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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 412. -  Public education expenditures per student, by level of student: Selected countries, 1985 to 1993 [In constant 1993 dollars]
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                |                                       |                                       |
    Country     |             Primary                   |            Secondary                  |          Higher education
                |                                       |                                       |
                |_______________________________________|_______________________________________|_______________________________________
                | 1985  | 1990  | 1991  | 1992  | 1993  | 1985  | 1990  | 1991  | 1992  | 1993  | 1985  | 1990  | 1991  | 1992  | 1993
________________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______
       1        |   2   |   3   |   4   |   5   |   6   |   7   |   8   |   9   |  10   |  11   |  12   |  13   |  14   |  15   |  16
________________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______
Austria ........|$3,554 |$3,632 |$3,791 |$4,130 |$4,291 |$4,061 |$4,771 |$4,965 |$6,612 |$6,721 |$6,753 |$6,560 |$6,834 |$5,994 |$8,642
Belgium ........| 2,299 | 2,195 | 2,273 | 2,462 | 2,953 | 5,437 | 4,949 | 5,305 | 5,304 | 5,373 | 7,310 | 6,363 | 6,615 | 6,787 | 6,380
Denmark ........| 3,677 | 4,579 | 4,665 | 4,346 | 4,745 | 5,196 | 5,459 | 5,706 | 5,088 | 6,175 | 8,826 | 8,582 | 8,153 | 6,911 | 8,045
France .........|   --- |   --- | 2,749 | 2,987 | 3,154 |   --- |   --- | 4,923 | 5,593 | 5,685 |   --- |   --- | 5,050 | 6,200 | 6,033
Germany\2\ .....|   --- |   --- |   --- | 3,069 | 2,815 |   --- |   --- |   --- | 4,388 | 6,481 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- | 7,902
                |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |
Japan  .........|   --- |   --- |   --- | 3,636 | 3,960 |   --- |   --- |   --- | 4,017 | 4,356 |   --- |   --- |   --- |12,205 | 7,556
Ireland ........| 1,363 | 1,472 | 1,636 | 1,823 | 1,882 | 2,346 | 2,475 | 2,640 | 2,853 | 3,031 | 5,327 | 5,693 | 5,927 | 7,488 | 7,076
Norway .........| 3,505 | 3,995 | 4,122 | 4,614 |   --- | 4,961 | 5,307 | 5,704 | 6,386 |   --- | 8,092 | 8,887 | 8,917 | 8,981 | 8,343
Portugal .......| 1,369 | 1,989 | 2,239 |   --- | 2,581 | 1,811 |   --- | 2,508 |   --- | 2,491 | 3,844 |   --- | 6,536 |   --- | 5,667
Spain ..........| 1,482 | 1,854 | 1,974 | 2,091 | 2,293 | 2,058 | 2,787 | 2,896 | 3,234 | 3,033 | 1,964 | 3,250 | 3,440 | 3,883 | 3,835
                |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |       |
Sweden\1\ ......|   --- | 5,429 | 5,803 | 4,985 | 4,917 |   --- | 6,480 | 7,039 | 6,231 | 5,651 |   --- | 8,929 | 9,083 | 7,333 |12,693
Switzerland\1\ .|   --- |   --- | 5,779 | 3,667 | 5,835 |   --- |   --- | 6,963 |   --- | 7,024 |   --- |   --- |15,577 |13,286 |15,731
Turkey .........|   --- |   --- |   599 |   --- |   832 |   --- |   --- |   535 |   --- |   587 |   --- |   --- | 2,965 |   --- | 2,696
United Kingdom .| 2,406 | 2,984 | 2,964 | 3,213 | 3,295 | 3,979 | 5,664 | 4,514 | 4,521 | 4,494 |   --- |   --- |10,207 |10,680 | 8,241
United States ..| 4,495 | 5,380 | 5,492 | 5,768 | 5,492 | 5,440 | 6,742 | 6,866 | 6,664 | 6,541 |10,527 |12,373 |12,521 |12,236 |14,607
________________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______

\1\Change in definition of expenditures in 1992.
\2\Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.
---Data not available.

NOTE.--Data adjusted to U.S. dollars using the purchasing-power-parity (PPP) index.

SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Education at a Glance, 1996; and unpublished data. (This table was prepared September 1997.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest