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Table 4.2. Numbers and types of open enrollment policies, by state: 2015

State Intradistrict   Interdistrict
Voluntary Mandatory Voluntary Mandatory
Number of states with open enrollment policies 17 19   31 23
Alaska No Yes   No No
Arizona No Yes   No Yes
Arkansas No Yes   No Yes
California Yes Yes   Yes Yes
Colorado No Yes   No Yes
Connecticut Yes No   Yes Yes
Delaware No Yes   No Yes
District of Columbia Yes No   No No
Florida Yes No   Yes No
Georgia No Yes   Yes No
Hawaii Yes No  
Idaho No Yes   No Yes
Indiana1 No Yes   Yes Yes
Iowa No No   No Yes
Kansas No No   Yes No
Kentucky No Yes   Yes No
Louisiana No Yes   Yes Yes
Maine Yes No   Yes No
Massachusetts Yes No   Yes No
Michigan Yes Yes   Yes No
Minnesota No No   No Yes
Mississippi No No   Yes Yes
Missouri No No   Yes Yes
Montana Yes No   Yes Yes
Nebraska No Yes   No Yes
Nevada No No   Yes No
New Hampshire Yes No   Yes No
New Jersey No No   Yes No
New Mexico Yes No   Yes No
New York No No   Yes No
North Carolina  
North Dakota No No   Yes No
Ohio No Yes   Yes Yes
Oklahoma No No   Yes Yes
Oregon No No   Yes No
Pennsylvania No No   Yes No
Rhode Island Yes No   Yes No
South Carolina No No   Yes No
South Dakota No Yes   No Yes
Tennessee Yes No   Yes No
Texas No Yes   No Yes
Utah No Yes   No Yes
Vermont No Yes   No Yes
Virginia Yes No   Yes No
Washington No Yes   Yes Yes
West Virginia Yes No   Yes No
Wisconsin Yes No   No Yes
Wyoming Yes No   Yes No
— Not available.
† Not applicable. State does not have an open enrollment policy.
1 Mandatory intradistrict or interdistrict only applies to Indianapolis city schools.
NOTE: Open enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to the public school of his or her choice. Intradistrict open enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to another school within his or her school district. Interdistrict open enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a school outside his or her home district. Open enrollment policies are either mandatory or voluntary in nature, depending on the state and availability of space. Mandatory open enrollment policies require districts to participate in the program and voluntary policies allow districts to choose whether to participate. States may adopt more than one open enrollment policy or policies that have multiple provisions (e.g., to target different student groups, such as students from low-performing schools).
SOURCE: Education Commission of the States, Open Enrollment: 50-State Report, retrieved January 13, 2016 from Data Source