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Table 3.1. Test requirements for initial certification of elementary and secondary teachers, by type of test and state: 2017 and 2018

  Type of test, 2017   Type of test, 2018
State Basic
skills
exam
  Subject-
matter
exam
  Knowledge
of teaching exam
Assessment
of teaching
performance
  Basic
skills
exam
  Subject-
matter
exam
  Knowledge
of teaching exam
Assessment
of teaching
performance
 
 
United States1 39   46   26 26   39   46   26 26
                           
Alabama2 Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Alaska Yes   Yes   No No   Yes   Yes   No No
Arizona No   Yes   Yes No   No   Yes   Yes No
Arkansas Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
California Yes   3 No Yes   Yes   3 No Yes
                           
Colorado No   Yes   No No   No   Yes   No No
Connecticut Yes   Yes 4 No No   Yes   Yes 4 No No
Delaware Yes   Yes   No No   Yes   Yes   No No
District of Columbia Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
Florida Yes   No   No Yes   Yes   No   No Yes
                           
Georgia Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
Hawaii Yes   Yes   No No   Yes   Yes   No No
Idaho No   Yes   No Yes   No   Yes   No Yes
Illinois5 Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Indiana          
                           
Iowa No   Yes   Yes No   No   Yes   Yes No
Kansas No   Yes   Yes No   No   Yes   Yes No
Kentucky Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Louisiana Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Maine Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
                           
Maryland Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
Massachusetts Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
Michigan Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
Minnesota Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
Mississippi Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
                           
Missouri Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Montana No   Yes   No No   No   Yes   No No
Nebraska Yes   Yes   No No   Yes   Yes 6 No No
Nevada Yes   Yes   No No   Yes   Yes   No No
New Hampshire Yes   Yes   No No   Yes   Yes   No No
                           
New Jersey Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
New Mexico Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
New York Yes 7 Yes   Yes Yes   Yes 7 Yes   Yes Yes
North Carolina Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
North Dakota Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
                           
Ohio No   Yes   Yes Yes   No   Yes   Yes Yes
Oklahoma          
Oregon No   Yes   No Yes   No   Yes   No Yes
Pennsylvania Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
Rhode Island Yes 8 Yes   Yes Yes   Yes 8 Yes   Yes Yes
                           
South Carolina No 9 Yes   Yes No   No 9 Yes   Yes No
South Dakota Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
Tennessee Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
Texas Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Utah Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
                           
Vermont Yes   Yes   No No   Yes   Yes   No No
Virginia Yes   Yes   Yes No   Yes   Yes   Yes No
Washington Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
West Virginia Yes   Yes   Yes Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes Yes
Wisconsin Yes   Yes   No Yes   Yes   Yes   No Yes
Wyoming No   No   No No   No   No   No No
— Not available.
1 National total reflects the number of "Yes" responses for each column.
2 All applicants for initial Alabama certification must document passing scores on three basic skills assessments (administered by ACT) in mathematics, reading and writing. For almost all teaching fields, a passing score on the designated content knowledge test (administered by Educational Testing Service) is required for initial certification.
3 California accepts college course work or exam for the single subject credential only; the multiple subject credential requires a subject matter examination.
4 Candidates seeking a Connecticut certificate to teach an occupational subject (i.e. electrical, plumbing, automotive, etc.) are required to hold a high school diploma or equivalent. Subject matter exams are required for persons seeking certification in the following areas: Biology, business education, chemistry, Earth science, elementary education, English, French, general science, German, health education, Italian, family and consumer sciences, mathematics, middle school English, middle school mathematics, middle school science, middle school social studies, music, physical education, physics, Russian, social studies, Spanish, special education, and technology education. Knowledge of teaching exams are required for elementary education. Candidates seeking a Connecticut coaching permit must be at least 18 years of age.
5 All programs must meet the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education standards. Additional coursework required for individuals seeking an Illinois license in Learning Behavior Specialist 1, Reading Content, Reading Methods, and English as a Second Language/Bilingual Methods. All students in approved programs leading to a teaching endorsement are expected to have adequate knowledge of technology and such knowledge is assessed on the Assessment of Professional Teaching exam.
6 Required assessment tests listed at this website: http://www.education.ne.gov/EducatorPrep/IHE/SkillsTesting/ContentTestScores.pdf.
7 Basic skills test (communicative and quantitative skills test) only required for applicants for a transitional certificate for a specific career and technical title.
8 Basic skills tests are not required for certification but are required as part of program admissions.
9 Basic skills exams in reading, writing, and mathematics are required for entrance into a teacher education program in South Carolina, but are not an initial certification requirement.
SOURCE: National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC), NASDTEC Knowledgebase, retrieved May 21, 2018 from http://www.nasdtec.net. Data Source.