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Chapter 3: Achievement

This chapter focuses on different measures of academic achievement for elementary and secondary students including gaps between racial/ethnic groups. The indicators examine student achievement on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading and mathematics assessments, as well as the relationship between student absences from school and assessment scores. Another way to measure student progress is by the courses that students complete in high school. Other indicators examine high school coursework and enrollment in Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate programs.