Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 325. -  Current-fund revenue of public institutions of higher education, by source: 1980-81 to 1995-96
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                     |            |            |            |             |             |             |             |             |
               Source                |  1980-81   |  1985-86   |  1989-90   |   1990-91   |   1991-92   |   1992-93   |  1993-94    |   1994-95   | 1995-96 \1\
_____________________________________|____________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
                  1                  |     2      |     3      |     4      |      5      |      6      |      7      |      8      |      9      |     10
_____________________________________|____________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
                                     |                                       In thousands
                                     |__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Total current-fund revenue .....|$43,195,617 |$65,004,632 |$88,911,433 | $94,904,506 |$102,202,890 |$108,186,484 |$112,968,097 |$119,312,493 |$123,501,152
                                     |____________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
Tuition and fees ....................|  5,570,404 |  9,439,177 | 13,820,240 |  15,258,024 |  17,460,263 |  19,490,221 |  20,825,388 |  21,908,104 |  23,257,454
Federal government ..................|  5,540,101 |  6,852,370 |  9,171,488 |   9,763,427 |  10,783,842 |  11,655,011 |  12,465,038 |  13,191,843 |  13,672,467
  Appropriations ....................|  1,128,101 |  1,401,367 |  1,636,047 |   1,604,548 |   1,662,229 |   1,658,052 |   1,781,837 |   1,766,412 |   1,826,738
  Unrestricted grants and contracts .|    529,424 |    816,364 |  1,214,836 |   1,319,035 |   1,462,372 |   1,601,201 |   1,694,596 |   1,802,822 |   1,996,861
  Restricted grants and contracts\2\ |  3,812,197 |  4,481,723 |  6,106,112 |   6,629,484 |   7,426,627 |   8,155,317 |   8,776,458 |   9,368,072 |   9,598,340
  Independent operations (FFRDC)\3\ .|     70,379 |    152,916 |    214,493 |     210,360 |     232,613 |     240,441 |     212,148 |     254,537 |     250,529
State governments ...................| 19,675,968 | 29,220,586 | 37,052,307 |  38,239,978 |  39,107,560 |  39,789,641 |  40,536,393 |  42,854,681 |  44,242,546
  Appropriations ....................| 19,006,716 | 28,071,070 | 34,858,904 |  35,898,653 |  36,612,540 |  37,073,932 |  37,565,065 |  39,405,865 |  40,081,437
  Unrestricted grants and contracts .|     45,390 |     88,779 |    297,338 |     250,168 |     253,184 |     259,046 |     271,298 |     381,165 |     924,837
  Restricted grants and contracts ...|    623,863 |  1,060,737 |  1,896,065 |   2,091,157 |   2,241,836 |   2,456,663 |   2,700,030 |   3,067,650 |   3,236,272
Local governments ...................|  1,622,938 |  2,325,844 |  3,264,303 |   3,531,714 |   3,778,615 |   4,040,897 |   4,508,604 |   4,756,884 |   5,074,511
  Appropriations ....................|  1,478,001 |  2,150,459 |  2,910,444 |   3,159,789 |   3,319,119 |   3,594,207 |   4,021,421 |   4,243,984 |   4,397,098
  Unrestricted grants and contracts .|      9,915 |     27,852 |     82,405 |      73,281 |      90,257 |      84,974 |      71,098 |      60,123 |     184,597
  Restricted grants and contracts ...|    135,022 |    147,533 |    271,453 |     298,644 |     369,239 |     361,717 |     416,084 |     452,777 |     492,815
Private gifts, grants, and contracts |  1,100,084 |  2,109,782 |  3,368,635 |   3,651,107 |   4,039,212 |   4,330,112 |   4,521,452 |   4,737,529 |   5,089,344
  Unrestricted ......................|    110,462 |    279,381 |    436,028 |     529,496 |     650,468 |     686,214 |     698,497 |     684,264 |     784,979
  Restricted ........................|    989,622 |  1,830,401 |  2,932,607 |   3,121,611 |   3,388,743 |   3,643,898 |   3,822,955 |   4,053,266 |   4,304,365
Endowment income ....................|    214,561 |    398,603 |    461,701 |     431,235 |     593,998 |     667,711 |     639,343 |     693,313 |     721,079
  Unrestricted ......................|    102,888 |    181,624 |    164,242 |     147,368 |     248,770 |     257,113 |     259,172 |     266,960 |     304,860
  Restricted ........................|    111,673 |    216,979 |    297,459 |     283,867 |     345,228 |     410,598 |     380,172 |     426,354 |     416,219
Sales and services ..................|  8,455,449 | 12,990,670 | 19,330,429 |  21,546,202 |  23,738,382 |  25,282,113 |  26,404,241 |  27,517,662 |  27,399,796
  Educational activities ............|    943,737 |  1,596,946 |  2,423,779 |   2,700,185 |   2,960,980 |   3,236,037 |   3,329,681 |   3,616,034 |   3,528,610
  Auxiliary enterprises .............|  4,614,561 |  6,684,794 |  8,473,282 |   9,058,745 |   9,655,373 |  10,255,044 |  10,814,804 |  11,373,646 |  11,595,408
  Hospitals .........................|  2,897,151 |  4,708,930 |  8,433,369 |   9,787,271 |  11,122,029 |  11,791,033 |  12,259,757 |  12,527,982 |  12,275,778
Other sources .......................|  1,016,110 |  1,667,600 |  2,442,330 |   2,482,819 |   2,701,019 |   2,930,778 |   3,067,638 |   3,652,477 |   4,043,955
                                     |==========================================================================================================================
                                     |             Percentage distribution
                                     |__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Total current-fund revenue .....|      100.0 |      100.0 |      100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0 |       100.0
                                     |____________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________
Tuition and fees ....................|       12.9 |       14.5 |       15.5 |        16.1 |        17.1 |        18.0 |        18.4 |        18.4 |        18.8
Federal government ..................|       12.8 |       10.5 |       10.3 |        10.3 |        10.6 |        10.8 |        11.0 |        11.1 |        11.1
  Appropriations ....................|        2.6 |        2.2 |        1.8 |         1.7 |         1.6 |         1.5 |         1.6 |         1.5 |         1.5
  Unrestricted grants and contracts .|        1.2 |        1.3 |        1.4 |         1.4 |         1.4 |         1.5 |         1.5 |         1.5 |         1.6
  Restricted grants and contracts\2\ |        8.8 |        6.9 |        6.9 |         7.0 |         7.3 |         7.5 |         7.8 |         7.9 |         7.8
  Independent operations (FFRDC)\3\ .|        0.2 |        0.2 |        0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2
State governments ...................|       45.6 |       45.0 |       41.7 |        40.3 |        38.3 |        36.8 |        35.9 |        35.9 |        35.8
  Appropriations ....................|       44.0 |       43.2 |       39.2 |        37.8 |        35.8 |        34.3 |        33.3 |        33.0 |        32.5
  Unrestricted grants and contracts .|        0.1 |        0.1 |        0.3 |         0.3 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.3 |         0.7
  Restricted grants and contracts ...|        1.4 |        1.6 |        2.1 |         2.2 |         2.2 |         2.3 |         2.4 |         2.6 |         2.6
Local governments ...................|        3.8 |        3.6 |        3.7 |         3.7 |         3.7 |         3.7 |         4.0 |         4.0 |         4.1
  Appropriations ....................|        3.4 |        3.3 |        3.3 |         3.3 |         3.2 |         3.3 |         3.6 |         3.6 |         3.6
  Unrestricted grants and contracts .|      (\4\) |      (\4\) |        0.1 |         0.1 |         0.1 |         0.1 |         0.1 |         0.1 |         0.1
  Restricted grants and contracts ...|        0.3 |        0.2 |        0.3 |         0.3 |         0.4 |         0.3 |         0.4 |         0.4 |         0.4
Private gifts, grants, and contracts |        2.5 |        3.2 |        3.8 |         3.8 |         4.0 |         4.0 |         4.0 |         4.0 |         4.1
  Unrestricted ......................|        0.3 |        0.4 |        0.5 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6
  Restricted ........................|        2.3 |        2.8 |        3.3 |         3.3 |         3.3 |         3.4 |         3.4 |         3.4 |         3.5
Endowment income ....................|        0.5 |        0.6 |        0.5 |         0.5 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6 |         0.6
  Unrestricted ......................|        0.2 |        0.3 |        0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2 |         0.2
  Restricted ........................|        0.3 |        0.3 |        0.3 |         0.3 |         0.3 |         0.4 |         0.3 |         0.4 |         0.3
Sales and services ..................|       19.6 |       20.0 |       21.7 |        22.7 |        23.2 |        23.4 |        23.4 |        23.1 |        22.2
  Educational activities ............|        2.2 |        2.5 |        2.7 |         2.8 |         2.9 |         3.0 |         2.9 |         3.0 |         2.9
  Auxiliary enterprises .............|       10.7 |       10.3 |        9.5 |         9.5 |         9.4 |         9.5 |         9.6 |         9.5 |         9.4
  Hospitals .........................|        6.7 |        7.2 |        9.5 |        10.3 |        10.9 |        10.9 |        10.9 |        10.5 |         9.9
Other sources .......................|        2.4 |        2.6 |        2.7 |         2.6 |         2.6 |         2.7 |         2.7 |         3.1 |         3.3
_____________________________________|____________|____________|____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________

\1\Preliminary data are for 4-year and 2-year degree-granting institutions that were eligible to participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs.
\2\Excludes Pell Grants. Federally supported student aid that is received through students is included under tuition and auxiliary enterprises.
\3\Generally includes only those revenues associated with major federally funded research and development centers (FFRDC).
\4\Less than 0.05 percent.

NOTE.--Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Financial Statistics of Institutions of Higher Education" surveys; and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Finance" surveys. (This table was prepared October 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest