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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 403. -  Average 4th-grade mathematics scores,\1\ by content areas, and average time spent studying mathematics out of school, by country: 1994-95
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |      Average percent correct by content area                                          |                 Amount of daily out-of-school study time in mathematics
                         |_______________________________________________________________________________________|_______________________________________________________________________________________
                         |           |           |Fractions  |Measurement,|Data          |           |Patterns,  |                       |                       |                       |
                         |Overall    |           |and        |estimation, |representation|           |relations, |        No time        |   Less than 1 hour    |   1 hour or more      |
                         |mathematics|   Whole   |proportion-|and number  |analysis, and |           |and        |_______________________|_______________________|_______________________|      Average
         Country         |scores     |  numbers  |ality      |sense       |probability   |Geometry   |functions  |   Percent|Mean score  |   Percent |Mean score |    Percent|Mean score |      hours\2\
_________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|______________|___________|___________|__________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_______________
            1            |    2      |     3     |    4      |    5       |     6        |    7      |    8      |    9     |    10      |    11     |    12     |    13     |    14     |       15
_________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|______________|___________|___________|__________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_______________
Australia\3\.............|   63 (0.6)|   67 (0.6)|   51 (0.7)|    60 (0.7)|     67 (0.8) |   74 (0.7)|   64 (0.9)|  15 (0.9)|  526 (5.6) |   61 (1.2)|  559 (3.2)|   24 (1.0)|  530 (4.4)|     0.8 (0.02)
Austria\3\...............|   65 (0.7)|   74 (0.8)|   51 (0.8)|    69 (0.8)|     66 (1.1) |   67 (0.8)|   64 (1.1)|   4 (0.7)|  555 (8.6) |   58 (1.8)|  571 (3.8)|   38 (1.6)|  546 (4.1)|     1.0 (0.03)
Canada ..................|   60 (1.0)|   68 (0.9)|   48 (1.0)|    54 (1.1)|     68 (1.4) |   72 (1.4)|   62 (1.5)|  14 (1.1)|  526 (4.4) |   60 (1.4)|  544 (4.0)|   26 (1.2)|  522 (5.0)|     0.8 (0.02)
Cyprus ..................|   54 (0.6)|   65 (0.7)|   48 (0.7)|    48 (0.8)|     52 (0.9) |   53 (0.9)|   55 (1.1)|   9 (0.7)|  473 (6.1) |   51 (1.9)|  519 (3.6)|   40 (1.6)|  495 (3.8)|     1.1 (0.03)
Czech Republic ..........|   66 (0.6)|   75 (0.6)|   53 (0.8)|    68 (0.7)|     67 (0.9) |   71 (0.7)|   67 (0.9)|   9 (0.9)|  547 (6.6) |   69 (1.2)|  576 (3.6)|   22 (1.1)|  560 (4.3)|     0.7 (0.02)
                         |           |           |           |            |              |           |           |          |            |           |           |           |           |
England\3\ ..............|   57 (0.7)|   58 (0.7)|   45 (0.8)|    52 (0.7)|     64 (0.9) |   74 (0.8)|   55 (1.0)| ---  --- |  ---   --- |  ---  --- |  ---  --- |  ---  --- |  ---  --- |     ---   ---
Greece ..................|   51 (0.9)|   62 (1.0)|   42 (1.1)|    48 (1.0)|     50 (1.2) |   53 (1.2)|   47 (1.2)|   6 (0.5)|  453 (6.8) |   38 (1.6)|  512 (4.1)|   56 (1.7)|  493 (4.0)|     1.6 (0.04)
Hong Kong ...............|   73 (0.9)|   79 (0.9)|   66 (1.0)|    69 (0.9)|     76 (1.0) |   74 (0.8)|   73 (1.2)|   6 (0.7)|  550 (7.9) |   44 (1.2)|  595 (4.2)|   50 (1.2)|  586 (4.5)|     1.3 (0.03)
Hungary\3\...............|   64 (0.8)|   76 (0.7)|   49 (0.9)|    64 (0.9)|     60 (1.0) |   66 (0.8)|   69 (1.1)|   5 (0.7)|  543 (10.8)|   58 (1.3)|  563 (3.9)|   37 (1.4)|  533 (4.2)|     1.0 (0.03)
Iceland .................|   50 (0.8)|   56 (0.9)|   36 (1.0)|    44 (0.9)|     58 (1.2) |   63 (1.0)|   48 (1.4)|  10 (0.8)|  457 (4.3) |   63 (1.4)|  483 (3.5)|   27 (1.4)|  472 (3.2)|     0.8 (0.02)
                         |           |           |           |            |              |           |           |          |            |           |           |           |           |
Iran, Islamic Republic\4\|   38 (0.9)|   51 (1.2)|   32 (1.0)|    36 (0.9)|     23 (0.9) |   42 (0.9)|   40 (1.4)|   5 (0.7)|  402 (6.6) |   17 (1.3)|  433 (6.0)|   78 (1.5)|  443 (4.5)|     2.3 (0.07)
Ireland .................|   63 (0.8)|   70 (0.8)|   58 (1.0)|    56 (0.9)|     69 (0.9) |   66 (0.8)|   64 (1.0)|   7 (0.6)|  516 (7.1) |   70 (1.3)|  565 (3.2)|   23 (1.2)|  530 (4.9)|     0.8 (0.02)
Israel\3,4\..............|   59 (1.0)|   71 (1.0)|   48 (1.1)|    54 (1.0)|     64 (1.2) |   62 (1.0)|   60 (1.5)|  14 (1.3)|  525 (6.4) |   46 (2.2)|  535 (4.7)|   40 (1.9)|  528 (4.1)|     1.1 (0.05)
Japan  ..................|   74 (0.4)|   82 (0.4)|   65 (0.6)|    72 (0.5)|     79 (0.5) |   72 (0.6)|   76 (0.6)|  10 (0.7)|  558 (4.3) |   60 (1.1)|  598 (2.3)|   31 (1.2)|  610 (3.0)|     0.9 (0.02)
Korea ...................|   76 (0.4)|   88 (0.3)|   65 (0.5)|    72 (0.5)|     80 (0.6) |   72 (0.6)|   83 (0.7)|  14 (0.8)|  593 (4.2) |   44 (1.1)|  610 (2.5)|   42 (1.2)|  621 (2.3)|     1.0 (0.02)
                         |           |           |           |            |              |           |           |          |            |           |           |           |           |
Kuwait\3\................|   32 (0.5)|   36 (0.5)|   25 (0.5)|    35 (0.6)|     26 (0.6) |   36 (0.6)|   33 (1.0)|   5 (0.7)|  372 (5.7) |   34 (1.4)|  410 (3.0)|   60 (1.5)|  401 (2.8)|     1.9 (0.05)
Latvia (Latvian-         |           |           |           |            |              |           |           |          |            |           |           |           |           |
 speaking schools)\3\ ...|   59 (1.0)|   68 (0.9)|   44 (1.3)|    60 (1.0)|     54 (1.3) |   67 (1.0)|   65 (1.2)|   7 (0.7)|  476 (7.5) |   61 (1.9)|  542 (6.3)|   33 (1.7)|  518 (5.1)|     1.0 (0.03)
Netherlands\3\...........|   69 (0.7)|   75 (0.8)|   60 (0.9)|    70 (0.8)|     75 (0.9) |   71 (0.8)|   65 (1.1)|  47 (2.7)|  593 (4.3) |   39 (2.3)|  578 (3.6)|   14 (1.5)|  541 (6.1)|     0.5 (0.03)
New Zealand .............|   53 (1.0)|   57 (1.0)|   41 (1.1)|    49 (1.1)|     61 (1.3) |   66 (1.1)|   52 (1.2)|  21 (1.6)|  488 (9.7) |   54 (1.7)|  512 (4.4)|   25 (1.4)|  493 (5.2)|     0.8 (0.03)
Norway ..................|   53 (0.7)|   61 (0.8)|   38 (0.7)|    56 (0.7)|     59 (0.9) |   58 (0.9)|   50 (1.2)|  23 (1.3)|  503 (4.1) |   58 (1.2)|  512 (3.3)|   19 (1.1)|  497 (5.3)|     0.6 (0.02)
                         |           |           |           |            |              |           |           |          |            |           |           |           |           |
Portugal ................|   48 (0.7)|   57 (0.8)|   38 (0.7)|    49 (0.8)|     43 (1.1) |   52 (1.0)|   47 (1.1)|   3 (0.5)|  420 (9.1) |   55 (1.7)|  489 (3.9)|   42 (1.6)|  470 (3.9)|     1.3 (0.03)
Scotland\4\..............|   58 (0.8)|   61 (0.8)|   46 (1.0)|    53 (0.9)|     66 (1.0) |   72 (0.8)|   57 (1.0)|  26 (1.8)|  519 (7.2) |   63 (2.0)|  528 (3.8)|   11 (1.0)|  501 (8.9)|     0.5 (0.02)
Singapore ...............|   76 (0.8)|   83 (0.7)|   74 (1.0)|    67 (1.0)|     81 (0.8) |   72 (0.8)|   76 (0.9)| ---  --- |  ---   --- |  ---  --- |  ---  --- |  ---  --- |  ---  --- |     ---   ---
Slovenia\3\..............|   64 (0.6)|   74 (0.6)|   50 (0.9)|    64 (0.9)|     64 (1.0) |   72 (0.8)|   68 (0.8)|   3 (0.4)|  502 (11.4)|   57 (1.5)|  563 (3.7)|   40 (1.4)|  548 (3.7)|     1.0 (0.03)
Thailand\3\..............|   50 (1.1)|   58 (1.3)|   44 (1.0)|    44 (1.0)|     56 (1.5) |   53 (1.2)|   50 (1.3)|  17 (1.3)|  470 (4.3) |   44 (1.6)|  496 (4.5)|   39 (1.8)|  489 (6.1)|     1.0 (0.03)
                         |           |           |           |            |              |           |           |          |            |           |           |           |           |
United States ...........|   63 (0.6)|   71 (0.7)|   51 (0.8)|    53 (0.6)|     73 (0.9) |   71 (0.7)|   66 (0.9)|   8 (0.5)|  516 (4.4) |   60 (1.1)|  561 (3.1)|   32 (1.1)|  528 (2.9)|     1.0 (0.03)
_________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|______________|___________|___________|__________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_______________

\1\Fourth grade students or equivalent in most countries.
\2\Average hours based on: No time = 0; Less than 1 hour = .5; 1-2 hours = 1.5; 3-4 hours = 3.5; More than 4 hours = 5.
\3\Countries not meeting all International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's sampling specifications.
\4\Indicates a 70 to 84 percent student response rate on question about time spent studying mathematics.
---Data not available or not applicable.

NOTE.--Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Mathematics Achievement in the Primary School Years, IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, 1997, by Albert E. Beaton et al. Copyright @ 1997 Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA. (This table was prepared July 1997.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest