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Early Childhood and Kindergarten

Many states center their reform initiatives on readiness at the early childhood level. The tables in this section present data on early childhood education reform efforts. Additional national information on early childhood education and school readiness is available from the NCES Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS) and National Household Education Survey (NHES). Please visit the State Education Practices table archive for more early childhood and kindergarten tables.

Data Tables

Table 4.1 State prekindergarten standards and teacher qualifications, by state: 2020–21
Table 4.2 Early childhood school readiness definitions, assessments, and interventions for children not meeting expectations, by state: 2020
Table 4.3 Percent and number of children enrolled in state prekindergarten programs, by state: 2020–21


Please follow the link to the source organization for more information regarding your selection.

Link 4.01 State funded universal prekindergarten (pre-K) programs, by state: 2016–17

Please note: Data on this site are drawn from a wide variety of sources, primarily outside NCES. These data are largely self-reported by the states. Each source collected the data using research methods specific to its organization. Readers should take care when comparing data from different sources as the data may not be comparable due to differences in procedures and timing of data collection. Updates to this site occur as source organizations release new data. This site is intended as a broad reference tool and not meant to serve as a comprehensive repository of policy developments.