Table 416. - Selected statistics on public school library/media centers, by level and enrollment size of school: 1993-94
 ```_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Public ele- | | Selected | mentary, | Elementary libraries, by enrollment size of school | Secondary libraries, by enrollment size of school statistics | secondary, |_____________________________________________________________________|______________________________________________________________________ |and combined | Total |Less than 150| 150 to 499 | 500 to 749 | 750 or more | Total |Less than 150| 150 to 499 | 500 to 749 |750 or more ______________________________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|______________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 ______________________________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|______________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________ Number of schools with libraries .....|72,286 --- |53,059 --- | 4,068 --- |27,288 --- |15,587 --- | 6,116 --- |17,536 --- | 1,991 --- | 5,431 --- | 3,610 --- | 6,503 --- |_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|______________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________ Average number of staff per library | | | | | | | | | | | Total ................................| 1.81 (0.02)| 1.69 (0.03)| 1.39 (0.09)| 1.61 (0.04)| 1.76 (0.05)| 2.03 (0.07)| 2.12 (0.03)| 1.66 (0.09)| 1.73 (0.04)| 1.80 (0.05)| 2.90 (0.04) Certified library/media specialists | 0.86 (0.01)| 0.79 (0.02)| 0.65 (0.07)| 0.75 (0.03)| 0.85 (0.04)| 0.90 (0.04)| 1.03 (0.02)| 0.80 (0.06)| 0.93 (0.03)| 0.98 (0.03)| 1.36 (0.03) Full-time ........................| 0.61 (0.01)| 0.51 (0.01)| 0.13 (0.04)| 0.42 (0.02)| 0.66 (0.02)| 0.82 (0.04)| 0.84 (0.02)| 0.28 (0.04)| 0.68 (0.02)| 0.92 (0.02)| 1.27 (0.02) Part-time ........................| 0.25 (0.01)| 0.28 (0.02)| 0.52 (0.06)| 0.33 (0.02)| 0.19 (0.03)| 0.08 (0.02)| 0.19 (0.01)| 0.52 (0.05)| 0.24 (0.02)| 0.06 (0.01)| 0.09 (0.01) Other professional staff ...........| 0.27 (0.01)| 0.27 (0.01)| 0.30 (0.05)| 0.27 (0.02)| 0.25 (0.02)| 0.31 (0.04)| 0.26 (0.02)| 0.33 (0.05)| 0.23 (0.03)| 0.17 (0.02)| 0.25 (0.02) Full-time ........................| 0.13 (0.01)| 0.13 (0.01)| 0.09 (0.02)| 0.13 (0.01)| 0.12 (0.02)| 0.22 (0.03)| 0.14 (0.01)| 0.13 (0.04)| 0.11 (0.02)| 0.08 (0.02)| 0.17 (0.02) Part-time ........................| 0.13 (0.01)| 0.14 (0.01)| 0.21 (0.04)| 0.14 (0.02)| 0.13 (0.02)| 0.09 (0.03)| 0.13 (0.01)| 0.19 (0.03)| 0.11 (0.02)| 0.09 (0.02)| 0.08 (0.01) Other paid employees ...............| 0.68 (0.02)| 0.63 (0.02)| 0.44 (0.06)| 0.59 (0.03)| 0.66 (0.04)| 0.82 (0.06)| 0.83 (0.02)| 0.54 (0.06)| 0.57 (0.04)| 0.66 (0.05)| 1.29 (0.04) Full-time ........................| 0.34 (0.01)| 0.28 (0.01)| 0.10 (0.03)| 0.22 (0.02)| 0.34 (0.03)| 0.51 (0.04)| 0.49 (0.02)| 0.28 (0.04)| 0.27 (0.03)| 0.39 (0.03)| 0.86 (0.03) Part-time ........................| 0.34 (0.01)| 0.34 (0.02)| 0.34 (0.05)| 0.37 (0.03)| 0.32 (0.03)| 0.31 (0.04)| 0.34 (0.02)| 0.26 (0.04)| 0.31 (0.02)| 0.27 (0.04)| 0.43 (0.02) | | | | | | | | | | | Percentage of schools' library media | | | | | | | | | | | centers with the following equipment | | | | | | | | | | | Telephone ............................| 61.2 (1.3)| 55.8 (1.8)| 40.1 (5.0)| 49.4 (2.3)| 64.0 (2.8)| 73.8 (4.0)| 74.7 (1.6)| 42.7 (4.9)| 68.0 (2.6)| 85.5 (1.9)| 92.9 (1.0) Fax machine ..........................| 7.8 (0.5)| 4.7 (0.6)| 8.2 (2.6)| 3.4 (0.7)| 5.7 (1.3)| 5.1 (1.4)| 15.1 (0.8)| 11.5 (2.3)| 16.4 (1.5)| 18.7 (2.3)| 18.5 (1.3) Computer with modem ..................| 34.3 (1.0)| 28.3 (1.2)| 21.9 (4.5)| 24.9 (1.7)| 33.4 (2.8)| 34.6 (3.1)| 48.2 (1.5)| 46.4 (4.1)| 47.3 (2.6)| 51.3 (2.9)| 59.0 (2.0) Automated catalog ....................| 24.0 (0.9)| 20.3 (1.1)| 14.2 (3.8)| 17.5 (1.4)| 24.9 (2.1)| 25.4 (2.2)| 32.8 (1.1)| 21.6 (3.5)| 25.9 (2.1)| 32.2 (2.7)| 43.6 (1.7) Automated circulation system .........| 37.9 (1.1)| 34.1 (1.6)| 16.0 (3.8)| 28.5 (1.9)| 40.4 (2.7)| 55.0 (3.3)| 47.7 (1.3)| 22.4 (3.9)| 41.6 (2.5)| 48.0 (3.1)| 64.7 (1.8) Database searching with CD-ROM .......| 31.2 (0.8)| 23.9 (1.2)| 23.3 (3.3)| 21.9 (1.7)| 25.3 (2.6)| 30.1 (2.8)| 48.1 (1.3)| 35.5 (4.1)| 48.6 (2.3)| 53.1 (3.1)| 63.0 (2.1) On-line database searching ...........| 9.4 (0.5)| 5.4 (0.5)| 6.0 (1.3)| 4.1 (0.7)| 7.1 (1.3)| 6.8 (1.3)| 18.9 (0.9)| 14.6 (2.2)| 19.9 (2.0)| 20.5 (2.6)| 26.3 (1.4) Compact disc for periodical indices, | | | | | | | | | | | etc. ...............................| 46.7 (1.1)| 39.6 (1.5)| 27.0 (3.5)| 37.5 (2.1)| 42.6 (2.7)| 49.5 (3.4)| 63.5 (1.3)| 50.4 (3.9)| 62.4 (2.3)| 69.8 (2.7)| 76.9 (1.5) Video laser disc .....................| 31.9 (1.0)| 30.3 (1.3)| 19.6 (4.8)| 24.8 (1.7)| 37.2 (2.3)| 44.3 (3.1)| 36.1 (1.3)| 20.0 (4.3)| 27.5 (2.1)| 41.1 (2.1)| 43.5 (1.7) Connection to Internet ...............| 12.0 (0.6)| 9.5 (0.8)| 5.0 (1.3)| 8.7 (1.4)| 11.9 (1.8)| 10.0 (1.5)| 17.5 (0.8)| 12.3 (2.8)| 18.5 (1.7)| 18.9 (2.5)| 23.8 (1.6) Cable television .....................| 76.2 (0.8)| 75.0 (1.1)| 59.8 (4.9)| 78.0 (1.6)| 74.7 (2.3)| 73.0 (3.0)| 80.6 (0.9)| 65.5 (4.5)| 80.3 (1.9)| 81.9 (2.5)| 83.9 (1.1) Broadcast television .................| 48.6 (1.0)| 48.0 (1.4)| 47.0 (4.8)| 45.2 (1.6)| 51.5 (2.5)| 52.3 (4.1)| 49.9 (1.3)| 36.4 (4.3)| 46.0 (2.7)| 52.0 (3.1)| 59.4 (1.5) Closed circuit television ............| 25.5 (0.7)| 22.0 (1.0)| 7.0 (2.1)| 19.2 (1.4)| 23.1 (2.0)| 41.4 (2.9)| 34.0 (1.0)| 14.3 (3.4)| 26.8 (2.0)| 46.1 (3.1)| 44.5 (1.5) Satellite dish .......................| 22.9 (0.6)| 14.4 (0.7)| 15.4 (2.8)| 13.6 (1.2)| 12.7 (1.4)| 21.3 (3.1)| 41.1 (1.1)| 48.1 (4.9)| 53.3 (2.2)| 54.5 (2.7)| 42.4 (1.8) | | | | | | | | | | | Total students using library per 100 | | | | | | | | | | | students each week\1\ ..............| 83.4 (0.4)| 88.9 (0.5)| 93.6 (1.0)| 91.7 (0.7)| 88.0 (1.0)| 75.1 (2.0)| 68.6 (0.9)| 87.9 (2.5)| 74.2 (1.4)| 67.0 (1.8)| 58.9 (1.1) | | | | | | | | | | | Books checked out per 100 students | | | | | | | | | | | each week\1\ .......................| 128 (2)| 150 (3)| 222 (11.5)| 161 (5.2)| 134 (4.6)| 93 (4.7)| 67 (4.0)| 227 (21.3)| 66 (4.2)| 46 (3.6)| 31 (1.1) | | | | | | | | | | | Percentage of schools offering-- | | | | | | | | | | | Microcomputers .....................| 90.1 (0.7)| 88.5 (1.0)| 79.2 (3.4)| 89.1 (1.6)| 88.4 (2.0)| 92.1 (2.2)| 94.0 (1.0)| 88.4 (2.7)| 96.4 (1.1)| 96.4 (0.9)| 96.5 (0.8) Long distance learning .............| 19.0 (0.8)| 15.9 (1.1)| 16.7 (2.7)| 16.3 (1.6)| 14.4 (1.7)| 17.5 (2.6)| 24.8 (1.0)| 33.0 (3.0)| 26.6 (1.6)| 25.6 (2.0)| 25.3 (1.4) | | | | | | | | | | | Average holdings per 100 students at | | | | | | | | | | | the end of the 1992-93 school year | | | | | | | | | | | Books (number of volumes) ............| 2,585 (57)| 2,467 (81)| 5,774 (355)| 2,721 (124)| 1,600 (46)| 1,340 (37)| 2,891 (101)|10,071 (815)| 2,809 (79)| 1,822 (50)| 1,354 (22) Current serial subscriptions (print/ | | | | | | | | | | | microfilm) .........................| 9 (\2\)| 7 (\2\)| 25 (3)| 7 (\2\)| 4 (\2\)| 3 (\2\)| 14 (1)| 55 (4)| 14 (\2\)| 8 (\2\)| 5 (0) Video materials (tape and disc) ......| 38 (2)| 35 (2)| 91 (12)| 36 (4)| 24 (2)| 20 (2)| 46 (2)| 129 (15)| 49 (3)| 35 (2)| 23 (1) Other audiovisual materials ..........| 116 (4)| 114 (6)| 183 (37)| 122 (8)| 96 (9)| 73 (8)| 117 (7)| 267 (34)| 123 (17)| 102 (10)| 74 (4) Microcomputer software ...............| 18 (1)| 20 (1)| 60 (13)| 22 (2)| 11 (1)| 10 (1)| 12 (1)| 47 (11)| 8 (1)| 8 (1)| 6 (0) CD-ROM titles ........................| 1 (\2\)| 1 (\2\)| 2 (\2\)| 1 (\2\)| 1 (\2\)| 0 (\2\)| 2 (\2\)| 9 (1)| 1 (\2\)| 1 (\2\)| 1 (\2\) | | | | | | | | | | | Locally budgeted expenditures\3\ | | | | | | | | | | | per student, 1992-93 | | | | | | | | | | | Books ................................| \$8.52 (0.23)| \$7.80 (0.25)|\$17.30 (1.3)| \$7.95 (0.3)| \$6.36 (0.4)| \$4.49 (0.3)|\$10.06 (0.4)|\$28.34 (2.3)|\$11.20 (0.7)| \$6.84 (0.4)| \$5.30 (0.2) Current serial subscriptions (print/ | | | | | | | | | | | microfilm) .........................| 2.18 (0.05)| 1.49 (0.06)| 4.66 (0.47)| 1.53 (0.08)| 0.89 (0.05)| 0.76 (0.06)| 4.15 (0.14)| 13.59 (1.05)| 4.11 (0.22)| 2.84 (0.15)| 2.02 (0.06) Video materials (tape and disc) ......| 1.24 (0.04)| 1.04 (0.05)| 2.58 (0.37)| 0.97 (0.05)| 0.91 (0.07)| 0.67 (0.07)| 1.77 (0.10)| 5.67 (0.67)| 1.75 (0.15)| 1.26 (0.11)| 0.89 (0.05) Other audiovisual materials ..........| 0.82 (0.04)| 0.77 (0.06)| 1.30 (0.49)| 0.79 (0.07)| 0.70 (0.06)| 0.53 (0.07)| 0.87 (0.07)| 2.63 (0.53)| 0.89 (0.09)| 0.64 (0.08)| 0.45 (0.03) Microcomputer software ...............| 1.09 (0.09)| 0.89 (0.07)| 1.95 (0.47)| 0.92 (0.09)| 0.77 (0.13)| 0.41 (0.06)| 1.50 (0.35)| 7.52 (3.10)| 1.07 (0.13)| 0.69 (0.10)| 0.46 (0.03) CD-ROM titles ........................| 0.63 (0.05)| 0.38 (0.06)| 0.92 (0.28)| 0.33 (0.04)| 0.42 (0.16)| 0.16 (0.02)| 1.24 (0.09)| 3.76 (0.55)| 1.24 (0.13)| 0.84 (0.10)| 0.69 (0.04) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Expenditures (all sources) per | | | | | | | | | | | student, 1992-93 | | | | | | | | | | | Total, library/media materials .......|\$17.18 (0.35)|\$14.86 (0.45)|\$35.43 (2.38)|\$15.31 (0.58)|\$11.19 (0.55)| \$8.51 (0.43)|\$22.71 (0.82)|\$69.98 (5.56)|\$23.74 (0.98)|\$14.91 (0.71)|\$11.72 (0.35) Microcomputer hardware .............| 3.84 (0.25)| 3.43 (0.33)| 10.82 (3.37)| 2.91 (0.30)| 3.10 (0.49)| 1.72 (0.26)| 4.73 (0.46)| 7.81 (2.43)| 5.68 (1.15)| 4.06 (0.71)| 3.36 (0.39) Audiovisual equipment ..............| 2.24 (0.15)| 2.00 (0.17)| 5.21 (1.73)| 1.71 (0.13)| 1.88 (0.24)| 1.45 (0.26)| 2.98 (0.46)| 10.44 (4.10)| 2.75 (0.24)| 1.70 (0.15)| 1.59 (0.10) On-line database searching/ | | | | | | | | | | | electronic communications ........| 0.30 (0.04)| 0.25 (0.06)| 0.30 (0.13)| 0.27 (0.08)| 0.26 (0.15)| 0.11 (0.03)| 0.43 (0.05)| 0.79 (0.31)| 0.62 (0.14)| 0.27 (0.05)| 0.26 (0.04) ______________________________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|______________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________```

 \1\During the most recent full week of school. \2\Data less than 0.5 are rounded to 0. \3\Locally budgeted expenditures exclude federal gifts and grants. ---Data not available. NOTE.--Percentages are based on schools that have library/media centers. In school year 1990-91, 96 percent of public and 87 percent of private schools had library/media centers. Standard errors appear in parentheses. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, 1993-94, unpublished data. (This table was prepared August 1997.)