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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 223. -  Employees in institutions of higher education, by primary occupation, sex, employment status, and by type and control of institution: Fall 1995
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                         |         Full-time and part-time                  |               Full-time               |        Part-time
                                         |__________________________________________________|_______________________________________|________ ________ ________
       Primary occupation and type       |     Total        |          |     Women          |     Total          |        |         |        |        |
       and control of institution        |__________________|          |____________________|____________________|        |         |        |        |
                                         |  Number  |Percent|   Men    |  Number  | Percent |  Number  | Percent |  Men   |  Women  | Total  |  Men   | Women
                                         |          |       |          |          | of all  |          | of all  |        |         |        |        |
                                         |          |       |          |          |employees|          |employees|        |         |        |        |
_________________________________________|__________|_______|__________|__________|_________|__________|_________|________|_________|________|________|________
                    1                    |    2     |   3   |    4     |    5     |    6    |    7     |    8    |   9    |   10    |   11   |   12   |   13
_________________________________________|__________|_______|__________|__________|_________|__________|_________|________|_________|________|________|________
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
Total, all employees ....................|2,662,075 | 100.0 |1,274,676 |1,387,399 |    52.1 |1,801,371 |    67.7 |856,289 | 945,082 |860,704 |418,387 |442,317
  Professional staff ....................|1,744,867 |  65.5 |  946,134 |  798,733 |    45.8 |1,066,510 |    61.1 |590,916 | 475,594 |678,357 |355,218 |323,139
    Executive/administrative/managerial .|  147,445 |   5.5 |   82,127 |   65,318 |    44.3 |  140,990 |    95.6 | 79,232 |  61,758 |  6,455 |  2,895 |  3,560
    Faculty (instruction and research) ..|  931,706 |  35.0 |  562,893 |  368,813 |    39.6 |  550,822 |    59.1 |360,150 | 190,672 |380,884 |202,743 |178,141
    Instruction and research assistants .|  215,909 |   8.1 |  123,962 |   91,947 |    42.6 |      --- |     --- |    --- |     --- |215,909 |123,962 | 91,947
    Non-faculty professionals ...........|  449,807 |  16.9 |  177,152 |  272,655 |    60.6 |  374,698 |    83.3 |151,534 | 223,164 | 75,109 | 25,618 | 49,491
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
  Nonprofessional staff .................|  917,208 |  34.5 |  328,542 |  588,666 |    64.2 |  734,861 |    80.1 |265,373 | 469,488 |182,347 | 63,169 |119,178
    Technical and paraprofessionals .....|  187,900 |   7.1 |   75,996 |  111,904 |    59.6 |  141,677 |    75.4 | 59,212 |  82,465 | 46,223 | 16,784 | 29,439
    Clerical and secretarial ............|  441,196 |  16.6 |   54,706 |  386,490 |    87.6 |  348,948 |    79.1 | 32,962 | 315,986 | 92,248 | 21,744 | 70,504
    Skilled crafts ......................|   64,583 |   2.4 |   60,494 |    4,089 |     6.3 |   61,273 |    94.9 | 58,160 |   3,113 |  3,310 |  2,334 |    976
    Service and maintenance .............|  223,529 |   8.4 |  137,346 |   86,183 |    38.6 |  182,963 |    81.9 |115,039 |  67,924 | 40,566 | 22,307 | 18,259
                                         |==========|=======|==========|==========|=========|==========|=========|========|=========|========|========|========
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
Public 4-year, total ....................|1,383,476 | 100.0 |  676,113 |  707,363 |    51.1 |  986,996 |    71.3 |480,094 | 506,902 |396,480 |196,019 |200,461
  Professional staff ....................|  893,345 |  64.6 |  497,227 |  396,118 |    44.3 |  576,361 |    64.5 |328,613 | 247,748 |316,984 |168,614 |148,370
    Executive/administrative/managerial .|   60,590 |   4.4 |   36,401 |   24,189 |    39.9 |   58,519 |    96.6 | 35,443 |  23,076 |  2,071 |    958 |  1,113
    Faculty (instruction and research) ..|  384,399 |  27.8 |  250,584 |  133,815 |    34.8 |  291,049 |    75.7 |199,881 |  91,168 | 93,350 | 50,703 | 42,647
    Instruction and research assistants .|  178,342 |  12.9 |  102,834 |   75,508 |    42.3 |      --- |     --- |    --- |     --- |178,342 |102,834 | 75,508
    Non-faculty professionals ...........|  270,014 |  19.5 |  107,408 |  162,606 |    60.2 |  226,793 |    84.0 | 93,289 | 133,504 | 43,221 | 14,119 | 29,102
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
  Nonprofessional staff .................|  490,131 |  35.4 |  178,886 |  311,245 |    63.5 |  410,635 |    83.8 |151,481 | 259,154 | 79,496 | 27,405 | 52,091
    Technical and paraprofessionals .....|  106,173 |   7.7 |   42,790 |   63,383 |    59.7 |   82,351 |    77.6 | 34,356 |  47,995 | 23,822 |  8,434 | 15,388
    Clerical and secretarial ............|  221,378 |  16.0 |   26,119 |  195,259 |    88.2 |  185,179 |    83.6 | 17,489 | 167,690 | 36,199 |  8,630 | 27,569
    Skilled crafts ......................|   41,287 |   3.0 |   38,993 |    2,294 |     5.6 |   39,877 |    96.6 | 37,930 |   1,947 |  1,410 |  1,063 |    347
    Service and maintenance .............|  121,293 |   8.8 |   70,984 |   50,309 |    41.5 |  103,228 |    85.1 | 61,706 |  41,522 | 18,065 |  9,278 |  8,787
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
Public 2-year, total ....................|  482,454 | 100.0 |  219,665 |  262,789 |    54.5 |  240,511 |    49.9 |107,007 | 133,504 |241,943 |112,658 |129,285
  Professional staff ....................|  336,661 |  69.8 |  169,416 |  167,245 |    49.7 |  144,782 |    43.0 | 73,989 |  70,793 |191,879 | 95,427 | 96,452
    Executive/administrative/managerial .|   21,806 |   4.5 |   12,274 |    9,532 |    43.7 |   20,461 |    93.8 | 11,643 |   8,818 |  1,345 |    631 |    714
    Faculty (instruction and research) ..|  272,434 |  56.5 |  140,912 |  131,522 |    48.3 |   95,527 |    35.1 | 51,137 |  44,390 |176,907 | 89,775 | 87,132
    Instruction and research assistants .|    3,401 |   0.7 |    1,457 |    1,944 |    57.2 |      --- |     --- |    --- |     --- |  3,401 |  1,457 |  1,944
    Non-faculty professionals ...........|   39,020 |   8.1 |   14,773 |   24,247 |    62.1 |   28,794 |    73.8 | 11,209 |  17,585 | 10,226 |  3,564 |  6,662
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
  Nonprofessional staff .................|  145,793 |  30.2 |   50,249 |   95,544 |    65.5 |   95,729 |    65.7 | 33,018 |  62,711 | 50,064 | 17,231 | 32,833
    Technical and paraprofessionals .....|   33,042 |   6.8 |   12,610 |   20,432 |    61.8 |   20,335 |    61.5 |  8,001 |  12,334 | 12,707 |  4,609 |  8,098
    Clerical and secretarial ............|   76,464 |  15.8 |   10,415 |   66,049 |    86.4 |   47,484 |    62.1 |  3,004 |  44,480 | 28,980 |  7,411 | 21,569
    Skilled crafts ......................|    6,592 |   1.4 |    5,743 |      849 |    12.9 |    5,506 |    83.5 |  5,055 |     451 |  1,086 |    688 |    398
    Service and maintenance .............|   29,695 |   6.2 |   21,481 |    8,214 |    27.7 |   22,404 |    75.4 | 16,958 |   5,446 |  7,291 |  4,523 |  2,768
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
Private 4-year, total ...................|  770,004 | 100.0 |  367,610 |  402,394 |    52.3 |  556,556 |    72.3 |261,741 | 294,815 |213,448 |105,869 |107,579
  Professional staff ....................|  495,383 |  64.3 |  270,326 |  225,057 |    45.4 |  332,837 |    67.2 |182,356 | 150,481 |162,546 | 87,970 | 74,576
    Executive/administrative/managerial .|   62,314 |   8.1 |   32,124 |   30,190 |    48.4 |   59,394 |    95.3 | 30,869 |  28,525 |  2,920 |  1,255 |  1,665
    Faculty (instruction and research) ..|  262,660 |  34.1 |  165,113 |   97,547 |    37.1 |  157,958 |    60.1 |105,689 |  52,269 |104,702 | 59,424 | 45,278
    Instruction and research assistants .|   33,853 |   4.4 |   19,509 |   14,344 |    42.4 |      --- |     --- |    --- |     --- | 33,853 | 19,509 | 14,344
    Non-faculty professionals ...........|  136,556 |  17.7 |   53,580 |   82,976 |    60.8 |  115,485 |    84.6 | 45,798 |  69,687 | 21,071 |  7,782 | 13,289
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
  Nonprofessional staff .................|  274,621 |  35.7 |   97,284 |  177,337 |    64.6 |  223,719 |    81.5 | 79,385 | 144,334 | 50,902 | 17,899 | 33,003
    Technical and paraprofessionals .....|   47,575 |   6.2 |   20,190 |   27,385 |    57.6 |   38,232 |    80.4 | 16,557 |  21,675 |  9,343 |  3,633 |  5,710
    Clerical and secretarial ............|  139,888 |  18.2 |   17,884 |  122,004 |    87.2 |  113,708 |    81.3 | 12,303 | 101,405 | 26,180 |  5,581 | 20,599
    Skilled crafts ......................|   16,391 |   2.1 |   15,513 |      878 |     5.4 |   15,623 |    95.3 | 14,954 |     669 |    768 |    559 |    209
    Service and maintenance .............|   70,767 |   9.2 |   43,697 |   27,070 |    38.3 |   56,156 |    79.4 | 35,571 |  20,585 | 14,611 |  8,126 |  6,485
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
Private 2-year, total ...................|   26,141 | 100.0 |   11,288 |   14,853 |    56.8 |   17,308 |    66.2 |  7,447 |   9,861 |  8,833 |  3,841 |  4,992
  Professional staff ....................|   19,478 |  74.5 |    9,165 |   10,313 |    52.9 |   12,530 |    64.3 |  5,958 |   6,572 |  6,948 |  3,207 |  3,741
    Executive/administrative/managerial .|    2,735 |  10.5 |    1,328 |    1,407 |    51.4 |    2,616 |    95.6 |  1,277 |   1,339 |    119 |     51 |     68
    Faculty (instruction and research) ..|   12,213 |  46.7 |    6,284 |    5,929 |    48.5 |    6,288 |    51.5 |  3,443 |   2,845 |  5,925 |  2,841 |  3,084
    Instruction and research assistants .|      313 |   1.2 |      162 |      151 |    48.2 |      --- |     --- |    --- |     --- |    313 |    162 |    151
    Non-faculty professionals ...........|    4,217 |  16.1 |    1,391 |    2,826 |    67.0 |    3,626 |    86.0 |  1,238 |   2,388 |    591 |    153 |    438
                                         |          |       |          |          |         |          |         |        |         |        |        |
  Nonprofessional staff .................|    6,663 |  25.5 |    2,123 |    4,540 |    68.1 |    4,778 |    71.7 |  1,489 |   3,289 |  1,885 |    634 |  1,251
    Technical and paraprofessionals .....|    1,110 |   4.2 |      406 |      704 |    63.4 |      759 |    68.4 |    298 |     461 |    351 |    108 |    243
    Clerical and secretarial ............|    3,466 |  13.3 |      288 |    3,178 |    91.7 |    2,577 |    74.4 |    166 |   2,411 |    889 |    122 |    767
    Skilled crafts ......................|      313 |   1.2 |      245 |       68 |    21.7 |      267 |    85.3 |    221 |      46 |     46 |     24 |     22
    Service and maintenance .............|    1,774 |   6.8 |    1,184 |      590 |    33.3 |    1,175 |    66.2 |    804 |     371 |    599 |    380 |    219
_________________________________________|__________|_______|__________|__________|_________|__________|_________|________|_________|________|________|________

---Not applicable.

NOTE.--Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Staff" survey. (This table was prepared January 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest