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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 162. -  Total expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by function and subfunction: 1990-91 to 1995-96
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             Items              |          Expenditures (in thousands)                                                 |  Percentage distribution
                                |______________________________________________________________________________________|_______________________________________________
                                |      1990-91   |   1991-92   |   1992-93   |   1993-94   |   1994-95   |   1995-96   |1990-91|1991-92|1992-93|1993-94|1994-95|1995-96
________________________________|________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______
               1                |         2      |      3      |      4      |      5      |      6      |      7      |   8   |   9   |  10   |  11   |  12   |  13
________________________________|________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______
Total expenditures  ............|   $229,429,715 |$241,054,784 |$252,934,872 |$265,306,634 |$279,000,318 |$293,610,849 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
                                |________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______
  Current expenditures for      |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    public schools .............|    202,037,752 | 211,210,190 | 220,948,052 | 231,542,764 | 243,877,582 | 255,079,736 |100.00 |100.00 |100.00 |100.00 |100.00 |100.00
                                |================|=============|=============|=============|=============|=============|=======|=======|=======|=======|=======|=======
    Salaries ...................|\1\ 132,730,931 | 138,279,377 | 144,276,674 | 150,545,401 | 158,914,976 | 165,777,514 | 65.70 | 65.47 | 65.30 | 65.02 | 65.16 | 64.99
    Employee benefits ..........|\1\  33,954,456 |  36,062,813 |  39,267,087 |  41,181,982 |  43,107,541 |  44,788,283 | 16.81 | 17.07 | 17.77 | 17.79 | 17.68 | 17.56
    Purchased services .........|\1\  16,380,643 |  17,790,523 |  17,933,497 |  19,232,698 |  20,643,153 |  21,580,618 |  8.11 |  8.42 |  8.12 |  8.31 |  8.46 |  8.46
    Tuition ....................|\1\   1,192,505 |     939,322 |     967,884 |   1,231,076 |   1,476,697 |   1,590,326 |  0.59 |  0.44 |  0.44 |  0.53 |  0.61 |  0.62
    Supplies ...................|\1\  14,805,956 |  14,944,495 |  16,370,100 |  17,249,817 |  17,362,430 |  18,756,757 |  7.33 |  7.08 |  7.41 |  7.45 |  7.12 |  7.35
    Other ......................|\1\   2,973,261 |   3,193,661 |   2,132,810 |   2,101,790 |   2,372,785 |   2,586,237 |  1.47 |  1.51 |  0.97 |  0.91 |  0.97 |  1.01
                                |================|=============|=============|=============|=============|=============|=======|=======|=======|=======|=======|=======
    Instruction ................|    122,223,362 | 128,475,859 | 134,971,088 | 141,620,474 | 150,556,118 | 157,480,290 | 60.50 | 60.83 | 61.09 | 61.16 | 61.73 | 61.74
      Salaries .................|     90,742,284 |  95,018,405 |  99,089,718 | 103,506,419 | 109,702,815 | 114,585,415 | 44.91 | 44.99 | 44.85 | 44.70 | 44.98 | 44.92
      Employee benefits ........|     22,347,524 |  23,683,606 |  26,075,723 |  27,456,084 |  29,190,486 |  30,300,667 | 11.06 | 11.21 | 11.80 | 11.86 | 11.97 | 11.88
      Purchased services .......|      2,722,639 |   3,348,142 |   3,357,323 |   3,421,355 |   3,823,789 |   3,825,604 |  1.35 |  1.59 |  1.52 |  1.48 |  1.57 |  1.50
      Tuition ..................|      1,192,505 |     939,322 |     967,884 |   1,231,076 |   1,476,697 |   1,590,326 |  0.59 |  0.44 |  0.44 |  0.53 |  0.61 |  0.62
      Supplies .................|      4,584,754 |   4,703,762 |   5,052,972 |   5,507,720 |   5,764,061 |   6,513,874 |  2.27 |  2.23 |  2.29 |  2.38 |  2.36 |  2.55
      Other ....................|        633,656 |     782,620 |     427,468 |     497,820 |     598,269 |     664,404 |  0.31 |  0.37 |  0.19 |  0.22 |  0.25 |  0.26
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    Students \2\ ...............|      8,926,010 |   9,226,247 |   9,760,087 |  10,946,191 |  11,679,127 |  12,243,641 |  4.42 |  4.37 |  4.42 |  4.73 |  4.79 |  4.80
      Salaries .................|      6,565,965 |   6,791,228 |   7,134,434 |   7,998,204 |   8,519,771 |   8,863,163 |  3.25 |  3.22 |  3.23 |  3.45 |  3.49 |  3.47
      Employee benefits ........|      1,660,082 |   1,751,537 |   1,904,341 |   2,110,012 |   2,212,775 |   2,307,501 |  0.82 |  0.83 |  0.86 |  0.91 |  0.91 |  0.90
      Purchased services .......|        455,996 |     441,946 |     489,215 |     593,522 |     657,236 |     687,320 |  0.23 |  0.21 |  0.22 |  0.26 |  0.27 |  0.27
      Supplies .................|        191,482 |     181,261 |     195,240 |     206,352 |     238,876 |     247,270 |  0.09 |  0.09 |  0.09 |  0.09 |  0.10 |  0.10
      Other ....................|         52,485 |      60,275 |      36,857 |      38,101 |      50,469 |     138,387 |  0.03 |  0.03 |  0.02 |  0.02 |  0.02 |  0.05
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    Instructional services \3\ .|      8,467,142 |   8,827,800 |   9,241,929 |   9,236,588 |   9,654,676 |  10,071,302 |  4.19 |  4.18 |  4.18 |  3.99 |  3.96 |  3.95
      Salaries .................|      5,560,129 |   5,808,305 |   6,014,671 |   5,933,810 |   6,162,669 |   6,419,144 |  2.75 |  2.75 |  2.72 |  2.56 |  2.53 |  2.52
      Employee benefits ........|      1,408,217 |   1,463,736 |   1,601,713 |   1,583,597 |   1,638,271 |   1,719,563 |  0.70 |  0.69 |  0.72 |  0.68 |  0.67 |  0.67
      Purchased services .......|        622,487 |     685,654 |     741,983 |     785,841 |     898,500 |     925,581 |  0.31 |  0.32 |  0.34 |  0.34 |  0.37 |  0.36
      Supplies .................|        776,863 |     772,096 |     820,919 |     860,224 |     872,394 |     918,261 |  0.38 |  0.37 |  0.37 |  0.37 |  0.36 |  0.36
      Other ....................|         99,445 |      98,009 |      62,644 |      73,116 |      82,842 |      88,753 |  0.05 |  0.05 |  0.03 |  0.03 |  0.03 |  0.03
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    General administration .....|      5,791,253 |   6,039,397 |   5,851,983 |   5,909,692 |   5,731,420 |   5,866,480 |  2.87 |  2.86 |  2.65 |  2.55 |  2.35 |  2.30
      Salaries .................|      2,603,562 |   2,688,515 |   2,787,145 |   2,688,481 |   2,808,090 |   2,889,160 |  1.29 |  1.27 |  1.26 |  1.16 |  1.15 |  1.13
      Employee benefits ........|        777,381 |     815,581 |     846,638 |     888,209 |     844,267 |     828,483 |  0.38 |  0.39 |  0.38 |  0.38 |  0.35 |  0.32
      Purchased services .......|      1,482,427 |   1,540,476 |   1,592,937 |   1,856,065 |   1,563,558 |   1,626,177 |  0.73 |  0.73 |  0.72 |  0.80 |  0.64 |  0.64
      Supplies .................|        172,898 |     158,193 |     211,727 |     168,785 |     177,448 |     185,831 |  0.09 |  0.07 |  0.10 |  0.07 |  0.07 |  0.07
      Other ....................|        754,985 |     836,633 |     413,535 |     308,151 |     338,056 |     336,828 |  0.37 |  0.40 |  0.19 |  0.13 |  0.14 |  0.13
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    School administration ......|     11,695,344 |  12,280,680 |  12,777,815 |  13,492,502 |  14,146,428 |  14,831,161 |  5.79 |  5.81 |  5.78 |  5.83 |  5.80 |  5.81
      Salaries .................|      8,935,903 |   9,293,958 |   9,593,613 |  10,144,727 |  10,680,024 |  11,156,461 |  4.42 |  4.40 |  4.34 |  4.38 |  4.38 |  4.37
      Employee benefits ........|      2,257,783 |   2,410,404 |   2,615,351 |   2,738,216 |   2,796,440 |   2,963,991 |  1.12 |  1.14 |  1.18 |  1.18 |  1.15 |  1.16
      Purchased services .......|        247,750 |     277,904 |     300,288 |     320,442 |     358,651 |     384,909 |  0.12 |  0.13 |  0.14 |  0.14 |  0.15 |  0.15
      Supplies .................|        189,711 |     196,485 |     207,078 |     223,794 |     243,681 |     256,857 |  0.09 |  0.09 |  0.09 |  0.10 |  0.10 |  0.10
      Other ....................|         64,197 |     101,929 |      61,485 |      65,323 |      67,632 |      68,943 |  0.03 |  0.05 |  0.03 |  0.03 |  0.03 |  0.03
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    Operation and maintenance ..|     21,290,655 |  21,889,514 |  22,823,758 |  23,875,871 |  24,542,922 |  25,725,984 | 10.54 | 10.36 | 10.33 | 10.31 | 10.06 | 10.09
      Salaries .................|      8,849,559 |   9,143,832 |   9,384,209 |   9,768,777 |  10,117,056 |  10,456,710 |  4.38 |  4.33 |  4.25 |  4.22 |  4.15 |  4.10
      Employee benefits ........|      2,633,075 |   2,788,592 |   2,970,466 |   3,048,615 |   3,027,306 |   3,130,162 |  1.30 |  1.32 |  1.34 |  1.32 |  1.24 |  1.23
      Purchased services .......|      5,721,125 |   5,830,363 |   6,013,075 |   6,451,727 |   7,261,776 |   7,699,472 |  2.83 |  2.76 |  2.72 |  2.79 |  2.98 |  3.02
      Supplies .................|      3,761,738 |   3,807,024 |   4,262,006 |   4,399,064 |   3,927,664 |   4,214,399 |  1.86 |  1.80 |  1.93 |  1.90 |  1.61 |  1.65
      Other ....................|        325,157 |     319,703 |     194,002 |     207,688 |     209,120 |     225,240 |  0.16 |  0.15 |  0.09 |  0.09 |  0.09 |  0.09
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    Transportation .............|      8,678,954 |   8,769,754 |   9,252,300 |   9,627,155 |   9,889,034 |  10,394,695 |  4.30 |  4.15 |  4.19 |  4.16 |  4.05 |  4.08
      Salaries .................|      3,285,127 |   3,268,689 |   3,407,602 |   3,567,556 |   3,775,214 |   3,932,980 |  1.63 |  1.55 |  1.54 |  1.54 |  1.55 |  1.54
      Employee benefits ........|        892,985 |     965,731 |   1,063,064 |   1,107,878 |   1,138,485 |   1,207,762 |  0.44 |  0.46 |  0.48 |  0.48 |  0.47 |  0.47
      Purchased services .......|      3,345,232 |   3,548,716 |   3,758,313 |   3,946,935 |   4,016,400 |   4,257,289 |  1.66 |  1.68 |  1.70 |  1.70 |  1.65 |  1.67
      Supplies .................|        961,447 |     811,781 |     877,077 |     854,940 |     800,344 |     836,366 |  0.48 |  0.38 |  0.40 |  0.37 |  0.33 |  0.33
      Other ....................|        194,163 |     174,837 |     146,243 |     149,847 |     158,590 |     160,299 |  0.10 |  0.08 |  0.07 |  0.06 |  0.07 |  0.06
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    Other support services \4\ .|      5,587,837 |   6,088,305 |   6,207,775 |   6,318,312 |   6,708,262 |   7,039,392 |  2.77 |  2.88 |  2.81 |  2.73 |  2.75 |  2.76
      Salaries .................|      2,900,394 |   2,890,746 |   3,192,790 |   3,164,490 |   3,286,071 |   3,450,829 |  1.44 |  1.37 |  1.45 |  1.37 |  1.35 |  1.35
      Employee benefits ........|        980,859 |   1,153,683 |   1,088,011 |   1,109,764 |   1,136,286 |   1,182,181 |  0.49 |  0.55 |  0.49 |  0.48 |  0.47 |  0.46
      Purchased services .......|        798,922 |   1,149,930 |   1,045,655 |   1,141,643 |   1,262,449 |   1,363,079 |  0.40 |  0.54 |  0.47 |  0.49 |  0.52 |  0.53
      Supplies .................|        294,527 |     306,701 |     327,377 |     362,838 |     372,852 |     398,544 |  0.15 |  0.15 |  0.15 |  0.16 |  0.15 |  0.16
      Other ....................|        613,135 |     587,245 |     553,942 |     539,576 |     650,604 |     644,758 |  0.30 |  0.28 |  0.25 |  0.23 |  0.27 |  0.25
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    Food services ..............|      8,430,490 |   8,821,308 |   9,263,181 |   9,774,315 |  10,268,542 |  10,648,854 |  4.17 |  4.18 |  4.19 |  4.22 |  4.21 |  4.17
      Salaries .................|            --- |   3,118,637 |   3,398,599 |   3,532,183 |   3,697,705 |   3,844,290 |   --- |  1.48 |  1.54 |  1.53 |  1.52 |  1.51
      Employee benefits ........|            --- |     979,089 |   1,042,743 |   1,095,686 |   1,081,221 |   1,103,427 |   --- |  0.46 |  0.47 |  0.47 |  0.44 |  0.43
      Purchased services .......|            --- |     720,018 |     497,100 |     556,251 |     629,266 |     627,900 |   --- |  0.34 |  0.22 |  0.24 |  0.26 |  0.25
      Supplies .................|            --- |   3,829,025 |   4,186,945 |   4,445,897 |   4,718,569 |   4,916,307 |   --- |  1.81 |  1.89 |  1.92 |  1.93 |  1.93
      Other ....................|            --- |     174,539 |     137,793 |     144,298 |     141,782 |     156,929 |   --- |  0.08 |  0.06 |  0.06 |  0.06 |  0.06
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
    Enterprise operations \5\ ..|        946,705 |     791,326 |     798,136 |     741,665 |     701,053 |     777,936 |  0.47 |  0.37 |  0.36 |  0.32 |  0.29 |  0.30
      Salaries .................|            --- |     257,063 |     273,893 |     240,754 |     165,562 |     179,362 |   --- |  0.12 |  0.12 |  0.10 |  0.07 |  0.07
      Employee benefits ........|            --- |      50,854 |      59,038 |      43,921 |      42,003 |      44,546 |   --- |  0.02 |  0.03 |  0.02 |  0.02 |  0.02
      Purchased services .......|            --- |     247,373 |     137,608 |     158,917 |     171,526 |     183,287 |   --- |  0.12 |  0.06 |  0.07 |  0.07 |  0.07
      Supplies .................|            --- |     178,166 |     228,758 |     220,203 |     246,541 |     269,047 |   --- |  0.08 |  0.10 |  0.10 |  0.10 |  0.11
      Other ....................|            --- |      57,869 |      98,840 |      77,870 |      75,420 |     101,694 |   --- |  0.03 |  0.04 |  0.03 |  0.03 |  0.04
                                |________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______
  Other current expenditures ...|      3,295,717 |   4,393,698 |   4,378,506 |   4,681,798 |   5,148,505 |   4,724,662 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
    Community services .........|        964,370 |   1,177,742 |   1,331,004 |   1,485,670 |   1,933,565 |   1,728,672 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
    Nonpublic school programs ..|        527,609 |     652,403 |     644,150 |     689,888 |     569,851 |     781,148 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
    Adult education ............|      1,365,523 |   1,498,962 |   1,484,057 |   1,489,405 |   1,460,149 |   1,500,438 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
    Community colleges .........|          5,356 |       5,136 |       5,454 |       7,432 |      83,573 |       7,746 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
    Other ......................|        432,858 |   1,059,455 |     913,841 |   1,009,402 |   1,101,367 |     706,657 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
                                |                |             |             |             |             |             |       |       |       |       |       |
  Capital outlay\6\ ............|     19,771,478 |  20,286,977 |  22,171,768 |  23,747,021 |  24,456,100 |  27,547,918 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
  Interest on school debt ......|      4,324,768 |   5,163,919 |   5,436,547 |   5,335,050 |   5,518,131 |   6,258,534 |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   --- |   ---
________________________________|________________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______|_______

\1\Includes estimated data for subfunctions of food services and enterprise operations.
\2\Includes expenditures for guidance, health, attendance, and speech pathology services.
\3\Includes expenditures for curriculum development, staff training, libraries, and media and computer centers.
\4\Includes business support services concerned with paying, transporting, exchanging, and maintaining goods and services for local education agencies; central support services, including planning, research, evaluation, information, staff, and data processing services; and other support services.
\5\Includes expenditures for operations funded by sales of products or services (e.g., school bookstore or computer time).
\6\Includes expenditures for property, and for buildings and alterations completed by school district staff or contractors.
---Data not available or not applicable.

NOTE.--Excludes expenditures for state education agencies. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data survey. (This table was prepared July 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest