2.3% 52 2.1% 47 7, 8 to 12
12.5% 280 11.4% 259 9, 10, 11 to 12
9.4% 211 9.6% 218 Other grades
3.2% 72 5.2% 118 Ungraded
0.8% 17 0.0% 1 Not reported

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STUDENT INFORMATION
1987 1996 Public school membership by grade
6,320 9,737 Prekindergarten
78,991 92,831 Kindergarten
85,932 104,581 First
80,647 99,550 Second
78,772 95,697 Third
76,156 91,665 Fourth
75,882 89,405 Fifth
73,335 88,336 Sixth
75,804 86,283 Seventh
74,848 82,728 Eighth
81,639 87,093 Ninth
80,864 77,752 Tenth
83,009 71,916 Eleventh
82,653 67,460 Twelfth
58,130 82,798 Ungraded


Figure 5
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category


1987 1996  
Students in special education with IEPs
School membership eligible for free lunch
15.3% School-age children below poverty


1987 1995 High school completers and dropouts
87.2% 79,376  100.0% 67,516 Regular diploma
1.3% Other diploma
5.9% 374   High school equivalency
0.3% 19 0.9% Other completers
     Dropouts
      Dropouts who were male
    Dropouts who were minority


Figure 6
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state () and nation () and the 25th () and 75th () percentiles
 
  did not meet the initial participation rate standard for public schools and results cannot be reported


Grade 4 Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science achievement levels
227.2 Average Mathematics scale score [scale 0 to 500]
32.2% Students below basic level
67.8% Students at or above basic level
24.9% Students at or above proficient level
2.5% Students at advanced level
151.8 Average Science scale score [scale 0 to 300]
  36.3% Students below basic level
  63.7% Students at or above basic level
  29.7% Students at or above proficient level
  2.9% Students at advanced level

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STAFF INFORMATION
1987 1996 Educational staff
100% 141,257 100% 163,102 Total education staff
        Instructional staff
55.5% 78,335 53.8% 87,642 Teachers
5.8% 8,193 8.9% 14,494 Instructional aides
        Support staff
2.0% 2,778 1.9% 3,136 Guidance counselors/directors
1.5% 2,121 1.5% 2,468 Librarians/library support
24.2% 34,249 8.8% 14,281 Administrative support
6.1% 8,594 20.7% 33,802 Other support services
        Administrators
3.6% 5,119 2.7% 4,339 School-based
1.3% 1,868 1.8% 32,940 School district officials/administrators


Figure 7
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level


1987 1996  
1.2 1.2 Teacher to all other staff ratio
11.2 12.0 Teacher to administrator ratio


Figure 8
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience


1987 1996  
$19,900 $28,039 Average beginning teacher salary
$30,778 $49,786 Average teacher salary


Figure 9
Distribution of public school teachers by age
Distribution of public school teachers by age


1987 1993 Preparation of teachers: highest degree earned
0.3% 0.4% Public school teachers with no degree
57.9% 56.4% Public school teachers with a Bachelor's or lower degree
32.4% 37.4% Public school teachers with a Master's degree
9.4% 5.9% Public school teachers with a degree beyond Master's

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FISCAL INFORMATION
FY88 FY97 Federal aid to education under selected programs
(in thousands of current dollars)
$57,063 $114,651 National school lunch
$5,404 $14,108 National school breakfast
$131,269 $146,043 Title I
$57,329 $140,031 Education for the handicapped
$24,351 $31,417 Vocational and adult education
$22,062 $46,930 School improvement
$12,328 $14,896 School assistance (federally affected areas)
$2,028 $2,020 Bilingual education
$70 Indian education


Figure 10
Revenues by source
Revenues by source


Figure 11
Current expenditures by function
Current expenditures by function


FY88 FY97 Revenues and expenditures (in current dollars)
$7,250,514 $12,376,750 Revenues (in thousands of dollars)
$6,634 $10,244 Revenue per pupil in membership
$6,621,860 $11,771,941 Current expenditures (in thousands of dollars)
$6,059 $9,744 Current expenditure per pupil in membership


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