Table 403. - Average 4th-grade mathematics scores,\1\ by content areas, and average time spent studying mathematics out of school, by country: 1994-95
 ```_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Average percent correct by content area | Amount of daily out-of-school study time in mathematics |_______________________________________________________________________________________|_______________________________________________________________________________________ | | |Fractions |Measurement,|Data | |Patterns, | | | | |Overall | |and |estimation, |representation| |relations, | No time | Less than 1 hour | 1 hour or more | |mathematics| Whole |proportion-|and number |analysis, and | |and |_______________________|_______________________|_______________________| Average Country |scores | numbers |ality |sense |probability |Geometry |functions | Percent|Mean score | Percent |Mean score | Percent|Mean score | hours\2\ _________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|______________|___________|___________|__________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_______________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 _________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|______________|___________|___________|__________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_______________ Australia\3\.............| 63 (0.6)| 67 (0.6)| 51 (0.7)| 60 (0.7)| 67 (0.8) | 74 (0.7)| 64 (0.9)| 15 (0.9)| 526 (5.6) | 61 (1.2)| 559 (3.2)| 24 (1.0)| 530 (4.4)| 0.8 (0.02) Austria\3\...............| 65 (0.7)| 74 (0.8)| 51 (0.8)| 69 (0.8)| 66 (1.1) | 67 (0.8)| 64 (1.1)| 4 (0.7)| 555 (8.6) | 58 (1.8)| 571 (3.8)| 38 (1.6)| 546 (4.1)| 1.0 (0.03) Canada ..................| 60 (1.0)| 68 (0.9)| 48 (1.0)| 54 (1.1)| 68 (1.4) | 72 (1.4)| 62 (1.5)| 14 (1.1)| 526 (4.4) | 60 (1.4)| 544 (4.0)| 26 (1.2)| 522 (5.0)| 0.8 (0.02) Cyprus ..................| 54 (0.6)| 65 (0.7)| 48 (0.7)| 48 (0.8)| 52 (0.9) | 53 (0.9)| 55 (1.1)| 9 (0.7)| 473 (6.1) | 51 (1.9)| 519 (3.6)| 40 (1.6)| 495 (3.8)| 1.1 (0.03) Czech Republic ..........| 66 (0.6)| 75 (0.6)| 53 (0.8)| 68 (0.7)| 67 (0.9) | 71 (0.7)| 67 (0.9)| 9 (0.9)| 547 (6.6) | 69 (1.2)| 576 (3.6)| 22 (1.1)| 560 (4.3)| 0.7 (0.02) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | England\3\ ..............| 57 (0.7)| 58 (0.7)| 45 (0.8)| 52 (0.7)| 64 (0.9) | 74 (0.8)| 55 (1.0)| --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- Greece ..................| 51 (0.9)| 62 (1.0)| 42 (1.1)| 48 (1.0)| 50 (1.2) | 53 (1.2)| 47 (1.2)| 6 (0.5)| 453 (6.8) | 38 (1.6)| 512 (4.1)| 56 (1.7)| 493 (4.0)| 1.6 (0.04) Hong Kong ...............| 73 (0.9)| 79 (0.9)| 66 (1.0)| 69 (0.9)| 76 (1.0) | 74 (0.8)| 73 (1.2)| 6 (0.7)| 550 (7.9) | 44 (1.2)| 595 (4.2)| 50 (1.2)| 586 (4.5)| 1.3 (0.03) Hungary\3\...............| 64 (0.8)| 76 (0.7)| 49 (0.9)| 64 (0.9)| 60 (1.0) | 66 (0.8)| 69 (1.1)| 5 (0.7)| 543 (10.8)| 58 (1.3)| 563 (3.9)| 37 (1.4)| 533 (4.2)| 1.0 (0.03) Iceland .................| 50 (0.8)| 56 (0.9)| 36 (1.0)| 44 (0.9)| 58 (1.2) | 63 (1.0)| 48 (1.4)| 10 (0.8)| 457 (4.3) | 63 (1.4)| 483 (3.5)| 27 (1.4)| 472 (3.2)| 0.8 (0.02) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Iran, Islamic Republic\4\| 38 (0.9)| 51 (1.2)| 32 (1.0)| 36 (0.9)| 23 (0.9) | 42 (0.9)| 40 (1.4)| 5 (0.7)| 402 (6.6) | 17 (1.3)| 433 (6.0)| 78 (1.5)| 443 (4.5)| 2.3 (0.07) Ireland .................| 63 (0.8)| 70 (0.8)| 58 (1.0)| 56 (0.9)| 69 (0.9) | 66 (0.8)| 64 (1.0)| 7 (0.6)| 516 (7.1) | 70 (1.3)| 565 (3.2)| 23 (1.2)| 530 (4.9)| 0.8 (0.02) Israel\3,4\..............| 59 (1.0)| 71 (1.0)| 48 (1.1)| 54 (1.0)| 64 (1.2) | 62 (1.0)| 60 (1.5)| 14 (1.3)| 525 (6.4) | 46 (2.2)| 535 (4.7)| 40 (1.9)| 528 (4.1)| 1.1 (0.05) Japan ..................| 74 (0.4)| 82 (0.4)| 65 (0.6)| 72 (0.5)| 79 (0.5) | 72 (0.6)| 76 (0.6)| 10 (0.7)| 558 (4.3) | 60 (1.1)| 598 (2.3)| 31 (1.2)| 610 (3.0)| 0.9 (0.02) Korea ...................| 76 (0.4)| 88 (0.3)| 65 (0.5)| 72 (0.5)| 80 (0.6) | 72 (0.6)| 83 (0.7)| 14 (0.8)| 593 (4.2) | 44 (1.1)| 610 (2.5)| 42 (1.2)| 621 (2.3)| 1.0 (0.02) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Kuwait\3\................| 32 (0.5)| 36 (0.5)| 25 (0.5)| 35 (0.6)| 26 (0.6) | 36 (0.6)| 33 (1.0)| 5 (0.7)| 372 (5.7) | 34 (1.4)| 410 (3.0)| 60 (1.5)| 401 (2.8)| 1.9 (0.05) Latvia (Latvian- | | | | | | | | | | | | | | speaking schools)\3\ ...| 59 (1.0)| 68 (0.9)| 44 (1.3)| 60 (1.0)| 54 (1.3) | 67 (1.0)| 65 (1.2)| 7 (0.7)| 476 (7.5) | 61 (1.9)| 542 (6.3)| 33 (1.7)| 518 (5.1)| 1.0 (0.03) Netherlands\3\...........| 69 (0.7)| 75 (0.8)| 60 (0.9)| 70 (0.8)| 75 (0.9) | 71 (0.8)| 65 (1.1)| 47 (2.7)| 593 (4.3) | 39 (2.3)| 578 (3.6)| 14 (1.5)| 541 (6.1)| 0.5 (0.03) New Zealand .............| 53 (1.0)| 57 (1.0)| 41 (1.1)| 49 (1.1)| 61 (1.3) | 66 (1.1)| 52 (1.2)| 21 (1.6)| 488 (9.7) | 54 (1.7)| 512 (4.4)| 25 (1.4)| 493 (5.2)| 0.8 (0.03) Norway ..................| 53 (0.7)| 61 (0.8)| 38 (0.7)| 56 (0.7)| 59 (0.9) | 58 (0.9)| 50 (1.2)| 23 (1.3)| 503 (4.1) | 58 (1.2)| 512 (3.3)| 19 (1.1)| 497 (5.3)| 0.6 (0.02) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Portugal ................| 48 (0.7)| 57 (0.8)| 38 (0.7)| 49 (0.8)| 43 (1.1) | 52 (1.0)| 47 (1.1)| 3 (0.5)| 420 (9.1) | 55 (1.7)| 489 (3.9)| 42 (1.6)| 470 (3.9)| 1.3 (0.03) Scotland\4\..............| 58 (0.8)| 61 (0.8)| 46 (1.0)| 53 (0.9)| 66 (1.0) | 72 (0.8)| 57 (1.0)| 26 (1.8)| 519 (7.2) | 63 (2.0)| 528 (3.8)| 11 (1.0)| 501 (8.9)| 0.5 (0.02) Singapore ...............| 76 (0.8)| 83 (0.7)| 74 (1.0)| 67 (1.0)| 81 (0.8) | 72 (0.8)| 76 (0.9)| --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- Slovenia\3\..............| 64 (0.6)| 74 (0.6)| 50 (0.9)| 64 (0.9)| 64 (1.0) | 72 (0.8)| 68 (0.8)| 3 (0.4)| 502 (11.4)| 57 (1.5)| 563 (3.7)| 40 (1.4)| 548 (3.7)| 1.0 (0.03) Thailand\3\..............| 50 (1.1)| 58 (1.3)| 44 (1.0)| 44 (1.0)| 56 (1.5) | 53 (1.2)| 50 (1.3)| 17 (1.3)| 470 (4.3) | 44 (1.6)| 496 (4.5)| 39 (1.8)| 489 (6.1)| 1.0 (0.03) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | United States ...........| 63 (0.6)| 71 (0.7)| 51 (0.8)| 53 (0.6)| 73 (0.9) | 71 (0.7)| 66 (0.9)| 8 (0.5)| 516 (4.4) | 60 (1.1)| 561 (3.1)| 32 (1.1)| 528 (2.9)| 1.0 (0.03) _________________________|___________|___________|___________|____________|______________|___________|___________|__________|____________|___________|___________|___________|___________|_______________```

 \1\Fourth grade students or equivalent in most countries. \2\Average hours based on: No time = 0; Less than 1 hour = .5; 1-2 hours = 1.5; 3-4 hours = 3.5; More than 4 hours = 5. \3\Countries not meeting all International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's sampling specifications. \4\Indicates a 70 to 84 percent student response rate on question about time spent studying mathematics. ---Data not available or not applicable. NOTE.--Standard errors appear in parentheses. SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Mathematics Achievement in the Primary School Years, IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, 1997, by Albert E. Beaton et al. Copyright @ 1997 Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA. (This table was prepared July 1997.)