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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 420. -  General statistics of college and university libraries: 1974-75 to 1994-95
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                    Item                     |1974-75\1\ |1975-76\1\ |1976-77\1\ |1978-79\1\ |  1981-82  |  1984-85  |  1987-88  |  1991-92  |  1994-95
_____________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
                      1                      |     2     |     3     |     4     |     5     |     6     |     7     |     8     |     9     |    10
_____________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
Number of libraries .........................|     2,972 |     2,987 |     3,058 |     3,122 |     3,104 |     3,322 |     3,438 |     3,274 |     3,639
Transactions, general collection ............|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |   186,092
Transactions, reserve collection ............|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    49,567
Total enrollment, in thousands\2\ ...........|    10,322 |    11,291 |    11,121 |    11,392 |    12,372 |    12,242 |    12,767 |    14,359 |    14,279
Full-time-equivalent enrollment, in          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
  thousands\2\ ..............................|     7,805 |     8,480 |     8,313 |     8,348 |     9,015 |     8,952 |     9,230 |    10,361 |    10,348
                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========
       Collections, thousands of units       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Number of volumes at end of year ............|   447,059 |   468,033 |   481,442 |   519,895 |   567,826 |   631,727 |   718,504 |   749,429 |   792,707
Number of volumes added during year .........|    23,242 |    22,977 |    22,367 |    21,608 |    19,507 |    20,658 |    21,907 |    20,982 |    22,460
Number of serial subscriptions\3\ ...........|     4,434 |     4,618 |     4,670 |     4,775 |     4,890 |     6,317 |     6,416 |     6,966 |     6,780
Microform titles at end of year .............|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |   160,188
Computer files at end of year ...............|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       480
                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========
   Library staff, in full-time equivalents   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Total staff in regular positions\4\ .........|    56,836 |    56,852 |    57,087 |    58,416 |    58,476 |    58,476 |    67,251 |    67,166 |    68,920
FTE enrollment per FTE staff ................|     137.3 |     149.2 |     145.6 |     142.9 |     154.2 |     153.1 |     137.2 |     154.3 |     150.1
                                             |___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
  Librarians and professional staff .........|    23,530 |    23,104 |    23,308 |    23,676 |    23,816 |    21,822 |    25,115 |    26,341 |    27,376
  Other paid staff ..........................|    33,306 |    33,748 |    33,779 |    34,740 |    34,660 |    38,026 |    40,733 |    40,421 |    41,227
  Contributed services ......................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |     1,403 |       404 |       317
  Student assistants ........................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    33,821 |    29,075 |    29,077
                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Hours of student and other assistance,       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
 in thousands ...............................|    34,687 |    36,725 |    39,950 |    39,552 |    40,068 |    28,360 |       --- |       --- |       ---
                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========
       Library operating expenditures        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
         (excluding capital outlay)          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
                                             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
Operating expenditures, total, in thousands .|$1,091,784 |$1,180,128 |$1,259,637 |$1,502,158 |$1,943,769 |$2,404,524 |$2,770,075 |$3,648,654 | 4,317,847
                                             |___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
  Salaries\5\ ...............................|   592,568 |   649,374 |   698,090 |   824,438 | 1,081,894 | 1,156,138 | 1,451,551 | 1,889,368 | 2,058,375
  Hourly wages ..............................|    61,474 |    66,175 |    68,683 |    79,535 |   100,847 |       --- |       --- |       --- |       ---
  Fringe benefits ...........................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |   231,209 |       --- |       --- |   238,984
  Preservation ..............................|    22,206 |    22,375 |    22,521 |    25,274 |    30,351 |    32,939 |    34,144 |    43,126 |    47,296
  Furniture/equipment .......................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    56,432
  Computer hardware/software ................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |   126,936
  Utilities/networks/consortia ..............|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    81,686
  Collections .............................. |   327,904 |   357,544 |   373,699 |   450,180 |   561,199 |   750,282 |   891,281 | 1,197,293 | 1,374,407
    Print materials .........................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |   420,930 |   451,988
    Serial subscriptions ....................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |   639,128 |   703,463
    Microforms ..............................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    43,666 |    61,702
    Audiovisual materials ...................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    23,879 |    29,375
    Machine readable materials ..............|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    29,093 |    72,735
    Collections, loans ......................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |           |    12,440
    Other collection expenditures ...........|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |    40,596 |    42,704
  Other library operating expenditures ......|    87,632 |    84,660 |    96,643 |   122,731 |   169,478 |   233,957 |   393,099 |   518,867 |   333,732
Operating expenditures per FTE student ......|       140 |       139 |       152 |       180 |       216 |       269 |       300 |       352 |       417
Operating expenditures per FTE student in    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
  constant 1994-95 dollars ..................|       406 |       377 |       388 |       395 |       345 |       382 |       390 |       383 |       417
                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========
Operating expenditures, total, in percents ..|     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0
                                             |___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________
  Salaries\5\ ...............................|      54.3 |      55.0 |      55.4 |      54.9 |      55.7 |      48.1 |      52.4 |      51.8 |      47.7
  Hourly wages ..............................|       5.6 |       5.6 |       5.5 |       5.3 |       5.2 |       --- |       --- |       --- |       ---
  Fringe benefits ...........................|       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       --- |       9.6 |       --- |       --- |       5.5
  Preservation ..............................|       2.0 |       1.9 |       1.8 |       1.7 |       1.6 |       1.4 |       1.2 |       1.2 |       1.1
  Collections .............................. |      30.0 |      30.3 |      29.7 |      30.0 |      28.9 |      31.2 |      32.2 |      32.8 |      31.8
  Other library operating expenditures ......|       8.0 |       7.2 |       7.7 |       8.2 |       8.7 |       9.7 |      14.2 |      14.2 |      13.9
                                             |===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========|===========
Library operating expenditures as percent of |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
  total institutional expenditures for       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |
  educational and general purposes ..........|       3.9 |       3.8 |       3.8 |       3.7 |       3.5 |       3.4 |       3.2 |       3.0 |       2.9
_____________________________________________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________|___________

\1\Includes data for U.S. territories.
\2\Fall enrollment for the academic year specified.
\3\Data are for end of year.
\4\Excludes student assistants.
\5\Includes expenditures for fringe benefits (except for 1984-85 and 1987-88) and salary equivalents of contributed services staff.
---Data not available.

NOTE.--Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Library Statistics of Colleges and Universities, various years; and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Academic Library Survey." (This table was prepared July 1997.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest