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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 356. -  Participation in adult education during the previous 12 months by adults 17 years old and older, by selected characteristics of participants: 1991 and 1995
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                      |                  1991                              |                  1995
                                      |____________________________________________________|____________________________________________________________________________
           Characteristics            | Popula- |  Adult  |Percent of adults participating | Popula- |  Adult  |        Percent of adults participating
                  of                  |  tion,  | educa-  |________________________________|  tion,  | educa-  |________________________________________________________
             participants             |   in    |  tion   |       |  In  |   In   |In part-|   in    |  tion   |  In   |  In  |   In   |In part-|  In   |  In   | Other
                                      |thousands|partici- |In any |basic |English |  time  |thousands|partici- |  any  |basic |English |  time  |career |appren-| per-
                                      |         | pants,  |program|educa-|  as a  | higher |         | pants,  |program|educa-|  as a  | higher |or job | tice  | sonal
                                      |         |in thou- |       | tion | second | educa- |         |in thou- |       | tion | second | educa- |related| pro-  |courses
                                      |         |sands\1\ |       |      |language|  tion  |         |sands\1\ |       |      |language|  tion  |courses| grams |
______________________________________|_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_______|_______|_______
                  1                   |    2    |    3    |   4   |  5   |   6    |   7    |    8    |    9    |  10   |  11  |   12   |   13   |  14   |  15   |  16
______________________________________|_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_______|_______|_______
     Total ...........................| 181,800 |  59,924 |  33.0 |  2.8 |    0.8 |    3.9 | 189,543 |  76,261 |  40.2 |  1.2 |    0.7 |    6.1 |  20.9 |   1.1 |  19.9
                                      |_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_______|_______|_______
Sex                                   |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  Men ................................|  82,154 |  26,817 |  32.6 |  2.6 |    0.8 |    3.5 |  90,256 |  34,450 |  38.2 |  1.2 |    0.7 |    5.6 |  21.8 |   1.7 |  15.8
  Women ..............................|  99,646 |  33,108 |  33.2 |  2.9 |    0.9 |    4.2 |  99,287 |  41,811 |  42.1 |  1.2 |    0.6 |    6.5 |  20.2 |   0.6 |  23.5
                                      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
Age                                   |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  17 to 24 years .....................|  21,688 |   8,197 |  37.8 |  7.4 |    1.9 |    7.9 |  22,407 |  10,539 |  47.0 |  4.6 |    1.4 |   12.6 |  14.7 |   3.2 |  21.5
  25 to 29 years .....................|  22,603 |   9,049 |  40.0 |  4.1 |    1.7 |    6.7 |  18,988 |   9,420 |  49.6 |  1.4 |    1.4 |   10.9 |  25.5 |   2.5 |  21.0
  30 to 34 years .....................|  24,641 |   9,275 |  37.6 |  2.9 |    1.0 |    5.0 |  21,338 |  10,088 |  47.3 |  1.1 |    0.8 |    8.0 |  26.1 |   1.3 |  23.3
  35 to 39 years .....................|  21,000 |   8,839 |  42.1 |  2.8 |    0.9 |    5.5 |  22,494 |  10,737 |  47.7 |  1.2 |    1.0 |    7.5 |  29.1 |   1.3 |  20.9
  40 to 44 years .....................|  17,565 |   8,650 |  49.2 |  2.7 |    0.6 |    4.4 |  19,810 |  10,078 |  50.9 |  0.9 |    0.8 |    7.1 |  31.2 |   0.9 |  24.9
  45 to 49 years .....................|  11,303 |   4,523 |  40.0 |  2.0 |    0.3 |    3.2 |  17,463 |   8,499 |  48.7 |  0.6 |    0.4 |    5.7 |  32.5 |   0.5 |  21.1
  50 to 54 years .....................|  14,072 |   3,767 |  26.8 |  1.7 |    0.6 |    1.3 |  14,344 |   6,093 |  42.5 |  0.5 |    0.1 |    3.9 |  26.3 |   0.3 |  19.7
  55 to 59 years .....................|   9,564 |   2,770 |  29.0 |  1.7 |    0.1 |    1.0 |  11,096 |   3,577 |  32.2 |  0.4 |    0.2 |    1.7 |  17.8 |   0.3 |  17.3
  60 to 64 years .....................|  10,403 |   1,808 |  17.4 |  0.6 |    0.1 |    0.5 |  10,728 |   2,540 |  23.7 |  0.1 |    0.3 |    0.6 |  10.6 |   0.3 |  15.2
  65 to 69 years .....................|   9,920 |   1,409 |  14.2 |  0.5 |    0.0 |    0.3 |  10,215 |   1,850 |  18.1 |  0.1 |    0.0 |    0.2 |   4.0 |   0.0 |  15.3
  70 years and over ..................|  19,040 |   1,638 |   8.6 |  0.2 |    0.0 |    0.1 |  20,661 |   2,841 |  13.8 |  0.0 |    0.0 |    0.1 |   1.4 |   0.0 |  12.6
                                      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
Racial/ethnic group                   |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  White, non-Hispanic ................| 143,144 |  48,843 |  34.1 |  2.2 |    0.2 |    4.0 | 144,587 |  59,982 |  41.5 |  0.7 |    0.1 |    6.0 |  22.8 |   0.9 |  20.8
  Black, non-Hispanic ................|  20,141 |   5,207 |  25.9 |  4.5 |    0.6 |    3.2 |  20,806 |   7,704 |  37.0 |  2.3 |    0.1 |    7.3 |  16.2 |   1.6 |  18.9
  Hispanic ...........................|  13,804 |   4,339 |  31.4 |  6.0 |    6.6 |    3.6 |  15,689 |   5,281 |  33.7 |  3.6 |    5.7 |    4.8 |  11.8 |   1.8 |  13.8
  Asian American/Pacific Islander ....|   2,738 |     984 |  35.9 |  4.1 |    4.9 |    6.4 |   4,377 |   1,739 |  39.7 |  1.9 |    4.0 |    6.5 |  18.1 |   2.6 |  15.9
  American Indian/Alaskan Native .....|     997 |     293 |  29.3 |  2.3 |    4.2 |   12.5 |   1,155 |     448 |  38.8 |  3.6 |    0.0 |    9.3 |  20.6 |   0.9 |  21.6
                                      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
Highest level of education            |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
 completed                            |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  Eighth grade or less .............. |  10,163 |     784 |   7.7 |  1.9 |    1.2 |    0.0 |  12,808 |   1,283 |  10.0 |  1.8 |    2.4 |    0.1 |   1.9 |   0.5 |   4.9
  9th to 12th grade, no diploma ......|  17,581 |   2,781 |  15.8 |  2.9 |    1.1 |    0.7 |  16,511 |   3,332 |  20.2 |  6.7 |    0.4 |    0.8 |   4.9 |   1.1 |   9.2
  High school diploma ..............  |  67,129 |  16,194 |  24.1 |  2.5 |    0.6 |    2.1 |  62,956 |  19,341 |  30.7 |  1.0 |    0.7 |    3.6 |  13.9 |   1.3 |  15.4
  Some vocational/technical ..........|   6,994 |   2,392 |  34.2 |  1.8 |    0.9 |    1.3 |   6,327 |   2,648 |  41.9 |  0.6 |    0.6 |    5.4 |  21.9 |   1.5 |  21.1
  Some college .......................|  36,823 |  15,260 |  41.4 |  4.4 |    1.3 |    7.7 |  34,433 |  16,978 |  49.3 |  0.5 |    0.5 |   12.1 |  22.3 |   1.8 |  25.3
  Associate degree ...................|   5,034 |   2,479 |  49.2 |  3.7 |    1.3 |    7.0 |   9,975 |   5,601 |  56.1 |  0.4 |    0.2 |   10.9 |  32.1 |   1.4 |  27.4
  Bachelor's degree  ................ |  23,545 |  12,025 |  51.1 |  1.8 |    0.6 |    6.0 |  26,858 |  15,286 |  56.9 |  0.0 |    0.4 |    7.1 |  36.1 |   0.5 |  27.0
  Some graduate work (or study) ......|  14,531 |   8,009 |  55.1 |  2.2 |    0.6 |    5.9 |  19,677 |  11,792 |  59.9 |  0.0 |    0.8 |    8.5 |  40.4 |   0.4 |  29.1
    No degree ........................|     --- |     --- |   --- |  --- |    --- |    --- |   4,123 |   2,563 |  62.2 |  0.0 |    0.7 |   15.2 |  32.5 |   0.5 |  33.5
    Master's .........................|     --- |     --- |   --- |  --- |    --- |    --- |  10,522 |   6,219 |  59.1 |  0.0 |    0.9 |    8.1 |  41.0 |   0.4 |  29.0
    Doctor's .........................|     --- |     --- |   --- |  --- |    --- |    --- |   2,564 |   1,384 |  54.0 |  0.0 |    0.4 |    4.7 |  35.0 |   0.5 |  25.1
    Professional .....................|     --- |     --- |   --- |  --- |    --- |    --- |   2,467 |   1,626 |  65.9 |  0.0 |    0.9 |    3.0 |  56.6 |   0.6 |  26.0
                                      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
Metropolitan area                     |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  Inside metropolitan area ...........| 137,472 |  47,387 |  34.5 |  3.0 |    0.9 |    4.3 | 142,522 |  59,627 |  41.8 |  1.2 |    0.9 |    6.5 |  22.0 |   1.2 |  20.3
    Inside central city ............  |     --- |     --- |   --- |  --- |    --- |    --- | 118,170 |  49,996 |  42.3 |  1.3 |    1.0 |    6.7 |  22.7 |   1.2 |  20.2
    Outside central city .............|     --- |     --- |   --- |  --- |    --- |    --- |  24,352 |   9,630 |  39.5 |  1.1 |    0.5 |    5.6 |  18.4 |   1.0 |  21.1
  Outside metropolitan area ..........|  44,328 |  12,537 |  28.3 |  2.2 |    0.5 |    2.7 |  47,021 |  16,634 |  35.4 |  1.0 |    0.1 |    4.9 |  17.9 |   1.0 |  18.5
                                      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
Labor force status                    |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  In labor force .....................| 125,439 |  51,068 |  40.7 |  3.4 |    0.9 |    5.1 | 125,982 |  62,717 |  49.8 |  1.3 |    0.6 |    8.1 |  29.8 |   1.5 |  21.7
    Employed .........................| 115,620 |  48,512 |  42.0 |  3.3 |    0.8 |    5.2 | 117,826 |  59,734 |  50.7 |  1.1 |    0.5 |    8.2 |  31.1 |   1.5 |  22.0
    Unemployed .......................|   9,820 |   2,556 |  26.0 |  4.7 |    2.3 |    3.9 |   8,155 |   2,983 |  36.6 |  5.0 |    2.3 |    5.5 |  11.1 |   2.3 |  17.4
  Not in labor force..................|  56,361 |   8,856 |  15.7 |  1.4 |    0.6 |    1.2 |  63,562 |  13,544 |  21.3 |  0.9 |    0.8 |    2.2 |   3.4 |   0.3 |  16.2
                                      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
Occupation                            |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  Executive, administrative,          |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    or managerial ....................|  14,092 |   6,949 |  49.3 |  2.5 |    0.2 |    5.8 |  13,098 |   7,313 |  55.8 |  0.0 |    0.0 |    7.3 |  42.1 |   0.4 |  23.1
  Engineers, surveyors, and           |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    architects .......................|   2,820 |   1,765 |  62.6 |  3.2 |    0.4 |    6.2 |   1,756 |   1,150 |  65.5 |  0.0 |    1.0 |   14.1 |  44.6 |   1.0 |  23.3
  Natural scientists and              |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    mathematicians ...................|   1,009 |     487 |  48.2 |  0.3 |    0.3 |    5.7 |   1,743 |   1,261 |  72.3 |  0.0 |    0.2 |    9.9 |  58.6 |   0.0 |  24.8
  Social scientists and workers,      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    lawyers ..........................|   3,206 |   1,781 |  55.6 |  1.2 |    0.1 |    4.4 |   2,530 |   1,938 |  76.6 |  0.0 |    0.2 |   11.5 |  59.4 |   1.5 |  32.3
  Teachers, elementary and secondary .|   7,824 |   4,305 |  55.0 |  5.0 |    1.0 |   11.1 |   5,414 |   4,155 |  76.7 |  0.0 |    0.0 |   16.6 |  52.4 |   0.2 |  36.9
  Teachers, postsecondary ............|   1,247 |     568 |  45.5 |  1.5 |    0.5 |    9.4 |   1,254 |     687 |  54.8 |  0.0 |    0.3 |    4.1 |  40.8 |   0.0 |  26.0
  Physicians, dentists, veterinarians |   1,045 |     701 |  67.1 |  0.8 |    1.1 |    1.3 |     859 |     611 |  71.1 |  0.0 |    0.0 |    1.2 |  67.1 |   0.8 |  19.0
  Registered nurses, pharmacists .....|   4,692 |   2,798 |  59.6 |  2.5 |    0.9 |    6.9 |   2,337 |   2,026 |  86.7 |  0.1 |    0.1 |   10.6 |  71.3 |   0.2 |  33.6
  Writers, artists, entertainers, and |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    athletes .........................|   3,459 |   1,485 |  42.9 |  1.5 |    0.2 |    4.0 |   1,874 |     934 |  49.9 |  0.1 |    0.6 |    7.7 |  23.1 |   1.5 |  30.0
  Health technologists and technicians|   1,233 |     846 |  68.6 |  5.9 |    2.9 |    6.6 |   1,697 |   1,270 |  74.8 |  0.0 |    0.5 |   12.8 |  47.5 |   0.0 |  33.0
  Technologists, except health .......|   2,225 |   1,232 |  55.4 |  4.5 |    0.7 |    6.4 |   3,543 |   2,279 |  64.3 |  0.3 |    0.1 |   13.5 |  41.3 |   0.8 |  28.7
  Marketing and sales occupations ....|  18,787 |   6,470 |  34.4 |  2.3 |    0.6 |    3.1 |  18,174 |   8,038 |  44.2 |  1.1 |    0.4 |    6.8 |  23.2 |   1.0 |  20.4
  Administrative support, including   |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    clerical .........................|  32,321 |   9,662 |  29.9 |  2.5 |    0.4 |    4.6 |  22,968 |  11,867 |  51.7 |  1.0 |    0.3 |    9.5 |  28.9 |   0.7 |  24.7
  Service occupations ................|  25,386 |   6,409 |  25.2 |  3.8 |    1.1 |    3.4 |  20,072 |   9,342 |  46.5 |  2.4 |    0.9 |    9.0 |  20.9 |   1.6 |  22.8
  Agriculture, forestry, and fishing .|   4,800 |     686 |  14.3 |  0.6 |    0.4 |    0.7 |   2,336 |     616 |  26.4 |  0.4 |    0.5 |    1.6 |  11.5 |   0.3 |  15.6
  Mechanics and repairers ............|   6,744 |   2,165 |  32.1 |  3.1 |    0.4 |    2.5 |   4,692 |   2,231 |  47.6 |  2.1 |    0.6 |    7.1 |  27.7 |   4.5 |  15.6
  Construction and extractive         |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    occupations ......................|   6,201 |   1,360 |  21.9 |  3.2 |    1.0 |    1.6 |   6,100 |   2,319 |  38.0 |  1.2 |    0.8 |    4.3 |  17.6 |   5.8 |  18.0
  Precision production occupations ...|   3,690 |   1,152 |  31.2 |  3.3 |    1.8 |    4.3 |   1,875 |     807 |  43.0 |  1.5 |    2.2 |    5.5 |  23.2 |   4.8 |  16.1
  Production workers .................|  14,368 |   3,029 |  21.1 |  2.9 |    1.2 |    1.6 |   9,483 |   2,908 |  30.7 |  2.5 |    1.1 |    5.8 |  14.7 |   2.8 |  10.7
  Transportation, material moving ....|   5,655 |   1,173 |  20.7 |  1.6 |    0.2 |    1.0 |   5,311 |   1,507 |  28.4 |  1.9 |    0.1 |    3.5 |  15.5 |   0.9 |  11.9
  Handler, equipment, cleaners,       |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
    helpers, and laborers ............|   5,069 |   1,056 |  20.8 |  3.7 |    2.0 |    2.2 |   2,456 |     617 |  25.1 |  2.7 |    0.7 |    3.1 |  11.1 |   3.3 |   9.7
  Miscellaneous occupations ..........|     --- |     --- |   --- |  --- |    --- |    --- |   2,311 |   1,308 |  56.6 |  0.5 |    1.5 |    7.9 |  35.4 |   4.0 |  22.6
                                      |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
Annual family income                  |         |         |       |      |        |        |         |         |       |      |        |        |       |       |
  $5,000 or less .....................|  10,227 |   1,394 |  13.6 |  3.8 |    2.0 |    1.2 |  12,638 |   2,689 |  21.3 |  3.1 |    1.7 |    3.3 |   4.1 |   1.1 |  11.8
  $5,001 to $10,000 ..................|  17,277 |   3,024 |  17.5 |  2.3 |    0.8 |    2.2 |  17,560 |   4,194 |  23.9 |  2.5 |    1.5 |    4.0 |   6.7 |   1.0 |  13.2
  $10,001 to $15,000 .................|  15,465 |   3,521 |  22.8 |  2.4 |    1.1 |    2.7 |  13,523 |   3,610 |  26.7 |  2.0 |    0.8 |    4.0 |   8.7 |   1.1 |  14.8
  $15,001 to $20,000 .................|  16,117 |   3,525 |  21.9 |  2.7 |    1.2 |    3.1 |  13,116 |   4,176 |  31.8 |  1.3 |    1.1 |    5.4 |  13.0 |   1.5 |  15.8
  $20,001 to $25,000 .................|  16,092 |   4,294 |  26.7 |  2.5 |    1.2 |    3.3 |  13,812 |   4,339 |  31.4 |  1.1 |    0.8 |    4.8 |  13.3 |   1.1 |  17.0
  $25,001 to $30,000 .................|  17,973 |   5,772 |  32.1 |  3.4 |    1.1 |    4.5 |  16,386 |   6,208 |  37.9 |  1.2 |    0.4 |    6.5 |  17.1 |   1.3 |  19.2
  $30,001 to $40,000 .................|  26,110 |   9,288 |  35.6 |  3.0 |    0.6 |    4.4 |  28,628 |  12,220 |  42.7 |  0.8 |    0.4 |    6.9 |  22.1 |   1.4 |  22.0
  $40,001 to $50,000 .................|  21,303 |   9,550 |  44.8 |  3.0 |    0.7 |    5.4 |  20,446 |   9,567 |  46.8 |  0.7 |    0.4 |    6.8 |  27.0 |   1.0 |  22.4
  $50,001 to $75,000 .................|  24,540 |  11,425 |  46.6 |  3.0 |    0.3 |    5.6 |  29,161 |  15,169 |  52.0 |  0.4 |    0.3 |    7.6 |  32.8 |   1.0 |  23.6
  More than $75,000 ..................|  16,695 |   8,130 |  48.7 |  1.9 |    0.3 |    4.0 |  24,274 |  14,089 |  58.0 |  0.5 |    0.3 |    7.7 |  37.3 |   0.8 |  26.8
______________________________________|_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_________|_________|_______|______|________|________|_______|_______|_______

\1\Adult education is defined as all education activities, except full-time enrollment in higher education credential programs. Examples of adult education activities include part-time college attendance, classes or seminars given by employers, and classes taken for adult literacy purposes, or for recreation and enjoyment.
---Data not reported or not applicable.

NOTE.--Data are based upon a sample survey of the civilian noninstitutional population. Because of rounding and survey item nonresponse, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Participation in Adult Education," unpublished data. (This table was prepared February 1997.)


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