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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 128. -  Average science proficiency, by age and by selected characteristics of students: 1970 to 1996
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Selected characteristics  |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
        of students         |1970     |1973     |1977     |1982     |1986      |1990     |1992     |1994     |1996
____________________________|_________|_________|_________|_________|__________|_________|_________|_________|_________
             1              |  2      |  3      |  4      |  5      |  6       |  7      |  8      |  9      | 10
____________________________|_________|_________|_________|_________|__________|_________|_________|_________|_________
                            |                                  9-year-olds\1\
                            |__________________________________________________________________________________________
Total ......................|225 (1.2)|220 (1.2)|220 (1.2)|221 (1.8)|224  (1.2)|229 (0.8)|231 (1.0)|231 (1.2)|230 (1.2)
                            |_________|_________|_________|_________|__________|_________|_________|_________|_________
  Male .....................|228 (1.3)|223 (1.3)|222 (1.3)|221 (2.3)|227  (1.4)|230 (1.1)|235 (1.2)|232 (1.3)|231 (1.7)
  Female ...................|223 (1.2)|218 (1.2)|218 (1.2)|221 (2.0)|221  (1.4)|227 (1.0)|227 (1.0)|230 (1.4)|228 (1.5)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Race/ethnicity              |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  White, non-Hispanic ......|236 (0.9)|231 (0.9)|230 (0.9)|229 (1.9)|232  (1.2)|238 (0.8)|239 (1.0)|240 (1.3)|239 (1.4)
  Black, non-Hispanic ......|179 (1.9)|177 (1.9)|175 (1.8)|187 (3.0)|196  (1.9)|196 (2.0)|200 (2.7)|201 (1.7)|202 (3.0)
  Hispanic .................|---  --- |---  --- |192 (2.7)|189 (4.2)|199  (3.1)|206 (2.2)|205 (2.8)|201 (2.7)|207 (2.8)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Parental education          |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Not high school graduate .|---  --- |---  --- |199 (2.2)|198 (6.0)|204  (2.9)|210 (2.7)|217 (2.6)|211 (3.4)|210 (2.9)
  Graduated high school ....|---  --- |---  --- |223 (1.4)|218 (3.3)|220  (1.5)|226 (1.7)|222 (1.9)|225 (1.4)|222 (2.3)
  Some college .............|---  --- |---  --- |237 (1.5)|229 (3.2)|236  (2.6)|238 (2.1)|237 (2.4)|239 (2.8)|242 (2.9)
  Graduated college ........|---  --- |---  --- |232 (1.4)|231 (2.3)|235  (1.4)|236 (1.3)|239 (1.2)|239 (1.4)|240 (1.6)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Type of school              |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Public ...................|---  --- |---  --- |218 (1.4)|220 (2.0)|223  (1.4)|228 (0.9)|229 (1.0)|230 (1.4)|228 (1.3)
  Private ..................|---  --- |---  --- |235 (2.2)|232 (3.2)|233  (2.9)|237 (2.4)|240 (2.7)|242 (2.8)|238 (4.1)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Region                      |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Northeast ................|230 (2.9)|222 (2.9)|224 (1.6)|222 (2.9)|228  (3.5)|231 (2.4)|234 (2.8)|235 (2.5)|234 (2.6)
  Southeast ................|206 (1.6)|207 (1.6)|205 (2.9)|214 (3.6)|219  (3.1)|220 (1.9)|223 (1.7)|227 (2.2)|224 (3.4)
  Central ..................|233 (3.0)|228 (3.0)|225 (2.2)|226 (3.5)|228  (2.2)|234 (1.7)|238 (1.8)|236 (2.7)|234 (2.4)
  West .....................|226 (2.2)|221 (2.2)|221 (2.2)|220 (4.1)|222  (3.2)|230 (1.8)|227 (2.2)|226 (2.7)|228 (1.9)
                            |=========|=========|=========|=========|==========|=========|=========|=========|=========
                            |                                            13-year-olds\1\
                            |___________________ ______________________________________________________________________
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Total ......................|255 (1.1)|250 (1.1)|247 (1.1)|250 (1.3)|251  (1.4)|255 (0.9)|258 (0.8)|257 (1.0)|256 (1.0)
                            |_________|_________|_________|_________|__________|_________|_________|_________|_________
  Male .....................|257 (1.3)|252 (1.3)|251 (1.3)|256 (1.5)|256  (1.6)|259 (1.1)|260 (1.2)|259 (1.2)|260 (1.0)
  Female ...................|253 (1.2)|247 (1.2)|244 (1.2)|245 (1.3)|247  (1.5)|252 (1.1)|256 (1.0)|254 (1.2)|252 (1.3)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Race/ethnicity              |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  White, non-Hispanic ......|263 (0.8)|259 (0.8)|256 (0.8)|257 (1.1)|259  (1.4)|264 (0.9)|267 (1.0)|267 (1.0)|266 (1.1)
  Black, non-Hispanic ......|215 (2.4)|205 (2.4)|208 (2.4)|217 (1.3)|222  (2.5)|226 (3.1)|224 (2.7)|224 (4.2)|226 (2.1)
  Hispanic .................|---  --- |---  --- |213 (1.9)|226 (3.9)|226  (3.1)|232 (2.6)|238 (2.6)|232 (2.4)|232 (2.5)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Parental education          |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Not high school graduate .|---  --- |---  --- |224 (1.3)|225 (1.9)|229  (2.7)|233 (2.1)|234 (2.9)|234 (2.5)|230 (3.1)
  Graduated high school ....|---  --- |---  --- |245 (1.1)|243 (1.3)|245  (1.4)|247 (1.3)|246 (1.4)|247 (1.2)|248 (1.7)
  Some college .............|---  --- |---  --- |260 (1.3)|259 (1.5)|258  (1.4)|263 (1.2)|266 (1.1)|260 (2.0)|261 (1.4)
  Graduated college ........|---  --- |---  --- |266 (1.0)|264 (1.5)|264  (1.9)|268 (1.1)|269 (1.0)|269 (1.3)|266 (1.2)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Type of school              |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Public ...................|---  --- |---  --- |245 (1.2)|249 (1.4)|251  (1.4)|254 (1.1)|257 (1.0)|255 (1.1)|254 (1.1)
  Private ..................|---  --- |---  --- |268 (2.1)|264 (3.2)|263  (6.4)|269 (1.8)|265 (2.4)|268 (2.6)|268 (5.0)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Region                      |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Northeast ................|261 (2.2)|256 (2.2)|255 (2.3)|254 (2.1)|258  (3.1)|257 (2.7)|257 (2.2)|263 (1.7)|255 (3.0)
  Southeast ................|239 (2.4)|237 (2.4)|235 (1.8)|239 (2.3)|247  (2.2)|251 (1.9)|254 (2.8)|253 (2.6)|251 (2.7)
  Central ..................|262 (1.8)|256 (1.8)|254 (1.8)|254 (2.6)|249  (5.3)|260 (2.8)|263 (2.1)|261 (3.5)|266 (1.8)
  West .....................|255 (1.8)|248 (1.8)|243 (2.3)|252 (2.8)|252  (2.7)|253 (2.1)|258 (1.6)|252 (2.1)|254 (1.8)
                            |=========|=========|=========|=========|==========|=========|=========|=========|=========
                            |                                            17-year-olds\1\
                            |__________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Total ......................|305 (1.0)|296 (1.0)|290 (1.0)|283 (1.2)|289  (1.4)|290 (1.1)|294 (1.3)|294 (1.6)|296 (1.2)
                            |_________|_________|_________|_________|__________|_________|_________|_________|_________
  Male .....................|314 (1.2)|304 (1.2)|297 (1.2)|292 (1.4)|295  (1.9)|296 (1.3)|299 (1.7)|300 (2.0)|300 (1.6)
  Female ...................|297 (1.1)|288 (1.1)|282 (1.1)|275 (1.3)|282  (1.5)|285 (1.6)|289 (1.5)|289 (1.7)|292 (1.4)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Race/ethnicity              |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  White, non-Hispanic ......|312 (0.8)|304 (0.8)|298 (0.7)|293 (1.0)|298  (1.7)|301 (1.1)|304 (1.3)|306 (1.5)|307 (1.2)
  Black, non-Hispanic ......|258 (1.5)|250 (1.5)|240 (1.5)|235 (1.7)|253  (2.9)|253 (4.5)|256 (3.2)|257 (3.1)|260 (2.4)
  Hispanic .................|---  --- |---  --- |262 (2.2)|249 (2.3)|259  (3.8)|262 (4.4)|270 (5.6)|261 (6.7)|269 (3.3)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Parental education          |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Not high school graduate .|---  --- |---  --- |265 (1.3)|259 (2.4)|258  (3.1)|261 (2.8)|262 (3.8)|256 (4.2)|259 (4.0)
  Graduated high school ....|---  --- |---  --- |284 (0.8)|275 (1.6)|277  (2.0)|276 (1.4)|280 (2.4)|279 (1.7)|282 (2.5)
  Some college .............|---  --- |---  --- |296 (1.1)|290 (1.7)|295  (2.5)|297 (1.6)|296 (1.7)|295 (1.9)|297 (1.9)
  Graduated college ........|---  --- |---  --- |309 (1.0)|300 (1.7)|304  (2.1)|306 (1.7)|308 (1.3)|311 (1.6)|308 (1.5)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Type of school              |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Public ...................|---  --- |---  --- |288 (1.0)|282 (1.1)|287  (1.6)|289 (1.1)|292 (1.3)|292 (1.5)|295 (1.2)
  Private ..................|---  --- |---  --- |308 (2.4)|292 (2.9)|321 (10.1)|308 (6.6)|312 (3.7)|310 (4.8)|304 (5.5)
                            |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
Region                      |         |         |         |         |          |         |         |         |
  Northeast ................|308 (2.5)|298 (2.5)|296 (2.2)|284 (2.0)|292  (4.3)|293 (3.2)|300 (2.4)|299 (4.2)|296 (3.3)
  Southeast ................|287 (2.3)|283 (2.3)|276 (1.9)|276 (2.7)|284  (2.0)|284 (2.4)|283 (2.5)|288 (2.8)|288 (3.1)
  Central ..................|308 (1.9)|300 (1.9)|294 (1.5)|289 (2.6)|294  (2.3)|300 (3.0)|304 (2.7)|298 (3.7)|307 (2.6)
  West .....................|308 (1.7)|295 (1.7)|287 (1.5)|281 (2.7)|283  (3.8)|286 (2.3)|290 (3.8)|292 (4.1)|292 (2.4)
____________________________|_________|_________|_________|_________|__________|_________|_________|_________|_________

\1\Excludes persons not enrolled in school.
---Data not available.

NOTE.--These test scores are from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Performers at the 150 level know some general scientific facts of the type that could be learned from everyday experiences. Performers at the 200 level are developing some understanding of simple scientific principles, particularly in the life sciences. Performers at the 250 level can interpret data from simple tables and make inferences about the outcomes of experimental procedures. They exhibit knowledge and understanding of the life sciences and also demonstrate some knowledge of basic information from the physical sciences. Performers at the 300 level can evaluate the appropriateness of the design of an experiment and have the skill to apply their scientific knowledge in interpreting information from text and graphs. These students also exhibit a growing understanding of principles from the physical sciences. Performers at the 350 level can infer relationships and draw conclusions using detailed scientific knowledge from the physical sciences, particularly chemistry. They also can apply basic principles of genetics and interpret the societal implications of research in this field. Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Standard errors appear in parentheses.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (addendum), NAEP 1996 Trends in Academic Progress, prepared by Educational Testing Service. (This table was prepared September 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest