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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 363. -  Federal on-budget funds obligated for programs administered by the U.S. Department of Education: Fiscal years 1980 to 1998 [In thousands of dollars]
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |             (In current dollars)                                                                                   |             (In constant 1998 dollars)\1\
                                             |____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________|____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                   Program                   |    1980    |   1985     |   1990     |    1993    |    1994    |    1995    |    1996    |  1997\2\   |  1998\3\   |    1980    |   1985     |   1990     |    1993    |    1994    |    1995    |    1996    |  1997\2\   |  1998\3\
_____________________________________________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
                      1                      |     2      |     3      |     4      |     5      |     6      |     7      |     8      |     9      |     10     |     11     |     12     |     13     |     14     |     15     |     16     |     17     |     18     |     19
_____________________________________________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
                                             |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |
   Total ....................................|$14,102,165 |$18,818,201 |$25,214,923 |$33,748,670 |$36,735,985 |$46,433,000 |$45,540,000 |$57,478,000 |$54,525,000 |$28,058,872 |$27,823,436 |$31,526,144 |$38,100,576 |$40,512,843 |$49,913,211 |$47,690,912 |$58,746,942 |$54,525,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Elementary and secondary education ..........|  4,239,022 |  4,732,864 |  7,169,693 |  8,565,459 |  8,820,052 |  9,124,000 |  7,824,000 | 10,387,000 | 11,310,000 |  8,434,320 |  6,997,722 |  8,964,246 |  9,669,979 |  9,726,849 |  9,807,855 |  8,193,537 | 10,616,314 | 11,310,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Grants for the disadvantaged ..............|  3,204,664 |  3,745,855 |  5,383,960 |  6,659,203 |  7,038,334 |  7,200,000 |  5,893,000 |  7,831,000 |  7,881,000 |  6,376,273 |  5,538,391 |  6,731,549 |  7,517,910 |  7,761,951 |  7,739,649 |  6,171,334 |  8,003,885 |  7,881,000
  School improvement programs ...............|    788,918 |    748,000 |  1,524,001 |  1,600,013 |  1,368,108 |  1,343,000 |  1,220,000 |  1,428,000 |  1,543,000 |  1,569,699 |  1,105,947 |  1,905,454 |  1,806,335 |  1,508,764 |  1,443,660 |  1,277,622 |  1,459,526 |  1,543,000
  Bilingual education .......................|    169,540 |    171,605 |    188,152 |    225,693 |    239,805 |    206,000 |    178,000 |    261,000 |    354,000 |    337,331 |    253,725 |    235,246 |    254,796 |    264,460 |    221,440 |    186,407 |    266,762 |    354,000
  Indian education ..........................|     75,900 |     67,404 |     73,580 |     80,550 |     82,762 |     81,000 |     53,000 |     61,000 |     63,000 |    151,017 |     99,659 |     91,997 |     90,937 |     91,271 |     87,071 |     55,503 |     62,347 |     63,000
  Education Reform - Goals 2000 .............|        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |     91,043 |    294,000 |    480,000 |    806,000 |  1,469,000 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |    100,403 |    316,036 |    502,671 |    823,794 |  1,469,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
School assistance in federally affected      |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |
  areas .....................................|    812,873 |    695,746 |    815,573 |    760,456 |    911,716 |    783,000 |    703,000 |    737,000 |    851,000 |  1,617,362 |  1,028,687 |  1,019,709 |    858,517 |  1,005,450 |    841,687 |    736,204 |    753,271 |    851,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Maintenance and operations ................|    690,000 |    665,000 |    717,354 |    713,108 |    787,263 |    715,000 |    689,000 |    680,000 |    742,000 |  1,372,883 |    983,228 |    896,906 |    805,064 |    868,202 |    768,590 |    721,542 |    695,012 |    742,000
  Construction ..............................|    110,873 |     23,037 |     22,929 |      5,291 |      8,584 |      2,000 |     13,000 |     12,000 |     19,000 |    220,602 |     34,061 |     28,668 |      5,973 |      9,467 |      2,150 |     13,614 |     12,265 |     19,000
  Disaster assistance .......................|     12,000 |      7,709 |     75,290 |     42,057 |    115,869 |     66,000 |      1,000 |     45,000 |     90,000 |     23,876 |     11,398 |     94,135 |     47,480 |    127,782 |     70,947 |      1,047 |     45,993 |     90,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Education for the handicapped ...............|  1,555,253 |  2,666,056 |  3,480,122 |  4,752,116 |  5,965,688 |  5,767,000 |  5,849,000 |  6,552,000 |  7,605,000 |  3,094,464 |  3,941,867 |  4,351,186 |  5,364,903 |  6,579,026 |  6,199,244 |  6,125,256 |  6,696,649 |  7,605,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  State grant programs ......................|    815,805 |  1,245,219 |  1,258,871 |  1,842,956 |  2,779,228 |  2,467,000 |  2,350,000 |  3,066,000 |  3,866,000 |  1,623,195 |  1,841,104 |  1,573,963 |  2,080,606 |  3,064,963 |  2,651,905 |  2,460,993 |  3,133,688 |  3,866,000
  Early childhood education\4\ ..............|     38,745 |     27,625 |    280,341 |    476,180 |    661,665 |    661,000 |    820,000 |    723,000 |    869,000 |     77,090 |     40,845 |    350,510 |    537,584 |    729,691 |    710,543 |    858,730 |    738,962 |    869,000
  Special centers, projects, and research ...|     55,075 |     53,430 |     72,966 |    139,265 |    101,605 |    132,000 |    110,000 |    124,000 |    144,000 |    109,582 |     78,998 |     91,229 |    157,223 |    112,051 |    141,894 |    115,195 |    126,738 |    144,000
  Captioned films and media services ........|     17,778 |     35,670 |     15,191 |     17,571 |     18,608 |     19,000 |     19,000 |     46,000 |     53,000 |     35,373 |     52,739 |     18,993 |     19,837 |     20,521 |     20,424 |     19,897 |     47,016 |     53,000
  Personnel training ........................|     55,375 |     68,025 |     70,838 |     90,120 |    104,012 |     91,000 |     91,000 |     81,000 |     82,000 |    110,179 |    100,578 |     88,569 |    101,741 |    114,706 |     97,821 |     95,298 |     82,788 |     82,000
  Handicapped rehabilitation service and     |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |
    research ................................|    572,475 |  1,236,087 |  1,781,915 |  2,186,024 |  2,300,570 |  2,397,000 |  2,459,000 |  2,512,000 |  2,591,000 |  1,139,045 |  1,827,602 |  2,227,923 |  2,467,913 |  2,537,094 |  2,576,658 |  2,575,142 |  2,567,457 |  2,591,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Vocational education and adult programs .....|  1,153,743 |    856,271 |  1,138,674 |  1,575,268 |  1,456,185 |  1,461,000 |  1,366,000 |  1,484,000 |  1,552,000 |  2,295,586 |  1,266,030 |  1,423,681 |  1,778,400 |  1,605,897 |  1,570,504 |  1,430,518 |  1,516,762 |  1,552,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Basic programs\5\ .........................|    744,653 |    725,624 |    858,716 |  1,049,834 |    950,244 |  1,004,000 |  1,083,000 |  1,015,000 |  1,044,000 |  1,481,625 |  1,072,863 |  1,073,650 |  1,185,211 |  1,047,939 |  1,079,251 |  1,134,151 |  1,037,408 |  1,044,000
  Consumer and homemaking ...................|     63,169 |     33,138 |     34,517 |     35,872 |     33,895 |      1,000 |        --- |        --- |        --- |    125,686 |     48,996 |     43,157 |     40,498 |     37,380 |      1,075 |        --- |        --- |        ---
  Program improvement and supportive         |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |
    services ................................|    162,512 |      5,202 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |    100,000 |    103,000 |    323,348 |      7,691 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |    102,208 |    103,000
  State planning and advisory councils ......|     13,423 |      7,584 |      7,923 |      8,928 |      9,087 |      9,000 |      4,000 |        --- |        --- |     26,708 |     11,213 |      9,906 |     10,079 |     10,021 |      9,675 |      4,189 |        --- |        ---
  Adult education, grants to states .........|    153,724 |     84,723 |    188,280 |    309,810 |    254,724 |    299,000 |    272,000 |    354,000 |    375,000 |    305,862 |    125,266 |    235,406 |    349,760 |    280,912 |    321,410 |    284,847 |    361,815 |    375,000
  Other\6\ ..................................|     16,262 |        --- |     49,238 |    170,824 |    208,235 |    148,000 |      7,000 |     15,000 |     30,000 |     32,356 |        --- |     61,562 |    192,852 |    229,644 |    159,093 |      7,331 |     15,331 |     30,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Postsecondary student financial assistance ..|  5,108,534 |  8,534,205 | 11,112,068 | 16,065,617 | 17,400,855 | 26,956,000 | 27,705,000 | 36,064,000 | 31,018,000 | 10,164,376 | 12,618,151 | 13,893,386 | 18,137,286 | 19,189,852 | 28,976,386 | 29,013,542 | 36,860,185 | 31,018,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Educational opportunity grants\7\ .........|  2,534,378 |  3,558,440 |  4,919,264 |  6,764,683 |  7,092,393 |  6,484,000 |  5,545,000 |  8,158,000 |  5,193,000 |  5,042,615 |  5,261,291 |  6,150,541 |  7,636,992 |  7,821,568 |  6,969,984 |  5,806,897 |  8,338,104 |  5,193,000
  Work-study ................................|    596,065 |    599,467 |    615,269 |    625,043 |    620,878 |    620,000 |    619,000 |    825,000 |    830,000 |  1,185,982 |    886,335 |    769,269 |    705,643 |    684,711 |    666,470 |    648,236 |    843,214 |    830,000
  Perkins loan program ......................|    322,749 |    219,850 |    157,415 |    183,262 |    177,413 |    187,000 |    118,000 |    182,000 |    165,000 |    642,169 |    325,057 |    196,816 |    206,894 |    195,653 |    201,016 |    123,573 |    186,018 |    165,000
  Federal Family Education Loan program\8\ ..|  1,597,877 |  4,130,920 |  5,341,039 |  8,380,619 |  8,444,937 | 10,461,000 | 10,722,000 | 11,732,000 |  8,295,000 |  3,179,273 |  6,107,725 |  6,677,885 |  9,461,304 |  9,313,168 | 11,245,065 | 11,228,414 | 11,991,007 |  8,295,000
  Other student assistance programs\9\ ......|     57,465 |     25,528 |     79,081 |    112,010 |  1,065,234 |  9,204,000 | 10,701,000 | 15,167,000 | 16,535,000 |    114,337 |     37,744 |     98,875 |    126,454 |  1,174,752 |  9,893,851 | 11,206,422 | 15,501,842 | 16,535,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Direct aid to postsecondary institutions ....|    277,068 |    329,714 |    341,634 |    518,908 |    740,677 |    780,000 |    830,000 |    887,000 |    952,000 |    551,278 |    487,495 |    427,144 |    585,821 |    816,827 |    838,462 |    869,202 |    906,582 |    952,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Aid to minority and developing             |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |
    institutions ............................|    114,680 |    140,374 |     99,812 |    130,743 |    211,054 |    231,000 |    304,000 |    321,000 |    334,000 |    228,177 |    207,548 |    124,795 |    147,602 |    232,753 |    248,314 |    318,358 |    328,087 |    334,000
  Special programs for the disadvantaged ....|    147,389 |    174,940 |    241,822 |    388,165 |    529,623 |    549,000 |    526,000 |    566,000 |    618,000 |    293,258 |    258,656 |    302,349 |    438,219 |    584,074 |    590,148 |    550,844 |    578,496 |    618,000
  Cooperative education .....................|     14,999 |     14,400 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |     29,843 |     21,291 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Higher education facilities .................|    268,493 |    194,556 |     84,305 |     81,026 |     49,888 |     46,000 |     51,000 |     24,000 |     29,000 |    534,217 |    287,659 |    105,406 |     91,474 |     55,017 |     49,448 |     53,409 |     24,530 |     29,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Construction loans and insurance ..........|     35,362 |     33,188 |     30,000 |     46,472 |     20,607 |     15,000 |      1,000 |      1,000 |      1,000 |     70,359 |     49,070 |     37,509 |     52,465 |     22,726 |     16,124 |      1,047 |      1,022 |      1,000
  Interest subsidy grants ...................|     24,626 |     24,968 |     38,741 |     22,647 |     18,188 |     21,000 |     17,000 |        --- |        --- |     48,998 |     36,916 |     48,438 |     25,567 |     20,058 |     22,574 |     17,803 |        --- |        ---
  College housing loans .....................|    208,505 |    136,400 |     15,564 |     11,907 |     11,093 |     10,000 |     33,000 |     23,000 |     28,000 |    414,859 |    201,673 |     19,460 |     13,442 |     12,233 |     10,750 |     34,559 |     23,508 |     28,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Other higher education programs .............|     34,927 |     74,340 |    188,999 |    201,734 |    129,951 |    120,000 |        --- |        --- |        --- |     69,494 |    109,915 |    236,305 |    227,748 |    143,311 |    128,994 |        --- |        --- |        ---
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  International education and foreign        |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |
    languages\10\ ...........................|     19,977 |     32,050 |     86,337 |    114,761 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |     39,748 |     47,387 |    107,947 |    129,559 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
  Funds for Improvement of Postsecondary     |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |            |
    Education\11\ ...........................|     12,000 |     12,710 |     99,450 |     86,257 |    129,554 |    116,000 |     (\11\) |     (\12\) |     (\12\) |     23,876 |     18,792 |    124,342 |     97,380 |    142,874 |    124,694 |        --- |     (\12\) |     (\12\)
  Other .....................................|      2,950 |     29,580 |      3,212 |        716 |        397 |      4,000 |        --- |        --- |        --- |      5,870 |     43,735 |      4,016 |        808 |        438 |      4,300 |        --- |        --- |        ---
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Public library services .....................|    101,218 |    116,027 |    132,583 |    144,380 |    149,591 |    150,000 |    128,000 |     (\13\) |     (\13\) |    201,392 |    171,550 |    165,768 |    162,998 |    164,971 |    161,243 |    134,046 |     (\13\) |     (\13\)
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Public library services ...................|     66,451 |     75,000 |     82,505 |     83,227 |     83,227 |     83,000 |     93,000 |     (\13\) |     (\13\) |    132,217 |    110,890 |    103,156 |     93,959 |     91,784 |     89,221 |     97,393 |     (\13\) |     (\13\)
  Interlibrary cooperation ..................|        --- |     18,000 |     19,551 |     19,749 |     19,749 |     24,000 |     18,000 |     (\13\) |     (\13\) |        --- |     26,614 |     24,445 |     22,296 |     21,779 |     25,799 |     18,850 |     (\13\) |     (\13\)
  Public library construction ...............|        --- |     16,027 |     14,837 |     14,871 |     21,074 |     24,000 |     12,000 |     (\13\) |     (\13\) |        --- |     23,697 |     18,551 |     16,789 |     23,241 |     25,799 |     12,567 |     (\13\) |     (\13\)
  Research libraries ........................|      5,992 |      6,000 |      6,593 |      5,808 |      5,808 |        --- |      3,000 |     (\13\) |     (\13\) |     11,922 |      8,871 |      8,243 |      6,557 |      6,405 |        --- |      3,142 |     (\13\) |     (\13\)
  Other .....................................|     28,775 |      1,000 |      9,097 |     20,725 |     19,733 |     19,000 |      2,000 |     (\13\) |     (\13\) |     57,253 |      1,479 |     11,374 |     23,397 |     21,762 |     20,424 |      2,094 |     (\13\) |     (\13\)
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Payments to special institutions ............|    273,860 |    253,622 |    292,736 |    320,455 |    321,753 |    340,000 |    314,000 |    324,000 |    343,000 |    544,895 |    374,990 |    366,007 |    361,778 |    354,833 |    365,483 |    328,831 |    331,153 |    343,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  American Printing House for the Blind .....|      4,349 |      5,500 |      5,663 |      6,298 |      6,463 |      7,000 |      7,000 |      7,000 |      8,000 |      8,653 |      8,132 |      7,080 |      7,110 |      7,127 |      7,525 |      7,331 |      7,155 |      8,000
  National Technical Institute for the Deaf .|     19,799 |     31,400 |     35,594 |     40,964 |     41,836 |     43,000 |     42,000 |     43,000 |     44,000 |     39,394 |     46,426 |     44,503 |     46,246 |     46,137 |     46,223 |     43,984 |     43,949 |     44,000
  Gallaudet College .........................|     49,409 |     59,092 |     67,643 |     77,589 |     78,435 |     80,000 |     78,000 |     79,000 |     81,000 |     98,308 |     87,370 |     84,574 |     87,594 |     86,499 |     85,996 |     81,684 |     80,744 |     81,000
  Howard University .........................|    200,303 |    157,630 |    183,836 |    195,604 |    195,019 |    210,000 |    187,000 |    195,000 |    210,000 |    398,540 |    233,062 |    229,850 |    220,827 |    215,069 |    225,740 |    195,832 |    199,305 |    210,000
                                             |============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============|============
Departmental accounts .......................|    277,174 |    364,800 |    458,536 |    763,251 |    789,629 |    906,000 |    770,000 |  1,019,000 |    865,000 |    551,489 |    539,371 |    573,306 |    861,673 |    870,811 |    973,906 |    806,368 |  1,041,496 |    865,000
                                             |____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________
  Educational research and improvement ......|     51,415 |     60,556 |     87,074 |    283,078 |    294,323 |    327,000 |    353,000 |    598,000 |    431,000 |    102,300 |     89,534 |    108,868 |    319,581 |    324,583 |    351,509 |    369,673 |    611,202 |    431,000
  Departmental management account ...........|    223,857 |    300,885 |    370,844 |    480,166 |    495,249 |    579,000 |    416,000 |    416,000 |    433,000 |    445,405 |    444,870 |    463,665 |    542,084 |    546,166 |    622,397 |    435,648 |    425,184 |    433,000
  Other .....................................|      1,875 |      3,349 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |      1,000 |      5,000 |      1,000 |      3,731 |      4,952 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |      1,047 |      5,110 |      1,000
  Trust funds ...............................|         27 |         10 |        618 |          7 |         57 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        --- |         54 |         15 |        773 |          8 |         63 |        --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
_____________________________________________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________

\1\Data adjusted by the federal funds composite deflator prepared by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.
\2\Revised from previously published data.
\3\Estimated.
\4\Includes preschool incentive grants.
\5\Includes programs of national significance and special programs for the disadvantaged.
\6\Includes national programs for research, demonstrations, evaluation and technical assistance, literacy training for homeless adults, and some other small programs.
\7\Includes Pell Grants, Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants, State Student Incentive Grants, and Income Contingent Loans.
\8\Formerly the Guaranteed Student Loan program.
\9\Includes Federal Direct Student Loan program starting in fiscal year 1994.
\10\Starting in fiscal year 1994, this program is included under the program, ``Funds for Improvement of Postsecondary Education.''
\11\International education and foreign languages are included under this program starting in fiscal year 1994.
\12\This program is included under the "Special programs for the disadvantaged" program.
\13\This program was transferred to the Institute of Museum and Library Services in fiscal year 1997.
---Data are not available or not applicable.

NOTE.--Because of rounding, details may not add to totals. Data presented in this tabulation are obligations, which differ from outlay figures reported in other tables in this chapter.

SOURCE: U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the United States Government, fiscal years 1982 to 1999. (This table was prepared May 1998.)


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