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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 428. -  Student use of computers, by level of instruction and selected characteristics: 1984 to 1997
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                       |     |     |                October 1993               |                October 1997
      Student and      |Octo-|Octo-|___________________________________________|___________________________________________________
        school         |ber, |ber, |     |Prekin-|      |      |       |5th or |     |Prekin-|          |          |       |5th or
    characteristics    |1984 |1989 |     |dergar-|Grades|Grades|1st to | later |     |dergar-|Grades    |Grades    |1st to | later
                       |total|total|Total|ten and|1 to 8|  9   |  4th  | year  |Total|ten and|1 to 8    |  9       |  4th  | year
                       |     |     |     |kinder-|      |to 12 |year of|  of   |     |kinder-|          |to 12     |year of|  of
                       |     |     |     |garten |      |      |college|college|     |garten |          |          |college|college
_______________________|_____|_____|_____|_______|______|______|_______|_______|_____|_______|__________|__________|_______|_______
           1           |  2  |  3  |  4  |   5   |  6   |  7   |   8   |   9   | 10  |  11   | 12       | 13       |  14   |  15
_______________________|_____|_____|_____|_______|______|______|_______|_______|_____|_______|__________|__________|_______|_______
                       |                               Percent of students using computers at school
                       |___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
   Total ..............|27.3 |42.7 |59.0 |  26.2 | 68.9 | 58.2 |  55.2 |  52.1 |68.8 |  36.5 |79.3 (0.4)|70.5 (0.6)|  64.7 |  55.5
                       |_____|_____|_____|_______|______|______|_______|_______|_____|_______|__________|__________|_______|_______
Sex                    |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Male ................|29.0 |43.5 |59.4 |  25.9 | 69.5 | 56.5 |  57.5 |  56.7 |70.1 |  37.1 |79.5 (0.5)|71.3 (0.8)|  67.8 |  59.9
  Female ..............|25.5 |41.9 |58.7 |  26.5 | 68.4 | 60.0 |  53.3 |  47.8 |67.6 |  35.7 |79.0 (0.5)|69.6 (0.8)|  62.2 |  52.1
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Race/ethnicity         |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  White, non-Hispanic .|30.0 |45.7 |61.6 |  29.4 | 73.7 | 59.9 |  54.9 |  49.8 |71.1 |  38.7 |84.0 (0.4)|71.9 (0.7)|  64.3 |  53.8
  Black, non-Hispanic .|16.8 |32.6 |51.5 |  16.5 | 56.5 | 54.5 |  56.9 |  57.9 |66.3 |  33.5 |71.6 (0.9)|72.9 (1.4)|  69.2 |  55.8
  Hispanic ............|18.6 |34.9 |52.3 |  19.2 | 58.4 | 54.1 |  51.9 |  53.7 |61.5 |  31.0 |68.3 (0.9)|63.1 (1.8)|  63.3 |  54.7
  Other ...............|28.6 |42.7 |59.0 |  23.5 | 65.7 | 57.3 |  60.9 |  69.4 |65.3 |  32.7 |74.9 (1.3)|63.6 (2.9)|  63.1 |  68.9
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Household income       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Less than $5,000 ....|18.7 |36.7 |51.2 |  19.6 | 55.0 | 50.6 |  61.7 |  66.7 |62.1 |  25.4 |69.6 (1.9)|67.9 (2.9)|  61.1 |  74.1
  $5,000 to 9,999 .....|21.0 |36.1 |53.3 |  24.4 | 60.3 | 51.9 |  53.9 |  56.2 |63.5 |  35.1 |70.1 (1.6)|61.6 (2.4)|  69.8 |  74.8
  $10,000 to 14,999 ...|22.4 |38.4 |56.4 |  20.1 | 64.7 | 56.7 |  50.7 |  76.1 |66.2 |  33.3 |74.1 (1.4)|68.2 (2.1)|  64.1 |  70.5
  $15,000 to 19,999 ...|25.9 |41.5 |58.1 |  23.8 | 67.5 | 57.4 |  51.2 |  58.5 |65.9 |  33.0 |74.9 (1.6)|66.7 (2.4)|  62.1 |  69.4
  $20,000 to 24,999 ...|26.7 |42.4 |56.4 |  23.7 | 64.3 | 53.0 |  57.4 |  52.4 |66.9 |  34.2 |74.9 (1.5)|69.2 (2.0)|  64.0 |  65.8
  $25,000 to 29,999 ...|30.5 |46.1 |60.0 |  28.0 | 70.1 | 60.3 |  51.5 |  58.0 |68.5 |  38.9 |77.7 (1.5)|72.0 (2.2)|  63.1 |  53.7
  $30,000 to 34,999 ...|30.5 |44.2 |59.1 |  23.7 | 69.6 | 59.7 |  51.7 |  45.3 |67.6 |  34.6 |79.9 (1.3)|70.4 (2.1)|  55.2 |  47.7
  $35,000 to 39,999 ...|32.3 |45.2 |60.7 |  27.1 | 72.1 | 61.7 |  49.2 |  47.9 |69.0 |  34.6 |79.9 (1.4)|70.1 (2.2)|  61.5 |  55.2
  $40,000 to 49,999 ...|32.8 |44.7 |59.3 |  28.5 | 70.3 | 57.2 |  53.9 |  48.6 |70.5 |  34.7 |81.6 (1.1)|74.1 (1.6)|  63.3 |  52.0
  $50,000 to 74,999 ...|35.5 |47.0 |62.6 |  28.6 | 75.6 | 61.5 |  57.4 |  44.2 |71.7 |  39.3 |84.0 (0.8)|72.8 (1.2)|  67.2 |  48.5
  $75,000 or more .....|36.0 |51.2 |64.6 |  33.5 | 78.7 | 62.5 |  60.9 |  47.7 |72.1 |  43.2 |85.7 (0.8)|71.6 (1.3)|  68.1 |  50.1
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Control of school      |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Public ..............|27.4 |43.3 |60.2 |  30.1 | 68.6 | 58.1 |  53.9 |  54.1 |41.2 |  40.1 |79.0 (0.4)|70.5 (0.6)|  63.4 |  56.7
  Private .............|26.5 |38.9 |52.1 |  18.7 | 72.5 | 60.7 |  60.7 |  48.0 |37.8 |  29.6 |82.1 (1.1)|69.6 (2.1)|  70.4 |  53.0
                       |=====|=====|=====|=======|======|======|=======|=======|=====|=======|==========|==========|=======|=======
                       |                                Percent of students using computers at home
                       |___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
   Total ..............|11.5 |18.8 |27.0 |  15.6 | 24.7 | 28.7 |  32.8 |  52.6 |45.1 |  29.6 |43.4 (0.5)|48.8 (0.6)|  49.8 |  67.2
                       |_____|_____|_____|_______|______|______|_______|_______|_____|_______|__________|__________|_______|_______
Sex                    |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Male ................|14.0 |20.7 |27.4 |  15.1 | 24.8 | 28.2 |  36.6 |  56.1 |45.2 |  30.3 |43.6 (0.6)|49.3 (0.9)|  51.3 |  64.1
  Female ..............| 9.0 |17.0 |26.6 |  16.1 | 24.6 | 29.2 |  29.7 |  49.5 |44.9 |  28.8 |43.3 (0.7)|48.1 (0.9)|  48.6 |  69.6
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Race/ethnicity         |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  White, non-Hispanic .|13.7 |22.7 |32.8 |  19.4 | 31.4 | 35.9 |  36.0 |  53.6 |54.9 |  38.4 |54.4 (0.6)|60.9 (0.7)|  55.1 |  70.3
  Black, non-Hispanic .| 4.9 | 7.3 |10.9 |   4.2 |  9.0 | 10.4 |  19.4 |  48.1 |21.1 |   9.8 |20.6 (0.8)|21.0 (1.3)|  25.6 |  56.3
  Hispanic ............| 3.6 | 7.5 |10.4 |   5.7 |  7.5 |  9.8 |  22.0 |  52.2 |21.1 |  11.2 |18.6 (0.7)|21.6 (1.6)|  37.3 |  56.1
  Other ...............| 9.0 |18.8 |28.7 |  17.0 | 23.2 | 37.0 |  33.0 |  47.1 |49.1 |  34.1 |46.9 (1.5)|51.8 (3.0)|  55.2 |  59.1
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Household income       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Less than $5,000 ....| 2.9 | 8.4 | 9.7 |   1.1 |  4.1 |  6.8 |  25.6 |  45.2 |22.6 |   4.7 |17.4 (1.6)|17.3 (2.3)|  40.8 |  57.1
  $5,000 to 9,999 .....| 3.2 | 5.4 | 8.0 |   0.9 |  4.5 |  5.3 |  21.3 |  45.6 |15.8 |   7.6 | 9.9 (1.0)| 9.1 (1.4)|  41.0 |  55.4
  $10,000 to 14,999 ...| 5.0 | 7.2 |11.4 |   4.6 |  6.4 |  8.7 |  29.8 |  50.0 |18.4 |   9.4 |12.8 (1.1)|18.1 (1.8)|  34.9 |  64.2
  $15,000 to 19,999 ...| 7.5 |11.3 |15.1 |   6.9 | 10.9 | 14.1 |  28.9 |  43.0 |20.7 |   9.4 |16.4 (1.4)|20.6 (2.1)|  35.1 |  74.8
  $20,000 to 24,999 ...| 9.9 |12.9 |16.8 |   7.4 | 13.1 | 17.9 |  27.7 |  49.6 |30.5 |  14.5 |26.1 (1.5)|31.7 (2.0)|  44.1 |  61.3
  $25,000 to 29,999 ...|12.8 |17.0 |21.1 |  12.3 | 19.3 | 22.0 |  26.1 |  47.0 |34.6 |  20.9 |32.2 (1.6)|37.9 (2.3)|  42.8 |  53.4
  $30,000 to 34,999 ...|15.8 |17.7 |24.1 |  18.7 | 20.5 | 29.1 |  26.4 |  44.4 |38.7 |  22.7 |36.4 (1.6)|42.3 (2.3)|  45.8 |  65.4
  $35,000 to 39,999 ...|19.4 |21.4 |27.1 |  13.0 | 26.3 | 28.1 |  32.7 |  52.7 |44.1 |  28.1 |44.5 (1.7)|45.9 (2.4)|  47.0 |  67.4
  $40,000 to 49,999 ...|20.4 |25.7 |32.2 |  21.6 | 32.9 | 33.9 |  32.5 |  45.9 |50.6 |  37.3 |51.0 (1.4)|56.2 (1.9)|  51.1 |  54.1
  $50,000 to 74,999 ...|24.2 |31.6 |43.0 |  25.5 | 45.3 | 46.4 |  40.1 |  58.2 |61.7 |  44.3 |64.2 (1.0)|67.3 (1.3)|  56.3 |  73.2
  $75,000 or more .....|22.1 |43.8 |56.1 |  38.2 | 62.3 | 61.0 |  47.0 |  64.7 |74.2 |  58.5 |80.3 (0.9)|80.7 (1.1)|  62.8 |  76.1
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Control of school      |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Public ..............|11.2 |17.9 |25.3 |  12.1 | 23.0 | 27.2 |  31.9 |  50.0 |30.2 |  24.0 |41.2 (0.5)|46.9 (0.6)|  49.7 |  66.1
  Private .............|13.8 |24.4 |37.4 |  22.4 | 41.5 | 47.2 |  36.9 |  57.7 |35.9 |  40.2 |65.0 (1.4)|72.8 (2.0)|  50.3 |  69.5
                       |_____|_____|_____|_______|______|______|_______|_______|_____|_______|__________|__________|_______|_______
                       |                       Percent of students using computers at home for school work
                       |___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
   Total ..............| 4.6 | 8.9 |14.9 |   0.6 | 10.8 | 20.9 |  23.1 |  36.6 |28.6 |   1.5 |23.9 (0.4)|39.0 (0.6)|  40.8 |  49.3
                       |_____|_____|_____|_______|______|______|_______|_______|_____|_______|__________|__________|_______|_______
Sex                    |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Male ................| 5.9 | 9.5 |14.8 |   0.9 | 10.1 | 20.5 |  26.3 |  40.3 |28.3 |   1.7 |23.8 (0.5)|38.8 (0.8)|  42.4 |  47.2
  Female ..............| 3.3 | 8.3 |15.0 |   0.4 | 11.5 | 21.4 |  20.5 |  33.2 |28.9 |   1.4 |24.0 (0.6)|39.1 (0.9)|  39.6 |  50.9
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Race                   |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  White, non-Hispanic .| 5.4 |10.7 |18.2 |   0.8 | 13.8 | 26.5 |  25.7 |  37.8 |35.0 |   1.7 |30.2 (0.5)|49.0 (0.8)|  45.9 |  51.3
  Black, non-Hispanic .| 2.3 | 3.4 | 5.7 |   --- |  4.0 |  6.9 |  11.5 |  30.1 |12.5 |   1.5 |10.3 (0.6)|15.6 (1.2)|  19.2 |  39.8
  Hispanic ............| 1.4 | 3.6 | 5.6 |   --- |  2.9 |  6.7 |  15.9 |  36.8 |12.5 |   0.7 | 9.5 (0.5)|15.8 (1.4)|  27.6 |  46.2
  Other ...............| 3.8 | 9.1 |16.0 |   1.1 |  9.3 | 27.0 |  23.7 |  29.2 |33.6 |   1.9 |28.2 (1.4)|44.9 (3.0)|  45.2 |  45.8
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Household income       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Less than $5,000 ....| 1.0 | 5.0 | 6.7 |   --- |  2.5 |  4.0 |  18.7 |  36.0 |15.1 |   --- | 8.8 (1.2)|11.7 (2.0)|  31.6 |  53.7
  $5,000 to 9,999 .....| 1.5 | 3.2 | 4.8 |   --- |  1.1 |  3.6 |  16.1 |  35.5 |10.4 |   1.1 | 3.9 (0.7)| 7.3 (1.3)|  35.3 |  44.8
  $10,000 to 14,999 ...| 1.9 | 3.5 | 7.3 |   --- |  2.6 |  5.6 |  25.9 |  34.6 |11.4 |   0.8 | 5.3 (0.7)|13.5 (1.6)|  28.9 |  50.1
  $15,000 to 19,999 ...| 3.0 | 4.5 | 8.6 |   0.4 |  4.7 | 10.8 |  18.7 |  31.0 |13.2 |   1.0 | 8.4 (1.0)|13.2 (1.7)|  31.0 |  63.3
  $20,000 to 24,999 ...| 3.1 | 5.7 | 9.8 |   0.7 |  5.1 | 12.6 |  22.9 |  35.0 |19.4 |   1.7 |12.5 (1.2)|25.4 (1.9)|  35.2 |  44.6
  $25,000 to 29,999 ...| 5.1 | 6.4 |10.4 |   1.1 |  6.3 | 13.4 |  19.5 |  34.9 |21.9 |   2.1 |18.6 (1.4)|27.5 (2.2)|  34.4 |  40.8
  $30,000 to 34,999 ...| 4.9 | 8.0 |13.0 |   0.8 |  8.1 | 21.9 |  18.0 |  35.1 |24.4 |   0.8 |19.0 (1.3)|33.2 (2.2)|  38.7 |  48.9
  $35,000 to 39,999 ...| 7.1 |10.5 |15.4 |   0.8 | 12.4 | 21.0 |  22.6 |  37.2 |26.5 |   0.4 |22.3 (1.4)|35.5 (2.3)|  38.7 |  55.7
  $40,000 to 49,999 ...| 9.2 |11.9 |17.1 |   1.1 | 14.7 | 24.2 |  22.2 |  32.1 |30.1 |   2.9 |26.7 (1.2)|45.5 (1.9)|  38.9 |  36.8
  $50,000 to 74,999 ...|11.5 |15.2 |23.2 |   1.0 | 19.7 | 35.0 |  27.0 |  38.2 |39.3 |   1.2 |36.1 (1.0)|54.9 (1.4)|  46.9 |  53.1
  $75,000 or more .....| 9.8 |22.0 |30.4 |   0.8 | 29.4 | 45.2 |  30.6 |  41.5 |48.3 |   2.8 |48.5 (1.2)|66.4 (1.4)|  51.5 |  50.4
                       |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
Control of school      |     |     |     |       |      |      |       |       |     |       |          |          |       |
  Public ..............| 4.5 | 8.5 |14.2 |   0.5 | 10.1 | 19.8 |  22.7 |  34.7 |21.8 |   1.5 |22.5 (0.4)|37.1 (0.6)|  40.6 |  48.7
  Private .............| 5.4 |11.4 |18.8 |   1.0 | 17.8 | 35.4 |  24.8 |  40.1 |24.6 |   1.6 |37.7 (1.4)|62.0 (2.3)|  42.0 |  50.6
_______________________|_____|_____|_____|_______|______|______|_______|_______|_____|_______|__________|__________|_______|_______

---Data not available.

NOTE.--Data are based on a sample survey of households and are subject to sampling and nonsampling error. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, October 1984, 1989, 1993, and 1997, unpublished data. (This table was prepared September 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest