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Title: The Measurement of Instructional Background indicators: Cognitive Laboratory Investigations of the Responses of Fourth and Eighth Grade Students and Teachers to Questionnaire Items
Description: To improve the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), cognitive lab interviews were conducted with 4th- and 8th-grade students and their teachers to evaluate the validity of responses to background and instructional questions. Frequent discrepancies were found between students' and teachers' responses to the same questions. Causes are analyzed, and the paper contains recommendations for collecting more valid information.
Online Availability:
Cover Date: August 2002
Web Release: September 5, 2002
Print Release:
Publication #: NCES 200206
General Ordering Information
Center/Program: NCES
Type of Product: Working Paper
  Working Papers provide preliminary analysis of substantive, technical, and methodological issues. They are works in progress that are presented to promote the sharing of valuable work experience and knowledge. These papers have not undergone a rigorous review for consistency with NCES standards.
Survey/Program Areas: National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
Questions: For questions about the content of this Working Paper, please contact:
Grady Wilburn.