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Indicator 18 Snapshot: College Participation Rates for Racial/Ethnic Subgroups
(Last Updated: July 2017)

Among Hispanic 18- to 24-year-olds, the total college enrollment rate in 2014 ranged from 27 percent for Honduran and Guatemalan young adults to 58 percent for Colombian and Venezuelan young adults. Among Asian 18- to 24-year-olds, the total college enrollment rate ranged from 28 percent for Burmese young adults to 76 percent for Chinese young adults.

While the indicator College Participation Rates uses data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) to present overall total college enrollment rates for Hispanic and Asian young adults, there is much diversity within each of these groups. This snapshot uses the American Community Survey (ACS) to estimate total college enrollment rates for many specific Hispanic and Asian subgroups, including, for example, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Chinese, and Asian Indian. The total college enrollment rate is defined as the percentage of 18- to 24-year-olds enrolled in 2- or 4-year colleges and universities.


Figure 18.1a. Total college enrollment rates of 18- to 24-year-olds in 2- or 4-year colleges and universities, by selected Hispanic subgroups: 2014

Figure 18.1a. Total college enrollment rates of 18- to 24-year-olds in 2- or 4-year colleges and universities, by selected Hispanic subgroups: 2014


1 Includes other Central American subgroups not shown separately.
NOTE: Although rounded numbers are displayed, the figures are based on unrounded estimates.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2014. See Digest of Education Statistics 2015, table 302.62.


In 2014, the total college enrollment rate for Hispanic 18- to 24-year-olds was 35 percent. Total college enrollment rates for the Honduran (27 percent), Guatemalan (27 percent), Puerto Rican (33 percent), and Mexican (33 percent) subgroups were lower than the rate for Hispanic young adults overall (35 percent). The Salvadoran and Chilean total college enrollment rates were not measurably different from the overall Hispanic rate.1 The total college enrollment rates for the remaining Hispanic subgroups were higher than the overall rate for Hispanic young adults and ranged from 40 percent for Other Hispanic young adults—who could not be classified into one of the prespecified subgroup categories—to 58 percent for Colombian and Venezuelan young adults.


Figure 18.2a. Total college enrollment rates of 18- to 24-year-olds in 2- or 4-year colleges and universities, by selected Asian subgroups: 2014

Figure 18.2a. Total college enrollment rates of 18- to 24-year-olds in 2- or 4-year colleges and universities, by selected Asian subgroups: 2014


‡ Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 Includes Taiwanese.
2 In addition to the subgroups shown, also includes Sri Lankan.
3 Consists of Indonesian and Malaysian.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2014. See Digest of Education Statistics 2015, table 302.62.


The total college enrollment rate for Asian 18- to 24-year-olds was 65 percent in 2014. The rates for the following Asian subgroups were lower than the overall Asian rate: Burmese (28 percent), Laotian (36 percent), Cambodian (40 percent), Hmong (43 percent), Nepalese (45 percent), Thai (50 percent), Filipino (55 percent), and Pakistani (59 percent). The Chinese total college enrollment rate (76 percent) was higher than the overall Asian rate. The enrollment rates for other subgroups were not measurably different from the overall Asian rate.

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1 Although estimates for some subgroups appear larger than the overall estimate, differences are not statistically significant due to small sample sizes or large standard errors.