Table 124. - Selected characteristics of 8th-grade students in public schools, by region and state: 1992\1\
 ```_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | Math | Year of | | Passing |Percent of | Percent of students reporting | units | revision of | Length of | test in | students |_________________________________________________________ Region and state |required| state guides |school year | math | with 4 or | | | | | |Watching | for | with | | required |more hours | Spending |Spending|Spending |Positive | Both |6 or more | gradu- | NCTM | | for | of math |30 minutes| 1 or 2 |more than|attitudes|parents|hours of | ation | standards\2\ |____________|graduation|instruction| or more | hours | 2 hours | towards |living | tele- | | |1989 | 1992 | in 1993 | each week | on math | on all | on all | math\3\ | at | vision | | | | | | | homework |homework|homework | | home |each day | | | | | | | each day |each day|each day | | | ______________________|________|_______________|_____|______|__________|___________|__________|________|_________|_________|_______|_________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 ______________________|________|_______________|_____|______|__________|___________|__________|________|_________|_________|_______|_________ Total ............| --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | 32 | 64 | 59 | 8 | 59 | 75 | 13 |========|===============|=====|======|==========|===========|==========|========|=========|=========|=======|========= Region | | | | | | | | | | | | Northeast ..........| --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | 35 | 59 | 62 | 8 | 56 | 75 | 14 Southeast ..........| --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | 37 | 65 | 56 | 7 | 59 | 71 | 17 Central ............| --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | 24 | 63 | 65 | 6 | 63 | 79 | 11 West ...............| --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | 30 | 68 | 56 | 10 | 56 | 75 | 12 |========|===============|=====|======|==========|===========|==========|========|=========|=========|=======|========= State | | | | | | | | | | | | Alabama ..............| 2 | 1989 | 175 | 175 | Yes | 60 | 65 | 59 | 7 | 62 | 72 | 20 Alaska ...............| 2 | Devel.,1994 | --- | 180 | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- Arizona ..............| 2 | 1992 | 175 | 175 | No | 34 | 65 | 56 | 5 | 54 | 76 | 9 Arkansas .............| 3 | 1993 | 178 | 178 | No | 42 | 61 | 56 | 7 | 60 | 75 | 20 California ...........| 2 | 1991 | 180 | 180 | No | 43 | 67 | 63 | 10 | 56 | 74 | 10 | | | | | | | | | | | | Colorado .............| (\4\) | 1994 | 180 |(\5\) | No | 27 | 65 | 61 | 7 | 58 | 77 | 7 Connecticut ..........| 3 | Devel.,1995 | 180 | 180 | No | 21 | 61 | 70 | 9 | 59 | 79 | 11 Delaware .............| 2 | Devel.,1994 | 180 | 180 | No | 30 | 57 | 62 | 5 | 63 | 73 | 17 District of Columbia .| 3 | 1993 | 190 | 180 | No | 52 | 63 | 63 | 10 | 73 | 45 | 31 Florida ..............| 3 | Devel.,1994 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 40 | 62 | 57 | 7 | 61 | 71 | 15 | | | | | | | | | | | | Georgia ..............| 3 | 1992 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 56 | 65 | 59 | 7 | 66 | 71 | 18 Hawaii ...............| 3 | Devel.,1994 | 183 | 180 | Yes | 34 | 68 | 55 | 11 | 54 | 75 | 22 Idaho ................| 2 | 1994 | 180 | 180 | No | 28 | 63 | 57 | 5 | 56 | 83 | 7 Illinois .............| 2 | Devel.,1994 | 180 | 180 | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- Indiana...............| 2 | 1991 | 180 | 180 | No | 32 | 62 | 60 | 6 | 61 | 78 | 9 | | | | | | | | | | | | Iowa .................| (\4\) | 1987 | 180 | 180 | No | 20 | 61 | 63 | 4 | 63 | 83 | 7 Kansas ...............| 2 | 1991 | --- | 180 | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- Kentucky .............| 3 | 1993 | 175 | 175 | No | 47 | 61 | 54 | 6 | 57 | 78 | 13 Louisiana ............| 3 | Devel.,1994 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 54 | 62 | 61 | 10 | 63 | 71 | 20 Maine ................| 2 | Devel.,1994 | --- | 175 | No | 12 | 66 | 70 | 8 | 61 | 81 | 8 | | | | | | | | | | | | Maryland .............| 3 | 1985 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 45 | 60 | 65 | 7 | 61 | 73 | 17 Massachusetts ........| (\4\) | 1994 | --- | 180 | No | 28 | 67 | 70 | 9 | 57 | 77 | 8 Michigan .............| 3 | Devel.,1994 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 39 | 67 | 61 | 7 | 60 | 75 | 13 Minnesota ............| 1 | Devel.,1994 | 175 | 175 | No | 41 | 64 | 59 | 5 | 57 | 85 | 5 Mississippi ..........| 2 | 1993 | --- | 180 | Yes | 60 | 68 | 60 | 8 | 67 | 70 | 21 | | | | | | | | | | | | Missouri .............| 2 | 1990 | --- | 174 | No | 44 | 66 | 60 | 6 | 60 | 77 | 12 Montana ..............| 2 | Devel.,1995 | 180 | 180 | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- Nebraska .............| (\4\) | Devel.,1994 |(\5\)|(\5\) | No | 25 | 69 | 61 | 5 | 60 | 81 | 8 Nevada ...............| 2 | 1993 | --- | 180 | Yes | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- New Hampshire ........| 2 | 1993 | 180 | 180 | No | 38 | 62 | 68 | 9 | 58 | 81 | 7 | | | | | | | | | | | | New Jersey ...........| 3 | 1993 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 28 | 62 | 68 | 10 | 62 | 78 | 13 New Mexico ...........| 3 | 1992 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 26 | 65 | 56 | 7 | 56 | 75 | 11 New York .............| 2 | Devel.,1994 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 20 | 54 | 66 | 9 | 62 | 75 | 15 North Carolina .......| 2 | 1992 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 52 | 64 | 64 | 7 | 65 | 73 | 16 North Dakota .........| 2 | 1993 | 180 | 180 | No | 44 | 70 | 63 | 6 | 55 | 85 | 5 | | | | | | | | | | | | Ohio .................| 2 | 1990 | 182 | 182 | Yes | 26 | 62 | 62 | 6 | 62 | 74 | 12 Oklahoma .............| 2 | 1993 | 175 | 175 | No | 37 | 69 | 59 | 7 | 58 | 78 | 11 Oregon ...............| 2 | Devel.,1994 | 175 |(\5\) | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- Pennsylvania .........| 3 | none | 180 | 180 | No | 24 | 58 | 63 | 4 | 59 | 79 | 9 Rhode Island .........| 2 | Devel.,1994 | 180 | 180 | No | 43 | 62 | 67 | 7 | 56 | 78 | 9 | | | | | | | | | | | | South Carolina .......| 3 | 1993 | --- | 180 | Yes | 59 | 61 | 61 | 7 | 70 | 73 | 17 South Dakota .........| 2 | Devel.,1995 | --- | 175 | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- Tennessee ............| 2 | 1991 | --- | 180 | Yes | 60 | 67 | 62 | 6 | 58 | 73 | 14 Texas ................| 3 | 1991 | 175 | 175 | Yes | 38 | 67 | 57 | 8 | 61 | 75 | 12 Utah .................| 2 | 1993 | --- | 180 | No | 28 | 62 | 56 | 5 | 55 | 85 | 5 | | | | | | | | | | | | Vermont ..............| (\6\) | Devel.,1994 | --- | 175 | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- Virginia .............| 2 | 1988 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 38 | 65 | 63 | 7 | 63 | 77 | 15 Washington ...........| 2 | Devel.,1994 | --- | 180 | No | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | --- West Virginia ........| 2 | 1992 | 180 | 180 | Yes | 40 | 57 | 55 | 5 | 58 | 78 | 13 Wisconsin ............| 2 | Devel.,1995 | 180 | 180 | No | 32 | 59 | 61 | 5 | 59 | 80 | 8 Wyoming ..............| (\4\) | 1990 | 175 | 175 | No | 24 | 60 | 55 | 5 | 58 | 81 | 8 |========|===============|=====|======|==========|===========|==========|========|=========|=========|=======|========= Outlying areas | | | | | | | | | | | | Guam .................| --- | --- | --- | --- | --- | 28 | 68 | 47 | 12 | 50 | 79 | 20 Virgin Islands .......| --- | --- | --- | 180 | --- | 31 | 61 | 47 | 11 | 75 | 56 | 32 ______________________|________|_______________|_____|______|__________|___________|__________|________|_________|_________|_______|_________```

 \1\Data are for 1992 unless otherwise specified. \2\Standards recommended by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. \3\Percent of students agreeing or strongly agreeing with positive statements about mathematics. \4\Local board determines. \5\No statewide policy. \6\5 units of math and science combined. ---Data not available or not applicable. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress, The State of Mathematics Achievement, by Educational Testing Service; and Council of Chief State School Officers, State Education Indicators. (This table was prepared June 1994.)