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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 125. -  Mathematics proficiency of 17-year-olds, by highest mathematics course taken, sex, and race/ethnicity: 1978 to 1996
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
            |        |Average proficiency by highest mathematics course taken| Percent of students at or
   Year,    |Percent |_______________________________________________________|         above
  sex, and  |   of   |         |           |       |        |       |Precal- |
   race/    |students|   All   |Prealgebra |       |        |       | culus  |___________________________
 ethnicity  |        |  areas  |    or     |Algebra|Geometry|Algebra|   or   |Level |Level |Level |Level
            |        |         |  general  |   I   |        |  II   |calculus|200\1\|250\2\|300\3\|350\4\
            |        |         |mathematics|       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
____________|________|_________|___________|_______|________|_______|________|______|______|______|______
     1      |   2    |    3    |     4     |   5   |   6    |   7   |   8    |  9   |  10  |  11  |  12
____________|________|_________|___________|_______|________|_______|________|______|______|______|______
    1978    |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
Total ......|  100.0 |   300.4 |       267 |   286 |    307 |   321 |    334 | 99.8 | 92.0 | 51.5 |  7.3
  Male .....|   48.7 |   303.8 |       269 |   289 |    310 |   325 |    337 | 99.9 | 93.0 | 55.1 |  9.5
  Female ...|   51.3 |   297.1 |       265 |   284 |    304 |   318 |    329 | 99.7 | 91.0 | 48.2 |  5.2
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
  White ....|   83.1 |   305.9 |       272 |   291 |    310 |   325 |    338 |100.0 | 95.6 | 57.6 |  8.5
  Black ....|   11.8 |   268.4 |       247 |   264 |    281 |   292 |    297 | 98.8 | 70.7 | 16.8 |  0.5
  Hispanic .|    4.0 |   276.3 |       256 |   273 |    294 |   303 |    306 | 99.3 | 78.3 | 23.4 |  1.4
  Other\5\..|    1.1 |   312.9 |       --- |   --- |    --- |   --- |    --- |100.0 | 94.5 | 64.7 | 15.4
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
    1990    |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
Total ......|  100.0 |   304.6 |       273 |   288 |    299 |   319 |    344 |100.0 | 96.0 | 56.1 |  7.2
  Male .....|   48.6 |   306.3 |       274 |   291 |    302 |   323 |    347 | 99.9 | 95.8 | 57.6 |  8.8
  Female ...|   51.4 |   302.9 |       271 |   285 |    296 |   316 |    341 |100.0 | 96.2 | 54.7 |  5.6
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
  White ....|   73.3 |   309.5 |       277 |   292 |    304 |   323 |    347 |100.0 | 97.6 | 63.2 |  8.3
  Black ....|   15.6 |   288.5 |       264 |   278 |    285 |   302 |    329 | 99.9 | 92.4 | 32.8 |  2.0
  Hispanic .|    6.9 |   283.5 |       259 |   278 |    286 |   306 |    323 | 99.6 | 85.8 | 30.1 |  1.9
  Other\5\..|    4.2 |   312.5 |       --- |   --- |    --- |   --- |    --- |100.0 | 97.9 | 61.6 | 15.9
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
    1992    |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
Total ......|  100.0 |   306.7 |       271 |   289 |    302 |   320 |    343 |100.0 | 96.6 | 59.1 |  7.2
  Male .....|   50.7 |   308.9 |       275 |   291 |    306 |   323 |    344 |100.0 | 96.9 | 60.5 |  9.1
  Female ...|   49.3 |   304.5 |       267 |   287 |    297 |   317 |    341 |100.0 | 96.3 | 57.7 |  5.2
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
  White ....|   74.7 |   311.9 |       276 |   293 |    306 |   323 |    347 |100.0 | 98.3 | 66.4 |  8.7
  Black ....|   14.8 |   285.8 |       256 |   279 |    283 |   301 |    313 |100.0 | 89.6 | 29.8 |  0.9
  Hispanic .|    7.4 |   292.2 |       269 |   285 |    297 |   312 |    320 |100.0 | 94.1 | 39.2 |  1.2
  Other\5\..|    3.1 |   317.1 |       --- |   --- |    --- |   --- |    --- |100.0 | 96.5 | 69.8 | 16.9
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
    1994    |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
Total ......|  100.0 |   306.2 |       272 |   288 |    297 |   316 |    340 |100.0 | 96.5 | 58.6 |  7.4
  Male .....|   49.5 |   308.5 |       274 |   289 |    301 |   320 |    343 |100.0 | 97.3 | 60.2 |  9.3
  Female ...|   50.5 |   304.1 |       268 |   286 |    293 |   313 |    337 |100.0 | 96.0 | 57.2 |  5.5
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
  White ....|   72.5 |   312.3 |       275 |   292 |    301 |   320 |    344 |100.0 | 98.4 | 67.0 |  9.4
  Black ....|   15.5 |   285.5 |       --- |   275 |    283 |   297 |    --- |100.0 | 90.6 | 29.8 |  0.4
  Hispanic .|    8.8 |   290.8 |       --- |   --- |    --- |   304 |    --- |100.0 | 91.8 | 38.3 |  1.4
  Other\5\..|    3.2 |   312.7 |       --- |   --- |    --- |   --- |    --- |100.0 | 97.0 | 66.4 | 12.1
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
    1996    |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
Total ......|  100.0 |   307.2 |       269 |   283 |    298 |   316 |    339 |100.0 | 96.8 | 60.4 |  7.4
  Male .....|   49.5 |   309.5 |       272 |   287 |    302 |   320 |    342 |100.0 | 97.0 | 62.7 |  9.5
  Female ...|   50.5 |   304.9 |       265 |   278 |    294 |   313 |    335 |100.0 | 96.7 | 57.6 |  5.3
            |        |         |           |       |        |       |        |      |      |      |
  White ....|   71.0 |   313.4 |       273 |   287 |    304 |   320 |    342 |100.0 | 98.7 | 68.7 |  9.2
  Black ....|   15.0 |   286.4 |       --- |   273 |    280 |   299 |    --- |100.0 | 90.6 | 31.2 |  0.9
  Hispanic .|    9.0 |   292.0 |       --- |   --- |    --- |   306 |    --- | 99.9 | 92.2 | 40.1 |  1.8
  Other\5\..|    5.0 |     --- |       --- |   --- |    --- |   --- |    --- |100.0 | 97.4 | 63.5 | 13.7
____________|________|_________|___________|_______|________|_______|________|______|______|______|______

\1\Indicates ability to perform simple additive reasoning and problem solving.
\2\Indicates ability to perform simple multiplicative reasoning and 2-step problem solving.
\3\Indicates ability to perform reasoning and problem solving involving fractions, decimals, percents, elementary geometry, and simple algebra.
\4\Indicates ability to perform reasoning and problem solving involving geometry, algebra, and beginning statistics and probability.
\5\Includes Asian/Pacific Islanders and American Indians/Alaskan Natives.
---Data not available.

NOTE.--These test scores are from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Scale ranges from 0 to 500.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress, Trends in Academic Progress and NAEP 1996 Trends in Academic Progress, prepared by Educational Testing Service. (This table was prepared September 1997.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest