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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 399. -  Average 8th-grade science scores by content areas, and average time spent studying out of school, by country: 1994-95
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |   Average percent correct by content area                 |   Distribution of daily out-of-school study time in all
                         |                                                           |          subjects, with mean science scores
         Country         |___________________________________________________________|________________________________________________________________________________
                         |Overall |        |        |        |         |Environmental|                   |At least 1, but    |    2 to 3         |
                         |science |Earth   |Life    |Physics |Chemistry|issues and   |Less than 1 hour   |less than 2 hours  |     hours         |More than 3 hours
                         |scores  |science |science |        |         |the nature   |___________________|___________________|___________________|____________________
                         |        |        |        |        |         |of science   |Percent |Mean score|Percent |Mean score|Percent |Mean score|Percent  |Mean score
_________________________|________|________|________|________|_________|_____________|________|__________|________|__________|________|__________|_________|__________
            1            | 2      | 3      | 4      | 5      | 6       |   7         | 8      | 9        |10      | 11       |12      | 13       |14       | 15
_________________________|________|________|________|________|_________|_____________|________|__________|________|__________|________|__________|_________|__________
International average    |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
 percent correct ........|56 (0.1)|55 (0.1)|59 (0.1)|55 (0.1)| 51 (0.2)|     53 (0.2)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |---  --- |---   ---
                         |________|________|________|________|_________|_____________|________|__________|________|__________|________|__________|_________|__________
Australia\1\ ............|60 (0.7)|57 (0.8)|63 (0.8)|60 (0.7)| 54 (0.9)|     62 (1.0)|15 (0.9)|505  (6.9)|46 (1.0)|556 (4.1) |22 (0.6)|557 (4.9) |17 (0.7) |546 (5.0)
Austria\1\ ..............|61 (0.7)|62 (0.8)|65 (0.7)|62 (0.7)| 58 (1.1)|     55 (0.9)| 9 (0.8)|551  (9.9)|46 (1.3)|563 (4.8) |21 (0.9)|561 (5.0) |24 (1.2) |553 (4.8)
Belgium (Flemish) .......|60 (1.1)|62 (1.2)|64 (1.1)|61 (1.1)| 51 (1.3)|     58 (1.5)| 2 (0.4)|---   --- |25 (1.3)|545 (5.0) |28 (1.1)|562 (5.9) |45 (1.6) |547 (3.6)
Belgium (French)\1\ .....|50 (0.7)|50 (0.9)|55 (0.9)|51 (0.7)| 41 (0.8)|     46 (1.0)| 7 (0.8)|428  (6.9)|32 (1.0)|481 (4.7) |21 (1.3)|481 (4.5) |40 (1.5) |467 (4.0)
Bulgaria\1\ .............|62 (1.0)|58 (1.2)|64 (1.0)|60 (1.0)| 65 (1.7)|     59 (1.5)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |---  --- |---   ---
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
Canada ..................|59 (0.5)|58 (0.6)|62 (0.6)|59 (0.4)| 52 (0.7)|     61 (0.7)|14 (1.2)|524  (6.1)|47 (1.1)|541 (2.8) |18 (0.7)|531 (3.9) |21 (1.1) |517 (3.6)
Colombia\1\ .............|39 (0.8)|37 (0.8)|44 (0.9)|37 (0.8)| 32 (1.0)|     40 (1.1)| 2 (0.4)|---   --- |17 (1.1)|421 (5.3) |20 (1.2)|422 (4.9) |61 (1.9) |413 (5.8)
Cyprus ..................|47 (0.4)|46 (0.6)|49 (0.5)|46 (0.4)| 45 (0.6)|     46 (0.8)| 9 (0.5)|430  (7.0)|19 (0.7)|468 (4.4) |26 (0.8)|475 (3.4) |46 (0.9) |466 (2.9)
Czech Republic ..........|64 (0.8)|63 (1.2)|69 (0.8)|64 (0.7)| 60 (1.2)|     59 (1.1)|13 (1.1)|558  (9.0)|57 (1.1)|579 (3.9) |17 (0.9)|582 (7.2) |13 (0.8) |560 (6.4)
Denmark\1\ ..............|51 (0.6)|49 (0.7)|56 (0.7)|53 (0.7)| 41 (0.8)|     47 (1.0)|39 (1.6)|494  (4.4)|39 (1.4)|479 (4.1) |13 (0.8)|459 (5.5) | 9 (0.7) |457 (6.8)
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
England\1\ ..............|61 (0.6)|59 (0.8)|64 (0.8)|62 (0.6)| 55 (0.8)|     65 (1.0)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |---  --- |---   ---
France ..................|54 (0.6)|55 (0.8)|56 (0.8)|54 (0.5)| 47 (0.9)|     53 (0.9)| 8 (0.7)|481  (6.8)|33 (1.2)|497 (3.3) |28 (1.0)|506 (4.0) |31 (1.2) |499 (3.4)
Germany\1\ ..............|58 (1.0)|57 (1.0)|63 (1.1)|57 (1.0)| 54 (1.3)|     51 (1.3)|14 (1.1)|505  (8.2)|51 (1.2)|541 (4.6) |18 (1.0)|544 (7.0) |17 (0.9) |525 (6.5)
Greece\1\ ...............|52 (0.5)|49 (0.6)|54 (0.6)|53 (0.5)| 51 (0.5)|     51 (1.0)| 6 (0.6)|473  (4.8)|14 (0.7)|497 (5.0) |21 (0.7)|500 (3.1) |59 (1.2) |502 (2.5)
Hong Kong ...............|58 (1.0)|54 (1.0)|61 (1.0)|58 (0.9)| 55 (1.0)|     55 (1.3)|13 (1.0)|489  (7.3)|32 (0.9)|519 (4.7) |25 (0.9)|534 (4.8) |30 (1.1) |534 (5.2)
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
Hungary .................|61 (0.6)|60 (0.8)|65 (0.7)|60 (0.6)| 60 (0.8)|     53 (0.8)| 4 (0.4)|519 (10.0)|33 (1.1)|553 (4.4) |22 (0.9)|557 (5.6) |41 (1.3) |557 (3.0)
Iceland .................|52 (0.9)|50 (1.2)|58 (1.0)|53 (0.9)| 42 (0.8)|     49 (1.0)| 5 (1.0)|470  (8.7)|46 (1.7)|505 (5.6) |25 (1.3)|493 (4.5) |23 (1.4) |488 (7.5)
Iran, Islamic Republic ..|47 (0.6)|45 (0.6)|49 (0.6)|48 (0.7)| 52 (0.8)|     39 (1.1)| 1 (0.2)|---   --- | 5 (0.5)|476 (6.0) |12 (1.0)|479 (5.2) |82 (1.3) |471 (2.7)
Ireland .................|58 (0.9)|61 (1.0)|60 (1.1)|56 (0.8)| 54 (1.0)|     60 (1.1)| 5 (0.6)|475  (9.0)|29 (1.0)|529 (5.4) |40 (1.1)|550 (4.7) |26 (1.2) |550 (4.9)
Israel\1\ ...............|57 (1.1)|55 (1.1)|61 (1.1)|57 (1.1)| 53 (1.5)|     52 (1.6)| 5 (0.6)|532 (13.5)|36 (2.2)|555 (7.7) |26 (1.5)|523 (6.9) |33 (2.1) |505 (5.2)
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
Japan  ..................|65 (0.3)|61 (0.4)|71 (0.4)|67 (0.3)| 61 (0.5)|     60 (0.7)|13 (0.8)|551  (4.4)|39 (0.8)|573 (2.2) |20 (0.6)|572 (3.0) |28 (1.0) |577 (2.4)
Korea ...................|66 (0.3)|63 (0.5)|70 (0.4)|65 (0.5)| 63 (0.6)|     64 (0.8)|15 (0.9)|544  (5.0)|32 (1.1)|564 (2.9) |25 (0.8)|562 (3.1) |29 (1.2) |581 (3.7)
Kuwait\1\ ...............|43 (0.9)|43 (1.0)|45 (1.1)|43 (0.7)| 40 (1.5)|     39 (1.3)| 3 (0.6)|400 (10.4)|13 (1.5)|436 (7.8) |19 (1.3)|432 (7.1) |65 (1.8) |431 (3.4)
Latvia (Latvian-         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
 speaking schools\1\ ....|50 (0.6)|48 (0.8)|53 (0.7)|51 (0.7)| 48 (0.8)|     47 (1.0)| 4 (0.5)|468  (8.5)|35 (1.1)|492 (4.1) |32 (1.2)|490 (4.1) |29 (1.2) |481 (3.0)
Lithuania\1\ ............|49 (0.7)|46 (0.9)|52 (0.9)|51 (0.7)| 48 (0.9)|     40 (1.0)| 5 (0.6)|457  (9.1)|39 (1.4)|484 (4.5) |28 (1.0)|483 (3.8) |28 (1.4) |472 (4.7)
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
Netherlands\1\ ..........|62 (1.0)|61 (1.4)|67 (1.4)|63 (0.9)| 52 (0.9)|     65 (1.6)| 3 (0.9)|519 (17.1)|54 (1.7)|559 (6.1) |27 (1.7)|578 (5.4) |16 (0.8) |545 (5.7)
New Zealand .............|58 (0.8)|56 (0.9)|60 (1.0)|58 (0.7)| 53 (1.1)|     59 (1.2)|12 (0.9)|488  (7.6)|51 (1.2)|536 (4.6) |21 (1.0)|537 (5.7) |17 (0.9) |516 (5.7)
Norway ..................|58 (0.4)|61 (0.6)|61 (0.5)|57 (0.4)| 49 (0.6)|     55 (0.8)| 6 (0.5)|501  (7.3)|50 (1.2)|533 (2.5) |24 (0.9)|536 (3.4) |21 (0.9) |516 (3.7)
Portugal ................|50 (0.6)|50 (0.7)|53 (0.6)|48 (0.5)| 50 (0.9)|     45 (0.8)| 3 (0.3)|465  (8.8)|41 (1.1)|488 (2.9) |18 (0.7)|478 (4.1) |38 (1.2) |474 (2.8)
Romania\1\ ..............|50 (0.8)|49 (1.0)|55 (1.0)|49 (0.8)| 46 (1.0)|     42 (1.0)| 9 (0.7)|460 (11.7)|16 (1.0)|468 (7.0) |15 (0.7)|487 (5.7) |60 (1.6) |499 (5.2)
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
Russian Federation ......|58 (0.8)|58 (0.8)|62 (0.7)|57 (0.9)| 57 (1.3)|     50 (0.8)| 4 (0.5)|511 (10.1)|33 (1.1)|542 (4.4) |25 (1.0)|538 (4.4) |38 (1.4) |543 (4.6)
Scotland\1\ .............|55 (1.0)|52 (1.0)|57 (1.1)|57 (0.8)| 51 (1.3)|     57 (1.4)|17 (1.4)|470  (5.3)|54 (1.2)|526 (5.1) |17 (1.0)|537 (8.5) |12 (0.8) |532 (6.5)
Singapore ...............|70 (1.0)|65 (1.1)|72 (1.0)|69 (0.8)| 69 (1.2)|     74 (1.1)| 2 (0.3)|---   --- | 7 (0.4)|604 (8.4) |13 (0.6)|617 (7.3) |78 (0.9) |607 (5.4)
Slovak Republic .........|59 (0.6)|60 (0.7)|60 (0.6)|61 (0.6)| 57 (0.8)|     53 (0.9)| 6 (0.5)|551  (7.1)|46 (0.9)|552 (3.7) |25 (0.7)|541 (3.8) |23 (1.0) |536 (4.7)
Slovenia\1\ .............|62 (0.5)|64 (0.7)|65 (0.6)|61 (0.6)| 56 (0.9)|     59 (0.9)| 5 (0.5)|559  (9.2)|36 (1.0)|580 (3.5) |21 (0.8)|557 (3.2) |37 (1.1) |544 (3.3)
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
South Africa\1\ .........|27 (1.3)|26 (1.1)|27 (1.3)|27 (1.4)| 26 (1.4)|     26 (1.3)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---   --- |---  --- |---   ---
Spain ...................|56 (0.4)|57 (0.5)|58 (0.5)|55 (0.4)| 51 (0.7)|     53 (0.6)| 3 (0.4)|482  (7.9)|26 (1.0)|522 (2.8) |18 (0.9)|522 (3.5) |53 (1.3) |516 (2.2)
Sweden ..................|59 (0.6)|62 (0.7)|63 (0.7)|57 (0.5)| 56 (0.7)|     52 (0.8)| 7 (0.6)|520  (6.0)|55 (1.2)|544 (3.2) |17 (0.8)|539 (4.9) |21 (0.9) |523 (4.9)
Switzerland\1\ ..........|56 (0.5)|58 (0.6)|59 (0.6)|58 (0.5)| 50 (0.7)|     51 (0.8)| 4 (0.3)|500  (8.3)|44 (1.2)|530 (3.1) |19 (0.8)|526 (6.2) |33 (1.1) |514 (3.5)
Thailand\1\ .............|57 (0.9)|56 (1.0)|66 (0.9)|54 (0.7)| 43 (1.2)|     62 (1.1)| 3 (0.3)|510  (8.8)|26 (1.0)|520 (4.0) |18 (0.7)|519 (4.3) |54 (1.5) |532 (4.1)
                         |        |        |        |        |         |             |        |          |        |          |        |          |         |
United States ...........|58 (1.0)|58 (1.0)|63 (1.1)|56 (0.8)| 53 (1.2)|     61 (1.0)|17 (1.1)|507  (9.5)|42 (0.9)|548 (4.1) |17 (0.7)|541 (5.2) |24 (0.8) |533 (5.7)
_________________________|________|________|________|________|_________|_____________|________|__________|________|__________|________|__________|_________|__________

\1\Countries not meeting all International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's sampling specifications.
---Data not available or not applicable.

NOTE.--Data are for 8th grade or equivalent in most countries. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Science Achievement in the Middle School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, 1997, by Albert E. Beaton et al. Copyright @ 1996 Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA. (This table was prepared June 1997.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest