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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 338. -  Current-fund expenditures of institutions of higher education, by purpose: 1980-81 to 1995-96
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                                      |            |            |             |             |             |             |             |             |
               Purpose                |  1980-81   |  1985-86   |   1989-90   |   1990-91   |   1991-92   |   1992-93   |  1993-94    |   1994-95   | 1995-96 \1\
______________________________________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
                  1                   |     2      |     3      |      4      |      5      |      6      |      7      |      8      |      9      |     10
______________________________________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
                                      |                                                    In thousands
                                      |___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Total current-fund expenditures .|$64,052,938 |$97,535,742 |$134,655,571 |$146,087,836 |$156,189,161 |$165,241,040 |$173,350,617 |$182,968,610 |$190,476,163
                                      |____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
Educational and general expenditures .| 50,073,805 | 76,127,965 | 105,585,076 | 114,139,901 | 121,567,157 | 128,977,968 | 136,024,350 | 144,158,002 | 151,445,605
                                      |____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
  Instruction ........................| 20,733,166 | 31,032,099 |  42,145,987 |  45,496,117 |  47,997,196 |  50,340,914 |  52,775,599 |  55,719,707 |  57,810,033
  Research ...........................|  5,657,719 |  8,437,367 |  12,505,961 |  13,444,040 |  14,261,554 |  15,291,309 |  16,117,610 |  17,109,541 |  17,517,887
  Public service .....................|  2,057,770 |  3,119,533 |   4,689,758 |   5,076,177 |   5,489,298 |   5,935,095 |   6,242,414 |   6,691,485 |   7,007,413
  Academic support ...................|  4,273,286 |  6,667,392 |   9,437,644 |  10,050,773 |  10,577,018 |  11,072,970 |  11,677,911 |  12,278,691 |  13,297,063
    Libraries ........................|  1,759,784 |  2,551,331 |   3,254,239 |   3,343,892 |   3,595,834 |   3,684,852 |   3,908,412 |   4,165,761 |   4,293,363
  Student services ...................|  2,908,998 |  4,562,938 |   6,388,148 |   7,025,482 |   7,509,094 |   8,165,079 |   8,562,783 |   9,059,994 |   9,630,576
  Institutional support ..............|  5,772,515 |  9,350,786 |  12,674,031 |  13,726,484 |  14,475,023 |  15,249,898 |  15,926,239 |  16,844,827 |  18,255,769
  Operation and maintenance of plant .|  5,350,310 |  7,605,226 |   9,458,262 |  10,062,581 |  10,346,580 |  10,783,727 |  11,368,496 |  11,745,905 |  12,330,885
  Scholarships and fellowships .......|  2,504,525 |  4,160,174 |   6,655,544 |   7,551,184 |   9,060,000 |  10,148,373 |  11,238,010 |  12,285,328 |  13,195,102
    From unrestricted funds ..........|  1,080,614 |  2,285,116 |   3,853,904 |   4,445,106 |   5,205,797 |   5,949,037 |   6,644,717 |   7,329,384 |   8,213,049
    From restricted funds\2\ .........|  1,423,911 |  1,875,059 |   2,801,640 |   3,106,078 |   3,854,203 |   4,199,337 |   4,593,293 |   4,955,944 |   4,982,054
  Mandatory transfers ................|    815,516 |  1,192,449 |   1,629,742 |   1,707,063 |   1,851,393 |   1,990,603 |   2,115,288 |   2,422,524 |   2,400,876
                                      |____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
Auxiliary enterprises ................|  7,288,089 | 10,528,303 |  13,203,984 |  14,272,247 |  14,966,100 |  15,561,508 |  16,429,341 |  17,204,917 |  17,599,061
  Mandatory transfers ................|    508,377 |    617,171 |     836,852 |     936,876 |   1,003,299 |   1,109,549 |   1,158,848 |   1,228,278 |   1,145,366
Hospitals ............................|  5,433,111 |  8,692,113 |  12,679,286 |  14,325,865 |  16,104,313 |  17,049,672 |  17,509,603 |  18,071,359 |  17,940,986
  Mandatory transfers ................|     57,963 |    128,833 |     222,192 |     274,452 |     333,714 |     308,059 |     344,665 |     346,072 |     268,439
Independent operations (FFRDC)\3\ ....|  1,257,934 |  2,187,361 |   3,187,224 |   3,349,824 |   3,551,592 |   3,651,891 |   3,387,323 |   3,534,332 |   3,490,511
  Mandatory transfers ................|        643 |      3,432 |       5,812 |       5,645 |       3,396 |       2,271 |       2,354 |       2,373 |       2,123
                                      |===========================================================================================================================
                                      |                                               Percentage distribution
                                      |___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Total current-fund expenditures .|      100.0 |      100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0
                                      |____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
Educational and general expenditures .|       78.2 |       78.1 |        78.4 |        78.1 |        77.8 |        78.1 |        78.5 |        78.8 |        79.5
                                      |____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
  Instruction ........................|       32.4 |       31.8 |        31.3 |        31.1 |        30.7 |        30.5 |        30.4 |        30.5 |        30.4
  Research ...........................|        8.8 |        8.7 |         9.3 |         9.2 |         9.1 |         9.3 |         9.3 |         9.4 |         9.2
  Public service .....................|        3.2 |        3.2 |         3.5 |         3.5 |         3.5 |         3.6 |         3.6 |         3.7 |         3.7
  Academic support ...................|        6.7 |        6.8 |         7.0 |         6.9 |         6.8 |         6.7 |         6.7 |         6.7 |         7.0
    Libraries ........................|        2.7 |        2.6 |         2.4 |         2.3 |         2.3 |         2.2 |         2.3 |         2.3 |         2.3
  Student services ...................|        4.5 |        4.7 |         4.7 |         4.8 |         4.8 |         4.9 |         4.9 |         5.0 |         5.1
  Institutional support ..............|        9.0 |        9.6 |         9.4 |         9.4 |         9.3 |         9.2 |         9.2 |         9.2 |         9.6
  Operation and maintenance of plant .|        8.4 |        7.8 |         7.0 |         6.9 |         6.6 |         6.5 |         6.6 |         6.4 |         6.5
  Scholarships and fellowships .......|        3.9 |        4.3 |         4.9 |         5.2 |         5.8 |         6.1 |         6.5 |         6.7 |         6.9
    From unrestricted funds ..........|        1.7 |        2.3 |         2.9 |         3.0 |         3.3 |         3.6 |         3.8 |         4.0 |         4.3
    From restricted funds\2\ .........|        2.2 |        1.9 |         2.1 |         2.1 |         2.5 |         2.5 |         2.6 |         2.7 |         2.6
  Mandatory transfers ................|        1.3 |        1.2 |         1.2 |         1.2 |         1.2 |         1.2 |         1.2 |         1.3 |         1.3
                                      |____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
Auxiliary enterprises ................|       11.4 |       10.8 |         9.8 |         9.8 |         9.6 |         9.4 |         9.5 |         9.4 |         9.2
  Mandatory transfers ................|        0.8 |        0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.7 |         0.7 |         0.7 |         0.6
Hospitals ............................|        8.5 |        8.9 |         9.4 |         9.8 |        10.3 |        10.3 |        10.1 |         9.9 |         9.4
  Mandatory transfers ................|        0.1 |        0.1 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.1
Independent operations (FFRDC)\3\ ....|        2.0 |        2.2 |         2.4 |         2.3 |         2.3 |         2.2 |         2.0 |         1.9 |         1.8
  Mandatory transfers ................|      (\4\) |      (\4\) |       (\4\) |       (\4\) |       (\4\) |       (\4\) |       (\4\) |       (\4\) |       (\4\)
______________________________________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________

\1\Preliminary data are for 4-year and 2-year degree-granting institutions that were eligible to participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs.
\2\Excludes Pell Grants.
\3\Generally includes only those expenditures associated with major federally funded research and development centers (FFRDC).
\4\Less than 0.05 percent.

NOTE.--Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education" surveys; and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance" surveys. (This table was prepared October 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest