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State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary
Education, 1996-97State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97
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Maryland
Maryland
Maryland Department of Education, 200 West Baltimore Street,
Baltimore, MD 21201
Download, view and print Maryland's report as a pdf file
Download, view and print Maryland's report as a pdf file.
324KB
Superintendent of Education
Superintendent Nancy S. Grasmick, (410) 767-0462
National Cooperative Education Statistics Liaison
Ricka Markowitz, (410) 767-0026
Common Core of Data Survey Coordinator
Kathie Hiatt, (410) 333-2664

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1987 1996 Demographics
683,797 818,583 Students in public elementary and secondary schools
1,206 1,286 Public schools
40,093 47,943 Teachers in public elementary and secondary schools
10,577 10,577 Land area in square miles
64.6 77.4 Public school students per square mile
11.4 12.2 Public schools per 100 square miles


Figure 1
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools


1987 1996 Fiscal summary
4,566 5,060 State population (in thousands)
$2,564 $3,951 State revenue per capita
$2,027 $3,180 State expenditure per capita
$257 $422 State expenditure for elem. and secondary education per capita
$127,329 $157,019 Gross state product per school-age child

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AGENCY/SCHOOL INFORMATION
1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by type
100% 24 100% 24 Total public education agencies
100.0% 24 100.0% 24 Regular school districts
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Regional service agencies
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 State-operated agencies
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Federally operated and other types


1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by number of schools
20.8% 5 20.8% 5 100 or more schools
33.3% 8 33.3% 8 25 to 99 schools
37.5% 9 33.3% 8 10 to 24 schools
8.3% 2 12.5% 3 5 to 9 schools
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 1 to 4 schools
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 No schools reported


Figure 2
Regular school districts by student membership size
Regular school districts by student membership size


1987 1996 Distribution of schools by type
100% 1,206 100% 1,286 Total public elementary and secondary schools reported
93.8% 1,131 93.1% 1,197 Regular schools
3.8% 46 3.7% 48 Special education schools
1.8% 22 0.9% 11 Vocational schools
0.6% 7 2.3% 30 Other and alternative schools


Figure 3
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97


Figure 4
Public schools by size of student membership
Public schools by size of student membership


1987 1996 Number of public schools by grade span category
60.2% 726 60.1% 773 PK, K, 1 to 3, 4, 5, 6
1.2% 15 1.6% 21 PK, K, 1 to 8
11.4% 138 15.0% 193 4, 5, 6, to 6, 7, 8
4.2% 51 2.2% 28 7 to 8, 9
0.9% 11 0.6% 8 7, 8 to 12
13.2% 159 13.4% 172 9, 10, 11 to 12
6.5% 78 6.5% 84 Other grades
1.0% 12 0.4% 5 Ungraded
1.3% 16 0.2% 2 Not reported

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STUDENT INFORMATION
1987 1996 Public school membership by grade
10,032 19,639 Prekindergarten
53,146 61,856 Kindergarten
58,466 68,645 First
54,096 66,645 Second
51,826 64,728 Third
49,555 63,693 Fourth
48,477 62,178 Fifth
46,532 61,962 Sixth
48,134 61,268 Seventh
46,717 59,236 Eighth
53,370 65,307 Ninth
51,297 56,261 Tenth
50,624 49,695 Eleventh
48,642 44,232 Twelfth
12,883 13,238 Ungraded


Figure 5
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category


1987 1996  
12.7% Students in special education with IEPs
25.6% School membership eligible for free lunch
10.1% School-age children below poverty


1987 1995 High school completers and dropouts
87.1% 46,107 98.8% 41,785 Regular diploma
    Other diploma
12.9% 6,828   High school equivalency
  1.2% 496 Other completers
    Dropouts
        Dropouts who were male
        Dropouts who were minority


Figure 6
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state () and nation () and the 25th () and 75th () percentiles
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state (symbol) and nation (symbol) and the 25th (symbol) and 75th (symbol) percentiles


Grade 4 Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science achievement levels
220.7 269.7 Average Mathematics scale score [scale 0 to 500]
41.4% 42.6% Students below basic level
58.6% 57.4% Students at or above basic level
21.6% 24.4% Students at or above proficient level
2.8% 5.4% Students at advanced level
145.3 Average Science scale score [scale 0 to 300]
  44.9% Students below basic level
  55.1% Students at or above basic level
  25.1% Students at or above proficient level
  1.9% Students at advanced level

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STAFF INFORMATION
1987 1996 Educational staff
100% 73,716 100% 85,522 Total education staff
        Instructional staff
54.4% 40,093 56.1% 47,943 Teachers
7.2% 5,316 8.2% 6,989 Instructional aides
        Support staff
1.9% 1,403 2.1% 1,825 Guidance counselors/directors
1.9% 1,422 1.8% 1,581 Librarians/library support
7.0% 5,148 4.7% 4,032 Administrative support
24.0% 17,704 22.1% 18,888 Other support services
        Administrators
3.2% 2,327 3.3% 2,843 School-based
0.4% 304 1.7% 1,421 School district officials/administrators


Figure 7
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level


1987 1996  
1.2 1.3 Teacher to all other staff ratio
15.2 11.2 Teacher to administrator ratio


Figure 8
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience


1987 1996  
$19,490 $26,548 Average beginning teacher salary
$30,933 $41,257 Average teacher salary


Figure 9
Distribution of public school teachers by age
Distribution of public school teachers by age


1987 1993 Preparation of teachers: highest degree earned
0.3% 0.3% Public school teachers with no degree
41.6% 43.3% Public school teachers with a Bachelor's or lower degree
50.8% 49.6% Public school teachers with a Master's degree
7.3% 6.8% Public school teachers with a degree beyond Master's

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FISCAL INFORMATION
FY88 FY97 Federal aid to education under selected programs
(in thousands of current dollars)
$35,701 $75,897 National school lunch
$5,094 $14,699 National school breakfast
$72,001 $62,176 Title I
$64,336 $59,549 Education for the handicapped
$16,096 $19,279 Vocational and adult education
$13,022 $23,013 School improvement
$8,206 $5,021 School assistance (federally affected areas)
$642 $1,178 Bilingual education
$145 Indian education


Figure 10
Revenues by source
Revenues by source


Figure 11
Current expenditures by function
Current expenditures by function


FY88 FY97 Revenues and expenditures (in current dollars)
$3,464,182 $6,042,059 Revenues (in thousands of dollars)
$5,066 $7,381 Revenue per pupil in membership
$3,128,165 $5,529,309 Current expenditures (in thousands of dollars)
$4,575 $6,755 Current expenditure per pupil in membership
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