Table 397. - Average 8th-grade mathematics scores by content areas, and average time spent studying out of school, by country: 1994-95
 ```_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Average percent correct by content areas | Distribution of daily out-of-school study time in all | | subjects, with mean mathematics scores Country |_____________________________________________________________________|____________________________________________________________________________ |Mathe- |Fractions| | |Data repre-| | | |At least 1, but | 2 to 3 | |matics |and |Geometry|Algebra |sentation, |Measure-|Proportion-|Less than 1 hour |less than 2 hours | hours |More than 3 hours |overall |number | | |analysis |ment |ality |___________________|__________________|__________________|__________________ | |sense | | |and prob- | | |Percent |Mean |Percent |Mean |Percent |Mean |Percent |Mean | | | | |ability | | | |score | |score | |score | |score ____________________________|________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 |11 | 12 |13 | 14 |15 | 16 ____________________________|________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________ International average | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | percent correct ..........|55 (0.1)| 58 (0.1)|56 (0.1)|52 (0.2)| 62 (0.1)|51 (0.1)| 45 (0.2)|--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________ Australia\1\ ...............|58 (0.9)| 61 (0.9)|57 (1.0)|55 (1.0)| 67 (0.8)|54 (1.0)| 47 (0.9)|15 (0.9)|486 (5.7)|46 (1.0)|541 (4.4)|22 (0.6)|543 (5.2)|17 (0.7)|532 (4.8) Austria\1\ .................|62 (0.8)| 66 (0.8)|57 (1.0)|59 (0.8)| 68 (0.8)|62 (1.0)| 49 (0.9)| 9 (0.8)|524 (6.7)|46 (1.3)|551 (4.1)|21 (0.9)|544 (4.5)|24 (1.2)|528 (5.3) Belgium (Flemish) ..........|66 (1.4)| 71 (1.2)|64 (1.5)|63 (1.7)| 73 (1.3)|60 (1.3)| 53 (1.8)| 2 (0.4)|--- --- |25 (1.3)|552 (8.9)|28 (1.1)|592 (5.9)|45 (1.6)|560 (4.6) Belgium (French)\1\ ........|59 (0.9)| 62 (1.0)|58 (1.0)|53 (1.1)| 68 (1.0)|56 (1.0)| 48 (0.9)| 7 (0.8)|466 (7.4)|32 (1.0)|543 (4.6)|21 (1.3)|544 (5.5)|40 (1.5)|519 (4.5) Bulgaria\1\ ................|60 (1.2)| 60 (1.4)|65 (1.3)|62 (1.5)| 62 (1.1)|54 (1.6)| 47 (1.5)|--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Canada .....................|59 (0.5)| 64 (0.6)|58 (0.6)|54 (0.7)| 69 (0.5)|51 (0.7)| 48 (0.7)|14 (1.2)|514 (5.6)|47 (1.1)|538 (2.8)|18 (0.7)|534 (3.7)|21 (1.1)|511 (3.6) Colombia\1\ ................|29 (0.8)| 31 (0.9)|29 (0.9)|28 (0.9)| 37 (1.0)|25 (1.5)| 23 (0.9)| 2 (0.4)|--- --- |17 (1.1)|394 (5.2)|20 (1.2)|389 (3.6)|61 (1.9)|390 (3.5) Cyprus .....................|48 (0.5)| 50 (0.6)|47 (0.6)|48 (0.7)| 53 (0.6)|44 (0.9)| 40 (0.7)| 9 (0.5)|442 (5.8)|19 (0.7)|475 (3.9)|26 (0.8)|491 (4.0)|46 (0.9)|475 (2.9) Czech Republic .............|66 (1.1)| 69 (1.1)|66 (1.1)|65 (1.3)| 68 (0.9)|62 (1.2)| 52 (1.3)|13 (1.1)|551 (7.1)|57 (1.1)|571 (5.1)|17 (0.9)|568 (8.2)|13 (0.8)|542 (7.6) Denmark\1\ .................|52 (0.7)| 53 (0.9)|54 (0.9)|45 (0.7)| 67 (0.9)|49 (1.0)| 41 (0.8)|39 (1.6)|517 (4.4)|39 (1.4)|508 (3.8)|13 (0.8)|479 (4.1)| 9 (0.7)|468 (6.9) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | England\1\ .................|53 (0.7)| 54 (0.8)|54 (1.0)|49 (0.9)| 66 (0.7)|50 (0.9)| 41 (1.1)|--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- France .....................|61 (0.8)| 64 (0.8)|66 (0.8)|54 (1.0)| 71 (0.8)|57 (0.9)| 49 (0.9)| 8 (0.7)|505 (8.0)|33 (1.2)|545 (3.6)|28 (1.0)|547 (4.5)|31 (1.2)|537 (3.7) Germany\1\ .................|54 (1.1)| 58 (1.1)|51 (1.4)|48 (1.3)| 64 (1.2)|51 (1.1)| 42 (1.3)|14 (1.1)|476 (6.7)|51 (1.2)|521 (4.3)|18 (1.0)|524 (7.0)|17 (0.9)|498 (5.0) Greece\1\ ..................|49 (0.7)| 53 (0.8)|51 (0.7)|46 (0.8)| 56 (0.8)|43 (0.9)| 39 (1.1)| 6 (0.6)|450 (7.4)|14 (0.7)|483 (5.2)|21 (0.7)|485 (3.9)|59 (1.2)|491 (3.3) Hong Kong ..................|70 (1.4)| 72 (1.4)|73 (1.5)|70 (1.5)| 72 (1.3)|65 (1.7)| 62 (1.4)|13 (1.0)|539 (9.3)|32 (0.9)|586 (6.6)|25 (0.9)|607 (6.1)|30 (1.1)|604 (7.2) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Hungary ....................|62 (0.7)| 65 (0.8)|60 (0.8)|63 (0.9)| 66 (0.7)|56 (0.8)| 47 (0.9)| 4 (0.4)|483 (11.3)|33 (1.1)|536 (5.0)|22 (0.9)|541 (5.2)|41 (1.3)|545 (3.7) Iceland ....................|50 (1.1)| 54 (1.2)|51 (1.4)|40 (1.3)| 63 (1.1)|45 (1.4)| 38 (1.4)| 5 (1.0)|450 (12.0)|46 (1.7)|501 (5.1)|25 (1.3)|489 (5.4)|23 (1.4)|477 (7.3) Iran, Islamic Republic .....|38 (0.6)| 39 (0.6)|43 (0.8)|37 (0.8)| 41 (0.6)|29 (1.2)| 36 (0.8)| 1 (0.2)|--- --- | 5 (0.5)|428 (5.6)|12 (1.0)|436 (4.8)|82 (1.3)|431 (2.4) Ireland ....................|59 (1.2)| 65 (1.2)|51 (1.3)|53 (1.3)| 69 (1.1)|53 (1.3)| 51 (1.2)| 5 (0.6)|465 (8.8)|29 (1.0)|517 (5.3)|40 (1.1)|547 (5.5)|26 (1.2)|533 (5.7) Israel\1\ ..................|57 (1.3)| 60 (1.4)|57 (1.4)|61 (1.6)| 63 (1.3)|48 (1.6)| 43 (1.6)| 5 (0.6)|539 (10.9)|36 (2.2)|546 (6.3)|26 (1.5)|521 (6.8)|33 (2.1)|502 (6.3) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Japan ......................|73 (0.4)| 75 (0.4)|80 (0.4)|72 (0.6)| 78 (0.4)|67 (0.5)| 61 (0.5)|13 (0.8)|578 (5.3)|39 (0.8)|607 (2.6)|20 (0.6)|609 (4.0)|28 (1.0)|612 (2.7) Korea ......................|72 (0.5)| 74 (0.5)|75 (0.6)|69 (0.6)| 78 (0.6)|66 (0.7)| 62 (0.6)|15 (0.9)|582 (4.9)|32 (1.1)|604 (3.5)|25 (0.8)|607 (4.0)|29 (1.2)|628 (4.3) Kuwait\1\ ..................|30 (0.7)| 27 (0.8)|38 (1.0)|30 (1.0)| 38 (1.0)|23 (1.0)| 21 (0.7)| 3 (0.6)|358 (10.3)|13 (1.5)|401 (5.5)|19 (1.3)|397 (5.1)|65 (1.8)|392 (2.0) Latvia (Latvian-speaking | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | schools)\1\ ...............|51 (0.8)| 53 (0.9)|57 (0.8)|51 (0.9)| 56 (0.8)|47 (0.9)| 39 (0.9)| 4 (0.5)|467 (9.4)|35 (1.1)|507 (4.4)|32 (1.2)|497 (4.9)|29 (1.2)|487 (3.4) Lithuania\1\ ...............|48 (0.9)| 51 (1.0)|53 (1.1)|47 (1.2)| 52 (1.0)|43 (0.9)| 35 (0.9)| 5 (0.6)|453 (9.4)|39 (1.4)|487 (3.9)|28 (1.0)|481 (4.6)|28 (1.4)|474 (5.4) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Netherlands\1\ .............|60 (1.6)| 62 (1.6)|59 (1.8)|53 (1.6)| 72 (1.7)|57 (1.6)| 51 (1.9)| 3 (0.9)|492 (16.2)|54 (1.7)|539 (9.0)|27 (1.7)|562 (7.0)|16 (0.8)|524 (6.0) New Zealand ................|54 (1.0)| 57 (1.1)|54 (1.1)|49 (1.1)| 66 (1.0)|48 (1.2)| 42 (1.0)|12 (0.9)|472 (5.6)|51 (1.2)|519 (4.7)|21 (1.0)|518 (6.1)|17 (0.9)|495 (5.6) Norway .....................|54 (0.5)| 58 (0.6)|51 (0.6)|45 (0.7)| 66 (0.6)|51 (0.6)| 40 (0.6)| 6 (0.5)|481 (6.8)|50 (1.2)|514 (2.9)|24 (0.9)|510 (3.6)|21 (0.9)|483 (3.6) Portugal ...................|43 (0.7)| 44 (0.7)|44 (0.8)|40 (0.8)| 54 (0.7)|39 (0.7)| 32 (0.8)| 3 (0.3)|458 (8.1)|41 (1.1)|463 (3.1)|18 (0.7)|455 (3.3)|38 (1.2)|448 (3.0) Romania\1\ .................|49 (1.0)| 48 (1.0)|52 (0.9)|52 (1.3)| 49 (1.0)|48 (1.1)| 42 (1.2)| 9 (0.7)|459 (10.4)|16 (1.0)|464 (7.0)|15 (0.7)|481 (5.4)|60 (1.6)|494 (4.2) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Russian Federation .........|60 (1.3)| 62 (1.2)|63 (1.4)|63 (1.5)| 60 (1.2)|56 (1.5)| 48 (1.5)| 4 (0.5)|493 (10.3)|33 (1.1)|538 (5.3)|25 (1.0)|538 (5.2)|38 (1.4)|544 (6.9) Scotland\1\ ................|52 (1.3)| 53 (1.3)|52 (1.4)|46 (1.5)| 65 (1.3)|48 (1.6)| 40 (1.4)|17 (1.4)|461 (4.8)|54 (1.2)|506 (5.7)|17 (1.0)|517 (8.6)|12 (0.8)|503 (7.4) Singapore ..................|79 (0.9)| 84 (0.8)|76 (1.0)|76 (1.1)| 79 (0.8)|77 (1.0)| 75 (1.0)| 2 (0.3)|--- --- | 7 (0.4)|642 (8.0)|13 (0.6)|652 (6.6)|78 (0.9)|643 (4.9) Slovak Republic ............|62 (0.8)| 66 (0.8)|63 (0.8)|62 (0.9)| 62 (0.7)|60 (0.9)| 49 (1.0)| 6 (0.5)|549 (8.3)|46 (0.9)|556 (3.9)|25 (0.7)|548 (4.4)|23 (1.0)|532 (4.1) Slovenia\1\ ................|61 (0.7)| 63 (0.7)|60 (0.9)|61 (0.8)| 66 (0.7)|59 (0.9)| 49 (0.8)| 5 (0.5)|551 (9.8)|36 (1.0)|561 (4.1)|21 (0.8)|537 (4.8)|37 (1.1)|523 (3.4) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | South Africa\1\ ............|24 (1.1)| 26 (1.4)|24 (1.0)|23 (1.1)| 26 (1.2)|18 (1.1)| 21 (0.9)|--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- |--- --- Spain ......................|51 (0.5)| 52 (0.5)|49 (0.6)|54 (0.8)| 60 (0.7)|44 (0.7)| 40 (0.8)| 3 (0.4)|443 (5.5)|26 (1.0)|490 (3.1)|18 (0.9)|495 (3.3)|53 (1.3)|487 (2.4) Sweden .....................|56 (0.7)| 62 (0.8)|48 (0.7)|44 (0.9)| 70 (0.7)|56 (0.9)| 44 (0.9)| 7 (0.6)|496 (6.9)|55 (1.2)|528 (3.1)|17 (0.8)|525 (4.3)|21 (0.9)|503 (4.2) Switzerland\1\ .............|62 (0.6)| 67 (0.7)|60 (0.8)|53 (0.7)| 72 (0.7)|61 (0.8)| 52 (0.7)| 4 (0.3)|523 (7.9)|44 (1.2)|556 (3.4)|19 (0.8)|548 (5.1)|33 (1.1)|536 (4.0) Thailand\1\ ................|57 (1.4)| 60 (1.5)|62 (1.3)|53 (1.7)| 63 (1.1)|50 (1.4)| 51 (1.5)| 3 (0.3)|495 (11.9)|26 (1.0)|514 (5.4)|18 (0.7)|515 (5.7)|54 (1.5)|531 (6.6) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | United States ..............|53 (1.1)| 59 (1.1)|48 (1.2)|51 (1.2)| 65 (1.1)|40 (1.1)| 42 (1.1)|17 (1.1)|471 (7.2)|42 (0.9)|514 (4.2)|17 (0.7)|507 (5.5)|24 (0.8)|498 (5.9) ____________________________|________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________```

 \1\Countries not meeting all International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's sampling specifications. ---Data not available or not applicable. NOTE.--Data are for 8th grade or equivalent in most countries. Standard errors appear in parentheses. SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Mathematics Achievement in the Middle School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, 1997, by Albert E. Beaton et al. Copyright @ 1996 Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA. (This table was prepared June 1997.)