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State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary
Education, 1996-97State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97
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California
California
California Department of Education, 721 Capitol Mall,
Sacramento, CA 95814-4785
Download, view and print California's report as a pdf file
Download, view and print California's report as a pdf file.
324KB
Superintendent of Education
Superintendent Delaine A. Eastin, (916) 657-4768
National Cooperative Education Statistics Liaison
Lynn Baugher, (916) 327-0211
Common Core of Data Survey Coordinator
Lynn Baugher, (916) 327-0211

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1987 1996 Demographics
4,488,398 5,686,198 Students in public elementary and secondary schools
7,123 7,984 Public schools
195,864 248,818 Teachers in public elementary and secondary schools
158,693 158,693 Land area in square miles
28.3 35.8 Public school students per square mile
4.5 5.0 Public schools per 100 square miles


Figure 1
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools


1987 1996 Fiscal summary
27,777 31,858 State population (in thousands)
$2,573 $4,063 State revenue per capita
$2,350 $3,632 State expenditure per capita
$507 $687 State expenditure for elem. and secondary education per capita
$132,673 $156,350 Gross state product per school-age child

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AGENCY/SCHOOL INFORMATION
1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by type
100% 1,157 100% 1,060 Total public education agencies
93.7% 1,084 94.2% 999 Regular school districts
5.8% 67 5.5% 58 Regional service agencies
0.5% 6 0.3% 3 State-operated agencies
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Federally operated and other types


1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by number of schools
0.3% 3 0.3% 3 100 or more schools
3.5% 41 5.1% 54 25 to 99 schools
12.2% 141 15.1% 160 10 to 24 schools
16.6% 192 20.3% 215 5 to 9 schools
61.2% 708 59.1% 626 1 to 4 schools
6.2% 72 0.2% 2 No schools reported


Figure 2
Regular school districts by student membership size
Regular school districts by student membership size


1987 1996 Distribution of schools by type
100% 7,123 100% 7,984 Total public elementary and secondary schools reported
96.7% 6,890 88.7% 7,080 Regular schools
2.2% 156 1.6% 127 Special education schools
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Vocational schools
1.1% 77 9.7% 777 Other and alternative schools


Figure 3
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97


Figure 4
Public schools by size of student membership
Public schools by size of student membership


1987 1996 Number of public schools by grade span category
53.9% 3,836 53.7% 4,287 PK, K, 1 to 3, 4, 5, 6
7.6% 538 7.1% 569 PK, K, 1 to 8
6.7% 475 9.3% 741 4, 5, 6, to 6, 7, 8
7.2% 514 5.2% 416 7 to 8, 9
1.7% 123 1.7% 138 7, 8 to 12
15.6% 1,114 15.7% 1,255 9, 10, 11 to 12
5.5% 395 6.3% 506 Other grades
1.8% 125 0.9% 69 Ungraded
0.0% 3 0.0% 3 Not reported

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STUDENT INFORMATION
1987 1996 Public school membership by grade
73,233 Prekindergarten
392,112 469,965 Kindergarten
393,533 491,159 First
366,613 463,864 Second
347,207 452,225 Third
335,078 435,217 Fourth
330,395 427,682 Fifth
319,686 423,701 Sixth
321,898 416,268 Seventh
311,579 406,456 Eighth
345,654 450,820 Ninth
345,144 413,725 Tenth
332,980 362,404 Eleventh
266,028 298,669 Twelfth
81,415 100,810 Ungraded


Figure 5
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category


1987 1996  
10.5% Students in special education with IEPs
47.8% School membership eligible for free lunch
24.5% School-age children below poverty


1987 1995 High school completers and dropouts
90.4% 237,414 83.9% 259,071 Regular diploma
2.4% 6,405 14.6% 44,967 Other diploma
6.5% 17,000 1.5% 4,727 High school equivalency
0.7% 1,824   Other completers
    3.9% Dropouts
      55.3% Dropouts who were male
      74.4% Dropouts who were minority


Figure 6
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state () and nation () and the 25th () and 75th () percentiles
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state (symbol) and nation (symbol) and the 25th (symbol) and 75th (symbol) percentiles


Grade 4 Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science achievement levels
209.1 262.8 Average Mathematics scale score [scale 0 to 500]
54.2% 48.6% Students below basic level
45.8% 51.4% Students at or above basic level
10.6% 16.9% Students at or above proficient level
0.9% 2.8% Students at advanced level
138.0 Average Science scale score [scale 0 to 300]
  53.2% Students below basic level
  46.8% Students at or above basic level
  19.5% Students at or above proficient level
  1.5% Students at advanced level

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STAFF INFORMATION
1987 1996 Educational staff
100% 392,299 100% 468,207 Total education staff
        Instructional staff
49.9% 195,864 53.1% 248,818 Teachers
12.7% 49,985 12.4% 57,896 Instructional aides
        Support staff
1.4% 5,332 1.1% 5,208 Guidance counselors/directors
0.3% 1,188 0.9% 4,342 Librarians/library support
10.5% 41,079 9.9% 46,286 Administrative support
18.9% 74,219 18.8% 87,846 Other support services
        Administrators
3.7% 14,531 2.3% 10,588 School-based
2.6% 10,101 1.5% 7,223 School district officials/administrators


Figure 7
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level


1987 1996  
1.0 1.1 Teacher to all other staff ratio
8.0 14.0 Teacher to administrator ratio


Figure 8
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience


1987 1996  
$22,632 $26,684 Average beginning teacher salary
$33,159 $42,992 Average teacher salary


Figure 9
Distribution of public school teachers by age
Distribution of public school teachers by age


1987 1993 Preparation of teachers: highest degree earned
0.0% 0.7% Public school teachers with no degree
55.4% 58.9% Public school teachers with a Bachelor's or lower degree
31.5% 32.6% Public school teachers with a Master's degree
13.1% 7.8% Public school teachers with a degree beyond Master's

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FISCAL INFORMATION
FY88 FY97 Federal aid to education under selected programs
(in thousands of current dollars)
$290,801 $721,675 National school lunch
$55,821 $175,546 National school breakfast
$467,828 $836,491 Title I
$829 $324,012 Education for the handicapped
$81,920 $160,653 Vocational and adult education
$78,250 $172,583 School improvement
$61,841 $54,553 School assistance (federally affected areas)
$36,454 $66,019 Bilingual education
$3,862 $105 Indian education


Figure 10
Revenues by source
Revenues by source


Figure 11
Current expenditures by function
Current expenditures by function


FY88 FY97 Revenues and expenditures (in current dollars)
$17,884,769 $34,477,895 Revenues (in thousands of dollars)
$3,984 $6,062 Revenue per pupil in membership
$17,402,063 $29,909,168 Current expenditures (in thousands of dollars)
$3,876 $5,258 Current expenditure per pupil in membership
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