Table 424. - Percent of workers, 18 years old and over, using computers on the job, by selected characteristics and computer activities: October 1993 and October 1997
 ```__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ |Percent| 1997 | using |____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ |compu- | | Number |Percent of on-the-job computer workers using specific computer applications\1\ | ters |Percent | using |_____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Selected characteristics | at |using | computers |Analysis/|Bookkeeping, | Communi- |Calendar/| | Desktop |Program-|Sales and| Word- | Using 4 | work, |computers |at work, in| spread- | invoicing, |cations\2\|schedule | Data |publishing/| ming |telemar- |proces-| or more | 1993 |at work | thousands | sheets |and inventory| | |bases | graphics | | keting | sing |categories _____________________________________|_______|__________|___________|_________|_____________|__________|_________|______|___________|________|_________|_______|__________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 _____________________________________|_______|__________|___________|_________|_____________|__________|_________|______|___________|________|_________|_______|__________ Total ...............................| 45.8 |49.8 (0.2)| 63,885 | 40.9 | 66.4 | 47.0 | 37.5 | 34.1 | 26.1 | 15.0 | 22.1 | 57.0 | 44.0 |_______|__________|___________|_________|_____________|__________|_________|______|___________|________|_________|_______|__________ Age | | | | | | | | | | | | | 18 to 24 ............................| 34.4 |37.1 (0.7)| 6,007 | 28.2 | 70.3 | 35.3 | 28.0 | 23.4 | 18.4 | 11.0 | 23.5 | 43.1 | 30.5 25 to 29 ............................| 48.3 |52.5 (0.7)| 7,984 | 41.7 | 69.8 | 46.6 | 38.3 | 35.0 | 25.8 | 16.3 | 23.4 | 58.3 | 45.7 30 to 39 ............................| 50.7 |53.3 (0.5)| 18,864 | 44.0 | 67.0 | 49.1 | 39.6 | 35.4 | 28.3 | 16.7 | 24.0 | 58.5 | 46.8 40 to 49 ............................| 51.3 |54.9 (0.5)| 18,182 | 43.6 | 65.8 | 48.6 | 39.5 | 36.9 | 27.1 | 15.7 | 20.6 | 58.9 | 46.4 50 to 59 ............................| 43.9 |50.7 (0.6)| 10,092 | 39.1 | 62.8 | 49.0 | 37.2 | 33.5 | 26.1 | 13.5 | 19.6 | 58.8 | 43.1 60 or older .........................| 27.2 |32.6 (0.9)| 2,755 | 33.5 | 62.1 | 42.2 | 29.4 | 28.8 | 21.6 | 10.0 | 21.3 | 54.1 | 35.9 | | | | | | | | | | | | | Educational attainment and sex | | | | | | | | | | | | | Not high school graduate ............| 10.0 |11.9 (0.5)| 1,645 | 18.6 | 68.9 | 23.4 | 22.1 | 17.3 | 10.7 | 8.7 | 19.7 | 30.7 | 20.2 High school graduate ................| 34.2 |36.4 (0.4)| 15,395 | 28.7 | 72.0 | 34.1 | 29.0 | 23.1 | 16.6 | 10.1 | 21.0 | 41.5 | 30.7 Some college ........................| 50.4 |53.6 (0.5)| 14,172 | 36.5 | 71.6 | 42.6 | 36.0 | 31.3 | 24.1 | 13.7 | 24.0 | 52.7 | 40.6 Associate degree ....................| 58.2 |60.7 (0.8)| 6,580 | 38.9 | 69.8 | 43.7 | 36.0 | 33.0 | 25.5 | 15.1 | 19.7 | 52.7 | 41.2 Bachelor's degree ...................| 68.8 |73.9 (0.5)| 17,335 | 52.7 | 63.9 | 57.1 | 44.0 | 43.1 | 32.4 | 18.9 | 25.8 | 67.6 | 55.3 Master's degree .....................| 71.2 |78.7 (0.8)| 6,004 | 53.8 | 51.7 | 63.4 | 48.1 | 45.8 | 39.7 | 20.8 | 18.4 | 80.1 | 59.8 Doctor's or professional degree .....| 66.9 |74.6 (1.2)| 2,754 | 46.6 | 47.5 | 64.9 | 42.0 | 39.0 | 30.3 | 16.2 | 10.5 | 75.2 | 50.2 | | | | | | | | | | | | | Male ................................| 40.3 |44.1 (0.3)| 30,336 | 46.5 | 64.3 | 51.4 | 39.2 | 36.8 | 29.4 | 20.0 | 24.6 | 53.9 | 47.2 Not high school graduate ..........| 8.5 | 9.8 (0.5)| 854 | 20.9 | 70.1 | 25.6 | 22.6 | 15.6 | 11.8 | 9.3 | 17.8 | 26.1 | 20.6 High school graduate ..............| 24.2 |27.1 (0.5)| 6,096 | 29.5 | 67.4 | 33.1 | 25.3 | 22.9 | 17.8 | 11.8 | 20.5 | 29.4 | 27.7 Some college ......................| 42.8 |46.0 (0.7)| 6,188 | 39.3 | 69.4 | 44.4 | 35.5 | 31.3 | 27.0 | 19.6 | 27.1 | 46.4 | 41.4 Associate degree ..................| 52.6 |55.2 (1.2)| 2,790 | 42.8 | 64.2 | 45.5 | 34.9 | 34.9 | 28.7 | 20.4 | 20.6 | 45.3 | 41.8 Bachelor's degree .................| 69.8 |74.3 (0.7)| 9,258 | 60.0 | 64.0 | 62.1 | 47.4 | 46.9 | 35.7 | 24.1 | 30.5 | 66.6 | 60.0 Master's degree ...................| 75.4 |79.8 (1.1)| 3,201 | 63.3 | 56.6 | 70.6 | 54.6 | 50.8 | 41.9 | 27.8 | 23.8 | 80.5 | 67.4 Doctor's or professional degree ...| 66.5 |73.4 (1.4)| 1,949 | 47.9 | 50.3 | 67.3 | 43.7 | 38.6 | 31.9 | 18.2 | 11.6 | 74.6 | 52.0 | | | | | | | | | | | | | Female ..............................| 52.4 |56.5 (0.3)| 33,549 | 35.8 | 68.3 | 43.1 | 36.0 | 31.6 | 23.1 | 10.5 | 19.9 | 59.8 | 41.0 Not high school graduate ..........| 12.5 |15.4 (0.8)| 791 | 16.0 | 67.7 | 20.9 | 21.6 | 19.1 | 9.4 | 8.0 | 21.7 | 35.6 | 19.8 High school graduate ..............| 45.2 |46.9 (0.6)| 9,299 | 28.3 | 75.0 | 34.7 | 31.5 | 23.3 | 15.9 | 8.9 | 21.4 | 49.4 | 32.6 Some college ......................| 58.6 |61.5 (0.7)| 7,984 | 34.4 | 73.2 | 41.1 | 36.4 | 31.3 | 21.8 | 9.1 | 21.7 | 57.5 | 40.1 Associate degree ..................| 63.7 |65.4 (1.0)| 3,790 | 36.0 | 73.9 | 42.4 | 36.8 | 31.7 | 23.2 | 11.2 | 19.0 | 58.1 | 40.7 Bachelor's degree .................| 67.6 |73.5 (0.7)| 8,077 | 44.4 | 63.8 | 51.4 | 40.1 | 38.8 | 28.7 | 12.9 | 20.4 | 68.8 | 50.0 Master's degree ...................| 66.5 |77.5 (1.1)| 2,804 | 43.0 | 46.0 | 55.2 | 40.7 | 40.1 | 37.3 | 12.8 | 12.2 | 79.7 | 51.0 Doctor's or professional degree ...| 68.2 |77.6 (2.1)| 805 | 43.7 | 41.0 | 59.1 | 37.8 | 39.9 | 26.4 | 11.4 | 7.9 | 76.8 | 45.9 | | | | | | | | | | | | | Race/ethnicity | | | | | | | | | | | | | White, non-Hispanic .................| 48.7 |53.8 (0.3)| 51,904 | 42.1 | 67.1 | 47.7 | 38.0 | 34.9 | 27.1 | 15.2 | 23.2 | 57.9 | 45.3 Black, non-Hispanic .................| 36.2 |40.0 (0.7)| 5,462 | 33.1 | 64.3 | 43.7 | 36.1 | 29.6 | 21.2 | 14.1 | 17.1 | 52.0 | 37.2 Hispanic ............................| 29.3 |30.2 (0.8)| 3,843 | 32.2 | 67.0 | 40.5 | 33.7 | 27.0 | 20.2 | 10.6 | 19.0 | 50.0 | 35.1 Other ...............................| 43.9 |49.2 (1.3)| 2,675 | 45.8 | 57.4 | 49.5 | 35.8 | 37.8 | 25.0 | 19.3 | 16.2 | 59.4 | 44.7 | | | | | | | | | | | | | Occupational group | | | | | | | | | | | | | Managerial and professional specialty| 67.7 |74.6 (0.4)| 28,427 | 52.4 | 61.0 | 58.6 | 45.2 | 42.6 | 36.3 | 19.1 | 20.6 | 71.7 | 56.0 Executive, administrative, | | | | | | | | | | | | | and managerial ..................| 72.3 |77.5 (0.5)| 14,528 | 60.1 | 76.3 | 61.4 | 49.7 | 47.2 | 32.6 | 17.6 | 30.9 | 74.5 | 63.7 Professional specialty occupations | 68.3 |71.7 (0.6)| 13,900 | 44.4 | 45.1 | 55.8 | 40.4 | 37.8 | 40.3 | 20.8 | 9.8 | 68.7 | 47.8 Teachers, except college | | | | | | | | | | | | | and university ................| 49.1 |60.3 (1.2)| 2,961 | 33.1 | 31.9 | 39.7 | 38.4 | 27.5 | 42.3 | 10.8 | 4.6 | 73.6 | 39.8 Teachers, college and university | 72.5 |79.9 (2.2)| 759 | 51.5 | 27.1 | 74.6 | 37.3 | 40.2 | 41.3 | 23.9 | 5.4 | 83.5 | 48.9 Technical, sales, and administrative | | | | | | | | | | | | | support ...........................| 65.5 |79.1 (0.4)| 25,739 | 35.1 | 74.6 | 41.8 | 33.9 | 30.4 | 19.4 | 11.9 | 28.1 | 52.1 | 39.5 Technicians and related support ...| 69.9 |75.1 (1.1)| 3,226 | 42.9 | 51.8 | 49.4 | 35.5 | 36.9 | 26.1 | 31.2 | 7.7 | 49.6 | 41.4 Sales occupations .................| 48.8 |54.8 (0.7)| 8,277 | 38.4 | 83.0 | 43.0 | 34.3 | 31.3 | 21.0 | 10.5 | 57.2 | 46.1 | 44.8 Administrative support, including | | | | | | | | | | | | | clerical ........................| 76.7 |77.6 (0.5)| 14,235 | 31.4 | 75.0 | 39.4 | 33.3 | 28.3 | 17.0 | 8.3 | 15.9 | 56.2 | 36.0 Service occupations .................| 14.7 |16.4 (0.5)| 2,752 | 15.7 | 52.3 | 27.6 | 27.9 | 17.4 | 9.6 | 6.6 | 11.0 | 34.4 | 17.9 Precision production, craft, | | | | | | | | | | | | | and repair ........................| 23.2 |25.0 (0.6)| 3,501 | 29.6 | 62.8 | 31.6 | 27.0 | 22.5 | 18.2 | 16.3 | 11.1 | 29.0 | 26.2 Operators, fabricators, and laborers | 14.9 |17.3 (0.5)| 3,154 | 19.1 | 63.1 | 21.3 | 19.0 | 14.6 | 12.6 | 9.7 | 9.2 | 17.4 | 15.4 Farming, forestry, and fishing ......| 8.5 | 9.3 (0.9)| 311 | 40.2 | 79.3 | 22.8 | 27.3 | 33.0 | 11.2 | 10.2 | 19.1 | 33.7 | 33.0 | | | | | | | | | | | | | Family income\3\ | | | | | | | | | | | | | Less than \$20,000 ...................| 25.1 |26.7 (0.5)| 5,915 | 27.6 | 67.8 | 34.0 | 28.7 | 24.0 | 19.4 | 11.7 | 22.2 | 44.9 | 31.4 \$20,000 to \$29,999 ..................| 38.4 |38.4 (0.6)| 7,310 | 30.3 | 69.4 | 36.9 | 30.2 | 26.1 | 21.8 | 10.5 | 20.0 | 48.0 | 34.3 \$30,000 to \$39,999 ..................| 45.7 |45.8 (0.6)| 8,915 | 35.7 | 67.4 | 42.2 | 33.7 | 29.4 | 23.8 | 12.8 | 20.8 | 50.8 | 38.0 \$40,000 to \$49,999 ..................| 51.9 |52.3 (0.7)| 7,737 | 40.0 | 69.0 | 43.6 | 36.9 | 31.8 | 25.4 | 15.0 | 21.0 | 53.8 | 42.5 \$50,000 to \$74,999 ..................| 60.6 |59.9 (0.5)| 16,966 | 42.7 | 65.8 | 48.6 | 38.9 | 36.1 | 27.2 | 16.5 | 20.6 | 58.4 | 45.5 \$75,000 or more .....................| 65.9 |69.7 (0.5)| 17,042 | 51.4 | 63.6 | 58.4 | 44.6 | 42.3 | 30.6 | 17.8 | 25.7 | 68.4 | 54.7 _____________________________________|_______|__________|___________|_________|_____________|__________|_________|______|___________|________|_________|_______|__________```

 \1\Individuals may be counted in more than one computer activity. \2\Includes bulletin boards and electronic mail. \3\Excludes persons whose income data were not available. NOTE.--Data are based on a sample survey of households and are subject to sampling and nonsampling error. Standard errors appear in parentheses. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, October 1997, unpublished data. (This table was prepared August 1998.)