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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 397. -  Average 8th-grade mathematics scores by content areas, and average time spent studying out of school, by country: 1994-95
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         Average percent correct by content areas                    |     Distribution of daily out-of-school study time in all
                            |                                                                     |          subjects, with mean mathematics scores
          Country           |_____________________________________________________________________|____________________________________________________________________________
                            |Mathe-  |Fractions|        |        |Data repre-|        |           |                   |At least 1, but   |     2 to 3       |
                            |matics  |and      |Geometry|Algebra |sentation, |Measure-|Proportion-|Less than 1 hour   |less than 2 hours |      hours       |More than 3 hours
                            |overall |number   |        |        |analysis   |ment    |ality      |___________________|__________________|__________________|__________________
                            |        |sense    |        |        |and prob-  |        |           |Percent |Mean      |Percent |Mean     |Percent |Mean     |Percent |Mean
                            |        |         |        |        |ability    |        |           |        |score     |        |score    |        |score    |        |score
____________________________|________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________
             1              | 2      | 3       | 4      | 5      |  6        | 7      |  8        | 9      | 10       |11      | 12      |13      | 14      |15      | 16
____________________________|________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________
International average       |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
  percent correct ..........|55 (0.1)| 58 (0.1)|56 (0.1)|52 (0.2)|   62 (0.1)|51 (0.1)|   45 (0.2)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  ---
                            |________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________
Australia\1\ ...............|58 (0.9)| 61 (0.9)|57 (1.0)|55 (1.0)|   67 (0.8)|54 (1.0)|   47 (0.9)|15 (0.9)|486  (5.7)|46 (1.0)|541 (4.4)|22 (0.6)|543 (5.2)|17 (0.7)|532 (4.8)
Austria\1\ .................|62 (0.8)| 66 (0.8)|57 (1.0)|59 (0.8)|   68 (0.8)|62 (1.0)|   49 (0.9)| 9 (0.8)|524  (6.7)|46 (1.3)|551 (4.1)|21 (0.9)|544 (4.5)|24 (1.2)|528 (5.3)
Belgium (Flemish) ..........|66 (1.4)| 71 (1.2)|64 (1.5)|63 (1.7)|   73 (1.3)|60 (1.3)|   53 (1.8)| 2 (0.4)|---   --- |25 (1.3)|552 (8.9)|28 (1.1)|592 (5.9)|45 (1.6)|560 (4.6)
Belgium (French)\1\ ........|59 (0.9)| 62 (1.0)|58 (1.0)|53 (1.1)|   68 (1.0)|56 (1.0)|   48 (0.9)| 7 (0.8)|466  (7.4)|32 (1.0)|543 (4.6)|21 (1.3)|544 (5.5)|40 (1.5)|519 (4.5)
Bulgaria\1\ ................|60 (1.2)| 60 (1.4)|65 (1.3)|62 (1.5)|   62 (1.1)|54 (1.6)|   47 (1.5)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  ---
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
Canada .....................|59 (0.5)| 64 (0.6)|58 (0.6)|54 (0.7)|   69 (0.5)|51 (0.7)|   48 (0.7)|14 (1.2)|514  (5.6)|47 (1.1)|538 (2.8)|18 (0.7)|534 (3.7)|21 (1.1)|511 (3.6)
Colombia\1\ ................|29 (0.8)| 31 (0.9)|29 (0.9)|28 (0.9)|   37 (1.0)|25 (1.5)|   23 (0.9)| 2 (0.4)|---   --- |17 (1.1)|394 (5.2)|20 (1.2)|389 (3.6)|61 (1.9)|390 (3.5)
Cyprus .....................|48 (0.5)| 50 (0.6)|47 (0.6)|48 (0.7)|   53 (0.6)|44 (0.9)|   40 (0.7)| 9 (0.5)|442  (5.8)|19 (0.7)|475 (3.9)|26 (0.8)|491 (4.0)|46 (0.9)|475 (2.9)
Czech Republic .............|66 (1.1)| 69 (1.1)|66 (1.1)|65 (1.3)|   68 (0.9)|62 (1.2)|   52 (1.3)|13 (1.1)|551  (7.1)|57 (1.1)|571 (5.1)|17 (0.9)|568 (8.2)|13 (0.8)|542 (7.6)
Denmark\1\ .................|52 (0.7)| 53 (0.9)|54 (0.9)|45 (0.7)|   67 (0.9)|49 (1.0)|   41 (0.8)|39 (1.6)|517  (4.4)|39 (1.4)|508 (3.8)|13 (0.8)|479 (4.1)| 9 (0.7)|468 (6.9)
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
England\1\ .................|53 (0.7)| 54 (0.8)|54 (1.0)|49 (0.9)|   66 (0.7)|50 (0.9)|   41 (1.1)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  ---
France .....................|61 (0.8)| 64 (0.8)|66 (0.8)|54 (1.0)|   71 (0.8)|57 (0.9)|   49 (0.9)| 8 (0.7)|505  (8.0)|33 (1.2)|545 (3.6)|28 (1.0)|547 (4.5)|31 (1.2)|537 (3.7)
Germany\1\ .................|54 (1.1)| 58 (1.1)|51 (1.4)|48 (1.3)|   64 (1.2)|51 (1.1)|   42 (1.3)|14 (1.1)|476  (6.7)|51 (1.2)|521 (4.3)|18 (1.0)|524 (7.0)|17 (0.9)|498 (5.0)
Greece\1\ ..................|49 (0.7)| 53 (0.8)|51 (0.7)|46 (0.8)|   56 (0.8)|43 (0.9)|   39 (1.1)| 6 (0.6)|450  (7.4)|14 (0.7)|483 (5.2)|21 (0.7)|485 (3.9)|59 (1.2)|491 (3.3)
Hong Kong ..................|70 (1.4)| 72 (1.4)|73 (1.5)|70 (1.5)|   72 (1.3)|65 (1.7)|   62 (1.4)|13 (1.0)|539  (9.3)|32 (0.9)|586 (6.6)|25 (0.9)|607 (6.1)|30 (1.1)|604 (7.2)
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
Hungary ....................|62 (0.7)| 65 (0.8)|60 (0.8)|63 (0.9)|   66 (0.7)|56 (0.8)|   47 (0.9)| 4 (0.4)|483 (11.3)|33 (1.1)|536 (5.0)|22 (0.9)|541 (5.2)|41 (1.3)|545 (3.7)
Iceland ....................|50 (1.1)| 54 (1.2)|51 (1.4)|40 (1.3)|   63 (1.1)|45 (1.4)|   38 (1.4)| 5 (1.0)|450 (12.0)|46 (1.7)|501 (5.1)|25 (1.3)|489 (5.4)|23 (1.4)|477 (7.3)
Iran, Islamic Republic .....|38 (0.6)| 39 (0.6)|43 (0.8)|37 (0.8)|   41 (0.6)|29 (1.2)|   36 (0.8)| 1 (0.2)|---   --- | 5 (0.5)|428 (5.6)|12 (1.0)|436 (4.8)|82 (1.3)|431 (2.4)
Ireland ....................|59 (1.2)| 65 (1.2)|51 (1.3)|53 (1.3)|   69 (1.1)|53 (1.3)|   51 (1.2)| 5 (0.6)|465  (8.8)|29 (1.0)|517 (5.3)|40 (1.1)|547 (5.5)|26 (1.2)|533 (5.7)
Israel\1\ ..................|57 (1.3)| 60 (1.4)|57 (1.4)|61 (1.6)|   63 (1.3)|48 (1.6)|   43 (1.6)| 5 (0.6)|539 (10.9)|36 (2.2)|546 (6.3)|26 (1.5)|521 (6.8)|33 (2.1)|502 (6.3)
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
Japan ......................|73 (0.4)| 75 (0.4)|80 (0.4)|72 (0.6)|   78 (0.4)|67 (0.5)|   61 (0.5)|13 (0.8)|578  (5.3)|39 (0.8)|607 (2.6)|20 (0.6)|609 (4.0)|28 (1.0)|612 (2.7)
Korea ......................|72 (0.5)| 74 (0.5)|75 (0.6)|69 (0.6)|   78 (0.6)|66 (0.7)|   62 (0.6)|15 (0.9)|582  (4.9)|32 (1.1)|604 (3.5)|25 (0.8)|607 (4.0)|29 (1.2)|628 (4.3)
Kuwait\1\ ..................|30 (0.7)| 27 (0.8)|38 (1.0)|30 (1.0)|   38 (1.0)|23 (1.0)|   21 (0.7)| 3 (0.6)|358 (10.3)|13 (1.5)|401 (5.5)|19 (1.3)|397 (5.1)|65 (1.8)|392 (2.0)
Latvia (Latvian-speaking    |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
 schools)\1\ ...............|51 (0.8)| 53 (0.9)|57 (0.8)|51 (0.9)|   56 (0.8)|47 (0.9)|   39 (0.9)| 4 (0.5)|467  (9.4)|35 (1.1)|507 (4.4)|32 (1.2)|497 (4.9)|29 (1.2)|487 (3.4)
Lithuania\1\ ...............|48 (0.9)| 51 (1.0)|53 (1.1)|47 (1.2)|   52 (1.0)|43 (0.9)|   35 (0.9)| 5 (0.6)|453  (9.4)|39 (1.4)|487 (3.9)|28 (1.0)|481 (4.6)|28 (1.4)|474 (5.4)
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
Netherlands\1\ .............|60 (1.6)| 62 (1.6)|59 (1.8)|53 (1.6)|   72 (1.7)|57 (1.6)|   51 (1.9)| 3 (0.9)|492 (16.2)|54 (1.7)|539 (9.0)|27 (1.7)|562 (7.0)|16 (0.8)|524 (6.0)
New Zealand ................|54 (1.0)| 57 (1.1)|54 (1.1)|49 (1.1)|   66 (1.0)|48 (1.2)|   42 (1.0)|12 (0.9)|472  (5.6)|51 (1.2)|519 (4.7)|21 (1.0)|518 (6.1)|17 (0.9)|495 (5.6)
Norway .....................|54 (0.5)| 58 (0.6)|51 (0.6)|45 (0.7)|   66 (0.6)|51 (0.6)|   40 (0.6)| 6 (0.5)|481  (6.8)|50 (1.2)|514 (2.9)|24 (0.9)|510 (3.6)|21 (0.9)|483 (3.6)
Portugal ...................|43 (0.7)| 44 (0.7)|44 (0.8)|40 (0.8)|   54 (0.7)|39 (0.7)|   32 (0.8)| 3 (0.3)|458  (8.1)|41 (1.1)|463 (3.1)|18 (0.7)|455 (3.3)|38 (1.2)|448 (3.0)
Romania\1\ .................|49 (1.0)| 48 (1.0)|52 (0.9)|52 (1.3)|   49 (1.0)|48 (1.1)|   42 (1.2)| 9 (0.7)|459 (10.4)|16 (1.0)|464 (7.0)|15 (0.7)|481 (5.4)|60 (1.6)|494 (4.2)
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
Russian Federation .........|60 (1.3)| 62 (1.2)|63 (1.4)|63 (1.5)|   60 (1.2)|56 (1.5)|   48 (1.5)| 4 (0.5)|493 (10.3)|33 (1.1)|538 (5.3)|25 (1.0)|538 (5.2)|38 (1.4)|544 (6.9)
Scotland\1\ ................|52 (1.3)| 53 (1.3)|52 (1.4)|46 (1.5)|   65 (1.3)|48 (1.6)|   40 (1.4)|17 (1.4)|461  (4.8)|54 (1.2)|506 (5.7)|17 (1.0)|517 (8.6)|12 (0.8)|503 (7.4)
Singapore ..................|79 (0.9)| 84 (0.8)|76 (1.0)|76 (1.1)|   79 (0.8)|77 (1.0)|   75 (1.0)| 2 (0.3)|---   --- | 7 (0.4)|642 (8.0)|13 (0.6)|652 (6.6)|78 (0.9)|643 (4.9)
Slovak Republic ............|62 (0.8)| 66 (0.8)|63 (0.8)|62 (0.9)|   62 (0.7)|60 (0.9)|   49 (1.0)| 6 (0.5)|549  (8.3)|46 (0.9)|556 (3.9)|25 (0.7)|548 (4.4)|23 (1.0)|532 (4.1)
Slovenia\1\ ................|61 (0.7)| 63 (0.7)|60 (0.9)|61 (0.8)|   66 (0.7)|59 (0.9)|   49 (0.8)| 5 (0.5)|551  (9.8)|36 (1.0)|561 (4.1)|21 (0.8)|537 (4.8)|37 (1.1)|523 (3.4)
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
South Africa\1\ ............|24 (1.1)| 26 (1.4)|24 (1.0)|23 (1.1)|   26 (1.2)|18 (1.1)|   21 (0.9)|--- --- |---   --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  --- |--- --- |---  ---
Spain ......................|51 (0.5)| 52 (0.5)|49 (0.6)|54 (0.8)|   60 (0.7)|44 (0.7)|   40 (0.8)| 3 (0.4)|443  (5.5)|26 (1.0)|490 (3.1)|18 (0.9)|495 (3.3)|53 (1.3)|487 (2.4)
Sweden .....................|56 (0.7)| 62 (0.8)|48 (0.7)|44 (0.9)|   70 (0.7)|56 (0.9)|   44 (0.9)| 7 (0.6)|496  (6.9)|55 (1.2)|528 (3.1)|17 (0.8)|525 (4.3)|21 (0.9)|503 (4.2)
Switzerland\1\ .............|62 (0.6)| 67 (0.7)|60 (0.8)|53 (0.7)|   72 (0.7)|61 (0.8)|   52 (0.7)| 4 (0.3)|523  (7.9)|44 (1.2)|556 (3.4)|19 (0.8)|548 (5.1)|33 (1.1)|536 (4.0)
Thailand\1\ ................|57 (1.4)| 60 (1.5)|62 (1.3)|53 (1.7)|   63 (1.1)|50 (1.4)|   51 (1.5)| 3 (0.3)|495 (11.9)|26 (1.0)|514 (5.4)|18 (0.7)|515 (5.7)|54 (1.5)|531 (6.6)
                            |        |         |        |        |           |        |           |        |          |        |         |        |         |        |
United States ..............|53 (1.1)| 59 (1.1)|48 (1.2)|51 (1.2)|   65 (1.1)|40 (1.1)|   42 (1.1)|17 (1.1)|471  (7.2)|42 (0.9)|514 (4.2)|17 (0.7)|507 (5.5)|24 (0.8)|498 (5.9)
____________________________|________|_________|________|________|___________|________|___________|________|__________|________|_________|________|_________|________|_________

\1\Countries not meeting all International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's sampling specifications.
---Data not available or not applicable.

NOTE.--Data are for 8th grade or equivalent in most countries. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Mathematics Achievement in the Middle School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study, 1997, by Albert E. Beaton et al. Copyright @ 1996 Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA. (This table was prepared June 1997.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest