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 Pub Number  Title  Date
NCES 2016404 2012/14 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:12/14) Restricted-Use Data File
The 2012/14 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:12/14) restricted-use data file contains data on a nationally representative sample of students who began postsecondary education for the first time in the 2011–12 academic year. These students were first surveyed as part of the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study and BPS:12/14 is the first follow-up of these students three years later in 2014. These record-level data allow users to explore topics related to persistence, attainment, and retention in postsecondary education over three academic years, from 2011–12 to 2013–14.
NCES 2016062 2012/14 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:12/14) Data File Documentation
This publication describes the methodology used in the 2012/14 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:12/14). BPS:12/14 is the first follow-up study of students who began postsecondary education in the 2011 – 12 academic year. These students were first interviewed as part of the 2011 – 12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12). In particular, this report details the methodology and outcomes of the BPS:12/14 sample design, student interview design, student interview data collection processes, administrative records matching, data file processing, and weighting procedures.
NCES 2016401 Persistence and Attainment of 2011–12 First-Time Postsecondary Students After 3 Years (BPS:12/14)
This publication provides descriptive findings from the 2012/14 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:12/14) focusing on attainment, persistence, and retention in postsecondary education. BPS:12/14 is a nationally representative longitudinal sample survey of students who began postsecondary education for the first time during the 2011–12 academic year; this first follow-up represents students’ experiences about 3 years after their initial enrollment. Among 2011–12 first-time postsecondary students, 7 percent had completed a certificate, 7 percent had completed an associate’s degree, and 1 percent had completed a bachelor’s degree at any institution within 3 years. Another 39 percent had not earned a credential and were enrolled at a 4-year institution, 16 percent were enrolled at a less-than-4-year institution, and 30 percent were not enrolled at any institution by the spring of 2014.
WWC SSR20120 WWC Review of the Report "Freshman Year Financial Aid Nudges: An Experiment to Increase FAFSA Renewal and College Persistence"
The 2014 study, Freshman Year Financial Aid Nudges: An Experiment to Increase FAFSA Renewal and College Persistence, measured the impact of sending text message reminders regarding annual Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) renewal to first-year college students who were already receiving financial aid. The study sample included 808 students, most of whom were attending a postsecondary institution in Massachusetts. Students in the intervention group received text messages approximately every 2 weeks. The messages offered assistance with the financial aid process, reminders of important deadlines, and reminders about maintaining satisfactory grades. The comparison group did not receive the text messages. Study results demonstrated that while text messaging the financial aid renewal information had no significant effect overall on the rates of student persistence from their freshman to their sophomore years, it was effective in increasing freshman to sophomore year persistence at 2-year colleges. This is a well-executed randomized controlled trial that meets WWC group design standards without reservations.
REL 2014005 Does raising the state compulsory school attendance age achieve the intended outcomes?
Many states have raised the compulsory school attendance age to 17 or 18, anticipating that a reduction in dropout, truancy, and discipline problems will more than compensate for the higher costs of educating students longer. This review examines the evidence on whether a higher compulsory school attendance age results in improved student outcomes.

Against this background, this review addresses the following research questions:
  • What changes have occurred in dropouts, truancy, and disciplinary actions in states that raised their compulsory school attendance age during 2002–11?
  • What broader social outcomes have been identified in studies using national datasets?
  • How have these states measured changes in these expected outcomes?
NCES 2012046 Higher Education: Gaps in Access and Persistence Study
The Higher Education: Gaps in Access and Persistence Study is a congressionally-mandated statistical report that documents the scope and nature of gaps in access and persistence in higher education by sex and race/ethnicity. The report presents 46 indicators grouped under seven main topic areas: (1) demographic context; (2) characteristics of schools; (3) student behaviors and afterschool activities; (4) academic preparation and achievement; (5) college knowledge; (6) postsecondary education; and (7) postsecondary outcomes and employment. In addition, the report contains descriptive multivariate analyses of variables that are associated with male and female postsecondary attendance and attainment.
NCES 2012173 Students Attending For-Profit Postsecondary Institutions: Demographics, Enrollment Characteristics, and 6-Year Outcomes
These Web Tables examine the demographic and postsecondary enrollment characteristics of undergraduates who attended for-profit institutions in 2007–08 and present the 6-year outcomes of undergraduates who first enrolled in for-profit postsecondary institutions in 2003–04. Data are presented for all for-profit students and separately for students who attended less-than-2-year, 2-year, and 4-year institutions. To provide additional context, the tables also include comparable data for students in community colleges and public and private nonprofit 4-year colleges and universities.
NCES 2012025 Characteristics of GED Recipients in High School: 2002–06
This Issue Brief uses the Education Longitudinal Study of2002 to compare the demographics, high school experiences, and academic achievement of 10th graders who four years later were GED recipients, high school graduates or high school dropouts.
NCES 2011221 Tracking Students to 200 Percent of Normal Time: Effect on Institutional Graduation Rates
This Issue Brief examines institutional graduation rates reported at 200 percent of normal time, a time frame that corresponds to completing a bachelor’s degree in 8 years and an associate’s degree in 4 years. The report compares these rates with those reported at 150 percent and 100 percent of normal time for all nine institutional sectors. The purpose is to determine whether the longer time frame results in higher institutional graduation rates.
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