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State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary
Education, 1996-97State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97
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Alabama
Alabama
Alabama Department of Education, 50 North Ripley Street,
Montgomery, AL 36130-3901
Download, view and print Alabama's report as a pdf file
Download, view and print Alabama's report as a pdf file.
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Superintendent of Education
Superintendent Edward R. Richardson, (334) 242-9702
National Cooperative Education Statistics Liaison
Jack P. Wise, (334) 242-1987
Common Core of Data Survey Coordinator
James D. Pate, (334) 353-9886

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
1987 1996 Demographics
729,234 747,932 Students in public elementary and secondary schools
1,298 1,345 Public schools
37,716 45,035 Teachers in public elementary and secondary schools
51,609 51,609 Land area in square miles
14.1 14.5 Public school students per square mile
2.5 2.6 Public schools per 100 square miles


Figure 1
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools
School-age population in public elementary and secondary schools


1987 1996 Fiscal summary
4,015 4,287 State population (in thousands)
$1,994 $3,243 State revenue per capita
$1,709 $2,997 State expenditure per capita
$346 $655 State expenditure for elem. and secondary education per capita
$82,527 $127,004 Gross state product per school-age child

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AGENCY/SCHOOL INFORMATION
1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by type
100% 132 100% 131 Total public education agencies
97.7% 129 96.9% 127 Regular school districts
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Regional service agencies
0.0% 0 0.8% 1 State-operated agencies
2.3% 3 2.3% 3 Federally operated and other types


1987 1996 Distribution of agencies by number of schools
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 100 or more schools
4.5% 6 6.9% 9 25 to 99 schools
23.5% 31 23.7% 31 10 to 24 schools
40.2% 55 42.0% 55 5 to 9 schools
29.5% 39 25.2% 33 1 to 4 schools
2.3% 3 2.3% 3 No schools reported


Figure 2
Regular school districts by student membership size
Regular school districts by student membership size


1987 1996 Distribution of schools by type
100% 1,298 100% 1,345 Total public elementary and secondary schools reported
99.0% 1,285 96.8% 1,302 Regular schools
0.2% 3 1.4% 19 Special education schools
0.3% 4 0.2% 3 Vocational schools
0.5% 6 1.6% 21 Other and alternative schools


Figure 3
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97
Distribution of public schools and students by type of locale: 1996-97


Figure 4
Public schools by size of student membership
Public schools by size of student membership


1987 1996 Number of public schools by grade span category
37.8% 491 39.6% 532 PK, K, 1 to 3, 4, 5, 6
9.5% 123 5.9% 79 PK, K, 1 to 8
11.3% 147 13.2% 177 4, 5, 6, to 6, 7, 8
2.2% 29 2.8% 37 7 to 8, 9
7.0% 91 6.1% 82 7, 8 to 12
11.5% 149 13.0% 175 9, 10, 11 to 12
20.6% 268 19.2% 258 Other grades
0.0% 0 0.0% 0 Ungraded
0.0% 0 0.4% 5 Not reported

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STUDENT INFORMATION
1987 1996 Public school membership by grade
9,633 Prekindergarten
54,454 60,949 Kindergarten
62,293 63,665 First
59,613 58,683 Second
60,235 57,435 Third
56,671 57,098 Fourth
56,996 56,550 Fifth
55,025 57,332 Sixth
59,245 60,302 Seventh
56,472 58,305 Eighth
59,480 64,205 Ninth
53,174 52,848 Tenth
49,834 48,417 Eleventh
45,742 42,510 Twelfth
Ungraded


Figure 5
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category
Public school student membership by racial/ethnic category


1987 1996  
13.1% Students in special education with IEPs
38.8% School membership eligible for free lunch
25.7% School-age children below poverty


1987 1995 High school completers and dropouts
93.3% 42,463 83.8% 35,043 Regular diploma
    Other diploma
6.7% 3,041 6.8% 2,840 High school equivalency
  9.4% 3,911 Other completers
    5.6% Dropouts
      57.3% Dropouts who were male
      40.3% Dropouts who were minority


Figure 6
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state () and nation () and the 25th () and 75th () percentiles
Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science average scale scores for the state (symbol) and nation (symbol) and the 25th (symbol) and 75th (symbol) percentiles


Grade 4 Grade 8 1996 Mathematics and Science achievement levels
211.6 256.6 Average Mathematics scale score [scale 0 to 500]
52.2% 54.8% Students below basic level
47.8% 45.2% Students at or above basic level
10.8% 12.0% Students at or above proficient level
0.9% 1.2% Students at advanced level
138.7 Average Science scale score [scale 0 to 300]
  52.8% Students below basic level
  47.2% Students at or above basic level
  17.8% Students at or above proficient level
  0.8% Students at advanced level

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STAFF INFORMATION
1987 1996 Educational staff
100% 70,655 100% 84,909 Total education staff
        Instructional staff
53.4% 37,716 53.0% 45,035 Teachers
5.2% 3,677 8.4% 7,146 Instructional aides
        Support staff
1.4% 1,023 2.0% 1,688 Guidance counselors/directors
1.7% 1,207 1.9% 1,620 Librarians/library support
3.0% 2,147 4.2% 3,551 Administrative support
30.4% 21,495 26.2% 22,217 Other support services
        Administrators
2.7% 1,910 2.6% 2,243 School-based
2.1% 1,480 1.7% 1,409 School district officials/administrators


Figure 7
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level
Average number of students per teacher, by grade level


1987 1996  
1.1 1.1 Teacher to all other staff ratio
11.1 12.3 Teacher to administrator ratio


Figure 8
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience
Average salary of full-time teachers by years of experience


1987 1996  
$18,200 $26,717 Average beginning teacher salary
$23,320 $32,470 Average teacher salary


Figure 9
Distribution of public school teachers by age
Distribution of public school teachers by age


1987 1993 Preparation of teachers: highest degree earned
0.1% 0.3% Public school teachers with no degree
41.4% 38.6% Public school teachers with a Bachelor's or lower degree
51.0% 52.6% Public school teachers with a Master's degree
7.5% 8.5% Public school teachers with a degree beyond Master's

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FISCAL INFORMATION
FY88 FY97 Federal aid to education under selected programs
(in thousands of current dollars)
$71,031 $111,660 National school lunch
$12,278 $22,336 National school breakfast
$80,577 $130,002 Title I
$47,057 $52,868 Education for the handicapped
$19,106 $27,852 Vocational and adult education
$13,427 $35,713 School improvement
$5,431 $2,214 School assistance (federally affected areas)
$94 $232 Bilingual education
$972 $19 Indian education


Figure 10
Revenues by source
Revenues by source


Figure 11
Current expenditures by function
Current expenditures by function


FY88 FY97 Revenues and expenditures (in current dollars)
$2,171,704 $3,955,039 Revenues (in thousands of dollars)
$2,978 $5,286 Revenue per pupil in membership
$1,873,390 $3,436,406 Current expenditures (in thousands of dollars)
$2,569 $4,593 Current expenditure per pupil in membership
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