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Search Results: (46-60 of 67 records)

 Pub Number  Title  Date
Project “Graduation Really Achieves Dreams” (GRAD) is an initiative for students in economically disadvantaged communities that aims to reduce dropping out and increase rates of college enrollment and graduation by increasing reading and math skills, improving behavior in school, and providing a service safety net. At the high school level, Project GRAD provides four-year college scholarships and summer institutes to promote attending and completing high school. Project GRAD also provides services in those elementary and middle schools that feed in to the participating high schools.
WWC IRBRKSR07 Kaplan SpellRead
Kaplan SpellRead (formerly known as SpellRead Phonological Auditory Training®) is a literacy program for struggling readers in grades 2 or above, including special education students, English language learners, and students more than two years below grade level in reading. Kaplan SpellRead integrates the auditory and visual aspects of the reading process and emphasizes specific skill mastery through systematic and explicit instruction. The program takes five to nine months to complete and consists of 140 lessons divided into three phases.
WWC IRBRFFR07 Failure Free Reading
Failure Free Reading is a language development program designed to improve vocabulary, fluency, word recognition, and reading comprehension for kindergarten through grade 12 students who score in the bottom 15% on standardized tests and who have not responded to conventional beginning reading instruction. The three key dimensions of the program are repeated exposure to text, predictable sentence structures, and story concepts that require minimal prior knowledge. The program combines systematic, scripted teacher instruction, talking software, workbook exercises, and independent reading activities. The program is delivered through small group or individual instruction.
WWC IRBRWR07 Wilson Reading
Wilson Reading System® is a supplemental reading and writing curriculum designed to promote reading accuracy (decoding) and spelling (encoding) skills for students with word-level deficits. The program is designed to teach phonemic awareness, alphabetic principles (sound-symbol relationship), word study, spelling, sight word instruction, fluency, vocabulary, oral expressive language development, and comprehension. Students engage in a variety of activities in the classroom, including hearing sounds, practicing with syllable and word cards, listening to others read, and reading aloud and repeating what they have read in their own words. The program is designed to help children master new skills, with reviews reinforcing previous lessons. This program was designed for students in grade 2 and above. Fundations®, a related program not reviewed in this report, was recently developed with the same principle for students in kindergarten through third grade. In the single study reviewed by the WWC for this report, only the word-level components of Wilson Reading System® were implemented.
WWC IRBRSS07 Stepping Stones to Literacy
Stepping Stones to Literacy (SSL) is a supplemental curriculum designed to promote listening, print conventions, phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, and serial processing/rapid naming (quickly naming familiar visual symbols and stimuli such as letters or colors). The program targets kindergarten and older preschool students considered to be underachieving readers, based on teacher's recommendations, assessments, and systematic screening. Students participate in 10- to 20-minute daily lessons in a small group or individually. The curriculum consists of 25 lessons, for a total of 9–15 hours of instructional time.
WWC IRBRSMA07 Start Making a Reader Today® (SMART®)
Start Making a Reader Today® (SMART®) is a volunteer tutoring program widely implemented in Oregon for students in grades K–2 who are at risk of reading failure. The program is designed to be a low-cost, easy-to-implement intervention. Volunteer tutors go into schools where at least 40% of students are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch and read one-on-one with students twice a week for half an hour. Typically, one volunteer works with two children on four types of activities: reading to the child, reading with the child, re-reading with the child, and asking the child questions about what has been read. The program also gives each student two new books a month to encourage families to read together.
WWC IRECECC07 Curiosity Corner
Curiosity Corner is a comprehensive early childhood curriculum designed to help children at risk of school failure because of poverty. The program offers children experiences that develop the attitudes, skills, and knowledge necessary for later school success with a special emphasis on children's language and literacy skills. Curiosity Corner comprises two sets of 38 weekly thematic units, one for three-year-olds and one for four-year-olds. Each day the program staff present children with learning experiences through sequential daily activities. The program provides training, support, and teaching materials for teaching staff and administrators. Parents are encouraged to participate in children's learning through activities both inside and outside the classroom.
WWC IRBREIR07 Early Intervention in Reading (EIR)®
Early Intervention in Reading (EIR)® is a program designed to provide extra instruction to groups of students at risk of failing to read. The program uses picture books to stress instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, and contextual analysis, along with repeated reading and writing. In grades K–2, the program includes whole-class instruction followed by small-group instruction for students who score low on oral reading and literacy skills. In grades 3 and 4, the program consists of small group instruction for 20 minutes, four days a week. Teachers are trained for nine months using workshops and an Internet-based professional development program.
WWC IRBRRWT07 Read, Write & Type!™
Read, Write & Type!™ Learning System is a software program with supporting materials designed to teach beginning reading skills by emphasizing writing as a way to learn to read. The program was developed for six- to nine-year-old students who are just beginning to read and for students who are struggling readers and writers. The main goal of Read, Write & Type!™ is to help students develop an awareness of the 40 English phonemes and the ability to associate each phoneme with a letter or a combination of letters and a finger stroke on the keyboard. Other goals of the program include identifying phonemes in words and fluency in sounding out, typing, and reading regularly spelled words.
WWC IRDPHSR07 High School Redirection
High School Redirection is an alternative high school program for youth considered at risk of dropping out. The program emphasizes basic skills development (with a particular focus on reading skills) and offers limited extra-curricular activities. The schools operate in economically disadvantaged areas and serve students who have dropped out in the past, who are teen parents, who have poor test scores, or who are over-age for their grade. To foster a sense of community, the schools are small and teachers are encouraged to act as mentors as well as instructors.
WWC IRBRRR07 Reading Recovery®
Reading Recovery® is a short-term tutoring intervention program intended to serve the lowest achieving (bottom 20%) first-grade students. According to the Reading Recovery® website, lessons incorporate the program's ten principles: phonological awareness, visual perception of letters, word recognition, phonics/decoding skills, phonics/structural analysis, fluency/automaticity, comprehension, a balanced literacy approach, early intervention, and individual tutoring. Students are chosen for Reading Recovery® by school staff, and selection is based on prior reading achievement, diagnostic testing (the Clay Observation Survey of Early Literacy Achievement), and teacher recommendations. The goals of Reading Recovery® are to promote literacy skills and reduce the number of first-grade students who are struggling to read. The program supplements classroom teaching with one-on-one tutoring sessions, generally conducted as pull-out sessions during the school day. Tutoring, which is conducted by trained Reading Recovery® teachers, takes place daily for 30 minutes over 12–20 weeks.
WWC IRDPTT07 Twelve Together
Twelve Together is a one-year peer support and mentoring program for middle and early high school students that offers weekly after-school discussion groups led by trained volunteer adult facilitators. Each peer discussion group consists of about 12 participants, who are a mix of students at high risk of academic failure and others at lower academic risk. Group discussions are based on student interest, usually focusing on personal, family, and social issues. The program also offers homework assistance, trips to college campuses, and an annual weekend retreat.
NCES 2006351 Education Longitudinal Study: 2002/2004 Restricted-Use Base-Year, First Follow-up, and High School Transcript Data Files and Electronic Codebook System
This ELS:2002/2004 CD includes the restricted-use base-year, first follow-up, and high school transcript data, and the electronic codebook. The data documentation is also included on the CD. The data documentation is also restricted use. This study is designed to monitor a national sample of young people as they progress from tenth grade through high school and on to postsecondary education and/or the world of work.
WWC IRELFF06 Fast ForWord Language
Fast ForWord Language is a computer-based instructional program developed to build cognitive skills students need to improve English language proficiency and reading skill. It consists of seven game-like exercises, including nonverbal and verbal sound discrimination, phonological processing, vocabulary recognition, and language comprehension. Each exercise begins with basic skills and builds up to more complex skills. The difficulty of each task is continuously adapted so that students would get about 80% of the items correct. Fast ForWord Language was designed for students struggling with reading, but has been used for English language learners. There are multiple Fast ForWord products; this review focuses on Fast ForWord Language as used with English language learners.
NCES 2006328 The Adult Lives of At-Risk Students: The Roles of Attainment and Engagement in High School
Previous analysis of NELS:88 data found that students who are at-risk of school failure, but who are engaged and participate in school, achieve educational success. The 1993 study was a cross-sectional examination of the differences among successful versus unsuccessful students at-risk of school failure, particularly with respect to participation and engagement in school. The current study is a longitudinal investigation of the power of participating in high school and later educational outcomes. High school noncompleters, with the highest level of academic risk, stood out in each case. In postsecondary education programs, noncompleters earned the fewest credits; the mean number of credits earned by noncompleters who entered a postsecondary program was 17.0, compared to 49.4 credits for marginal completers and 87.8 credits for successful completers. High school noncompleters were less likely to be employed in 2000 (77 percent) than were successful completers (88 percent) or marginal completers (86 percent).
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