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Table 4.3. Charter school legislation and number and type of charter schools operating, by state: 2015–16 and 2017–18

State Year charter law
passed
(2017–18)
Number of
charter schools
operating
(2015–16)
State law allows
full-time virtual
charter schools
(2017–18)1
United States2 6,855 37
       
Alabama 2015 0 Yes
Alaska 1995 28 Yes
Arizona 1994 552 Yes
Arkansas 1995 65 Yes
California 1992 1,224 Yes
       
Colorado 1993 226 Yes
Connecticut 1996 24 Yes
Delaware 1995 28 No
District of Columbia 1996 109 Yes
Florida 1996 653 Yes
       
Georgia 1994 82 Yes
Hawaii 1994 34 Yes
Idaho 1996 54 Yes
Illinois 1996 64 Yes
Indiana 2001 88 Yes
       
Iowa 2002 3 Yes
Kansas 1994 10 Yes
Kentucky 2017 Yes
Louisiana 1995 138 Yes
Maine 2011 7 Yes
       
Maryland 2003 50 No
Massachusetts 1993 81 No
Michigan 1993 370 Yes
Minnesota 1991 216 Yes
Mississippi 2010 2 Yes
       
Missouri 1998 70 Yes
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada 1997 47 Yes
New Hampshire 1996 31 Yes
       
New Jersey 1995 89 No
New Mexico 1993 99 Yes
New York 1998 256 No
North Carolina 1996 158 Yes
North Dakota
       
Ohio 1997 373 Yes
Oklahoma 1999 45 Yes
Oregon 1999 126 Yes
Pennsylvania 1997 175 Yes
Rhode Island 1995 29 No
       
South Carolina 1996 68 Yes
South Dakota
Tennessee 2002 100 No
Texas 1995 702 Yes
Utah 1998 117 Yes
       
Vermont
Virginia 1998 7 No
Washington 2016 9 Yes
West Virginia
Wisconsin 1993 242 Yes
Wyoming 1995 4 Yes
† Not applicable.
1 A virtual school, or cyber school, is a school that delivers academic instruction via the Internet or computer network to students in locations other than a classroom supervised by a teacher who is physically present.
2 The total reflects the number of "Yes" responses in the column.
SOURCE: National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, Measuring up to the Model: A Ranking of State Public Charter School Laws (2018), retrieved March 12, 2018 from https://www.publiccharters.org/sites/default/files/documents/2018-01/2018%20MEASURING%20UP%20TO%20THE%20MODEL%20Final_0.pdf and National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics 2017, retrieved June 1, 2018 from https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d17/tables/dt17_216.90.asp?current=yes. Data Source.