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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 161. -  Summary of expenditures for public elementary and secondary education, by purpose: 1919-20 to 1995-96
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    Purpose of expenditures    |  1919-20  |  1929-30   |  1939-40   |  1949-50   |  1959-60   |  1969-70   |     1979-80   ||      1989-90   |    1994-95\1\  |      1995-96
 ______________________________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______________||________________|________________|________________
               1               |     2     |     3      |     4      |     5      |     6      |     7      |       8       ||         9      |        10      |        11
 ______________________________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______________||________________|________________|________________
                               |                                              Amounts in thousands of dollars
                               |________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                               |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
   Total expenditures .........|$1,036,151 | $2,316,790 | $2,344,049 | $5,837,643 |$15,613,255 |$40,683,429 |   $95,961,561 ||   $212,763,564 |   $279,000,318 |   $293,610,849
                               |===========|============|============|============|============|============|===============||================|================|================
 Current expenditures .........|   864,396 |  1,853,377 |  1,955,166 |  4,722,887 | 12,461,955 | 34,853,578 |    87,581,727 ||    191,205,902 |    249,026,087 |    259,804,398
                               |===========|============|============|============|============|============|===============||================|================|================
   Public elementary and       |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
     secondary education ......|   861,120 |  1,843,552 |  1,941,799 |  4,687,274 | 12,329,389 | 34,217,773 |    86,984,142 ||    188,223,359 |    243,877,582 |    255,079,736
                               |___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______________||________________|________________|________________
     Administration ...........|    36,752 |     78,680 |     91,571 |    220,050 |    528,408 |  1,606,646 |     4,263,757 ||\2\  16,346,991 |\2\  19,877,848 |\2\  20,697,641
     Instruction ..............|   632,556 |  1,317,727 |  1,403,285 |  3,112,340 |  8,350,738 | 23,270,158 |    53,257,937 ||\2\ 113,550,405 |\2\ 150,556,118 |\2\ 157,480,290
     Plant operation ..........|   115,707 |    216,072 |    194,365 |    427,587 |  1,085,036 |  2,537,257 |\3\  9,744,785 ||\2\  20,261,415 |\2\  24,542,922 |\2\  25,725,984
     Plant maintenance ........|    30,432 |     78,810 |     73,321 |    214,164 |    422,586 |    974,941 |         (\3\) ||          (\3\) |          (\3\) |          (\3\)
     Fixed charges ............|     9,286 |     50,270 |     50,116 |    261,469 |    909,323 |  3,266,920 |    11,793,934 ||            --- |            --- |            ---
     Other school services\4\ .|    36,387 |    101,993 |    129,141 |    451,663 |  1,033,297 |  2,561,856 |     7,923,729 ||\2\  38,064,548 |\2\  48,900,694 |\2\  51,175,821
                               |===========|============|============|============|============|============|===============||================|================|================
   Other current expenditures  |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
    Summer schools ............|     (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |     13,263 |    106,481 |        24,753 ||      2,982,543 |      5,148,505 |      4,724,662
    Adult education\5\ ........|     3,277 |      9,825 |     13,367 |     35,614 |     26,858 |    128,778 |           --- ||          (\6\) |          (\6\) |          (\6\)
    Community colleges ........|     (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |     34,492 |    138,813 |           --- ||          (\6\) |          (\6\) |          (\6\)
    Community services ........|     (\4\) |      (\4\) |      (\4\) |      (\4\) |     57,953 |    261,731 |       572,832 ||          (\6\) |          (\6\) |          (\6\)
                               |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
 Capital outlay\7\ ............|   153,543 |    370,878 |    257,974 |  1,014,176 |  2,661,786 |  4,659,072 |     6,506,167 ||     17,781,342 |     24,456,100 |     27,547,918
 Interest on school debt ......|    18,212 |     92,536 |    130,909 |    100,578 |    489,514 |  1,170,782 |     1,873,666 ||      3,776,321 |      5,518,131 |      6,258,534
                               |___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______________||________________|________________|________________
                               |                                     |             Percentage distribution  |
                               |_____________________________________|______________________________________|_________________________________ ________________ ________________
                               |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
   Total expenditures .........|     100.0 |      100.0 |      100.0 |      100.0 |      100.0 |      100.0 |         100.0 ||          100.0 |          100.0 |          100.0
                               |===========|============|============|============|============|============|===============||================|================|================
 Current expenditures .........|      83.4 |       80.0 |       83.4 |       80.9 |       79.8 |       85.7 |          91.2 ||           89.9 |           89.3 |           88.5
                               |===========|============|============|============|============|============|===============||================|================|================
   Public elementary and       |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
     secondary education ......|      83.1 |       79.6 |       82.8 |       80.3 |       79.0 |       84.1 |          90.6 ||           88.5 |           87.4 |           86.9
                               |___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______________||________________|________________|________________
     Administration ...........|       3.5 |        3.4 |        3.9 |        3.8 |        3.4 |        3.9 |           4.4 ||\2\         7.7 |\2\         7.1 |\2\         7.0
     Instruction ..............|      61.0 |       56.9 |       59.9 |       53.3 |       53.5 |       57.2 |          55.5 ||\2\        53.4 |\2\        54.0 |\2\        53.6
     Plant operation ..........|      11.2 |        9.3 |        8.3 |        7.3 |        6.9 |        6.2 |\3\       10.2 ||\2\         9.5 |\2\         8.8 |\2\         8.8
     Plant maintenance ........|       2.9 |        3.4 |        3.1 |        3.7 |        2.7 |        2.4 |         (\3\) ||          (\3\) |          (\3\) |          (\3\)
     Fixed charges ............|       0.9 |        2.2 |        2.1 |        4.5 |        5.8 |        8.0 |          12.3 ||            --- |            --- |            ---
     Other school services\4\ .|       3.5 |        4.4 |        5.5 |        7.7 |        6.6 |        6.3 |           8.3 ||           17.9 |           17.5 |           17.4
                               |===========|============|============|============|============|============|===============||================|================|================
   Other current expenditures  |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
    Summer schools ............|     (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |        0.1 |        0.3 |         (\8\) ||            1.4 |            1.8 |            1.6
    Adult education\5\ ........|       0.3 |        0.4 |        0.6 |        0.6 |        0.2 |        0.3 |           --- ||          (\6\) |          (\6\) |          (\6\)
    Community colleges ........|     (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |      (\5\) |        0.2 |        0.3 |           --- ||          (\6\) |          (\6\) |          (\6\)
    Community services ........|     (\4\) |      (\4\) |      (\4\) |      (\4\) |        0.4 |        0.6 |           0.6 ||          (\6\) |          (\6\) |          (\6\)
                               |           |            |            |            |            |            |               ||                |                |
 Capital outlay\7\ ............|      14.8 |       16.0 |       11.0 |       17.4 |       17.0 |       11.5 |           6.8 ||            8.4 |            8.8 |            9.4
 Interest on school debt ......|       1.8 |        4.0 |        5.6 |        1.7 |        3.1 |        2.9 |           2.0 ||            1.8 |            2.0 |            2.1
 ______________________________|___________|____________|____________|____________|____________|____________|_______________||________________|________________|________________

\1\Revised from previously published data.
\2\Data not comparable to figures prior to 1989-90.
\3\Plant operation also includes plant maintenance.
\4\Prior to 1959-60, items included under "other school services" were listed under "auxiliary services," a more comprehensive classification that also included community services.
\5\Prior to 1959-60, data shown for adult education represent combined expenditures for adult education, summer schools, and community colleges.
\6\Included under summer schools.
\7\Prior to 1969-70, excludes capital outlay by state and local schoolhousing authorities.
\8\Less than 0.05 percent.
---Data not available.

NOTE.--Beginning in 1959-60, includes Alaska and Hawaii. Beginning in 1980-81, state administration expenditures were excluded from both "total" and "current" expenditures. Beginning in 1988-89, extensive changes were made in the data collection procedures. Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Statistics of State School Systems; and Common Core of Data surveys. (This table was prepared June 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest