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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 241. -  Institutions of higher education, by control and type of institution: 1949-50 to 1995-96
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                  |     All institutions     |          Public          |         Private
       Year       |__________________________|__________________________|___________________________
                  | Total  | 4-year | 2-year | Total  | 4-year | 2-year | Total  | 4-year | 2-year
__________________|________|________|________|________|________|________|________|________|_________
        1         |   2    |   3    |   4    |   5    |   6    |   7    |   8    |   9    |    10
__________________|________|________|________|________|________|________|________|________|_________
 Excluding branch |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
     campuses     |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1949-50 ..........|  1,851 |  1,327 |    524 |    641 |    344 |    297 |  1,210 |    983 |     227
1950-51 ..........|  1,852 |  1,312 |    540 |    636 |    341 |    295 |  1,216 |    971 |     245
1951-52 ..........|  1,832 |  1,326 |    506 |    641 |    350 |    291 |  1,191 |    976 |     215
1952-53 ..........|  1,882 |  1,355 |    527 |    639 |    349 |    290 |  1,243 |  1,006 |     237
1953-54 ..........|  1,863 |  1,345 |    518 |    662 |    369 |    293 |  1,201 |    976 |     225
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1954-55 ..........|  1,849 |  1,333 |    516 |    648 |    353 |    295 |  1,201 |    980 |     221
1955-56 ..........|  1,850 |  1,347 |    503 |    650 |    360 |    290 |  1,200 |    987 |     213
1956-57 ..........|  1,878 |  1,355 |    523 |    656 |    359 |    297 |  1,222 |    996 |     226
1957-58 ..........|  1,930 |  1,390 |    540 |    666 |    366 |    300 |  1,264 |  1,024 |     240
1958-59 ..........|  1,947 |  1,394 |    553 |    673 |    366 |    307 |  1,274 |  1,028 |     246
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1959-60 ..........|  2,004 |  1,422 |    582 |    695 |    367 |    328 |  1,309 |  1,055 |     254
1960-61 ..........|  2,021 |  1,431 |    590 |    700 |    368 |    332 |  1,321 |  1,063 |     258
1961-62 ..........|  2,033 |  1,443 |    590 |    718 |    374 |    344 |  1,315 |  1,069 |     246
1962-63 ..........|  2,093 |  1,468 |    625 |    740 |    376 |    364 |  1,353 |  1,092 |     261
1963-64 ..........|  2,132 |  1,499 |    633 |    760 |    386 |    374 |  1,372 |  1,113 |     259
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1964-65 ..........|  2,175 |  1,521 |    654 |    799 |    393 |    406 |  1,376 |  1,128 |     248
1965-66 ..........|  2,230 |  1,551 |    679 |    821 |    401 |    420 |  1,409 |  1,150 |     259
1966-67 ..........|  2,329 |  1,577 |    752 |    880 |    403 |    477 |  1,449 |  1,174 |     275
1967-68 ..........|  2,374 |  1,588 |    786 |    934 |    414 |    520 |  1,440 |  1,174 |     266
1968-69 ..........|  2,483 |  1,619 |    864 |  1,011 |    417 |    594 |  1,472 |  1,202 |     270
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1969-70 ..........|  2,525 |  1,639 |    886 |  1,060 |    426 |    634 |  1,465 |  1,213 |     252
1970-71 ..........|  2,556 |  1,665 |    891 |  1,089 |    435 |    654 |  1,467 |  1,230 |     237
1971-72 ..........|  2,606 |  1,675 |    931 |  1,137 |    440 |    697 |  1,469 |  1,235 |     234
1972-73 ..........|  2,665 |  1,701 |    964 |  1,182 |    449 |    733 |  1,483 |  1,252 |     231
1973-74 ..........|  2,720 |  1,717 |  1,003 |  1,200 |    440 |    760 |  1,520 |  1,277 |     243
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1974-75 ..........|  2,747 |  1,744 |  1,003 |  1,214 |    447 |    767 |  1,533 |  1,297 |     236
1975-76 ..........|  2,765 |  1,767 |    998 |  1,219 |    447 |    772 |  1,546 |  1,320 |     226
1976-77 ..........|  2,785 |  1,783 |  1,002 |  1,231 |    452 |    779 |  1,554 |  1,331 |     223
1977-78 ..........|  2,826 |  1,808 |  1,018 |  1,241 |    454 |    787 |  1,585 |  1,354 |     231
1978-79 ..........|  2,954 |  1,843 |  1,111 |  1,308 |    463 |    845 |  1,646 |  1,380 |     266
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1979-80 ..........|  2,975 |  1,863 |  1,112 |  1,310 |    464 |    846 |  1,665 |  1,399 |     266
1980-81 ..........|  3,056 |  1,861 |  1,195 |  1,334 |    465 |    869 |  1,722 |  1,396 |\1\  326
1981-82 ..........|  3,083 |  1,883 |  1,200 |  1,340 |    471 |    869 |  1,743 |  1,412 |\1\  331
1982-83 ..........|  3,111 |  1,887 |  1,224 |  1,336 |    472 |    864 |  1,775 |  1,415 |\1\  360
1983-84 ..........|  3,117 |  1,914 |  1,203 |  1,325 |    474 |    851 |  1,792 |  1,440 |     352
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1984-85 ..........|  3,146 |  1,911 |  1,235 |  1,329 |    461 |    868 |  1,817 |  1,450 |     367
1985-86 ..........|  3,155 |  1,915 |  1,240 |  1,326 |    461 |    865 |  1,829 |  1,454 |     375
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
 Including branch |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
     campuses     |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1974-75 ..........|  3,004 |  1,866 |  1,138 |  1,433 |    537 |    896 |  1,571 |  1,329 |     242
1975-76 ..........|  3,026 |  1,898 |  1,128 |  1,442 |    545 |    897 |  1,584 |  1,353 |     231
1976-77 ..........|  3,046 |  1,913 |  1,133 |  1,455 |    550 |    905 |  1,591 |  1,363 |     228
1977-78 ..........|  3,095 |  1,938 |  1,157 |  1,473 |    552 |    921 |  1,622 |  1,386 |     236
1978-79 ..........|  3,134 |  1,941 |  1,193 |  1,474 |    550 |    924 |  1,660 |  1,391 |     269
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1979-80 ..........|  3,152 |  1,957 |  1,195 |  1,475 |    549 |    926 |  1,677 |  1,408 |     269
1980-81 ..........|  3,231 |  1,957 |  1,274 |  1,497 |    552 |    945 |  1,734 |  1,405 |\1\  329
1981-82 ..........|  3,253 |  1,979 |  1,274 |  1,498 |    558 |    940 |  1,755 |  1,421 |\1\  334
1982-83 ..........|  3,280 |  1,984 |  1,296 |  1,493 |    560 |    933 |  1,787 |  1,424 |\1\  363
1983-84 ..........|  3,284 |  2,013 |  1,271 |  1,481 |    565 |    916 |  1,803 |  1,448 |     355
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1984-85 ..........|  3,331 |  2,025 |  1,306 |  1,501 |    566 |    935 |  1,830 |  1,459 |     371
1985-86 ..........|  3,340 |  2,029 |  1,311 |  1,498 |    566 |    932 |  1,842 |  1,463 |     379
1986-87\2\ .......|  3,406 |  2,070 |  1,336 |  1,533 |    573 |    960 |  1,873 |  1,497 |     376
1987-88\2\ .......|  3,587 |  2,135 |  1,452 |  1,591 |    599 |    992 |  1,996 |  1,536 |     460
1988-89\2\ .......|  3,565 |  2,129 |  1,436 |  1,582 |    598 |    984 |  1,983 |  1,531 |     452
1989-90\2\ .......|  3,535 |  2,127 |  1,408 |  1,563 |    595 |    968 |  1,972 |  1,532 |     440
                  |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |        |
1990-91\2\ .......|  3,559 |  2,141 |  1,418 |  1,567 |    595 |    972 |  1,992 |  1,546 |     446
1991-92\2\ .......|  3,601 |  2,157 |  1,444 |  1,598 |    599 |    999 |  2,003 |  1,558 |     445
1992-93\2\ .......|  3,638 |  2,169 |  1,469 |  1,624 |    600 |  1,024 |  2,014 |  1,569 |     445
1993-94\2\ .......|  3,632 |  2,190 |  1,442 |  1,625 |    604 |  1,021 |  2,007 |  1,586 |     421
1994-95\2\ .......|  3,688 |  2,215 |  1,473 |  1,641 |    605 |  1,036 |  2,047 |  1,610 |     437
1995-96\2\ .......|  3,706 |  2,244 |  1,462 |  1,655 |    608 |  1,047 |  2,051 |  1,636 |     415
__________________|________|________|________|________|________|________|________|________|_________

\1\Large increases are due to the addition of schools accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology.
\2\Because of revised survey procedures, data are not entirely comparable with figures for earlier years. The number of branch campuses reporting separately has increased since 1986-87.

NOTE.--Includes those colleges designated as institutions of higher education by the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, even if they have a less than 2-year program.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Education Directory, Colleges and Universities; and Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Higher Education" and "Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities" surveys; and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Institutional Characteristics" surveys. (This table was prepared September 1996.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest