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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 112. -  Percent of students at or above selected reading proficiency levels,\1\ by sex, race/ethnicity and age: 1971 to 1996
_____________________________________________________________________________
     Sex,      |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
race/ethnicity,|       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
   and level   | 1971  |1975 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1990 |1992 | 1994 | 1996
_______________|_______|_____|______|______|______|______|_____|______|______
       1       |   2   |  3  |  4   |  5   |  6   |  7   |  8  |  9   |  10
_______________|_______|_____|______|______|______|______|_____|______|______
               |                     9-year-olds\2\
               |_____________________________________________________________
Total          |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  90.6 |93.1 | 94.6 | 92.3 | 92.7 | 90.1 |92.3 | 92.1 | 92.7
  Level 200\4\.|  58.7 |62.1 | 67.7 | 61.5 | 62.6 | 58.9 |62.0 | 63.3 | 63.7
  Level 250\5\.|  15.6 |14.6 | 17.7 | 17.2 | 17.5 | 18.4 |16.2 | 16.5 | 17.7
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Male           |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  87.9 |91.0 | 92.9 | 90.4 | 90.4 | 87.9 |90.2 | 90.2 | 90.7
  Level 200\4\.|  52.7 |56.2 | 62.7 | 58.0 | 58.4 | 53.8 |56.9 | 59.2 | 57.8
  Level 250\5\.|  12.0 |11.5 | 14.6 | 15.9 | 15.8 | 16.1 |14.2 | 15.2 | 15.0
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Female         |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  93.2 |95.3 | 96.4 | 94.2 | 94.9 | 92.4 |94.4 | 94.0 | 94.6
  Level 200\4\.|  64.6 |68.1 | 72.7 | 65.2 | 66.9 | 64.2 |67.3 | 67.3 | 69.5
  Level 250\5\.|  19.2 |17.7 | 20.7 | 18.4 | 19.1 | 20.8 |18.2 | 17.8 | 20.4
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
White\6\       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  94.0 |96.0 | 97.1 | 95.4 | 95.1 | 93.5 |95.8 | 95.7 | 95.9
  Level 200\4\.|  65.0 |69.0 | 74.2 | 68.6 | 68.4 | 66.0 |69.3 | 70.1 | 70.9
  Level 250\5\.|  18.0 |17.4 | 21.0 | 20.9 | 20.3 | 22.6 |19.6 | 19.7 | 21.6
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Black\6\       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  69.7 |80.7 | 84.9 | 81.3 | 83.2 | 76.9 |79.6 | 78.7 | 83.1
  Level 200\4\.|  22.0 |31.6 | 41.3 | 36.6 | 39.4 | 33.9 |36.6 | 38.3 | 41.3
  Level 250\5\.|   1.6 | 2.0 |  4.1 |  4.5 |  5.6 |  5.2 | 4.6 |  4.4 |  6.6
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Hispanic       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|   --- |80.8 | 84.5 | 82.0 | 85.6 | 83.7 |83.4 | 80.4 | 84.2
  Level 200\4\.|   --- |34.6 | 41.6 | 39.6 | 45.9 | 40.9 |43.1 | 37.1 | 47.5
  Level 250\5\.|   --- | 2.6 |  5.0 |  4.3 |  8.6 |  5.8 | 7.2 |  6.4 |  7.5
_______________|_______|_____|______|______|______|______|_____|______|______
                              13-year-olds\2\
_____________________________________________________________________________
Total          |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.8 |99.7 | 99.9 | 99.8 | 99.9 | 99.8 |99.5 | 99.3 | 99.6
  Level 200\4\.|  93.0 |93.2 | 94.8 | 93.9 | 94.9 | 93.8 |92.7 | 91.7 | 92.8
  Level 250\5\.|  57.8 |58.6 | 60.7 | 59.0 | 58.7 | 58.7 |61.6 | 60.4 | 61.3
  Level 300\7\.|   9.8 |10.2 | 11.3 | 11.0 | 10.9 | 11.0 |15.3 | 14.1 | 13.8
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Male           |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.6 |99.6 | 99.8 | 99.7 | 99.7 | 99.7 |99.2 | 99.1 | 99.5
  Level 200\4\.|  90.7 |90.9 | 93.4 | 92.2 | 92.8 | 91.4 |90.4 | 88.8 | 90.1
  Level 250\5\.|  51.6 |51.7 | 55.9 | 54.0 | 52.3 | 52.4 |55.5 | 53.3 | 54.8
  Level 300\7\.|   7.3 | 7.0 |  9.1 |  9.0 |  8.6 |  7.6 |12.8 | 10.1 | 10.3
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Female         |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.9 |99.9 | 99.9 | 99.9 |100.0 | 99.9 |99.8 | 99.6 | 99.8
  Level 200\4\.|  95.2 |95.5 | 96.1 | 95.8 | 96.9 | 96.3 |95.0 | 94.9 | 95.3
  Level 250\5\.|  64.0 |65.5 | 65.4 | 64.0 | 65.0 | 65.0 |67.5 | 67.9 | 67.5
  Level 300\7\.|  12.3 |13.5 | 13.5 | 13.2 | 13.2 | 14.5 |17.7 | 18.4 | 17.1
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
White\6\       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.9 |99.9 |100.0 | 99.9 | 99.9 | 99.9 |99.8 | 99.6 | 99.8
  Level 200\4\.|  96.2 |96.4 | 97.1 | 96.2 | 96.0 | 96.0 |95.9 | 95.0 | 95.9
  Level 250\5\.|  64.2 |65.5 | 67.8 | 65.3 | 63.7 | 64.8 |68.5 | 68.1 | 70.1
  Level 300\7\.|  11.3 |12.1 | 13.6 | 13.1 | 12.4 | 13.3 |18.1 | 17.2 | 17.2
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Black\6\       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  98.6 |98.4 | 99.3 | 99.4 | 99.8 | 99.4 |98.7 | 98.6 | 99.4
  Level 200\4\.|  74.2 |76.9 | 84.1 | 85.5 | 91.3 | 87.7 |82.0 | 80.6 | 82.7
  Level 250\5\.|  21.1 |24.8 | 30.1 | 34.6 | 40.2 | 41.7 |38.4 | 35.6 | 35.1
  Level 300\7\.|   0.8 | 1.5 |  1.8 |  2.8 |  4.6 |  4.6 | 5.7 |  3.9 |  3.1
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Hispanic       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|   --- |99.6 | 99.7 | 99.5 | 99.2 | 99.1 |98.1 | 98.7 | 98.7
  Level 200\4\.|   --- |81.3 | 86.8 | 86.7 | 87.4 | 85.8 |83.4 | 82.4 | 86.1
  Level 250\5\.|   --- |32.0 | 35.4 | 39.0 | 38.0 | 37.2 |40.9 | 33.9 | 39.8
  Level 300\7\.|   --- | 2.2 |  2.3 |  4.1 |  4.4 |  3.9 | 6.0 |  4.3 |  5.5
_______________|_______|_____|______|______|______|______|_____|______|______
                              17-year-olds\2\
_____________________________________________________________________________
Total          |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.6 |99.7 | 99.9 |100.0 |100.0 | 99.9 |99.8 | 99.8 |100.0
  Level 200\4\.|  96.0 |96.4 | 97.2 | 98.3 | 98.9 | 98.1 |97.1 | 96.8 | 97.4
  Level 250\5\.|  78.6 |80.1 | 80.7 | 83.1 | 85.7 | 84.1 |82.5 | 80.8 | 81.4
  Level 300\7\.|  39.0 |38.7 | 37.8 | 40.3 | 40.9 | 41.4 |43.2 | 41.0 | 38.6
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Male           |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.4 |99.5 | 99.8 | 99.9 |100.0 | 99.8 |99.7 | 99.7 | 99.9
  Level 200\4\.|  94.7 |95.3 | 96.3 | 97.6 | 98.5 | 97.0 |96.3 | 95.5 | 96.3
  Level 250\5\.|  74.4 |75.6 | 77.9 | 79.6 | 82.9 | 79.7 |78.4 | 76.2 | 76.7
  Level 300\7\.|  33.9 |33.7 | 35.0 | 35.4 | 37.1 | 36.1 |38.4 | 35.6 | 32.8
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Female         |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.8 |99.8 | 99.9 | 99.9 |100.0 |100.0 |99.9 | 99.9 |100.0
  Level 200\4\.|  97.3 |97.5 | 98.1 | 99.0 | 99.3 | 99.2 |97.9 | 98.0 | 98.6
  Level 250\5\.|  82.6 |84.3 | 83.6 | 86.8 | 88.2 | 88.6 |86.8 | 85.6 | 86.4
  Level 300\7\.|  44.0 |43.6 | 40.7 | 45.0 | 44.4 | 46.8 |48.5 | 46.5 | 44.7
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
White\6\       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  99.9 |99.9 |100.0 |100.0 |100.0 |100.0 |99.9 |100.0 |100.0
  Level 200\4\.|  97.9 |98.6 | 99.1 | 99.0 | 99.3 | 98.8 |98.6 | 98.1 | 98.5
  Level 250\5\.|  83.7 |86.2 | 86.9 | 88.0 | 88.7 | 88.3 |88.0 | 86.2 | 86.8
  Level 300\7\.|  43.2 |43.9 | 43.3 | 46.3 | 45.4 | 47.5 |50.1 | 47.7 | 45.1
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Black\6\       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|  97.6 |97.7 | 99.0 | 99.9 |100.0 | 99.6 |99.1 | 99.5 | 99.8
  Level 200\4\.|  81.9 |82.0 | 85.6 | 95.9 | 98.0 | 95.7 |91.6 | 93.4 | 94.8
  Level 250\5\.|  40.1 |43.0 | 44.0 | 65.7 | 75.8 | 69.1 |61.4 | 65.7 | 67.2
  Level 300\7\.|   7.7 | 8.1 |  7.1 | 16.2 | 24.9 | 19.7 |16.9 | 21.5 | 18.0
               |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
Hispanic       |       |     |      |      |      |      |     |      |
  Level 150\3\.|   --- |99.3 | 99.8 | 99.8 | 99.9 | 99.7 |99.8 | 99.0 | 99.9
  Level 200\4\.|   --- |88.7 | 93.3 | 95.6 | 96.3 | 95.9 |93.4 | 91.1 | 94.0
  Level 250\5\.|   --- |52.9 | 62.2 | 68.3 | 71.5 | 75.2 |69.2 | 63.0 | 64.2
  Level 300\7\.|   --- |12.6 | 16.5 | 21.2 | 23.3 | 27.1 |27.3 | 20.1 | 20.0
_______________|_______|_____|______|______|______|______|_____|______|______

\1\As measured by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).
\2\Excludes persons not enrolled in school.
\3\Able to follow brief written directions and carry out simple, discrete reading tasks.
\4\Able to understand, combine ideas, and make inferences based on short uncomplicated passages about specific or sequentially related information.
\5\Able to search for specific information, interrelate ideas, and make generalizations about literature, science, and social studies materials.
\6\Data for 1971 include persons of Hispanic origin.
\7\Able to find, understand, summarize, and explain relatively complicated literary and informational material.
---Data not available.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress, NAEP 1996 Trends in Academic Progress, by Educational Testing Service. (This table was prepared September 1997).


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest